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was whipped. But he expected to be silence all over the House. He quotes whipped on an ordinary place with an the words of a journalist of the time in ordinary cane; and when he came to ex- describing the great orator. perience it, he was whipped on an extraor- This writer tells us that he began slowly, dinary place with an extraordinary bunch and with great hesitation in his utterance. of birch twigs. And so Heine, having He laid down his premisses clearly and fortified his mind against wonder, found with deliberation, as a mathematician lays that his anticipations of what London down the data in a proposition of Euclid. would be like were entirely false, and had His premisses are so clear and simple and to wonder all the same.

self-evident and convincing that they seem Heine remained in England from the truisins. When this is done, he gathers 17th of April to the Sth of August, and in them all together, he builds up his arguthat time not only saw the various objects ment, his voice rising the while until he of interest in and around the metropolis, shakes the rafters like thunder, and sweeps but gained a wonderful knowledge of our everything before him. Then comes a political life. As soon as Parliament pause. The stranger thinks his exertions opened he became an assiduous attender have exhausted his strength, and expects on the debates. Canning was prime min to see him fall back on his seat in a swoon. ister; Castlereagh had just committed Not at all. This is only the trick of the suicide. The great political question of tiger crouching low that he may spring the hour was the emancipation of the Ro. the higher. He has laid down his propoman Catholics. The great rock ahead was sition, and he has proved it; and it now the national debt, which then amounted to remains for him to shatter the arguments £1,125,000,000, and which, according to of his antagonists to atoms. Woe unto the political prophets of the time, was them that have now to bear the brunt of soon to land the nation in utter bank- his anger! His pale face becomes livid ruptcy.

with rage, his blue eyes flash fire, and he In the House of Lords he was greatly hurls the thunderbolts of his rhetoric pleased with Lord King, and in the House against them without mercy. And, now of Commons with Lord Brougham, and that his task is done, he sits down amid a gives us a sketch of each. Lord Brougham storm of applause. was the great orator of the day. Heine Heine was greatly pleased with some describes him as a man of middle size and aspects of our political life. In the House of a slender build. His face was thin, his of Commons the honorable members laugh head was sparsely covered with black hair and joke and talk in their natural tone of lying flat on the temples; his black dress voice, even in debating the most serious gave him an ecclesiastical air; but the questions. In a debate where the lives moment he began to speak you saw that of thousands of men and the safety of the he was an advocate. He had a way of entire country are at stake nobody thinks pointing with his forefinger and of holding it necessary to make a long, grinning face his head which are confined to speakers like a German deputy, or to talk pathetiat the bar. The muscles of his face had cally in the manner of the French. The a weird twitching motion that enabled result of this is that the Parliamentary those who were near to see his thoughts debates are interesting reading, and are before they were uttered, and, in the case read by the outside public, a thing that of witty remarks, rather spoiled their did not then happen in the south of Gereffect. For making a witty remark, as many. Heine says, is like borrowing money of a As illustrations of the pleasantries of friend ; the more sudden the surprise, the Parliamentary, debate, he quotes Lord greater is our chance of success. But King's Turkish apologue, in which, under what astonished Heine most of all was the the form of an Arabian tale, he caricatures restless activity of the Scottish lawyer. the members of the Cabinet. He quotes, He made his most famous speeches after also, Spring Rice's comparison of the a day's pleading of nine hours in the law predictions made in 1753, when the bill courts, while the previous night had been for the emancipation of the Jews was spent in writing on educational and crim- brought forward, to the predictions that inal reform for the Edinburgh Review. were now being made on the emancipation Heine was not present when he delivered of the Roman Catholics. But these are any of his great speeches, although he serious questions, and he approaches the heard him several tiines. But he noticed national debt in a humorous vein. Debt that whenever he rose there was a look of is one of the prerogatives of humanity. expectancy on every face and an unusual | The beasts of the fields have no debt

And national debt has taken the place of then, for opposition omnibuses to compete fatum, fate in the modern world. It is so keenly for the traffic as to reduce the now what iate was in ancient times. Now, profits to a mere trifle. Of course, the it is easy to see how John Bull has got omnibuses could not pay, and, sooner or so deeply into debt. (1) John is a vain later, one of them had to retire from the creature, fond of military glory, and easily contest. The successful coach now raised puffed up by victories; and when he can- its fare to suit itself, sometimes to an not win them himself he must pay others exorbitant charge, as it had now no rival to win them for him. So he bought a to fear, and had to make up for previous great many victories all over the world, losses. The passengers are completely at subsidizing ever so many foreign nations. the coachman's mercy. They must pay (2) John was terrified lest the democratic what fare he chooses to ask, or walk. ideas, the fruit of the French Revolution, Now, this is how political parties work in should cross the Channel and leaven the England. The opposition party continuEnglish people, that is to say, deprive ally harasses the party in power, until they the aristocracy of their privileges and the force them to resign, when their own party clergy of their tithes. He set himself to gets into power and does what it thinks prevent this, and to do it the more effec. best. tually, he denounced everything that was He has a word to say on the prime minFrench. He worked himself into a mor- ister, but it is a word of pity. In his boytal hatred of that people, and fought hood he used to read the news from Turagainst them whenever he had a chance. key, to see whether the grand vizier to He not only fought himself, but he paid the sultan had got the honor of the silken others to help him. Not that John had rope, that is, had been hanged. And the money to pay it with. He borrowed what astonished himn was that, when one it from the banker, and left posterity to grand vizier had been strangled, there pay the interest. But the sum had reached were always plenty ready to take his place. the total of £1,125,000,000, and the inter. But the object of his wonder changed est was so excessive as to threaten the when he came to England. It was turned country with bankruptcy.

to the prime minister. The poets of the Patrick Colquhoun, a Scotchman, tried ancient world compared the State to a to comfort the despairing people by mak- ship, and the prime minister to the pilot ing an estimate of the wealth and re- at the helm. But the ship of the State sources of the nation, and by showing has become a steamer, and the prime minthat the wealth of the nation was so great ister is chief engineer. His work is down as to leave no cause for alarm. He had below, watching the enormous and commade an estimate of the yearly income of plicated machinery, half suffocated with the people, but he was met with the reply the smell of his heated oil, and half roasted froni Cobbett that his statistics were with the blazing furnace. He is shaking utterly useless. The people need their with anxiety from morning till night. A yearly income for their own wants, and boiler may burst, or a piston may break, cannot give it away to pay the debt of the or they may run upon a rock in the darknation. He declared that Colquhoun's ness, and he will be blamed for it all, reasoning and figures are no more to the The passergers walk the deck in the point than if he had estimated the value bright sunshine, and sleep securely in of the blood in the veins of the people to their cabins at night — but he must be make black puddings.

ever on the watch. The very barber that shaved Heine The most of these prime ministers fall could speak of nothing but the national under the load of responsibilities. Sad debt. As he rubbed the soap on his face was the death of the great Pitt, more sad he kept muttering to himself, “lords, dogs, still was the death of the still greater Fox. priests,” and, flourishing his razor, he de. Perceval would have died of the ministeclared that if he had any of these spend. rial malady if the dagger had not hurried thrift ministers under his hand he would on his end. Lord Castlereagh, driven to save him the trouble of cutting his own despair, took his own life. Lord Liver. throat as Castlereagh had just done. pool fell in the same manner, in a death of

Heine has an article on the Whigs and imbecility. The noble Canning, his life the Tories which shows that, although he embittered by the Tories, succumbed like was only four months in the country, he a sick Atlas under the weight of a world. has grasped the secret of our political life. In sad succession are buried in Westmin. He compares them to the opposition ster Abbey these poor ministers, who, coaches of that time. It was common, I night and day, have thought for the kings

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A SOUTH AMERICAN SKETCH.

needy to obey this. He cashed it on the in his altered surroundings. His faithful first opportunity, and sent a large portion followers who survived him buried him back to pay his creditors. The remainder with all due rites, and slaughtered a horse was almost spent, and so the poet had to over his grave, that he might have somemake arrangements for going home again. thing to ride when he arrived at his new He left England on the 8th day of August, destination. and endeavored to pay his expenses by Waikeleofu was gone, and his place writing in the German press on what he knew him no more. Settlers came there had seen.

and built their ranchos, and profited by THOMAS PRYDE. his absence. The land had probably been

sold in large tracts by the government to capitalists who considered it yet too dis

tant to yield any immediate profit. The From Macmillan's Magazine.

country still had its drawbacks; it was JUANA ALVAREZ.

terribly far from any market, and although good pasture was fairly abundant, pumas

were also abundant, and well pleased to As one journeys in a south-westerly carry off a sheep now and then, much predirection from Buenos Ayres towards the ferring a diet of mutton to one of venison. Andes, leaving behind the railways of Nevertheless, when one pays no rent it is advancing civilization and the fat, far. not good to grumble over much (unless, of stretching pastures, here and there divided course, one is an Irish farmer); and the by wire fences and dotted with estancia settlers in general, and Anselino Alvarez houses, whose white walls can scarce be in particular, were well content with the seen through the surrounding clumps of locality. trees, one comes by slow stages and pain- Like the others, Anselmo Alvarez was ful travelling to a country equally flat and a mere squatter, settling on land which far more desolate, where the soft grasses, belonged to some city merchant who was meet for sheep and cattle, give way to probably ignorant even of the whereabouts the hard and unprofitable pampas that of his property; but unlike the others, he stretches its feathered heads on all sides had been possessed of a considerable to the horizon. Not a tree is in sight, and amount of stock before bad years and hardly a habitation, save an occasional heavy losses had driven him with the squatter's hut with its mud-built walls and scanty remnant of his flocks to take refuge grass-thatched roof, around which stray, in what was practically no man's land. An half hidden in the tall grass, a few horses old man he was, of a short but wiry build, or cows, or a flock of ragged sheep. Only with keen, greedy eyes, that seemed out a few years ago and not even they would of place in his otherwise heavy and stupidhave been seen; for not far distant lay the looking features. His neighbors disliked great lake, the Laguna de los Indios, and and rather feared him; his wife, Maria near it were the toldos of Waikeleofu and Mercedes, feared and worshipped him; his tribe. Poor Waikeleofu! He led a and his niece, Juana Alvarez, knew not pleasant life as cacique with some two whether she hated or feared him most. hundred lances behind him. Fine it was He had a passion for trying to outwit his to scour the plain, chasing the fleet deer neighbors which had done much towards or fleeter-ostrich; or better still to sweep ruining him in his old neighborhood; he off in some night raid the cattle of a too had a passion for horse-racing, cards, and confiding settler. What if they did mur. rum, which had helped not a little to the der and pillage - were they not the true same end ; and he bore a passionate resons of the country, and who had a better sentment against a certain Juan Romano, right than they? But evil times and an a former neighbor, who had had the bad ambitious coinmandante fell upon Wai. taste to prosper where Anselmo had alkeleofu. His toldos were surrounded and most starved, and who had actually bought burnt, his men were massacred or taken the land upon which he had originally prisoners, and he, with many others, was settled. brought bound to Buenos Ayres, where he News came that Juan Romano had been was exhibited to the curious at so much made alcalde of the old district. “ Don a head. It is not necessary to relate here Juan!” sneered Anselmo. how the commandante found promotion how rotten eggs come to the top of the and a rich wife in consequence, or how water. Qué tipo!and he spat on the Waikeleofu shortly died, partly from rum, floor. “I knew his father before him, a partly from a general disinclination to live man without shame, a robber, and this is

- Look you,

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the son of his father. What more would never seen before. How could he give you have?”. And then he would glare at her up? Could he forget those stolen his niece, who had her reason for liking interviews — alas ! so short and far be. the Romano family, and who would put tween? No, he would get good wages on an air of very ill-feigned indifference from the Englishman, save his money and as she moved about her household duties. become rich; or perhaps the Englishman

When a girl is eighteen, and has a would give him a flock to take care of and pretty face, it is good to have a lover; but a house on the land; and then - and then it is better to choose one who is acceptable Pedro swore by all the saints in the calto her family, and Juana had been sin- endar, and by some that were not saints gularly unfortunate in the choice of hers. at all, that he would have Juana Alvarez Pedro Romano was everything that could to be his wife. be desired in the point of outward appear- For nearly two years Anselmo Alvarez ance, and a very good fellow to boot; but had been settled in his new home. His then he was a Romano, and, as the old business had been prospering fairly, both Anselmo would have added, the son of his his cattle and his sheep had increased, father. It was not wonderful, then, that and he had still a little money left from his visits to their old home had been the sale of his last wool. In truth his hardly tolerated, and had finally ended in house was not much to look at; a mud an explosion; after which Pedro was for- hut divided into two rooms, each with a bidden the house, and poor Juana had door and a square hole in the wall, that sobbed herself to sleep, for many a night, with the help of a wooden shutter served having lost a lover and received a good as a window. There was no chimney. beating in exchange.

In one room slept Mercedes with her Pedro was not to be shaken off so easily: niece Juana and her little daughter Car, When the Alvarez family that year moved men; the other served as a kitchen and out westwards to the new territory, he also sleeping-place for a boy that helped Anleft the home of his father and, following seimo in his work. The furniture was them, took service with an Englishman simple; a couple of wooden bedsteads who had bought and stocked a large tract for the women, covered with that coarse of land in their neighborhood. He was white lace that it delights the heart of very young, Pedro, and had fallen in love native women to make; three rickety with Juana with all the fervor of a first chairs, an old wooden press in which were passion. He was proud of his conquest stowed away many treasures, their holiday too, for she was the prettiest girl in all the dresses, all wrapped in paper, a book country round. How could he forget her? which no one could read, the certificates Could he forget that evening when he first for the cattle-brand and sheep-marks, a met her in the shearers' dance, a slight broken rosary, and Carmen's discarded girl of sixteen in a fresh white frock with doll. A colored print of the Virgin hung a red flower in her dark hair, so slight and over one bed; and, as a pendant to it, over fragile that he could scarce feel her weight the other was fixed a colored plate of a as she clung to him, slowly turning in the lady in full ball-dress. In the other room, never-ending habañeras ? All that night which served as kitchen and dining-room, he had danced with her alone, heedless of the walls, blackened with smoke, were the grins and innuendoes of the others, hung with bridles and lassoes, and the mindful only of those downcast eyes, floor littered with the countless odds and veiled with their long lashes, and the soft ends of camp life; a few rough wooden cheeks that flushed in answer to his whis-settles and an inverted ox-skull served as pered words. When the morning came, seats, while two or three iron pots, a strip and el viejo, who had been gambling all of iron, called an asador, on which to roast night, had ridden off too drunk to remem- their meat, and a few metal spoons, cups, ber that he was leaving his niece behind, and platters, completed the household be. Pedro saddled her horse and put her on it. longings. In Arcadia, the houses as a And then while he arranged the heavy rule are not sumptuously furnished, but at foids of the poncho to guard her against least they are kept fairly clean, and the the chill morning air, was it she who well-swept mud floors and spotless lace on bent down her head ? He knew not how the beds said much for Doña Mercedes's it happened, his arms had found their way care for cleanliness. round that slender waist, and hers around It was a hot summer day, the last day his neck; their lips had met in a long, of the year, and Anselmo was sleeping the lingering kiss, and his eyes had seen in siesta of a just man, who has a family to those dark eyes of hers a fire they had I work for him. Mercedes was engaged in

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