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ing for redress, or complaining of the thing had been offered to shew the nesaid fees.

ceffity of their lordships' interpofition : The Lord Advocate ftated, that the and because it tended to an indirect evidence in defence of Sir Thomas imputation upon the characters of the Rumbold and Mr. Perring being fi- guardians and interpreters of the laws, nished, it was necessary that both that whofe conduct had so amply and how and the evidence in support of the pro- nourably earned that high and dific fecution should be printed, before the guished public eftimation which they House proceeded any farther. But as enjoyed. The previous question wa that could not be done in a short time, carried without 'a division, he trusted the House must see the utter In the House of Commons, on the impoffibility of proceeding any farther third reading of the Pay-Office bull, that felion. Hie, therefore, moved Mr. Eitwick complained to the House for leave to bring in a new bill of pains of some alterations, which he conceived and penalties, with a proviso, that the to have been made in certain clauic, proceedings on the bill then depending by Mr. Burke, without the fanćtion of fhould not be discontinued, by any pro- the House. The Speaker cleared up rogation or dissolution of parliament, the matter, by declaring that the quelwhich after some debate was passed tion had been put upon each of the alwithout a division.

terations, but in a low tone of voice, June z. The Duke of Richmond so as just to be heard by the parties called the attention of the Upper House oncerned, who were standing round to the constitution of the great seal, the chair at the time, as was the pracand particularly to its present situation, tice in all cases where the parties were in the hands of commissioners, and perfectly agreed. Mr. Pitt and Mr. fummed up the purport of a long Entwick thought that the expunged speech, by intimating his intention to

clauses ought to be restored and demove for a committee to enquire into bated, which being agreed to, the first the independence of the judges, and was brought up and rejected on a diinto the best means of securing it; and vision. The bill was then read and by then moving as a balis for that pafled. motion a resolution, setting forth, that June 5. Sir Charles Bampfyide ofputting the seals in commiilion durante fered to present a petition from the bene placito, and appointing judges city of Exeter, praying that the recommisioners, with large salaries and ceipt-tax might not pass into a law, perquifites, during the existence of a

but the Speaker reminding the House commission originating in, and solely that it was an establiihed rule not to dependent on the will of the crown, receive any petition against a tax, it tended to invalidate the act of the 13th was rejected on a division. of King William; having before re Mr. Fox moved for a committee of marked, that the patent paffed in the whole House to consider of the exMarch 1782, granting an addition of pediency of allowing the whole drawroool. a year to the salary of the Chief back on rice exported, as to continue Justice of the Common Pleas, was in it now would certainly deprive us of direct opposition to the spirit of that the whole rice trade. It was unaniact.

mousiy agreed to allow the drawback, The Duke of Portland defended the and a bill ordered to be brought in alcommiflion, and moved the previous cordingly. question. Lord Louglıborough, in a In a committee, Mr. Dempster drev, moft able and eloquent speech, vindi- with wonderful ability and philanthrocated the character of the judges from py, a picture of the unfortunate situaeven the shadow of suspicion. He ex- tion of the northern parts of Scotland, piained, to the fatisfaction of the from the failure of last year's crop, House, the augmentation of his falary which he followed with several moas Chief Justice of the Common Pleas. tions for their relief, that were all He opposed the motion, because now readily agreed to, as was also an ad

dress

dress to his Majesty for the same pur After a long and warm debate, the pose.

bill for taxing bills of exchange and In a committee went through the receipts was read a third time and bill laying a tax on bills of exchange, paffed. &c. and receipts. The Lord Mayor June 13. In a Committee of Supply, moved to exempt all receipts under sl. the Secretary at War went through the which was rejected by a great majority. army estimates for the remainder of the

June 6. In a Committee of Supply, present year, and moved the different Lord North mored several small {ums resolucions on them, which were carried for the civil ettablishments of the two without opposition. Floridas, Georgia, St Jolin's, Nova June 17. Sir Cecil Wray brought Scotia, and Senegambia.

up a petition from the people called Read a second time the bill to pre- Quakers, in behalf of the unfortunate vent abuses in the public offices. Mr. negrocs, the traffic of whose persons, Fox divided the House on the second they prayed, for the sake of humanity, reading of the bill to prevent expence

to have abolished. at elections, and a small majority were 'The bill for abolishing fees, and for going on with the bill.

establishing various regulations in the June 11. A motion was made for different public offices, occasioned a leave to bring in a bill to repeal fo warm debate. Lord John Cavendith much of the act of the 35th of Henry thought, that all the purposes of the VIII. as prohibits the exportation of bill miglit easily be answered without brafs, which after some debate was it. Mr. Pite entered fully and ininutecarried by a great majority.

ly into the various abuses of the difThe Sherits of London presented a ferent offices, which called loudly for petition from the city, which, on being reform. The bill was gone through read, appeared to be directed against the in a committee. tax on receipts. The Speaker stated, June 18. 'I he l'eers rejected a pethat it had been long the practice of the tition from the merchants and traders, House, in consideration of the import against the tax on receipts, and all.) ance of the city of London, to receive a fimilar petition from the city of any petition offered by its fherifis, London. without any previous intimation of its In the House of Commons, the Chancontents. Mr. Fox admitted the pri- ceilor of the Exchequer brought in a vilege, but fuid it was of little value, bill to take off the compofition, in lieu since the House could reject the peti- of the malt dats: Mr. Hill warmly rion's being taken into consideration, opposed it, an divided the Honfe on as foon as its contents were known; the second reading, which was carried which was done accordingly.

by a great majority: Mr. Ord then brought up the report June 19. The bill for preventing of the committee on the tax bills, fraudulent voters from polling at which after a long debate was read, and elections was loit in a committee. various amendments proposed and agreed June 24. In a committee went

through the bill for altering the law June 12. In a committee on a bill relative to writs of righre, and other for altering the law, in many respects, modes of recovering property, with with regard to property, a clause was feveral new clauses and amendments. moved and admitted, for prerenting a Lord John Cavendish brought in a tenant for life from alienating fuch bill for continuing the commiflion of e!tates, as the grantor intended thould public accounts, which was read a firit veit in the remainder man, but in the time. grants of which he might have He then mored for leave to bring omiited to appoint truttees. And in a bill for the appointment of comanother, for empowering the courts of millioners, to cnquire into the circumlaw to issue commissions for taking itances of those who had suffered, in cepofitions bevond fea.

coníegi enve fthe difentiuis in fie Lord. Mac. Dec, 1783.

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rica, which after a very general debate for them. No objection was made to tvas agreed to.

the proposition for relief, but the mode In a committee for considering of occafioned fome debate. It paffed, the state of the cotton and linen manu: however, without a division. factures of Great-Britain, agreed to June 30. In the House of Peers, on several resolutions, for allowing draws the second reading of the reform bill, bachs on soap and starch, brimstone Earl Temple moved for the papers and vitriol, pot, pearl, wood, and which had been laid on the table of barilla aihes, confumed in preparing the Commons, as necessary documents the raw materials for manufactures. to enable their lordships to decide on

June 25. In the House of Peers, the merits of the proposed reform. the bill to explain and amend an act of This was objected to, and on a division the 11 th and 12th of William III. en- pafled in the negative. The bill itself titled “ an act to enable justices of the was then debated, and rejected by a peace to build and repair jails in their majority of sixteen. respective counties,” was read a fecond His Majesty not being empowered time. And the bill to prevent bribery by law to grant a penfion out of the at elections was thrown out.

civil litt for more than his own life, The House of Commons went into applied by two several messages to each a Committee of Supply on his Majesty's House of Parliament, for such a powmessage relative to the establishment of er, in behalf of Lord Rodney and Ge. the Prince of Wales.

neral Eliott. Lord John Cavendish Rated that his July 1. The House of Commons Majesty had graciously determined to

voied 2000l. per annum to Lord Rodprovide for the whole annual expence, ney, and the two next heirs of his without calling upon his people for boily, to whom the barony of Rodney any addition to the civil lid, on that fall descend, payable from the gloaccount, and to allow his Royal High- rious 12th of April, 1782; and 1500l. ness 50,000l. a year; but that as his per annum to Sir George Auguftus Majesty's revenue was barely fufficient Flott, for his own life, and the life to discharge the different claims upon of his fon, Francis Auguftus Eliott, it, it was not surprising, that he thould Efq. payable from the glorious 13th of call upon his faithful Commons, for a September, 1782. temporary aid to equip his son at his

In a committee, took into conside. fint outset in life. He, therefore, ration the petition of the East-India moved the sum of 60,000l. for that Company, praying time for the paypurpose. A proposition fo moderate ment of the debt due to government, could meet wiih no opposition, it was and also a loan of 300,000l. to answer voted unanimoully; and the debate, the prefent emergencies of the Comthat followed, turned merely on ru- pony. Both propofitions were agreed mours that had been circulated of an enormous sum, which some of his Ma. July 4. The debate on the bill for jesty's ministers had intended to move, regulating certain offices in the Exche. and a retrospect of Lord North’s con quer, though rather of a particular duct, on making the last addition to the than a public nature, seems worthy of civil lift.

being recorded, as it may hereafter June 27. Lord North brought be- serve to throw light on some of the fore a Coinmittee of Supply a propos political characters of the time. We sition for the relief of the others of must, therefore, refer the reader to the the provincial corps, faised to serve in Appendix. America during the war, whom he July 7. The House of Lords threw recommended, in the strongest terms, out Lord Efingham's insolvent bill. to the munificence, to the gratitude, July 10. Lord John Cavendish laid to the justice of the country; and frid before the House of Commons a list that he would move only for 15,00ol. of perfons, to whom fums of public tuwards and on account of lulf pay money liad been illued, for which no

account

to.

account had yet been paffed by the inconvenience, for the permanent adauditors of the imprest.

vantage of your country. Mr. W. Pitt almost instantly rose to " The consideration of the affairs make a motion upon it, for compelling of the East-Indies will require to be all such persons to pass their accounts, resumed as early as poffible, and to be and

pay in their balances with as little pursued with a serious and unremit. delay as poflible. The wording of the ting attention. motion, seeming to point particularly I expected to have had the fatisat the executors of the late Lord Hol- faction of acquainting you, before the land, gave rise to considerable acrimo- end of the session, that the terms of ny in the debate that ensued. It paffed pacification were definitively settled: at length with some amendments. but the complicated state of the bufia

July 11. In the House of Peers, a nefs in discuslion has unavoidably promotion from the Duke of Portland, for tracted the negociation. I have, howpostponing the confideration of the bill ever, every reason to believe, from for establiihing a free port in the island the difpofitions fhewn by the several of Dominica, brought on a debate, powers concerned, that they are perwhich seemed to have little other ten- fectly well inclined to fuch a concludency than to embarrass ministry., All fion as may secure the bleslings of parties were agreed on the death of peace, fo much and so equally to be the bill, and the only question was defired by all parties. how it should die. It was contended “ Gentlemen of the House of Comthat a bill pregnant with such absur mons, dity, and which might produce such “ I thank you for the supplies dangerous consequences on its being you have so liberally granted for the known in Ireland, ought to be reject- public service; for facilitating my ared with disdain. The original motion rangements towards separate eltawas at length agreed to.

blishment for the Prince of Wales; and July 15. In the House of Com- for enabling me, without any new mons, Mr. Dempster brought op a burden on my people, to discharge report from the committee appointed the debt which remained on my civil to enquire into the case of the officers lift. of the regiment raised by Col. Erskine, “ My Lords and Gentlemen, on the borders of Switzerland. The I earnestly recommend to you report was very favourable to the claim an attention towards promoting among of these officers. Mr. Dempster, there- my people, in your several counties, fore, moved an address to this Majesty, that spirit of order, regularity, and into order them such relief as to his dustry, which is the true source of rewisdom ihould seem meet: and that venue and power in this nation; and the House would make good the sum without which, all regulation for the that his Majesty should order. improvement of the one, or the in

July 16. His Majesty closed the crease of the other, will have no effett.” session with the following most gracious speech from the throne:

THE FOURTH SESSION THE My Lords and Gentlemen, 1. THE advanced season of the

FIFTEENTH

PARLIAMENT

GREAT BRITAIN, year requires some remission from your long and laborious attention to the

Nov. 11.

His Majesty opened public service. The exigencies of that the fourth session of the fifteenth Parservice may oblige me to call you to liament of Great-Britain with a most gether again at an early period; and I gracious speech froin the throne. (P. perfuade myself, from my uniform ex- 461.) Both the speech and address, perience of your affection to me, and which are generally the production of your zeal for the public good, that you the same pen, were fo cautioully wordwill chcarfully fubinit to a temporary ed as to afford little handle for oppo

fition.

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sition. The latter, therefore, was had been obtained from them; he knew voted in both Hlouses, with an unani- of none; the treaty remained just as the mity that has not been very common preliminary articles had begun it. The of late years.

funds were now lower than when we In the House of Peers, the address were most distressed; that day had been was moved by Lord Scarborough, who looked to, as a period for raising the prefaced the motion with an apology national credit, and yet not the least for having undertaken fo ardnous a notice was taken of it in the speech. talk, and a panegyric on the speech. The omislion of Ireland was not less It breathed such an ardent affection for important; he almost trembled to say a the welfare of the people, that, though word on so delicate a subject, but he he had erer been trained in the habit could not help regretting that no menof revering the royal personage, and tion was made of that kingdom. the conftitution of his country, he felt In the House of Commons, the a reverence beyond what he Farl of Upper Ofsory rose to move the knew before.

address. He recapitulated the princiLord Hampden, though it was the pal political events that had happened first day of his fitting in that House, during the recess, and commented upcould not help teitifying his approba- on each. The late war, even amid tion, by feconding it. He extolled the the most fericus reverfes of fortune, members of the present administration, had ferred to place the British characas men by whole united integrity and ter for martial deeds in the highest abilities, we inight expect to see the point of view; no nation was ever innation reflored to as great a height of iolved in a more arduous ftruggle, and honour, respect, and consequence as it no nation had ever maintained one had eier enjoyed, and inveighed against with so much firmness and valour; and the peace, as left by their predeceilors, while intrepidity, virtue, and patriotas rah, scandalous, and insecure. ism should be revered among men,

Lord Temple rote not to oppose the the names of the illufirious chiefs who address, or to move any amendment, had signalized themselves in the war ‘z:lthough it did not exactly meet his would never be forgotten. approbation, because he wished it to Sir Francis Ballet feconded it. He safs unanimously His motive for enumerated the objects to which the troubling their lordships, was, to put speech from the throne called their atthem on their guard to watch the pre- tention, and expatiated on their imfent administration with a wary eye. portance. There were oljects to which tie knew how disgreeable, how dif- ihe address would bind the House to graceful a taik it was, to behold every turn their thoughts, and surely no proceeding with suspicion; but as he man who understood the interest of the had no confidence in ministry, he country, and wished to promote is, Thould endearour to point out every would feel any difficulty to pledge himattempt that tended to the ruin of the self on the present occafion. conftitution. He then resorted to the Mr. W. Pitt gave it his most hearty old arguments against the coalition. affirmative, as there was not an excepThey had befieged the cabinet, and tionable idea exprefled either in the forced an arrangement upon the crown. 'speech or address. He gave an ingeWhere was the power, the honour, the nious turn to this affent. He had to dignity of that House, when it tamely congratulate his country, as well as to permitted such an outrage? He bv no felicitate himself and those with whom means condemned them for concluding he had acted, that, notwithstanding the peace, although they disapproved the objections which had been stated to of the terms of it; the public faith was the preliminary treaties, the definitive pledged, and they were bound to keep treaties were avowedly little more than it. But what had they done with the a transcript of them. He had, there. United States of Holland? It had been fore , to rejoice, that by them the counboasted that much greater advantages try had been rescued from impending

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