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But yesterday, the word of Cæsar might
Against the world, Have stood against the world *-now lies he the Roman Empire, over which Cæsar
ruled, included nearly
None so poor, &c.,
opinion to do honour
Cassius was a Roman noble, upon whom Cæsar bestowed great
And none so poor * as to do him reverence! the whole of the then O masters! if I were disposed to stir Your hearts and mind to mutiny and rage, I should do Brutus wrong, and Cassius* meanest too Who, you all know, are honourable men! high in his Own I will not do them wrong; I rather choose To wrong the dead, to wrong myself and you, Than I will wrong such honourable men!— But here's a parchment with the seal of Cæsarhonours. He was the I found it in his closet *-'tis his will! author of the conspi- Let but the commons * hear his testamentracy to murder his benefactor. (Which, pardon me, I do not mean to read),And they will go and kiss dead Cæsar's wounds, 50 And dip their napkins in his sacred blood ; Yea, beg a hair of him for memory; And, dying, mention it within their wills, Bequeathing it, as a rich legacy,* Unto their issue ! *
Parchment, the skin of a sheep or Boat
prepared for writing
Commons, the com
Legacy, anything left by will,
Issue, children, de.
If you have tears, prepare to shed them now.
See what a rent the envious Casca * made !—
And, in his mantle muffling up his face,
Oh! what a fall was there, my countrymen!
Whilst bloody treason* flourished over us!
Our Cæsar's vesture wounded? look you here!
85 Good friends! sweet friends! let me not stir
To such a sudden flood of mutiny!
They that have done this deed are honourable !
That made them do it: they are wise and
90 And will, no doubt, with reason answer you.
95 That gave me public leave to speak of him-
And bid them speak for me. But, were
* are compared mouths having no
And Brutus Antony,* there were an Antony Would ruffle up your spirits, and put a tongue In every wound of Cæsar, that should move 105 The stones of Rome to rise and mutiny!
power of speech.
&c. If Antony were
up against the traitors who had so foully murdered their greatest benefactor.
BUT pleasures are like poppies * spread,
A moment white-then gone for ever:
That flit ere you can point their place:
Poppy, a plant having large showy flow
Borealis race, here reference is made to the "Northern Lights."
MERCHANT OF VENICE,* ACT IV. SCENE I.
Magnificoes were Enter the DUKE; the MAGNIFICOES ;* ANTONIO, BASSANIO, GRATIANO, SALARINO, SALANIO, and others.
the higher or
chief nobles of Venice.
Antonio, a young merchant, who used to lend money to distressed people
any interest for
able), not being
to turn him from
tion. Rigorous, severe, stern, cruel. Obdurate, harsh, very cruel, stubborn.
The Jew, Shylock, who hated Antonio because the latter had often insulted him in the streets and
public places, and
found fault with him for lending money at a high
rate of interest. The world, those
interested in the matter; here means the people
Duke. What, is Antonio * here?
Ant. Ready, so please your grace.
Duke. I am sorry for thee; thou art come to
Your grace hath ta'en great pains to qualify
Duke. Go one, and call the Jew* into the court.
Duke. Make room, and let him stand before our
Shylock, the world* thinks, and I think so too,
And, where* thou now exact'st the penalty,
But, touch'd with human gentleness and love,
Moiety, portion. Forgive a moiety* of the principal,
Glancing an eye of pity on his losses,
That have of late brought down such ruin on him,
Venice was once an important commercial city.
It is situated on the islands at the
mouth of the river Po, in northern Italy. It has canals for streets, and above 300
bridges over them, the chief of which is the Rialto, built of white marble.
30 Enough to press a royal merchant* down. We all expect a gentle answer, Jew.
Royal merchant, the great Italian merchants who
Shy. I have possess'd* your grace of what I had claims on
And by our holy Sabbath have I sworn
and your city's freedom.*
A weight of carrion flesh than to receive
But it is
And I be pleased to give ten thousand ducats
To have it baned?* What, are you answer'd yet?
45 To excuse the current* of thy cruelty.
Shy. I am not bound to please thee with
Ant. I pray you, think you question with
You may as well go stand upon the beach,
Why he hath made the ewe * bleat for the lamb,
I would not draw them; I would have my bond.
Shy. What judgment* shall I dread, doing no
The pound of flesh, which I demand of him,
There is no force in the decrees* of Venice:
I stand for judgment: answer; shall I have it?
kingdoms, and sometimes acquired princi palities for themselves.
Bond, a binding agreement.
Charter, that on which the laws were written. City's
freedom, the power to protect thefree rights of the citizens. Ducat, a silver coin, varying in value in different countries, so call
ed because coin.
ed in the domin
ions of a Duke.
A silver ducat is worth about 4s. 6d.; a gold one, twice as much. Baned, destroyed, poisoned. Current, course. Think you question with the Jew, remember you are dealing with a Jew who e heart is hardened against argument.
Main flood, the ocean, the rising tide.
Bate, to stop, low
er, or diminish. Ewe, a female sheep. Judgment, punishment,
Duke. Upon my power * I may dismiss this court, Upon my power,
65 Unless Bellario, a learned doctor,
Whom I have sent for to determine * this,
My lord, here stays without
70 New come from Padua.*
Duke. Bring us the letters; call the messenger.
on my authority. Determine, decide.
New, just now, this instant. Padua, an ancient city in Lombardy, about twenty miles from Venice.
Bass. Good cheer, Antonio! What, man? courage
The Jew shall have my flesh, blood, bones, and all,
Ant. I am a tainted wether * of the flock,
Enter NERISSA,* dressed like a lawyer's clerk.
Bass. Why dost thou whet thy knife so earnestly?
Gra. Not on thy sole, but on thy soul, harsh Jew,
Shy. No, none that thou hast wit enough to make.
That souls of animals infuse themselves
Into the trunks of men: for thy desires
Shy. Till thou canst rail the seal from off my bond, 95
To cureless ruin.-I stand here for law.
Duke. This letter from Bellario doth commend
He attendeth here hard by,
Go give him cordial conduct to this place.
Enter PORTIA,* dressed like a doctor of laws.
Duke. Give me your hand. Came you from old
Por I did, my lord.