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have always been decmed unexception- have been laid down by one party have able; but objections were made to
been rejected by another; the latter some of his deductions from them, the alledging that there are no such bodies reasonableness of which we have no in- in nature. But those who have taken clination to exainine, as they turn on upon them to assign the law's which points which have been disputed by would attend the collifion of such bothe most eminent mathematicians. In dies, if such could be found, agree the paper before us the same ingenuity universally that if a non-elastichard body seeins exerted in contriving, and equal were to strike another body, of the accuracy preserved in conducting the same kind, at reft, the fame confeexperiments that are described; but it quences would take place that happen is not possible to gire a satisfactory on the collision of non-elastic foft account of them without a drawing of bodies; namely, that neither of them the machinery he made use of: we thall, would remain at rest; but would both however, endeavour to explain the re- proceed from the point of collision, sults of them in as few words as poilible. with exactly half the velocity the strik
Mr. Smeaton observes that mathe- ing body had before the stroke: in maticians have chiefly confined their short, they lay it down as a rule atenquiries to those laws of motion which tending the collision of all non-elastic take place on the collision of three forts bodies, whether hard or soft, that the of bodies; namely, those which are velocity of both bodies, after the stroke, perfectly elastic; those which are per- will be equal, and exactly half what fectly non-elastic, and perfectly soft; the striking body had before their col. and those which are perfectly non lifion. Mr. Smeaton informs us, that elastic, and perfectly hard. for the before he made his experiments refake of fimplicity, and to avoid run-lating to miils, he never entertained ning his paper out to too great a length, any doubts of the truth of this doctrine, Mr. Smeaton confined himself, in these but believed implicitly, with many experiments, to the simple case of two others, that the same velocity resulted bodies, equal in weight, or quantity of from the irokes of both forts of nonmatter, striking one another; and when elastie bodies; but the trial of thuse two fuch bodies, perfectly elastic, ftrike experiments made tħe fallacy, or, at one another, philosophers universally least, the inconclusiveness of this hyagree that no motion is loft; but that, pothesis clear to him; for the result of in all cales, what is loft by one is com- the experiments being vastly different municated to the other; and, therefore, from what he expected to result from if a body perfectly elastic itrike another the itroke of either sort of bodies, he which is at reit, and perfectly elaftic also, was very naturally led to inquire into the the former will be reduced to a fate of reason of fuch an unexpected conclurek, and the latter will be put into mo- fion; and that enquiry convinced him tion with a velocity equal to that that half the velocity of the striking which the firit had at the initant when body, if soft, is lost in the power the collition took placı.
which it exerts to change its form, If a non-elaitic loft body, at rest, be when the stroke takes place. Mr. struck by another equal body of the Smerton argues thus: that soft bodies fame kind, it is univertaily agreed, do change their shape by friking each also, that neither of them will remain other is a fact too obvious to our lentes af rest after the itroke, but will proceed to be denied; and if fo, fome power together, with half the velocity the must be exerted to effect that charge, Atriking body had before the firoke. and, in confequence, fome velocity Both the propofitions Mr. Smeiton's lot, which is, therefore, neither reexperiments feern to verify with as tained in the striking body, nor commuch exactness as could possibly be municated to the quiescent one. But expected.
in the collifion of bodies perfectiy hard With respect to non-elastic hard no loss of this kind can happen, as no bodies, philosophers have been divided change of form takes place: for, if concerning them; and the lat's which there did, the bodies could not be per
fe&tly hard; which is contrary to the takes place in the collision of nonfupposition. Hence Mr. Smeaton in- elastic soft bodies must be an effect fers, that the consequences which take without a cause. For if A be put
for place on the collision of non-elastic the two equal bodies, and v for the vehard bodies cannot be the same with locity of the moving body before the those that take place on the collision of stroke; if the power be simply as the soft ones: and, as his experiments velocity Axo will be the power of prove that on the impact of non-elastic the moving body before the stroke; soft bodies, one of which is at rest, and 2 A * žv, the joint power of the and the other in motion, both move two bodies after it; which expressions together, after the stroke, with exact- being manifestly equal, the alteration ly half the velocity the moving body which takes place in soft bodies, on did before it, this cannot be the con collision, is effected without
loss sequence when a non-elastic hard boily of power; and, therefore, as Mr. Atrikes another of the fame kind at Smeaton expreffes it, is an effect without reft.
a cause. We have no doubt but that the ob If, on the contrary, the power
be jeftions which were made to Mr. Smea as the mass into the square of the veton's deductions from his experiments locity, according to Mr. Smeaton's on mechanic power, have contributed, former determination, we shall have fomewhat, to bring those forward Ax v2 for the power of the moving which are now before us; as they tend, body before the stroke, and 2 Axv, in the moit forcible manner, to con for the joint power of the two bodies firm those points that have been deemed after the stroke; which is, obvioully, exceptionable. For the result of his but lialf the quantity Axv2, the powpresent experiments on the collision of er which existed in the moving body foft bodies is, that the two bodies before the stroke;, consequently one more together, after the stroke, with half of the power (if this law obtains) just half the velocity the striking body has been soinehow or other loft; and had before the stroke, agreeable to the Mr. Smcaton favs (as his experiments, generally received laws for such bodies: indeed, seem fully to prove) that it has and, if this be allowed, nothing can been expended in changing the forms be clearer than that the change which of the two bodies.
Art. XXI. The principal Additions and Correétions in the third Edition of Dr. Johnjon's Lives of the Poets, collected to complete the second Edition. 8vo.
THESE additions fill about eight At Earl's Cromb, some pictures were and twenty pages, and are printed in once shewn as his to Dr. Nah, but a this form for the convenience of those few years afterwards he found they had who have purchased the second edition been employed to stop windows: a better of these lives. Many of the corrections fate he does not think they deserved. are of little consequence, though se We are told, likewise, that“ Granger veral of the additions deserve the place was informed by Dr. Pearce, who named which the Doctor has alligned them. for his authority Mr. Lowndes of the For the numerous purchasers of the Treasury, that Builer had an yearly first edition, however, a copy of these pension of an hundred pounds. This is alterations should have been printed in contradicted by all tradition, by the duodecimo.
complaints of Oldham, and by the reIn addition to Putler's life, we are proaches of Dryden; and I am afraid told not only that he was born in the will never be confirmed." parish of Strensham in Worcestershire, Otway is almost univerfally fupposed but, also, that he was christened Feb. to have died of want. 'The Doctor, 14th 1612. His father was owner of however, now says, “ All this, I hope, a house and a little land, worth about is not true; and there is this ground cight pounds a year, till called Butler's of better hope, that Pope, who lived fenement.
near enough to be well informed,
relates, in Spence's Memorials, that he cumstances of it. All I hear is, that he died of a fever caught by riolent pur- felt a Gradual Decay, tho fo early in fuit of a thief that had robbed one of Life, and was declining for 5 or 6 his friends; but that indigence, and its months. It was not, as I apprehended, concomitants, forrow and defpondency, the Gout in his Stomach, but I believe pressed hard upon him has never been rather a Complication, first of Gross denied, whatever immediate cause Humours, as he was naturally corpomight bring him to the grave. lent, not discharging themselves, as he
In addition to the life of Garth, we used no sort of exercise. No man bore are informed, that “ Pope declared him- better ye approaches of his dissolution (as felf convinced that Garth died in the Iam told) or with less oftentation yielded communion of the church of Rome, up his Being. The great Modesty having been privately reconciled. It wch you know was natural to him, and is obierved by Lowth, that there is less ye great contempt he had for all sorts distance than is thought between fcep- of Vanity and Parade, never appeared ticism and popery, and that a mind more than in his lait moments: He had wearied with perpetual doubt willingly a conscious satisfaction (no doubt) in freks repofe in the boforn of an infal- acting right, in feeling himself honest, lible church."
true, & un-pretending to do more than To Addison's character, which the his own. So he dyed, as he lived, with Doctor has been accused of treating that fecret, yet fufficient, Contentinent. unjultly, we find the following addi “ As to any Papers left behind him, tion: “ One flight lineament of his I dare say they can be but few; for character Swift has preserved. It was
this reason, He never wrote out of Vahis practice, when he found any man nity, or thought much of the applaufe invincibly wrong, to flaiter his opi- of Ven. I know an initance where he nions by acquieicence, and fink him did his utmost to Conceal his own yet deeper in absurdity. This artifice merit that way; and if we join to this of mischief was admired by Stella, and his own natural Love of Ease, I fancy Swift seerns to approve her admiration.” we must expect little of this fort: at
Of Blackmore he remarks that, at least I hear of none excepr some few the university, he probably pated his remarks on Waller (wch his cautious tiine “ with very little attention to integrity made him leave an order the bufiness of the place; for in his to be given to Mr. Tonson) and perpoems the ancient names of nations or haps, tho'tis many years since I saw places, which he often introduces, are it, a 'Translation of ye first Book of pronounced by chance." He adds also Oppian. tie had begun a Tragedy of that “ his works may be read a long Dion, but made fmali progress in it. time without the occurrence of a single As to his other Affairs, he died poor, line that stands prominent from the but honeft, leaving no Debts or Lereit.”
gacies; except of a few pds to Mr. In confirmation of what he has said Trunbull and my lady, in token of reof Fenton, the Doctor gives the fol- fpest, Gratefulness, & mutual esteem. lowing letter, by which Pope commu I thall with pleasure take upon me nicated an account of his friend's death to draw this amiable, quiet, deserving, to Broome.
unpretending, Christian and PhilosoTo the Rerd. Mr. BROOME phical character, in His Epitaph. There At Pulham, near Harlestone Truth may be spoken in a few words: NOR
as for Flourish, & Oratory, & Poetry, SUFFOLKE
I lcare them to younger and more liveBy BECCLES Bag.
ly Writers, such as love writing for DI SIR.
writing fake, & wd rather show their I intended to write to you on this own Fine Parts, yn Report the valuable melancholy subje&t, the death of Mr. ones of another man. So the Elegy 1 Fenton, before ys came; but Atay'd to renounce. have inform'd myself and you of ye cir I coedole with you from my heart Lord. Mag. Sept. 1783.
on the lofs of so worthy a man, and a to them, first a sermon, and then prayers. friend to us both. Now he is gone, I Then speaking of Lyttelton and Pitt, must tell you he has done you many a he says, " These two illustrious friends good office, & set your character in had for a while listened to the blanye fairest light, to some who either dishments of infidelity; and when mistook you, or knew you not. I West's book was published, it was doubt not he has done the same for me. bought by some, who did not know
“ Adieu: Let us love his Memory, his change of opinion, in expectation and profit by his example. I am very of new objections against Christianity; sincerely
and as Infidels do not want malignity, Dr SIR
they revenged the disappointment by Your affectionate
calling him a Methodist & real Servant
To the life of Young Mr. Crofts
A. POPE. has made confiderable additions. dup. 29tb 1730.
Speaking of the wish, at the conclu. 1o Somervile’s life he presents us sion of Young's
Ocean,” the biowith the following additions: grapher says, “ This with consists of
“ His house, where he was born in thirteen ftanzas. The first runs thus: 1692, is called Editon, a seat inherited
O may I steal from a long line of ancestors, for he
Along the vale was said to be of the first family in his Of humble life, fecure from foes!
My friend sincere, county. He tells of himself,' that he
My judgment clear, was born near the Avon's banks. He
And gentle butiness my repose ! was bred at Winchester-school, and was
“ The three last stanzas are not more elected fellow of New-College. It does not appear that in the places of remarkable for just rhymes; but, al
together, they will make rather a cuhis education he exhibited any uncommon proofs of genius or literature. rious page in the life of Young. His powers were first displayed in the
And golden dreams, country, where he was distinguished as
May I, unfanguine, calt away! a poet, a gentleman, and a skilful justice
Have what I have, of the peace.
And live, not leave, “ He died July 19, 1742, and was
Enamoured of the present day! buried at Wotten, near Henly in Arden.
My hours my own! His distresses need not be much pitied;
My taults unknown!
My chict revenue in content! his estate is faid to be fifteen hundred
Then leave one beam a year, which by his death has devolved
Oi honett fame! to Lord Somervile of Scotland. His And scorn the laboured monument! mother, indeed, who lived till ninety,
Unhurt my urn had a jointure of fix hundred.”
Till that great turn Of Thompson, he says, that the
When mighty nature's self Mall die,
Time cease to glide, highest praise which he has received
With human pride, ought not to be suppressed; it is said Sunk in the ocean ot eternity!" by Lord Lyttelton, in the prologue to In a critique on Young's essay on his pofthumous play, that his works Lyric poetry, he says, contained,
ragraph in his ejay did not occur to “ No line which, dying, he could wish to blot." him when he talked of that great turn Of Weft he tells us, that he did not in the ftanza just quoted.
But then live to complete what he had for fome the writer must take care that the diftime meditated, the Evidences of the ficulty is overcome. That is, he must truth of the New Testament. Perhaps make the rhyme consistent with as perit may not be without eifect to tell that fect fenfe and expression as could be he read the prayers of the publick Li- expected if he was perfectly free from turgy every morning to his family; that fhackle.' and that on Sunday evening he called “Another part of this Lay will conhis fervants into the parlour, and read vict the following stanza of, what every
“ The next pa
reader will discover in it, ' involuntary occafioned by the British Fleet and the burlesque.'
Pofture of Affairs. Written in the Cha“ The northern blast,
ratter of a Sailor. It is not to be found The shattered mait,
in the author's four volumes." The fyrt, the whirlpool, and the rock,
“ What he calls · The true estimate The breaking spout, The ftars gone oui,
of Human Life,' which has already The boiling itreiglit, the monster's shack. been mentioned, exhibits only the
“ But would the English poets fill wrong side of the tapestry; and being quite so many volumes, it all their pro- asked why he did not show the right, ductions were to be tried, like this, he is faid to have replied, he could not by an elaborate essay on each particular --though by others it has been told fpecies of poetry, of which they exhibit me that this was finished, but that a specimens?
lady's monkey tore it in pieces before “ If Young be not a Lyric poet, he there existed any copy." is at least a critic in that sort of poetry;
“ The lively letter in prose on Orie and if his Lyric poetry can be proved ginal Compositim, addressed to Richard bad, it was firit proved fo by his own
fon the author of Clariffa, appeared in criticism. This surely is candid. 1759. Though he despairs of break
“ Milbourne was styled by Pope the ing through the frozen obstructions of fairest of criticks, only because he exki- age and care's incumbent cloud, into bited his own version of Virgil to be that flow of thought and brightness of compared with Dryden's, which he con- expression which subjects fo polite redemned, and with which every reader quire;' yet it is more like the produchad it otherwise in his power to com
tion of unbridled youth, than of jaded pare it. Young was surely not the fourscore. Some sevenfold volumes most unfair of poets for prefixing to a put him in mind of Ovid's sevenfold Lyric composition an effay or Lyric channels of the Nile at the conflagrapoetry so juit and impartial as to con
tion; demn himself.
-jftia feptem • We shall foon come to a work,
Pulverulenta vocant, feptem fine fumine valles. before which we find indeed no critical Such leaden labours are like I.ycurgus's essay, but which disdains to thrink iron money, which was so much less in from the touchstone of the severest value than in bulk, that it required critic; and which certainly, as I remem- barns for strong boxes, and a yoke of ber to have heard you say, if it contains oxen to draw hve hundred pounds. some of the worst, contains also some “ If there is a famine of invention of the best poetry in the language. in the land, we must travel, he says,
“ Soon after the appearance of like Joseph's brethren, far for food: Ocean,' when he was almost fifty, we must visit the remote and rich anYoung entered into orders.”
tients. But an inventive genius may The following remarks are, likewise fafely stay at home; that, like the added : “ Thompson, in his Autumn, widow's crule, is divinely replenished addressing Mc Dodington, calls his from within, and affords us a miracufeat the seat of the Muses,
lous delight. He aiks, why it should “ Where, in the secret bower, and winding walk, seem altogether impoflible that Hea“For virtuous Young and the they twine the bay. ven's latest editions of the human mind
“ The praises he bestows but a few may be the most correct and fair? And lines before on Philips, the second Jonson, he tells us, was very learned, “ With British freedom fing the British song; as Sampson was very strong, to his own “ Who nobly durit, in rhyme-unfettered verle, hurt. "Blind to the nature of tragedy, added to Thompson's example and fuc- he pulled down all antiquity on his cess, might perhaps induce Young, as head, and buried himself under it. we shall see presently, to write his “ Is this care's incumbent cloud,' or great work without rhyme.
the frozen obstructions of age!' “ In 1734, he published The foreign “ In this letter Pope is severely cenAddress, or the best Argument for Peace; fured for his fall from Homer's nuin
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