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tions is to leave the impression that its and considerate policy towards the native may be made supporting. Various sources races; the careful prosecution of the eduof public self-revenue have been indicated, cational and religious aims of the mis. which, however, we need not enter upon sions; a rigorous exclusion of “fire-water" here.

and unscrupulous speculators; a judicious New Guinea has been annexed mainly fostering of native industries, and the for political purposes. The interesting gradual addition of others adapted to the point now is whether it is likely to be of land and the people, -- will combine to commercial value in the future. From make New Guinea, if not an immediate what has been said, it will be seen that object for large employment of British there are good reasons for believing that capital, at any rate a possession of consid. the commercial potentiality is by no means erable actual value and much promise. If unimportant, although the exaggerated gold is discovered in paying quantities, of expectations which have been entertained course the prospect will widen consider. in Australia may not be realized. A wise ably.

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THE HISTORY OF THE UMBRELLA. - In the close of the century umbrellas had passed Queen Anne's time it is mentioned both by into general use. W. H. E. LECKY. Swift and Gay as employed by women, but up to the middle of the eighteenth century it ap

HEART DISEASE IN THE FRENCH ARMY. pears never to have been used in England by It has been observed in the French army that men, though Wolfe, the future conqueror of diseases of the heart are very common. Quebec, wrote from Paris, in 1752, describing recent study of this subject, certain military it as in general use in that city, and wonder. doctors show that they arise from the fatiguing ing thať so convenient a practice had not yet duties imposed on recruits at an age when, penetrated to England. Hanway, the famous traveller and philanthropist, who returned to generally, the development of the body is not England in 1750, is said to have been the first in advance of it or behind it. In the latter

in harmony with that of the heart, being either Englishman who carried an umbrella; and a case, there is hypertrophy of growth; in the Scotch footman, named. John MacDonald, former, insufficiency (the more common occur. who had travelled with his master in France rence). An instance is given in which a regiand Spain, mentions in his curious autobiog- ment in garrison in the west, in 1880, had on raphy that he brought one to London in 1778, and persisted in carrying it in wet weather, invalided annually (the normal figure for the

an average twelve to fifteen men per thousand though a jeering crowd followed him, crying, French army), of which number two or three “Frenchman, why don't you get a coach?" In about three months, he says, the annoy- to the regiment who had very faulty notions

had hypertrophy of the heart. A colonel came ance almost ceased, and gradually a few for: as to the amount of drill and fatigue the men eigners and then some Englishmen followed could stand. By September, 1883, the num. his example. Defoe had described an uni- ber of heart invalids had risen steadily to brella as one of the contrivances of Robinson twenty-two out of forty-five (i.c., about one in Crusoe, and umbrellas were in consequence two).

Leslie's Illustrated Paper. at one time called “Robinsons." They were long looked on as a sign of extreme éffeminacy, and they multiplied very slowly. Dr. IMPROVISED AMBULANCE TRAINS. - The Jamieson, in 1782, is said to have been the French railway companies have received nofirst person who used one at Glasgow; and tice that when the long-talked-of mobilization Southey's mother, who was born in 1752, was of an army corps is effected, they will be accustomed to say that she remembered the called upon to provide ambulance trains. An time when any one would have been hooted experiment with such a train was recently who carried one in the streets of Bristol. A made in Paris. The train was designed for single coarse cotton one was often kept in a carrying one hundred and fifty wounded from coffee-house to be lent out to customers, or in Paris to Havre. It consisted of twenty-five a private house to be taken out with the car. carriages; three in the middle for the surriage and held over the heads of ladies as they geons, nurses, and for the kitchen; ten in got in or out; but for many years those whó front and ten behind for the wounded; and used umbrellas in the streets were exposed to two wagons, one at each end of the train, for the insults of the mob, and to the persistent provisions. The carriages for the wounded and very natural animosity of the hackney were luggage-trucks, in each of which eight coachmen, who bespattered them with mud beds were placed, four on each side. The and lashed them furiously with their whips. experiment was, on the whole, satisfactory, But the manifest convenience of the new fash- the chief complaints being of want of ventila. ion secured its ultimate triumph, and before I tion and of the roughness of the brakes.

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CONTENTS. I. HANNAH MORE,

Blackwood's Magazine, II. GREY FUR,

Longman's Magazine, . III. MRS. CRAIK. By Mrs. Oliphant,

Macmillan's Magazine, IV. Doris,

Nineteenth Century, V. HEINE's Visit to LONDON,

National Review, VI. JUANA ALVAREZ,

Macmillan's Magazine, VII. FLAMINGOES AT HOME,

Nineteenth Century,
VIII. ELEPHANTS,

Spectator,
Title and Index to Volume CLXXV.

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TERMS OF SUBSCRIPTION. For E1GHT DOLLARS, remitted directly to the Publishers, the LIVING AGB will be punctually forwarded for a year, free of postage.

Remittances should be made by bank draft or check, or by post-office money-order, if possible. If peither of these can be procured, the money should be sent in a registered letter. All postmasters are obliged to register letters when requested to do so. Drafts, checks, and money-orders should be made payable to the order af LITTELL & Co.

Single Numbers of The LIVING AGE, 18 cents.

RONDEAU.

“ You called me a bad penny

That wouldn't be sent away;
LONG ago, when youth was gay,
We two dreamed our lives should grow

But here's good-bye to you, Jenny,
Like two flowers in one sweet May

For many and many a day.

There's talk of cannon and killing -
And we told each other so.
You have gone: Time's fingers gray

Nay, never turn so white !

And I've taken the king's shilling -
Blind my eyes with showered snow:
Hope and youth look far away -

I took it last night."
Long ago.

Oh! merry, merry piped the thrushes up in

the cherry-tree,

But dumb she sat on the doorstep, and out Yet the summer winds, I know, Will blow soft, one perfect day,

through the gate went he. Melt the snows and roses strow:

Scent of hay and summer; “Ah, what cold winds used to blow When I was alone,” you'll say

Red evening sky; "Long ago!

Noise of fife and drummer; Argosy.

E. NESBIT.

Men marching by.
The hay will be carried presently, and the

cherries gathered all,
And the corn stand yellow in the shocks, and

the leaves begin to fall.

EDWARD THRING.
He made men seers, young dreamers to de-

sire
The one thing good, - to do the difficult

right;
He cast truth's heart into the fiercest fight,
And bade us battle on and never tire;
He kindled hope, he set dead faith afire,
Gave workers will, filled eyes with love and

sight,
And, by the lamp of service, thro' the night
Led learning from the ruts and from the mire.

Perhaps some evening after,

With no more song of thrush,
The lads will cease their laughter,

And the maids their chatter hush;
And word of blood and battle

Will mix with the sound of the flail,
And lowing of the cattle,

And clink of the milking-pail.
And one will read half fearful

A list of names aloud;
And a few will stagger tearful

Out of the little crowd.
And she, perhaps, half doubting,

Half knowing why she came,
Will stand among them, pouting,

And hear, perhaps, his name ;
Will weep, perhaps, a little, as she wanders

up the lane,
And wish one summer morning were all to do

again. Macmillan's Magazine.

MAY PROBYN.

Not praise nor scorn, not riches, honor, name,
Could tempt his hand a moment from the

plough,
Nor the world-deafening clamor of the daws
Pecking about the ploughshare harm his

cause; Let others reap- he claimed to serve and

sow, — And as he toiled, the Lord of Harvest came. Spectator.

H. D. R.

DESIDERIUM.
Is this the same heaven that I gaze upon?

It seems the sun hath emptied the whole
UNCERTAINTIES.

sky, PINK linen bonnet,

Leaving the beauteous world so silently, Pink cotton gown,

Without farewell, with all its glory flown. Roses printed on it,

The balm of the melodious breezes blown Hands burnt brown.

From the pure hills, and thro' the evening Oh! blithe were all the piping birds, and the dew golden-belted bees,

The shining of the sad, seraphic blue, And blithe sang she on the doorstep, with her These linger with me yet, linger alone. apron full of peas.

Is there no light but what heaven keeps so Sound of scythe and mowing,

far? Where buttercups grew tall;

Is it in vain, unhappy heart, to mourn? Sound of red kine lowing,

Peace, peace. Night comes, and brings her And early milkmaid's call.

lonely star, Sweet she sang on the doorstep, with the Lonely as I, but not as I forlorn, young peas in her lap,

So tranquil even in its bright unrest, And he came whistling up the lane, with the Passionless Hesper in the perfect west. ribbons in his cap.

Academy,

R. L. BINYON.

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From Blackwoods Magazine. tous did its near realization appear that HANNAH MORE,

her tremulous fingers could scarce evoke LEICESTER SQUARE in the year seven- a response from the massive knocker overteen hundred and seventy-four, and Leices- head, any more than could her quavering ter Square during this Jubilee year of our accents from the sober serving-man withgracious lady Queen Victoria's reign, are, in; while once she was admitted to the it need scarcely be said, two very distinct panelled hall, and was being escorted up and different places.

the oaken stair, the moment seemed to the The Leicester Square of to-day can eyes of fancy and enthusiasm invested hardly, even at a pinch, be termed an aris- with a halo lifting it above the realms of tocratic resort or coveted place of abode. reality. It has fallen somewhat low in its fortunes, Do not sinile at her — it was a great is shady in its associations, and is apt to moment. Awaiting his visitor, there stood be looked askance upon by the prosperous one of the most gifted men of the age ; and fortunate.

and within a chamber hard by, a still more But the little square, a hundred years widely famous potentate remained, to ago, was a pleasant spot, and a modish whom the little rustic was presently conpart of the town; held up its head with the ducted, and — could she believe her ears? best, and feared neither the light of the - presented in terms to make any vain sun nor of the moon. It was not only a young head ring again. There, in short, locality where fortune and fashion might Sir Joshua Reynolds laid the foundation not fear to meet, it was more, - it was stone of a friendship between Hannah absolutely a nucleus to attract beauty, More and Samuel Johnson. youth, and rank, where the finest ladies There are few but will sympathize with and gentlemen of the period were fain to the emotions of the youthful Hannah on jostle and overrun each other, and in the occasion. Reared in obscurity, but whose direction gallants braided and per- all aglow with genius, and panting for disfumed, and fair ones powdered and tinction in the world of thought and letpatched, might have been seen strutting ters, what must not such an interview and and rustling and simpering, morning, noon, such a welcome have seemed to portend? and night.

Hitherto it had been the highest ambition For these and such as these, however, it of her heart to behold, and, if befriended must be owned that all the attractions of by fate, to hearken to these two worldthe place were confined to one red-brick known celebrities from some safe and mansion, in and out of which they tripped secure hiding place in the dim backunceasingly, eager not only to display ground; and for this she had, she owned, their charms within, but to have them entertained some sort of shadowy hope on there reproduced, ready to be banded arriving within the charmed circle of the down to admiring and envious posterity; metropolis some ten days previously, and it was in front of the portals of this but little had she then dreamed of being modest dwelling, with its quaintly formal so greeted face to face, and, instead of rows of small-paned windows, and its being permitted simply to worship from broad, arched doorway, that there stood afar, of finding herself the object of their in the year above mentioned a youthful, paternal admiration and regard. palpitating figure, simply but elegantly Jobnson, the uncertain, autocratic, and clad, whose glowing cheek, restless move- at times morose and forbidding lion of the ments, and eager demand for admittance, age, met his ardent young disciple not betrayed her to be on the very tiptoe of only with benignity, but with something excitement and anticipation.

like a burst of genuine tenderness. He It was not, however, to take her place was, we are told, in one of his best moods; in front of the easel that the little maiden good-humor glistened in his countenance; had come to visit the great portrait- with one hand he stroked the feathers of painter. Another and a widely different a pet bird, a macaw.of Sir Joshua's, which aspiration filled her soul; and so porten- 1 perched upon the other; and, with unex

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ampled gallantry, he paid Sir Joshua's | a learned education, with a view to his takguest the unexpected and from him very ing holy orders, but his early expecta. real compliment of accosting her with one tions had been defeated by the failure of of her own verses. Could any courtly a lawsuit, and he had been fain to accept beau of the period have behaved more the mastership of a foundation school in prettily?

Gloucestershire, where he had married the Nor was the interview long in being daughter of a neighboring farmer, a young followed up by another, little less preg- woman of plain education, but endowed nant and interesting. The very next day like himself with a vigorous intellect, who a call at Johnson's own house is thus re- appears to have bestowed much care and corded by Hannah's soberer but scarce pains on the culture and regulation of her less enthusiastic elder sister, who on that numerous children. This inestimable ad. occasion accompanied her.

vantage was by one, at least, to be turned

to speedy and lasting account. Can you picture to yourself [wrote she to

Hannah, the fourth out of five daughthe home circle whom the two had left behind, on this their first rapturous flight into the ters, was born in 1745, and early began to great world) — can you picture to yourself the show dawnings of that bright genius which beating of our hearts ? Abyssinia's Johnson! was afterwards to distinguish her. BeDictionary's Johnson! Rambler's, Idler's, tween the ages of three and four the little and Irene's Johnson! Miss Reynolds, who girl contrived to teach herself to read, or went with us, told him of our exclamations on at least to advance so far on this path to the road. He shook his scientific head at Parnassus as completely to amaze her Hannah, and said she was “a silly thing.” parents, who were just beginning to conWhen our visit was over, he called for his bat template the idea of the alphabet; and (as it rained) to attend us down a very long this she achieved solely by listening to the entry to our coach, and not Rasselas himself could have acquitted himself more en cavalier. instructions imparted to her elders. Be

fore she was four, her repetition of the ΤΙ great man had not been in the par- catechism struck mute the respected cler. lor when the ladies had been shown in, gyman of the parish, to whom it seemed upon seeing which, Miss Hannah, in spir- but the day before that he had received its to be mischievous, had seated herself her at the font. And so on. in the huge armchair by the fireplace, hop- Next began the restless craving for ing, she had averred, to catch therefrom knowledge inseparable from such a nature. some ray of his genius. The flattery had 'To satisfy this, the father, albeit a foe to been served up hot by her companions, on female pedantry, was fain, from dearth of which the doctor had laughed heartily, and other sources, to ransack his own memory informed her it was a chair on which he and brain for tales of ancient heroes, never sat!

Greek and Roman, and would recite to his Johnson afterwards spoke in such a small auditor — whom we can picture lisfashion of the youthful aspirant, as pro- tening with sage and severe attention cured her an immediate entry into that their speeches and orations; first, we are society where his word was law; and once told, in the original, to gratify her ear with launched, we can well believe she needed the sound, and afterwards in English, that no supporting arms.

she might pay heed to the sense. Fur. Hannah More was still a young woman, ther, he would, after this fashion, dwell and also remarkably young for her years, upon the parallels and wise sayings of when we thus behold her on the threshold Plutarch ; and these recollections, says of her fame. Let us take a brief retro- her biographer, “made Hannah often spective glance over her preceding life afterwards remark that the conversation during childhood and girlhood.

of a wise parent constitutes one of the Respectable as was her parentage, it by very best parts of education." no means entitled her to any position in Jacob More had, however, as we have society — at any rate, in the society she said, no love for over-much learning in a courted. Her father had indeed received I woman; and, in fact, the progress made

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