vinced, have here a volcanic ori- retire to a little port or beach surgin.

rounded by rocks, at the foot of the On the 17th of May I left Veflina, rock. The second shock of the earthwhere I had been kindly and hofpita- qurke, after midnight, detached a tly treated, and proceeded in my fpe- whole mountain (much higher than ronara along the Sicilian coast to the that of Scilla, and partly calcarejus, point of the entrance of the Faro, and partly cretaceous! fituated between where I went alhore, and found a priest the Torre del Cavallo, and the Rock who had been there the night between of Scilla. This having failen with the 5th and 6th of February, when violence into the sea (at that time perthe great ware pailed orer that point, fectly calın) raised the fatal wave, carried off boats, and above tv enty- which I have above described to have four unhappy people, tearing up trees, broken upon the neck of land, called and leaving some hundred weight of the Punta del Faro, in the island of fiih it had brought with it on the dry Scilla, with such fury, which returnland. He told me he had been hin- ing with great noise and celerity difelf covered with the wave, and with rectly upon the beach, where the difficulty saved his life. lie at firt Prince and the unfortunate inhabitants faid the water was hot; but as I was of Scilla had taken refuge, either dashcurious to come at the truth of this e them with their boats and richeit fact, which would have concluded eifects against the rocks, or whirled inuch, I aked him if he was fure of then into the fea; those who had it? And being pressed, it came to be escaped the first and greatesi ware were no more than the water having bein carried off by a fecond and third, as warm as it usually is in summer. which were less considerabie, and imHe said the ware rose to a great height, mediately followed the first. I spoke and came on with noise, and such ra to several men, women, and children pidity that it was impossible to escape. here, who had been cruelly maimed,

he tower on the point was half de- and some of whom had been carried stroyed, and a poor priest that was in into the sea by this unforeseen acciit lost his life. From hence I crolled dent. Here, said cne, my head was over to Scilla. Having met with my forced through the door of the cellar, friend the Padre Minali, a Dominican which he ihewed me was broken. friar, a worthy man and an able natu- There, said another, was I drove into ralist, who is a native of Scilla, and is a barrel. Then a woman would how actually employed by the academy of me her child, all over deep wounds Naples to gire a description of the from the fones and timber, &c. that phenomena that have attended the were mixed with the water, and dahearthquake in these parts; with his af- irg about in this narrow port; but all finance on the spot, I perfectly under- affured me they had not perceived the itood the nature of the formidable wat least symptom of heat in the water, that was said to have been boiling hot, though I dare fay, Sir, you will read and had certainly proved fatal to the maný well attcíied accounts of this baron of the country, the Prince of water having been hot; of many dead Scilia, riho was swept off the fore bodies thrown up, which appeare! io into the sea by this ware, with 2473 hare been parboiled by it; and oi maof his unfortunate fubjects. The fol ny living persons who bud cvidently les in ; is the fact- The Prince of Scilla been scalded by this hot ware; so difha ing remaked, that during the tirit ficult is it to arrive at truth. Ilad I horrid fhock (which ha; pened about been isted with the firt answer of noun the sin cf February) part cia tie prieit at the Ponta dei Faro, and rock near Scilla had been detached into fut it down in my journal, who could the sea, and fearing that the rocks or have doubted but that this ware had Scilia, on which his castle and town been of hot water?

Now that we are is situated, might also be detached, well acquainted with the cause of this thought it safer to prepare bcats, and fatal wave we know it could not have


been hot; but the testimony of so many here told me they continued to take a unfortunate sufferers from it is decisie. great abundance of filh, as they had A fact which I was told, and which cone ever since the commencement of was atteited by many here, is very ex- the prefeat calamity. At Tropea, the traordinary indeed: A woman of Scil- 15th of May, there was a severe hock la, four months gone with child, was of an earthquake, but of a very inort Twept into the sea by the ware, and duration. There were five hocks was taken up alive, floating on her during my stay in Calabria and Sicily; back at some distance, nine hours after. three cf them rather alarming; and at She did not even miscarry, and is now Nerina, in the night time, I constantperfectly well; and, had the not been lv felt a little tremor of the earth, gone up into the country, they would which has been observed by many of have shewn her to me. They told me the Meslincse. I am really aihamed, The had been used to firim, as do moít Sir, of sending such an unconnected, of the women in this part of Calabria. hafty extract of my journal; but when Her anxiety and fufftrings, however, I reflect, that unless I fend it off dihad arrived at so great a pitch, that rectly the Royal Society will be broken just at the time that the boat which up for the summer season,, and the took her up, appeared, she was trying subject will become stale before its next to force her head under water, to put meeting; of two evils I prefer to choose a period to her miserable existence. the lealt. Such rough drafts, howThe Padre Minasi told me another cu ever (though ever so imperfect and inrious circumítance that happened in correct) have, as in paintings, the methis neightourhood, which to his rit of a first ketch, and a kind of spiknowledge was 1trictly true: A girl rit that is often loft when the picture about eighteen years of age was baried is correcily finished. If you consider under the ruins of a house fix days, the fatigue and hurry of the journey I having had her foot, at the ancle, al- have just been taking; and that in the most cut off by the edge of a barrel midst of the preparations for my

other that fell upon it; the dust and mortar journey to England, which I propofos stopped the blood; she never had the to begin to-morrow, I have been wri. alistance of a surgeon; but the foot of ting this account, I mail hope then to itself dropped off

, and the wound is he en itled to your indulgence for all perfectly healed without any other af- its imperfections*. But, before I take li dance but that of nature. if of such my leave, I will just sum


the result extraordinary circumttances, and of of my obserrations in Calabria and Sihair-breadth efcapes, an account was to cils, and give you my reasons for bebe taken in all the destroyed towns of lieving that the present earthquakes Calabria Ultra and Sicily, they would, are occafioned by the operation of a as I said before, compose a large vo volcano, the feat of which seems to lume. I have only recorded few of lie deep, either under the bottom of the moit extraordinary, and such as I the sea, between the island of Stromhad from the most undoubted authori. boli and the coast of Calabria, or unts. In my way back to Naples (where der the parts of the plain towarcis OpI arrived the 23d cf May) along the pido and Terra Nuora. If on a may coast of the two Calabrias and the of Italy, and with your co'npass on the Principato Citra, I cnly went on shore scale of Italian miles, you were to incaat Tripea, Paula, and in the bay of fire off 22, and then fixing your conPalinurus. I found Tropca (bout tal point in the city of Oppido (which full: 1.tuated on a rock creihan ing ay cared to ine to be the spot on which the ical bat little deme: horrever the earthquale had exerted its greate : all the inlatitants were in barracks.-- forre! form a circle (the radii of which de Faula the fame. The fithermen will be, as I juz faid, 22 miles) you

will Quæramus ergo quit n good terram ab infimor:..t, quid, &c.-11sc ex givilzis carus acc.dant digna rts till excuri. "See the wiele paai: "E'; spagubie here.--Seneca, Nato Quito Lib. VI. Cap. to


will then include all the towns and those islands, is not abore 50 miles
villages that have been utterly ruined, from the parts of Calabria that have
and the spots where the greatest mor- been most affected by the late earth-
tality has happened, and where there quakes. The vertical shocks, or, in
have been the most visible alterations other words, those whose impulse was
on the face of the earth. Then ex- from the bottom upwards, have been
tend your compass on the same scale to the most destructive to the unhappy
72 miles, preserving the same centre, towns in the plain: did they proceel
and form another circle, you will in- from Monte Dejo, Monte Caulone, or
clude the whole of the country that has Aspramonte? In short, the idea I
any mark of having been affected by have of the present local earthquakes
the earthquake. I plainly observed a is, that they have been caused by the
gradation in the damage done to the same kind of matter that gave birth to
buildings, as also in the degree of the Eolian or Lipari islands; that,
mortality, in proportion as the coun- perhaps, an opening may have been
tries were more or less distant from made at the bottom of the sea, and
this supposed centre of the evil. One most probably between Stromboli and
circumstance I particularly remarked— Calabria Ultra (for from that quarter
if two towns were situated at an equal all agree that the fubterraneous noises
distance from the centre, the one on a seem to have proceeded) and that the
hill, the other on a plain, or in a bot. foundation of a new island or volcano
tom, the latter had always suffered may have been laid, though it may be
greatly more by the locks of the ages, which to Nature are but mo-
earthquakes than the former; a suffi- ments, before it is completed, and ap-
cient proof to me of the cause coming pears abore the surface of the sea. Na-
from beneath, as this must naturally ture is ever active, but her actions are,
have been productive of such an effect. in general, carried on so very slowly
And I have reason to believe, that the as scarcely to be perceived by mortal
bottom of the sea, being still nearer eye, or recorded in the very short space
the volcanic cauíe, would be found of what we call history, let it be erer
(could it be seen) to have suffered even so ancient. Perhaps, too, the whole
more than the plain itself; but (as you destruction I have been describing mav
will find in moit of the accounts of the have proceeded simply from the exha-
earthquake that are in the press, and lations of confined vapours, generated
which are numerous) the philosophers, by the fermentation of such minerals
who do not easily abandon their ancient as produce volcanoes, which have ef-
systems, make the prefent earthquakes caped where they met with the least
to proceed from the high mountains relittance, and muft naturally in a great-
of the Apennines that divide Calabria er degree have affected the plain than
Ultra, such as Monte Dejo, Monte the high and more solid grounds around
Caulone, and Aspramonte, I would it. When the account of the Royal
ask them this fimple question, did the Academy of Naples is published, with
Eolian or Lipari itlands (all which rose maps, plans, and drawings of the cu-
undoubtedly from the bottom of the rious spot I have described, this rude
sea by volcanic explofions at different and imperfect account will, I flatter
and perhaps very diftant periods) owe myself, be of use; without the plans
their birth to the Apennines in Cala- and drawings you well know, Sir, the
bria, or to veins of minerals in the great dificulty there is in making one's
bowels of the earth, and under the bot- felf intelligible on such a subject.
tom of the sea? Stromboli, an active I have the honour to be, &c.
volcano, and probably the youngest of

W. H.

FOREIGN travel is knowlege to a for their love of pleasure and company

wise man and foppery to a fool. but surely the morning of life is best
We frequently condemn old people suited to business, thiseiening to society.



Relinquamus aliquid quo nos vixiffe teftemur. Plin.
CHAT immaterial, that immortal Real merit, in its expectations, is fel-

part of man, which is called dom disappointed, for its labours are the soul, naturally prompts him to seldom unrewarded: and he, whose the performance of such things as may compofitions possess much intrinsic vaprevent the obliteration of his foot- lue, is always invulnerable to the Nafts iteps in the track of life, and perpe- of envy, always regardless of the tongue tuate the remembrance of him, from of Nander - famæ mendacia ridet: and pofterity to pofterity, in that world to though he is too often surrounded by which he is Thortly to bid a final adiel. the clamorous throng and multitud:

Of those, indeed, who are so much nous forces of defamation and detracupon a level with the brutal creation tion, yet the consciousness of having as to have no prospects beyond the pre- done well, the inward aflurances that fent hour, the number is pretty consi. Time will subdue every enemy, and rederable; nor of those that try every move all oppofitionartifice to gain admittance into the Pafcitur in vivis livor, por fata quiefcit temple of Fame, that do their utmost and that in diftant ages his works will to immortalize their names, but, in thine forth in all the brilliancy of undefect of some of the more necessary clouded lustre, and in all the glory of qualifications, fail in their attempts, is acknowledged worth, the sum small. " Of such men the

Tunc furus, ex merito, quemque tuetur hanor. life is as the path of an arroqu, that im- Reflections fo chearing as these enable mediately closes up, and disappears.” him steadily to withitand the repeated

The methods pursued by mankind attacks, and sometimes to repulse the colfor the acquisition and perpetuation lective band of his numerous opponents. of fame are many and various; none, The human mind is fond of every however, is more frequent, none more thing that is uncommon, pleased with universally practised than that of publi- every thing that is strange, and eager cation or book-writing: and truly, as

to become acquainted with every fresh Erasmus says, præcipua ad parandam 110

discovery, every new in ention, every minis celebritatem via, scribere libros. unusual' doctrine: hence, they who Thus, the hiftorian, whilft he records write upon subjects that have been ofthe transactions of princes, and the ex

ten handled by former authors, cannot ploits of heroes, often entwines for expect many readers, or much fame:-himself a wreathe that never fades, and Elige argumentum neque protrilum, no prie fecures a fame equally latting with the cum omnibus commune.

Success, howglorious deeds he celebrates.

ever, does not, as many are of opinion, But though this is one of the most

depend so much upon the choice is general ways of seeking renown, yet

upon the manner of treating the fubis it not one of the most successful; jeit; and novelty of matter will not for it is well known that the writing always ensure renown. To those, in. of a book frequently crushes and ruins, deed, whose views in publication are instead of railing and establishing a man's folely lucrative, I would recommend reputation. I believe, however, that the writing upon novel and uncommon it will be found that miscarriage is subjc&ts. Then may that fans fo rarely the fate but of those who deferve eagerly defired, fo actively parfued, atit; of those who, like lame horses,

tend hiin. He may exclaim, attempt to run the race for which they

Monfrur digito præteriuntium.
are fo totally unfit:

To conclude: the author, whose
Sumite materiem vejiris, qui feribitis, æquam
Viribus; * versate diu, quid ferre recujinti,

writings have no tendency to benefit Quid valeant bumeri.

mankind, by improving the sciences, LOND. Mag, Oct, 1783.



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the mind, or the manners, can have our taste-he it is that acquires the no pretensions to fame; and to him, celebrity of name he so juftly merits; therefore, the chaplet of never-fading and 'tis he alone that is able to fag laurel is justly denied. On the con with the Roman poet, trary, he who has been of service to

Exegi monumentum ære perenniui, fociety, by the communication of any Quod non important discovery; he who, by his Pollir diruere-innumerabilis writings, has augmented our know Annorum series, et fuga temporum. ledge, mended our morals, or refined,




mind is not

a more dangerous character now on less enlarged than your Magazine, earth. I entrusted this Good Man with I prefume to trouble you with my dif- a considerable sum of money, the proaitrous story. My calamities have been fits of much industry, and the rewards of a kind so uncommon, and so unex of inuch commercial anxiety and fapected, that I am afraid I shall be pi- tigue. The Good Man took my money, tied twenty times for once that I shall and gave me receipts for it. Every be believed. But there is a spirit of one faid I was peculiarly fortunate is liberality in the world at present, and finding such a man to take care of my no innovator or schemer, however fan- money-On 'Change, at Lloyd's, every ciful, is rejected without a hearing. where, he was a Good Man. Within a And yet I am sufficiently aware that few months, the Good Man waddled out your readers, as well as yourself, Sir, of the Alley, a lame duck. But lie will not be a little furprised when I still was a Good Man. Waddling was tell them that all the misfortunes of a not a sin; it did not amount to banklong and chequered life have proceeded ruptcy; there was no commiflion nor from the best men--My connection with seizure of effects. Yet, when I came to fuch almost ruined me. Goodness, enquire into my truft, I found that I visdom, learning, yea piety itself have might have received fifteen per cent for contributed to iny downfall; the evils my money had not stocks fallen- but flowing ficm these amiable qualities as that was the case, the Good Man had have been so rapid in their progress, applied my money to the good purpose that I hesitate not to declare, that all of paying his differences, which, howthe vices of which devils are faid to be ever, his goodness never accomplished. poffcfied could not fo foon have effect. Mark the sequel--I was carried to the ed my ruin.-But you Thall judge for King's-Bench-and he is now, a Gord yourself.

Man again. What any profession is, or my age, Tired of Good Men, I was recomor even my sex, although that may ap- mended to a GREAT Man. In the pear in the course of my letter, I do words GREAT MAN, I thought there not think it is material to relate. My was such an afsemblage of the dignities situations in life have been many, and of human nature, that I could not help with every change of fituntion came a flattering myfelf with hopes of success. freth calarnity, and all, Sir, owing to During my attendance on this Great my unhappy acquaintance with the best Man, I acquired the arts of adulation of mankind.

and bowing-indeed for a time I never he frit who did me mischief was a stood straight-and a greater stock of Good Man. What a Good man was in patience than fails to the common lot former days it is not for me to deter- of humanity; but after I had consumed Bune, but I must affirm that there is not many days and much money in paying



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