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fixth, containing the Examiners, polite Conversation, and fome other tracts, which were foon followed by a seventh volume of letters, and an eighth of posthumous pieces.
In this collection, although printed in İreland, the tracts relating to that country, and in particular the Drapier's Letters, are thrown together in great confufion, and the Tale of a Tub, the Battle of the Books, and the Fragment, are not included.
In the edition which is now offered to the publick, tbe Tale of a Tub, of which the Dean's corrections sufficiently prove him to bave been the author, the Battle of the Books, and the Fragment, make the first volume; the second is Gulliver's Travels the Miscellanies will be found in the third, fourth, fifth; and fixth; and the contents of the other volumes are divided into two classes, as relating to England or Ireland; as to the arrangement of particular pieces in each class, there were only three things that seemed to deserve attention, or that could direct the choice; that the verse and prose spould be kept separate; that the posthumous and doubtful pieces should not be mingled with those which the Dean is known to have
published himself; and that those tracts which are parts of a regular series, and illustrate : each other, should be ranged in fuceesion without the intervention of other matter : Such are the Drapier's Letters, and some other papers published upon the same occasion, which have not only in the Irish edition, but in every other, been so mixed as to misrepresent fome facts and obscure others : Such also are the tračts on the Sacramental Test, which are now first put together in regular order, as they sould always be read, by those who would see their. whole strength and propriety. ...:
As to the pieces which have no connexion with each other, some have thought that the ferious and the comic should have been put in separate clases; but this is not the method which was taken by the Dean himself, or by Mr. Pope when they published the miscellany, in which the transition From grave to gay, from lively to severe, appears frequently to be the effcet rather of choice than accident *. Howiter, as the
Our miscellany is now look like friends fide by side, quite printed, I am prodigio ferious and merry bs iurns oully pleased with this joint diverting others just as we uivolume in which methinks we verted cursulves. Litier of Pope to Swft, March ?, ?-16.7
reader will have the whole in bis poffeffion, be may persue either the grave or the gay with very little trouble, and without lofing any pleasure or intelligence which he would bave gained froin a different arrangement.
Among the miscellanies is the history of John Bull; a political allegory, which is now farther opened by a sort narrative of the facts upon which it is founded; whether fupFofititious or true, at the foot of the page.
The notes which have been published with former editions have for the most part, been retained, because they were supposed to have been written, if not by the Dean, yet. by Some friend who knew his particular view in the passage they were intended to illuf*trate, or the truth of the fact which they
efjerted; however, this has force appeared not always to have been the case; for there is not tbe least reason to believe that Stella was related to Sir William Temple, or that be was visited by King William at Moor Park, although both these.facts are ellerted, one in a note on the letter to Lord Palmerston, Vol. XII. p. 200, the other in a note on a letter to Dr. Sheridan, Vol. XII, p. 227.....
The notes which have been added to this edition contain, among other things, an history of the author's works, which would have made a confiderable part of bis life; but as the occafion on which particular pieces were written, and the events which they produced, could not be related in a series, without frequent references and quotations, it was thought more eligible to put them together; in the text innumerable passages have been restored, which were evidently corrupt in every other edition, whether printed in England or Ireland.
Among the notes will be found some remarks on those of another writer, for which no apology can be thought necessary, if it be considered that the same ačž is justice if the subject is a criminal, which would bave been murder if executed on the innocent.
Lord Orrery has been so far from ačting upon the principle on which Mr. Pope framed this petition in his universal prayer,
To bide the faults I fee. That where he has not found the appearance of a fault, he has laboured hard to make
one, an instance of which will be found in bis remark upon a maxim of Cadenus 19 Vanessa :
That Virtue pleas’d by being shown,
Knows nothing which it dares not own. He taught her, says his lordship, that vice as soon as it defied shame, was immediately changed into virtue; but the most obvious and natural meaning is just contrary. That we desire to conceal no act which upon refration we do not discover to be vicious, because virtue is pleased in proportion as it is displayed; and indeed these verses could not be supposed an apology for lewdness, if his lordship believed his own assertion, that the dean was, “ Not to be swayed by de“ liberate evil.”
Lord Orrery has also supposed the dean bimself to have been the editor of at least fix volumes of the Irish edition of his works, but the contrary will incontestably appear upon a comparison of that edition with this, as well by those passages, which were altered under colour of correction, as by those in which accidental imperfections were fiffered to remain. Of these passages the folA 4