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Rebel, one who shakes
Round about them orchards sweep,
To the eyes of the famished * rebel * horde.*
On that pleasant morn of the early fall,*
When Lee* marched over the mountain wall, 10
Horse and foot, into Frederick town,
in the American civil Forty flags
war, which commenced in 1861 and continued till 1865. Forty flags, &c. The American flag
composed of thirteen bars or stripes alternately red and white, and thirteen white stars on a blue ground in the upper corner next the staff, Hence the allusion to stars, and bars or stripes.
Hauled, pulled, dragged with lence.
* with their silver stars,
Forty flags with their silver bars,
Up rose old Barbara Fritchie then,
She took up the flag the men hauled* down; 20
In her attic window the staff she set,
Under his slouched * hat, left and right,
It shivered* the window, pane and sash;
She leaned far out on the window sill
A shade of sadness, a blush of shame,
“Who touches a hair of yon grey head,
45 All day long the free flag tossed Over the heads of the rebel host ;* Ever its torn folds rose and fell
On the loyal winds, that loved it well;
And through the hill-gaps sunset light 50 Shone over it with a warm good-night Barbara Fritchie's work is o'er,
And the rebel rides on his raid * no more.
Fall, for her sake, on Stonewall's bier!'
Rebel host, the Southern or Confederate Army.
Raid, invasion, expedition.
Bier, a carriage or frame of wood, for bearing the dead to the grave.
THE STAR AND THE WATER-LILY.-O. W. Holmes.
OLIVER WENDELL HOLMES (1809- ) was born at Cambridge, Massachusetts, U.S. He is a doctor of medicine, and a professor at Harvard College. Among his chief works may be mentioned The Autocrat of the Breakfast Table.
THE Sun stepped* down from his golden throne, The sun stepped, &c.,
And the Lily* had folded her satin leaves,
5 What is the Lily dreaming of?
Why crisp the waters blue?
See, see, she is lifting her varnished lid!
The Rose is cooling his burning cheek
He would love her better than all the rest,
the sun set.
Lily, a water-lily is a water plant like a lily, and is remarkable for its beautiful flowers and large floating leaves.
Glide, pass by.
"Oh, the Rose is old, and thorny, and cold,
One ray from his far-off throne;
The winds shall blow and the waves shall flow,
And thou wilt be left alone.
There is not a leaf on the mountain top,
Nor a golden sand on the sparkling shore,
Nor a pearl in the waters blue,
Fickle, inconstant, changeable.
Pallid, pale, white.
That he has not cheered with his fickle * smile,
And warmed with his faithless beam
And will he be true to a pallid * flower,
THE PARTING OF MARMION AND DOUGLAS.-Scott.
"Though something I might plain," he said, "Of cold respect to stranger guest, 15 Sent hither by your king's behest,*
While in Tantallon's * towers I stayed, Part we in friendship from your land, And, noble earl, receive* my hand."But Douglas round him drew his cloak, 20 Folded his arms, and thus he spoke :
"My manors, halls, and bowers, shall still Be open, at my sovereign's will, To each one whom he lists,* howe'er Unmeet* to be the owner's peer: 25 My castles are my king's alone, From turret to foundation * stone ;The hand of Douglas is his own, And never shall in friendly grasp The hand of such as Marmion clasp."
30 Burned Marmion's swarthy* cheek like fire,
Here in thy hold, thy vassals * near,
And if thou saidst I am not peer
50 On the earl's cheek the flush of rage O'ercame the ashen hue * of age.
Fierce he broke forth :-" And darest To beard the lion in his den,
The Douglas in his hall?
55 And hop'st thou hence unscathed* to go?— No! by Saint Bride of Bothwell, no!—
Up drawbridge, grooms!-what, warder,* ho!
Beneath, &c., written by the king, and having his seal affixed to it. Douglas, Archibald Douglas, Earl of Angus, was remarkable for his strength of body and mind. Clara, an English heiress, whose hand Marmion had sought in marriage, but had been unsuccessful. He had tried to ruin her lover, De Wilton, but had failed in this also. Palfrey, a small horse for a lady. His prey is flown, De Wilton, who, in the disguise of a pilgrim from the Holy Land, had guided Lord Marmion in Scotland, had left the castle at daybreak.
Adieu, farewell. Plain, complain. Behest, command. Tantallon, the castle of Douglas on the coast of East Lothian. Receive, accept.
He lists, he pleases or chooses. Unmeet, unworthy. Peer, an equal. Turret, a tower on a building.
Swarthy, tawny,dark. Ire, wrath.
Hoary, white or grey with age.
Cleave, to split.
Vassal, one who holds lands from, and pays
homage to a superior. Defied, dared. Ashen hue, pale in colour.
Unscathed,unharmed. Warder, a watchman, Portcullis, a sliding door of cross timbers
pointed with iron, hung over a gateway
so as to be let down
in a moment to keep out an enemy.
PERCY BYSSHE SHELLEY (1792-1822) was an English poet of great genius, and a man of very pure life and loving nature; but it was not till after his death that he received the high place which he now holds among the poets. Chief works: The Cenci, and odes to The Cloud, and The Skylark.
I BRING fresh showers for the thirsting flowers,
From the seas and the streams;
I bear light shade for the leaves when laid
From my wings are shaken the dews that
The sweet buds every one,
When rocked to rest on their mother's breast,*
I wield the flail of the lashing* hail,
And whiten the green plains under;
I sift the snow on the mountains below,
In a cavern under is fettered* the thunder-
Over earth and ocean, with gentle motion,
Lured by the love of the Genii* that move
Over the rills* and the crags* and the hills,
Wherever he dream, under mountain or stream,
And I, all the while, bask* in heaven's blue
Whilst he is dissolving in rains.