1668. Jul. 15th my deare and loveing wife Anne Duke departed this life in child bedd imediately after shee was delivered of a sonne dead borne.

Duke, it appears, was for some time tutor to the Duke of Richmond, the son of Charles II. by the Duchess of Portsmouth. The poet is known to have enjoyed the friendship and praises of Dryden, Waller, Otway, Lee, Creech, and other contemporary wits of his day, and seems to have been a polite and accomplished scholar, and a respectable, though not a great poet. His poems were printed by Tonson in a volume with those of the Earl of Roscommon in 1717, 8vo.

In 1710 Duke was presented by Dr. Trelawney, Bishop of Winchester, to the wealthy living of Witney, in Oxfordshire, which he enjoyed but for a few months. On Feb. 10, 1710-11, having returned from an entertainment, he retired to bed in apparent health, but the next morning was found a corpse. His death is thus noticed by Dean Swift:

"Dr. Duke died suddenly two or three nights ago; he was one of the wits when we were children, but turned parson, and left it, and never writ farther than a prologue or recommendatory copy of verses. He had a fine living given him by the Bishop of Winchester about three months ago: he got his living suddenly, and he got his dying so too."-Swift's Journal to Stella, Feb. 14, 1711. Again on Feb. 16, he says, " Atterbury and Prior went to bury poor Dr. Duke." J. YEOWELL.



"There is a pleasure in poetic pains,

Which only poets know. The shifts and turns,
The expedients and inventions multiform
To which the mind resorts, in chase of terms,
Though apt, yet coy, and difficult to win," &c.


So writes Cowper in "The Task," and its truth will be recognised by every one who has ever made verses. It is, however, not always a "pleasure," and it is often a needless expense of time; and as it is very generally a rime that is given chase to, much labour might, I think, be saved by the use of a riming dictionary. Byron, I believe, always used one; and what may appear strange, my late friend Rossetti, though actually an improvisatore, always had one by him when writing On the other hand, Thomas Hood told me that he had often had to go through the dictionary from end to end in search of a word; and I remember when Crofton Croker and I were writing the second volume of The Irish Fairy Legends, that when I called on him one evening he read to me what he had written of his ballad, "The Lord of Dunkerron," and he stopped at the last stanza without giving the final word, which I supplied at once. "By- ," said he, slapping the table, "I have been hunting for that very word these last two hours." All this labour might

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Amongst a large collection of works connected with the county, I have The Parochial History of Cornwall, by William Hals, one of the rarest of topographical works. This fragment of his intended history is a portion of the second part, and comprises the account of seventy-two parishes, from Advent to part of Helston inclusive, in 160 folio pages. It was published by Andrew Brice, a printer at Exeter, in 1750, and contains ten numbers only, when the work dropped from want of encouragement or some other reason. Hals first brought down his history to 1702, but continued it to 1736, and died in 1739, long before the well-known epigram of "Here lies poor Fred." Now, whatever merit may be due to this composition, a reference to Hals will deprive it of the stamp of originality, unless we can assume that the author was really unacquainted with Hals's epigram, and that it is therefore simply a question of singular unanimity of thought between two persons of distant times and places,

although Hals's example has certainly the benefit of priority. He states, under the head of the parish of Egleshayle, that there was a Mr. Edward Hoblyn, a gent. and attorney-at-law, who was in possession of an estate in the parish called Crone or Croan, and that he was specially memorable for his saying, when he first began to practise, that he would get an estate by the law one way or other (which Hals, without proper authority, says means right or wrong); and as Hals proceeds to say

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Under the head of Falmouth, Hals mentions Thomas Killigrew, of the Arwinick family, a celebrated wit and Master of the Revels in the

time of Charles II., but not a regularly installed jester. He went to Paris in the time of Louis XIV.; but, being politically out of humour, was silent, and the great monarch thought him dull. He showed him his fine collection of pictures, of which Killigrew took little notice, and appeared to know nothing about them. At last the king showed him a picture of the Crucifixion, which was placed between two portraits, but still the wit said he did not know what it meant.

"Why then," said the king, "I will tell you what they are the picture in the centre is the draught of our Saviour on the cross; that on the right-hand of him is the pope's picture, and that on the left is my own.",

"I humbly thank your majesty," says Killigrew," for the information you have given me; for though I have often heard that our Saviour was crucified between two thieves, yet I never knew who they were till now."

The king was now convinced of Killigrew's power of wit and satire, for at this time he and the pope were cruelly persecuting the French Protestants, and dragooning them to mass driving them out of the kingdom.



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1 blacke satten gowne, kirtell, and wastcoate set with goulde buttons.

1 willow colored satten peticoate imbrothered." P. P. F. THE WIDOW BLACKETT OF OXFORD: CHARLES LAMB. In the new edition of Elia by Messrs. Bell & Daldy, there is an essay named "The Gentle Giantess," the first of Eliana. I would ask if this was an Oxford celebrity, or a coinage of the pleasant author's brain, as it is by no means easy for one unacquainted with C. L. to tell his facts from his fictions? The editor has given an interesting appendix, but in it there is no refer

ence to this character.


May I be allowed also to notice, what is no doubt a printer's error, that in the succeeding Leonard da Vinci, late in the possession of Mr. essay, in alluding to a celebrated painting by Troward of Pall Mall, he


"He who could paint that wonderful personification of the Logos, or third person of the Trinity, grasping a globe when the hand was, by the boldest license, twice as big as the truth of drawing warranted: yet the effect, to every one who saw it, was confessed by some magic of genius, not to be monstrous, but miraculous and silencing.”

As there is no list of errata (indeed, with this exception, there requires none) I mention it for future correction, never having heard the third person of the Trinity called Logos. J. A. G.

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"Says somewhere, that the best book which could be written would be a book consisting only of premises, from which the readers should draw conclusions for themselves."



Does this occur in his " Sermons or in his be, one seems to feel that the premises would Analogy?" However good such a book might hardly pay for erecting; just now tenants would be wanting in the shape of solvent conclusions.

*The Reynolds Gallery.

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Doctors' dicta bristle in array on either side of to lay down drawing paper for water-colour every human question of right and wrong.

C. A. W.

drawings on another paper? Common paste can be worked more smoothly, and stands the subsequent wetting better than anything I have yet tried; but after the paper has been put aside for a time, the paste is apt to cause spots, which are not visible until the washes of colour are laid on and cannot be remedied.

A. F. B.

May Fair. DRINKING-CUP INSCRIPTION. The following inscription for a drinking-cup occurs in a most unlikely place. In The Compleat Clark, containing the best forms of all Sorts of Presidents, 1664, p. 850, is a form for a citizen's will." In this document an imaginary J. G. is made to say —


"I give to the worshipful company of M. in L. whereof I am a fellow, towards a recreation to be had amongst them at my burial, the sum of 67. 13s. 4d., and a cup of silver and gilt, of the weight of 40 ounces, to remain in that company for ever, and to have graven in the bottom these two letters J. G., and a posie written in this manner "When the Drink is out, and the bottom you may see, Remember your brother J. G.

as a remembrance of my Fellowship amongst them. Also I will that there be spice-bread given to the Livery according to the custom."



ANONYMOUS.-Who was the author of an 8vo of sixty-five pages, entitled A Philosophical Enquiry into the Origin and Antiquity of the English Language (Dublin, 1843), in which it is clearly proved that it is the immediate gift of heaven to man, and the first spoken on earth" ? ABHBA.


THE CURSE OF SCOTLAND.-Several notes on this subject appeared in your first series, in which the writers endeavoured to account for the nine

of diamonds bearing this sobriquet. None of them appear to have read of or heard any other card in the pack so styled. In No. 108 of the Connoisseur, however, incidental mention is made of "the Knave of Clubs, or the Curse of Scotland." Can your readers offer any reason for this card bearing the name, or refer to any other notice

made of it ?

W. C. J.

CONSECRATION OF A CHURCH BY AN ARCHDEACON.-It is stated in Newcourt's Repertorium (vol. ii. p. 84) that the church of WoodhamWalter, in Essex, being fallen very much into decay, and standing at a great distance from the village, licence was granted to Thomas Earl of Sussex, in 1562, to build a new church there on such site as he should think fit; which the earl did, and the new church was consecrated April 30, 1562, "by Thomas Cole, Archdeacon of Essex, especially commissionated thereto by Edward Grindall, Bishop of London."

Is this instance unique, or is it competent to an archdeacon to consecrate a church?

JUXTA-TURRIM. DRAWINGS.-Can any of your readers tell me of a paste or glue which can be used with safety


"The Pedlingtonians proclaimed Daubson for their own, and were proud to be Pedlingtonians; the Highlander, where grass will not grow, and the sunshine is about as frequent as an eclipse, says, 'This is my own, my native land;' and Laclerque describes a Dutch tragedy, in which a Spaniard says to the hero, 'You speak like a warrior,' and is answered, Yes! I speak like a Dutchman,' on which the Spaniard exclaims' Would I were one!"""On National Pride," in Collectanea, by James E. Brenton. Philadelphia, 1834, 12mo, p. 76.


If such a tragedy exists, I shall be glad of a reference to it. I suspect that the translation is exaggerated. C. E. T.

JOHN MATTHEW LEIGH, author of Cromwell, a historical play, 1838. Wanted, any information regarding the author. Has he published anything

else ?

R. I.

"FORM." Within the last year or two this word has been used in the sporting department of our newspapers in a sense that has altogether puzzled me. The form of a racehorse used to mean his shape; but now the term is employed in a manner altogether new; and I turn to "N. & Q." to enlighten my ignorance. So long as I read of "form" only in the sporting portion of my newspaper I was content to pass it by, but when a word has been used by The Times in an editorial article, it acquires a certain degree of authority. In March of last year, when commenting on the University boat-race, The Times thus spoke of the Oxonians:-"The victors, whose form was far from faultless, but whose courage was invincible." And to-day (July 2), in looking over the new volume of the Annual Register, I find "form embalmed in the grave pages of that standard work. In describing the University boat-race, the Annual Register mentions "form no less than seven times, and in their reports of the various races of the year this pet word again occurs. Will some sporting reader of "N. & Q." kindly explain the sense in which it is used- the new meaning attached to this old word? JAYDEE.



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Titeyrre) Les seigneurs de ce nom descendent d'une des plus anciennes maisons de Normandie, qui sous le règne de Guillaume le Conquérant passèrent avec lui en Angleterre. Les Titaires eurent beaucoup de Seigneuries, Fiefs ou Manoirs dans les Comtés de Fling, de Daubigh, et dans la Principauté de Galles.', La branche anglaise fut représentée en 1730 par Édouard, Lord Titeyre, Comte de Goring, qui de son mariage avec Josephine Elizabeth Moyra, fille unique de Lord Moyra, Comte de Cambell, avait deux fils et trois filles ! " Can any of your readers throw any light on the above-mentioned personages, or the above-quoted author (whose name does not appear in Lowndes), or must we conclude that the French surpass even ourselves in their ingenuity in pedigreemaking? F. D. H.

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PIERCE EGAN, JUNR. PENNY.-Is the Sanscrit word panna, a copper value, or coin (?) in the laws of Menu, the origin of our word penny?


GEORGES PILLESARY.-Where can I find some account of M. Georges Pillesary, General of Marine under Louis XIV.? His daughter Angélique was the second wife of the first Viscount St. John. French memoirs of his time do not mention him. LYDIARD. OLD SEALS ON CHARTERS, ETC.-Will any correspondent inform me what constitutes the substances of seals which are attached to old charters,

&c. ?

S. M. P. ST. CATALDUS AND ST. PETER. This saint is said to have been the first Bishop of Taranto in the south of Italy, and by tradition a native of Raphoe in Ireland. Can any of your correspondents acquainted with the saints of the Roman Calendar give his Irish name, and state at what period he lived? The Tarantines claim to have received their first knowledge of Christianity from St. Peter, who landed, as they say, at a spot about twenty miles south of Taranto, on the shore of the bay, where a chapel sacred to the Apostle comme

[For some account of St. Cataldus consult Alban Butler's Lives of the Saints, May 10; and Ware's Ireland, by Harris, i. 549.-ED.]

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THE THREE PIGEONS.-Will some one learned in the symbolism of signboards explain the meaning of this sign, which seems to have been a common one, and possibly possessed a religious significance? The Salutation Sign, Annunciation, and Three Kings of Cologne, suggest some such meaning. Goldsmith's famous song has made the "Three Jolly Pigeons" familiar. It was a sign in the west of Ireland more than a century ago; and I find it also in France at as early a period. I quote from Jay's Dictionnaire des Contemporains, 1825, under the head "Revaiol" "Son père.. acheta à Bagnols . . les trois pigeons," &c. &c.

une auberge,

N. B. C.

VIS.-Vis argenti (L.), force argent (Fr.), a power of money (Mod. Hibernian). Has this idiom existence in other languages, as one would be disposed to conclude from the examples given? Q. Q. WALTHAM ABBEY.-Can any of your correspondents inform me when the existing outside arch of Waltham Abbey was erected that is, the arch which formerly divided the nave from the chancel, and is now built up to form the end of the present church? C.

CARDINAL WOLSEY'S BEDSTEAD.-Twenty years ago I was shown at an old farm-house (I think the Manor Farm) at Ingarsby, Leicestershire, an ancient bedstead, stated by the good people of the house to have been brought from the Abbey at Leicester, and to have been that on which the great cardinal died. Can this statement be corroborated? I well remember that the bedstead I saw was of elaborately carved oak, in good preservation, and evidently of some antiquity. G.


Queries with Answers.

STYLE OF "REVEREND" AND "VERY REVEREND.' Dr. South, in his Animadversions upon Dr. Sherlock's Book, entituled "A Vindication of the Trinity," &c., says of Sherlock's friends (p. ii.):

"Nay, and some find creeping under his feet, with the title of Very Reverend, while they are charging him with such qualities and humours as none can be justly chargeable with and deserve reverence too. For my own part, I frankly own that I neither reverence nor fear him."


These Animadversions were published in 1693. Now, it could hardly have been reckoned, even by so uncompromising a controversialist as South, an act of sycophancy to give Sherlock his style of "Very Reverend," if that had been a mere matter of course: so that I should be glad to learn, through the medium of "N. & Q.," how long it has been the practice in England to address a Dean as "Very Reverend." And this suggests to me to ask further, since what period it has been usual to address a clergyman as "the Rev. Mr. B.," "6 the Rev. A. B." In a list of annual preachers at a school-anniversary, which I saw some years ago, the style "Rev." was first used (if my memory serves me right) early in the last century. At Cambridge, to this day, a preacher before the University (if a simple M.A.) is described in the notice posted in the colleges as "Mr. A. B. of Christ College." S. Č. [Respecting Deans being styled "Very Reverend," the late John Wilson Croker stated in "N. & Q." (1" S. iii. 437) that, in a long series of old almanacks in his library, the list of Deans is invariably given as the "Reverend the Dean" down to the year 1803. The three following years were wanting; but in that of 1807, the Dean is styled the "Very Reverend." From the passage quoted by S. C. it would seem that this honorary attribute was in use more than a century earlier.

The title of Reverend was given to the judges as late as the seventeenth century. Hence we read, “And as the Rev. Sir Edward Coke, late Lord Chief-Justice of His Majesty's Bench, saith," &c. By some, this title is supposed to have been retained by them from the time when ecclesiastics filled the judicial offices; whilst others consider that it was merely a title of respect applied to all persons to whom, on account of their position in society, great deference was due. In the seventeenth century the word Reverend was usually coupled with learned, e. g. "That Reverend and learned Dr. Jackson." Bishop Patrick quotes "the Reverend and learned Dr. Hammond." Beneath the portrait of John Kettlewell we read "The true effigy of the Reverend and learned Mr. John Kettlewell," &c. Vide "N. & Q.," 1st S. vi. 246.]

SATIRICAL MEDAL. I have had a coin or medal shown to me, with a request to try and find out what it is. It has two of those double

faces which most people are familiar with. On one side it is a pope's head with tiara, which, when turned upside down, represents the devil, with a long curling horn (the faces are naturally in profile) and big ears. Inscription: ECCLESIA.


PERVERSA TENET FACIEM DIABOLI. On the other side is a cardinal's head; and this, on being turned upside down, presents a fool's head, cap, and bells. The inscription is, STVLTI. ALIQVANDO. [here, I think, there is a short word obliterated] SAPIENTES. There appears to be no date. Can any reader of "N. & Q." tell me anything about this medal? The heads are very clear; the inscriptions not so much so. R. C. S. W.

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[The medal described by our correspondent is figured Rigollot's Monnaies des Fous (plate 4, fig. 10), and is correctly described by him (p. xc.) as a satirical medal directed against the court of Rome. The inscriptions are correctly given by our correspondent. Leber describes

and gives a figure of a similar medal directed against Calvin on one side of which is a double head of Calvin mitred and a horned devil, and the inscription, JOAN. CALVINUS HERESIARCH PESSIMUS; and on the reverse the double head of a cardinal and a fool, and the inscription, ET STULTI, ALIQUANDO SAPITE, PAL. XCIII. See "N. & Q.," 1st S. vii. 238.]

SIR JOHN HADLEY.-Can you inform me if there is in London a monument or gravestone to Sir John Hadley, Lord Mayor of London about the year 1463 [?]. Also any information regarding the family as to their ancestry and arms will much oblige. One branch of the family, I believe, settled in Warwickshire.


Hadley, Hereford.

[Sir John Hadley, sheriff in 1375, was twice Mayor of

London, 1379 and 1393. He was buried in the church of St. Pancras, Soper Lane, where was his monument. There were many old monuments in this church of. opulent citizens, ranging from 1360 to 1536; but the fanatical rage which prevailed after the Reformation caused nearly all of them to be demolished. At the great fire of London the church itself was destroyed. Sir John Hadley's arms are: Az. a chevron between three annulets or, over all, on a fesse of the second, as many martlets gules.]

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