Essays on Realism and Rationalism
Rodopi, 1999 - 367 oldal
The book's essays represent an important contribution to the contemporary philosophical debate concerning Realism and Rationalism. The author defends in a clear and consistent fashion a fallibilist, realistic, and rationalist position in opposition to the idealistic and relativistic viewpoint characteristic of present postmodern philosophy.
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Examples and the superiority of deductivist reconstructions
Some objections considered
The problem of induction
induction is a myth 3 18
Critical Rationalism CR
Conceptual Idealism and Stoves Gem
The TScheme Plus Epistemic Truth Equals Idealism
Falsification and its Critics
Logical versus Historical Theories of Confirmation
Facts and Values in Science Studies
Getting values from factshistorical methodologies
Getting values from facts testing methodologies
Getting facts from valueshistorical explanations
Deductivism versus Psychologism
Justifying deduction and induction
Early attempts why they failed and positivist Orthodoxy
Does CR smuggle in induction A2
Does CR smuggle in induction B2
Bartleys comprehensively critical rationalism CCR
Critical rationalism and logical omniscience
Experience perceptual belief and Principle E
An evolutionary argument for Principle E
Personal knowledge and the division of epistemic labour
accept actually Almagest answer antirealist argue astronomical background knowledge believe claim conclusion confirmation contradiction critical rationalism critical rationalist deductive deductivist Duhem electrons empirical adequacy empirically adequate empirically equivalent entails entities epicycles epistemic Eudoxus evidence evidence-transcending evidential support example exist experimental explanation explanatory fact falsified Fraassen generalisations gravity Hanson heuristic historical hypothesis idea ideal laws independently testable inductive reasoning inductivist inference-licence instrumentalism interpretation invalid justified Kuhn Lakatos Lakatos's Laudan mathematical merely metaphysical methodology moon motion Newton's theory Newtonian objection observable perceptual beliefs phenomena philosophical philosophy of science physical planets Popper position positivist premises principle problem problem of induction proposed propositions Ptolemy question realist reason reconstructed refuted rejected rules of inference sceptical scientific realism scientific theories scientists simply spheres statements suppose T-scheme tests theoretical thesis things Toulmin true or false truth truth theory vacuous truths van Fraassen Wittgensteinian Zahar
3. oldal - But to derive two or three general Principles of Motion from Phenomena, and afterwards to tell us how the Properties and Actions of all corporeal Things follow from those manifest Principles, would be a very great step in Philosophy, though the Causes of those Principles were not yet...
3. oldal - But to derive two or three general principles of motion from phaenomena, and afterwards to tell us how the properties and actions of all corporeal things follow from those manifest principles, would be a very great step in philosophy, though the causes of those principles were not yet discovered. And therefore I scruple not to propose the principles of motion above mentioned, they being of very general extent, and leave their causes to be found out.