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rule of nature. To speak on the part of virginity, is to accuse your mothers; which is most infallible disobedi.

He, that hangs himself, is a virgin : virginity mur. ders itself;' and should be buried in high ways, out of all sanctified limit, as a desperate offendress against nature. Virginity breeds mites, much like a cheese ; consumes itself to the very paring, and so dies with feeding his own stomach. Besides, virginity is peevish, proud, idle, made of self-love, which is the most inhibited sin in the canon. Keep it not; you cannot choose but lose by't : Out with’t : within ten years it will make itself ten, which is a goodly increase ; and the principal itself not much the worse : Away with't.

Hel. How might one do, sir, to lose it to her own liking ?

Par. Let me see : Marry, ill, to like him that ne'er it likes. "Tis a commodity will lose the gloss with lying ; the longer kept, the less worth : off with't, while 'tis vendible : answer the time of request. Virginity, like an old courtier, wears her cap out of fashion ; richly suited, but unsuitable : just like the brooch and tooth-pick, which wear not now: Your date is better in your pye and your porridge, than in your cheek: And your virginity, your old virginity, is like one of our French withered pears ; it looks ill, it eats dryly; marry, 'tis a withered pear ; it was formerly better; marry, yet, 'tis à withered pear : Will you any thing with it?

Hei. Not my virginity yet.
There shall your master have a thousand loves,
A mother, and a mistress, and a friend,
A phenix, captain, and an enemy,
A guide, a goddess, and a sovereign,
A counsellor, a traitress, and a dear;
His humble ambition, proud humility,
His jarring concord, and his discord dulcet,
His faith, his sweet disaster; with a world
Of pretty, fond, adoptious christendoms,

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[?] i. e. he that hangs himself, and a virgin, are in this circumstance alike; they are both self-destroyers. MALONE.

[8] It does not appear that this rapturous effusion of Helena was designed to be intelligible to Parolles. Its obscurity, therefore, may be its merit. It sufficiently explains what is passing in the mind of the speaker, to every one but him to whom Ebe does not mean to explain it. STEEVENS.

(9) Traditoria, a traitress, in the Italian language, is generally used as a terk of endearment. The meaning of Helena is, that she shall prove every thing to Rertram. Our ancient writers delighted in catalogues, and always characterisedi inre by contrarieties. STEEVENS.

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That blinking Cupid gossips. Now shall he-
I know not what he shall :-God send him well !---
The court's a learning-place ;—and he is one-

Par. What one, i'faith?
Hel. That I wish well.-

-"Tis pityPar. What's pity ?

Hel. That wishing well had not a body in't,
Which might be felt : that we, the poorer born,
Whose baser stars do shut us up in wishes,
Might with effects of them follow our friends,
And show what we alone must think ; which never
Returns us thanks.'

Enter a Page.
Page. Monsieur Parolles, my lord calls for you.

(Exit Page. Par. Little Helen, farewell : if I can remember thee, I will think of thee at court.

Hel. Monsieur Parolles, you were born under a charitable star.

Par. Under Mars, I.
Hel. I especially think, under Mars.
Par. Why under Mars ?

Hel. The wars have so kept you under, that you must needs be born under Mars.

Par. When he was predominant.
Hel. When he was retrograde, I think, rather.
Par. Why think you so ?
Hel. You go so much backward, when you fight.
Par. That's for advantage.

Hel. So is running away, when fear proposes the safety : But the composition, that your valour and fear makes in you, is a virtue of a good wing,' and I like the wear well.

Par. I am so full of businesses, I cannot answer thee acutely: I will return perfect courtier; in the which, my instruction shall serve to naturalize thee, so thou wilt be capable of a courtier's counsel, and understand what advice shall thrust upon thee ; else thou diest in thine unthankfulness, and thine ignorance makes thee away : farewell. When thou hast leisure, say thy prayers ; when thou hast none, remember thy friends : get thee a good husband, and use him as he uses thee : so farewell. [Exit.

1) And show by realities what we now must only think. JOHNSON. 121 The phrase is taken from falconry. STEEVENS. Dird of a good wing, is a bird of swift and strong Qight M MASON.

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2

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Hel. Our remedies oft in ourselves do lie,
Which we ascribe to heaven : the fated sky
Gives us free scope ; only, doth backward pull
Our slow designs, when we ourselves are dull.
What
power

is it, wbich mounts my love so high ;
That makes me see, and cannot feed mine eye ?
The mightiest space in fortune nature brings
To join like likes, and kiss like native things.
Impossible be strange attempts, to those
That weigh their pains in sense; and do suppose,
What hath been cannot be : Who ever strove
To show her merit, that did miss her love ?
The king's disease--my project may deceive me,
But my intents are fix'd, and will not leave me. (Exit.

SCENE II. Paris. A Room in the King's Palace. Flourish of Cornets.

Enter the King of France, with letters ; Lords and others attending.

King. The Florentines and Senoys are by th' ears ;
Have fought with equal fortune, and continue
A braving war.

1 Lord. So 'tis reported, sir.

King. Nay, 'tis most credible ; we here receive it
A certainty, vouch'd from our cousin Austria,
With caution, that the Florentine will move us
For speedy aid ; wherein our dearest friend
Prejudicates the business, and would seem
To have us make denial.

1 Lord. His love and wisdom, Approv'd so to your majesty, may plead For amplest credence.

King. He hath arm'd our answer,
And Florence is denied before he comes :
Yet, for our gentlemen, that mean to see
The Tuscan service, freely have they leave
To stand on either part.

2 Lord. It may well serve
A nursery to our gentry, who are sick
For breathing and exploit.

King. What's he comes here? (3) Sbe means, by what influence is my love directed to a person so inuch above me why am I made to discern excellence, and left to long after it, without the food of hope? JOHNSON

Enter BERTRAM, LAFEU, and PAROLLES.
1 Lord. It is the count Rousillon, my good lord,
Young Bertram.

King. Youth, thou bear'st thy father's face ;
Frank nature, rather curious than in haste,
Hath well compos'd thee. Thy father's moral parts
May'st thou inherit too! Welcome to Paris.

Bert. My thanks and duty are your majesty's.

King. I would I had that corporal soundness now,
As when thy father, and myself, in friendship
First try'd our soldiership! He did look far
Into the service of the time, and was
Discipled of the bravest : he lasted long;
But on us both did haggish age steal on,
And wore us out of act. It much repairs me
To talk of your good father: In his youth
He had the wit, which I can well observe
To-day in our young lords ; but they may jest,
Till their own scorn return to them unnoted,
Ere they can hide their levity in honour.
So like a courtier, contempt nor bitterness
Were in his pride or sharpness; if they were,
His equal had awak'd them ;' and his honour,
Clock to itself, knew the true minute when
Exception bid him speak, and, at this time,
His tongue obey'd his hand : who were below him
He us'd as creatures of another place ;
And bow'd his eminent top to their low ranks,
Making them proud of his humility.
In their poor praise he humbled :: Such a man
Might be a copy to these younger times ;
Which, follow'd well, would démonstrate them now
But goers backward.

[4] I believe honour is not dignity of birth or rank, but acquired reputation : Your father, says the king, bad the same airy flights of satirical wit with the young lords of the present time, but they do not what he did, bide their unnoted levity in honour, cover petty faults with great merit.—'This is an excellent observation, Jocose follies, and slight offences are only allowed by mankind in bim that overpowers them by great qualities. JOHNSON.

[5] He was so like a courtier, that there was in his dignity of manner nothing contemptuous, and in his keenness of wit nothing bitter. If bitterness or contemptuousness ever appeared, they had been awakened by some injury, pot of a man below him, but of his equal. This is the complete image of a wellbred man, and somewhat like this, Voltaire has exhibited his bero Lewis XIV.

JOHNSON (6) Giving them a better opinion of their own importance, by his condescending manner of behaving to them.' M. MASON.

Ber. His good remembrance, sir,
Lies richer in your thoughts, than on his tomb;
So in approof lives not his epitaph,
As in your royal speech.

King. 'Would, I were with him! He would always say,
(Methinks, I hear him now; his plausive words
He scatter'd not in ears, but grafted them,
To grow there, and to bear,)--Let me not live,
Thus his good melancholy oft began,
On the catastrophe and beel of pastime,
When it was out,--let me not live, quoth he,
After my flame lacks oil, to be the snuff
of younger spirits, whose apprehensive senses
All but new things disdain; whose judgments are
Mere fathers of their garments ;? whose constancies
Expire before their fashions :- This he wish'd :
I, after him, do after him wish too,
Since I nor wax, nor honey, can bring home,
I quickly were dissolved from my hive,
To give some labourers room.

2 Lord. You are lov'd, sir r; They, that least lend it you, shall lack you first.

King. I fill a place, I know't.--How long is't, count, Since the physician at your father's died ? He was much fam'd.

Ber. Some six months since, my lord.

King. If he were living, I would try him yet;
Lend me an arm ;-the rest have worn me out
With several applications :-nature and sickness
Debate it at their leisure. Welcome, count ;
My son's no dearer.
Ber. Thank your majesty.

[Exeunt. Flourish.

SCENE III. Rousillon. A Room in the Countess's Palace. Enter Countess,

Steward, and Clown.8 Count. I will now hear : what say you of this gentlewoman ?

(7] Who have no other use of their faculties, than to iavent new nodes of dress.

JOHNSON [8] A Clonn in Shakespeare is commonly taken for a licensed jester, or domesLic foot. We are not to wonder that we find this character often in his plays since fools were at that time maintained in all great families, to keep up merriment in the bouse. In the picture of Sir Thomas More's family, by Hans Holbien, the only servant represented is Patison the fool. This is a proof of the familiarity to 2

VOL. IV.

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