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No. C.

Art. Page

I. —1. Histoire de la Decadence et de la Chute de l'Empire

Romain, traduite de l'Anglais d'Edouard Gibbon.

Nouvelle Edition, entitlement revue et corrigee, pre-

c^dtJe d'une Notice sur la Vie et le Caractere de Gib-

bon, et accompagnee de Notes critiques et historiques

relatives pour la plupart a l'Histoire de la Propagation

du Christianisme. Par M. F. Guizot.

2. Etudes, ou Discours Historiques sur la Chute de l'Em-

pire Romain. Par M. de Chateaubriand - 273

II. —1. Schlangenbad und seine Heiltugenden, von Dr. H.

Fenner von Ferineberg.

2. Wiesbaden und seine Heilquellen dargestellt.

3. Bubbles from the Brunnens of Nassau. By an Old

Man ..... SOS

III. —1. Present State of the Poor-Law Question. By C.

"VVetherell.

2. Extracts from the Information received by His Ma-

jesty's Commissioners as to the Administration and

Operation of the Poor-Laws. Published by Authority.

3. Reply of the Commissioners for Inquiring into the

Poor-Laws to a Letter from the Chancellor of the

Exchequer on the Labour-Rate. Printed for the

House of Commons, June 19th, 1833 - - 347

IV. —1. Journal of a West India Proprietor. By the late

Matthew G. Lewis.

2. Domestic Manners in the West Indies. By Mrs. Car-

michael - - - - 374

V. —An Inquiry into the State of Slavery amongst the Ro-

mans, from the earliest Period till the Establishment

of the Lombards in Italy. By William Blair, Esq. 399

VI. —Trevelyan, by the Author of ' A Marriage in High Life.' 413

VII. —1. A Letter to the Right Hon. Charles Grant, President

of the Board of Control, on the Present State of British

Intercourse with China. By C. Marjoribanks, Esq.,

M.P., late President of the Select Committee in China.

2. Papers relating to the Ship Amherst, in reference to

a Voyage recently undertaken to the North-east Coast

of China.

Art. Page

3. Papers relating to the Affairs of the East India Com-

pany.

4. Corrected Report of the Speeches of Sir George

Staunton on the China Trade in the House of Commons,

June 4 and 13, 1833.

5. Ohservations on the China Trade, and on the Im-

portance and Advantages of removing it from Canton

to some other part of the Coast of that Empire. By-

Sir James Brabazon Urmston - 430

Note - - - - - 467

VIII.—Life and Poetical Works of the Reverend George Crabbe,

in 8 vols. 12mo. Vol. I. containing the Life of Crabbe.

By his Son - 4GS

IX.—1. Church Reform.

2. The Church of England; or safe, liberal, and Christian

Principles of Reform in the Establishment; with the

beneficial Changes which may be made, consistently

with Reason and Religion, in the Ecclesiastical Affairs

of this Kingdom.

3. The Liturgy Revised; or the Necessity and Bene-

ficial Effects of an authorized Abridgment and careful

Revision of the various Services of the Established

Church.

4. The British Liturgy; an Attempt towards an Analysis,

Arrangement, and Compression of the Book of Com-

mon Prayer,

5. The Book of Common Prayer and Administration of

the Sacraments, and other Rites and Ceremonies of the

Church, newly arranged, with Alterations and Abbre-

viations.

6. A Petition to the House of Lords. By the Rev. C. N.

Wodehouse, Prebendary of Norwich. Mirror of Par-

liament, 5th August.

7. Evidence of the Necessity of Church Reform.

8. Reform without Re-construction, &c.; accompanied

with a Plan for the Compression of the Liturgy and

Ritual of the Church of England - - 50S

X.—Note on Pamphlet entitled ' A Refutation of the Calum-

nies against the Lord Chancellor contained in the last

Number of the Quarterly Review' - - 504

THE

QUARTERLY REVIEW

Art. I.— I. Astronomy and General Physics considered with reference to Natural Theology. By the Rev. William Whewell, M.A., Fellow and Tutor of Trinity College, Cambridge. 8vo. pp. 381. London. 1833.

2. On the Adaptation of External Nature to the Physical Condition of Man, principally with reference to the Supply of his Wants, and the Exercise of his Intellectual Faculties. By John Kidd, M.D., E.R.S., Regius Professor of Medicine in the University of Oxford. 8vo. pp. 375. London. 1833.

3. The Hand, its Mechanism and Endowments, as evincing Design. By Sir Charles Bell, K.G.H., F.R.S. L. and E. 8vo. pp. 288. London. 1833.

4. Of the Power, Wvsdom, and Goodness of God, as manifested in the adaptation of External Nature to the Moral and Intellectual Constitution of Man. By the Rev. Thomas Chalmers, D.D., Professor of Divinity in the University of Edinburgh. In two volumes, 8vo. London. 1833.

TT is impossible to peruse the titles of these books, without -*- feeling an emotion of gratitude towards the memory of the noble and reverend person to whose munificence we are indebted for their publication. The charitable institutions, which abound in this country, afford ample proof of the benevolent spirit that pervades the opulent orders of our community. But it has happened to few of its members to aim at so noble a design, as was provided for by the will of the late Earl of Bridgewater, (the last of his distinguished race,) when he dedicated a liberal portion of his wealth to the discussion of some of the most important questions, upon which the human faculties can be employed. If ever the possession of the gifts of fortune be enviable, it is when we see them administered for such a purpose as this. Enviable too must have been the reflections of him who thus secured, as far as he could do, the erection of one altar more to the attributes of the Omnipotent, hoping, perhaps, though we fear in vain, that it might endure to remote ages, bearing round its basement an humble but emphatic testimony to the ardour of his faith as a Christian, and to the truth of his perceptions as a philosopher.

VOL. L. No. xcix. B But

But it is unfortunately to be regretted—deeply to be regretted by all persons friendly to the diffusion of really useful knowledge —that the testamentary dispositions of that amiable nobleman have been strangely misinterpreted, by the parties to whom the execution of them was entrusted. We desire it to be understood, that to the gentlemen in question we impute none but the most pure and the most honourable intentions; but we certainly have no hesitation in saying, that they have essentially mistaken the purpose which Lord Bridgewater had in view, and that, if they have not wholly defeated his intentions, they have accomplished them in a manner, to say the least of it, imperfect and inconsequential.

The sum set apart for the attainment of the objects which the deceased Earl had in contemplation was eight thousand pounds sterling, which, together with the dividends accruing thereon, he desired to be paid to the person or persons whom the President of the Royal Society should appoint to write, print, and publish a work ' On the Power, Wisdom, and Goodness of God, as manifested in the Creation; illustrating 3uch work by all reasonable arguments; as for instance, the variety and formation of God's creatures in the animal, vegetable, and minejal kingdoms; the effect of digestion, and thereby of conversion; the construction of the hand of man, and an infinite variety of other arguments; as also, by discoveries, ancient and modern, in arts, sciences, and the whole extent of literature.1 Who can doubt, from these terms, that the meaning of the testator was, not that a number of works should be written on this mighty theme, by different individuals, each conducting the argument to the same conclusion, by his own mode of treating the question; but that if no one person could be found competent to the task, two or more learned individuals should be induced to contribute their labours to one volume, which, by combining the excellence of each, might be calculated to make a powerful and permanent impression on mankind?

This plain and most advantageous course has not been taken. Eight thousand pounds were to be disposed of, and, therefore, eight gentlemen, all unquestionably distinguished for great ability and knowledge, were selected, to whom was contided the duty, not of contributing to one compendious publication, but of writing each a work of his own upon one of eight branches, into which, by the exertion of an unhappy ingenuity, the general subject has been subdivided. The inevitable consequence of this proceeding will be, that we shall have at least nine volumes, instead of one. Is it likely that a series of treatises, so numerous and expensive, will attain any wide circulation in these days

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