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There is an anecdote told of the duke, cowering merchants in long robes will be that riding one day with the prince Eu- huddled together in a railway, carriage. gene, a storm of rain came on, and they some interesting letters have been pubsent for their cloaks. Prince Eugene re- lished in Paris newspapers describing the .ceived his immediately. Marlborough's construction of the bridge over the Oxus servant did not appear for some time. near Charjui. The town of Charjui itself The duke asking why he did not bring the is eight or nine miles to the south of the cloak before, the answer was sulkily giv- river; and round the Russian barracks en: "I came as soon as I could.". The and workshops, which are located only a duke turned to Prince Eugene and said, short distance from the bank, a new settle“Now I would not have that fellow's tem- ment has grown up, called by the Rus. per for the whole world.” There are two sians the town of Amu Darya. The bridge stories told of Lord Carteret's wonderful will be a wooden one, two miles eight good nature. After a speech made by hundred and fifty-five yards long, supLord Carteret in the House of Lords ported on no fewer than two hundred piers, against Walpole, Lord Aylesford came up each consisting of five piles. General Anand attacked him for his moderation. Denkoff declares that his bridge will be

-, Carteret, I know not what you open for traffic by the beginning of the mean by this; but whatever you mean, you new year. It will then be possible to will not find it easy to any. rty to transport across the Oxus the rollingtrust you again. I am sure I will not, and stock and other railway material which where you will find fools who will, I don't now lies accumulated on the left bank. know. By - Carteret, we all know According to the letters written from the you!” Lord Carteret turned to those who Oxus a month ago, one hundred piles had were sitting by him, and only said with been sunk and over thirty yards of the cheerful unconcern, Poor Aylesford is bridge were already finished. "With steamreally angry." Lord Aylesford belonged hammers working on four different points to the quarrelsome Finch family, who at once the whole will, no doubt, be fin. frequented Lord Carteret's house as a ished within the time mentioned. neutral territory, and used to talk to each The correspondents who tell us about other through him. Lord Carteret was the bridge also describe the launch of a careless about money affairs, and a trades. river steamboat, the Tsar, on the clayman put an execution in his house and laden waters of the Oxus, close to the seized his carriage-horses. Lord Carteret temporary terminus of the railway. The met the man in the hall, was very polite to ceremony began with a religious service, him, and continued his custom ever after- to which the soldiers of the Turkestan wards.

line battalion stationed at Charjui listened When Lord Carteret was dying, Lord with bare heads. “ If Russian troops, Chesterfield said, “When he dies, the the French visitor observes, • ever cross best head in England dies too, take it for the Himalayas, their officers will do well all and all." Lord Carteret in his lifetime to shorten these open-air services." The had gloriously fulfilled the promise lield Tsar is one hundred feet long and twenty, out by the proud motto of his ancient two feet in beam, and draws only two and family, “ Loyal devoir.” It will be well one-half feet of water. A sister boat, the for the statesmen of the present time if at Tsarina, was to be launched in a few the end of their career these two words weeks' time. The shallow draught of can be inscribed truly on their tombs. these vessels will enable the one to de

scend the river to Khiva and the other to ascend to Kilif and probably, we are told and can well believe, to Badakshan.

When the Tsar had been safely launched, From St. James's Gazette.

amid the hourras frénétiques of the spec

tators, a number of distinguished guests, THE ferry on “the lone Chorasmian including General Annenkoff and the Bostream " which, according to Mr. Matthew kharan governor of Charjui, were enterArnold's strayed reveller, the gods could tained at a banquet by the engineer Butz, see, will be replaced. before long by a under whose supervision the two steamwooden bridge. The horses "strongly ers, which had been made in parts at St. swimming” that towed the ferry-boat will Petersburg, were put together on the make way for a locomotive, directed not banks of the Oxus. by “a chief with shout and shaken spear," The completion of this bridge over the but by a Russian engine-driver." The Oxus and of the railway to Samarkand

THE OXUS BRIDGE.

will prepare the way for events which are same relation to the Tashkend governlikely to prove important. It will soon ment as Bhawalpur, or perhaps Cashmere, become no longer possible for the Rus- stands to us, will be swallowed up without sians to tolerate even the shadow of inde- much trouble or ceremony. The ground pendence which has been left to Bokhara. will then be clear for for further action. So long as the Turkestan district to the Of course it is quite possible for Russia east was cut off from Russia proper by even now to move troops to Kilif or wide deserts, only crossed by difficult Kulab, or anywhere along the right bank roads, the formal annexation of the State of the Oxus, without the least fear of opwould have been a waste of energy. But position. But this is not all she wants, the situation is changed. The Russian even for ber present purpose. She must garrisons in Samarkand and Tashkend be free to station her troops anywhere will now now be connected by rail with in Bokhara without the risk of exciting the base on the Caspian ; and the embar- suspicion, or at any rate without the rassments that would arise from the pro- inconvenience of being asked tiresome longed existence of a semi-independent questions. There will then be nothing to territory wedged in between Russian pos- prevent the exercise of a strong pressure sessions on either side are too awkward to on Afghan Turkestan south of the Oxus; be ignored. Russia cannot go on holding and Maimena, Andkhui, Balkh, and TashMery and Samarkand with a native State kurghan will be within easy range of Rusintervening much longer. A pretext for sian influence or, if need be, interference. complete annexation will be easily found Only the other day a Russian paper noin disputes about the railway which the ticed with frank satisfaction the weakness Usbegs already regard with disfavor, just of the ameer Abdur Rahman's garrisons as they disliked the construction of a tele. at these points. Should the central power graph line. Some more or less unexpected at Cabul cease for a moment to be felt outrage, committed by a few fanatics, will north of the Hindoo Koosh, Russia's opbe avenged by the advance of a force portunity will have come, and she will be from Samarkand; and the country which ready to seize it. has been allowed till now to stand in the

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DEATH RITES IN INDIA. — It is but a few wealthy — surrounded by officiating Brahmins years ago that certain officials in Calcutta and mourning friends. The Parsees dispose erected a large oven, in which the bodies of otherwise of their dead. On a hill in the the Hindoos might be rapidly cremated; but island of Bombay (called by the Europeans this wholesome mode of consuming was re- Malabar Hill) stand, all within a short disjected as heterodox; yet still, on dark nights, tance of each other, the churchyard of the and at the stated places on the holy river, Christians, the cemetery of the Mussulman, from Calcutta upward to Benares, may be the place where the Hindoos cremate their seen the solemn flames that reduce the dead dead, and the Tower of Silence, where the to ashes, and may be heard, on the still air of Parsees leave theirs uncoffined, to be devoured the Indian sky, the wailings that tell of sorrow by the birds of the air. It is a lofty, square and separation. The Mohammedan in India, enclosure, without roof or covering of any as elsewhere, buries his dead; but the Hin- kind. Huge, bloated vultures and kites, doo commits their ashes to Father Gunga, gorged with human flesh, throng lazily the amid the waters of which they are supposed summit of the losty wall surrounding the stone to be restored to participate in happier scenes pavement, which is divided into three comthan earth can present :-a portion of mythol-partments, wherein the corpses of men, of ogy too vast to be entered on here. To be women, and of children are laid apart, and all without a son to close one's eyes is to ensure nude as they came into the world. Some rel. another period of probation -- and perhaps a ative or friend anxiously watches, at a short degrading one — - in this world; hence the law distance, to ascertain which eye is first plucked of adoption, to which we have had so often to out by the birds; and from thence it is inrefer. * To die in Benares is to secure immor. ferred whether the soul of the departed is tality; and to die on the banks of the Ganges happy or miserable. The Parsees regard with

-the highway to heaven - is essential to horror the Hindoo method of disposing of the everlasting joy. Hence on the burning Ghaut dead, by throwing the bodies or ashes into at Calcutta may be seen at times six or seven rivers ; yet their own custom is even more bodies, each on its pile of wood — often of repugnant to the feelings of the Europeans in the most costly description, if the people be | India. Cassell's Illustrated History of India.

Fifth Sorios,
Volamo LX

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No. 2269,- December 24, 1887.

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From Beginning,

Vol. OLXXV.

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CONTENTS.
I. GAMBIER PARRY'S MINISTRY OF FINE ART, Edinburgh Review,
II. MAJOR AND MINOR. By W. E. Norris.
Conclusion,

Good Words,
III. JOSEPHINE AND MARIA LOUISA,

Temple Bar,
IV. RICHARD CABLE, THE LIGHTSHIPMAN.
Part XXXI.,

Chambers' Journal,
V. JENNY LIND,

Murray's Magazine, VI. A HEALTH-RESORT OUT OF THE SEASON, . Cornhill Magazine, VII. THE FUTURE OF NEW GUINEA, .

All The Year Round,..

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Remittances should be made by bank draft or check, or by post-office money-order, if possible. If neither of these can be procured, the money should be sent in a registered letter. All postmasters are obliged to register letters when requested to do so. Drafts, checks, and money-orders should be made payable to the order of LITTELL & Co.

Singie Numbers of THE LIVING AGB, 18 cents.

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A VOICE FROM THE WOODS. Wreathed with a gleaming, shimmering mist I WANDER through the Autumn woods,

I see the blue hills dream, And watch the slowly waning year

I see the swaying iris kissed Die out in splendor, far and near,

By the swift-flowing stream, Amid the chill November floods.

While low beside the water's edge

A wren slips chattering through the sedge. Ripe acorns drop, leaves gently fall, The earth with dim decay is rife;

Brushing the bending reeds apart
Yet in decay lurks hidden life,

I hear a wild duck go,
Life that shall burst grim Winter's thrall, Like swarthy water-spirits dart
And throb and glow through Nature's heart; And shrill among the rustling grass

Her ducklings to and fro,
Thrill with new joy each leafy brake, The shrew-

mice greet me as they pass. And all the wood to rapture wake In which each living thing hath part.

The song is hushed a little space, The broad oak springs where acorns die;

And at its pause is gone Far down beneath the wintry snow

The spell that made a fairy place A pulse of life or swift or slow

Of this grey stretch of stone; Beats evermore, unceasingly.

Then bursting forth afresh, the strain

Bears all my heart away again.
As one keen shaft of arrowy light,

Shot o'er the hills at rosy dawn,
With fiery splendor crowns the lawn

The sunset's gold has flushed the sky,
That lay but now in cloudy night;

And reaching far away

I see the long green links that lie So, ’mid our brightest hopes' decay,

Above the gleaming bay; When storm-clouds darken all the sky, On the wide waters, desolate, Some gleam of immortality

A seagull calls his absent mate. Shines in from far eternal day.

Sweet thyme and crowfoot meet the sand Winter but tells of coming bloom;

As if the waves had rolled And Spring of lusty summer sings,

Their fleeting glories on the land Of bird and bee on happy wings,

In purple and in gold; Of starry nights, of flowers' perfume.

The soft west wind that bends to kiss
And now, where mellow silence broods, Their beauty, fain fragrant bliss.

I hear a voice far off, yet clear,
Eeho repeats it, “She is here!"

From quiet inland valleys rise
Among the lonely, waning woods.

Wild bird-notes, faint and low;

A heron down the eastern skies
I pace in joy the leaf-strewn glade,

Wings heavily and slow,
And she walks with me, hand in hand, Like a strange dusky herald sent
A dweller in that unseen land

From the grey cloud's long battlement.
Where time is not, nor sun, nor shade.
Chambers' Journal.

B. G. J.

And still by mountain, stream, and sea,

The sunlit air is sweet
With that same happy melody

Which rings adown the street,
A PRISON SONG.

Till all the voices of the spring

Within my heart awake and sing. THE breath of spring is in the air,

Longman's Magazine. D. J. ROBERTSON.
The sunlit morning sky
Shines on the pavements lying bare

Between the houses high,
And sudden in the quiet street
A prison'd lark sings clear and sweet.

THE CLOSE OF SUMMER.
Each note of his fresh music yields
A thousand memories

SUMMER's gone, and the flowers are dead; Of summer 'midst the golden fields

Birds are vanished, and songs have fled;

But hid in the seeds the flowers' souls lie, And by the silver seas; Winged with the magic of his lay,

And the birds still sing in the southern My memory bears me far away.

sky. Again, again I see afar,

Life's drear autumn may hold us fast, Above my northern isles,

Youth and pleasure and hope be past. Like a great tear one lingering star

Weep not! Death, that spares birds and Shine through the dawn-god's smiles,

flowers, And as his last pale beam is gone

Cannot chill aught of these souls of ours. A lark hangs singing where he shone.

Toronto Week.

)

From The Edinburgh Review. GAMBIER PARRY'S MINISTRY OF FINE trates by one of Cuyp's quiet landscapes.

repose, whch Mr. Gambier Parry illusART.

The want of this in architecture may be The essays which have been collected in a volume bearing the title of “The there is no rest for the eye. Another

seen in some of our club-houses, where Ministry of Fine Art " are a worthy contribution to the literature of art. The combining intellectual with moral quali

principle is, the necessity of the artist author, Mr. Gambier Parry, has been ties. He should aim not only at the repknown for many years as a distinguished resentation of beauty, but at making others amateur. Towards the close of a long and useful life he has done what every one nature to the eyes of men as to make them

recognize it; and his duty is so to present would wish to do who has had great op- love that nature more. As regards his portunities of making himself acquainted with the best specimens of ancient and lect, else his art will be incomprehensible ;

own qualifications, a man must have intelmodern art, and who has himself carried and he must have a pure and noble nature, out into practice the principles which he else his art will be sensual, and only fit to has observed and made his own. One of

be burnt. the chief of these is the connection of the

These are some of the principles which various branches of art and their relation to architecture, There is no subject trated by reference to some of the noblest

we find stated in the first essay, and illushandled in the nine essays of which Mr.

works. in sculpture and painting. The Gambier Parry is not entitled to speak with authority. However we may feel application of these to architecture is disposed to criticise the style of some of continually suggested; and music is in. the essays, as wanting that care and polish subtler feelings. The value of constant

voked to bring some points home to the which a finished work demands, it should be borne in mind that they are introduced study from the fountain-head of nature is to the reading public as sketches; and the upheld, and the claims of genius are ac

knowledged in a generous spirit of appremodesty of the dedication should to a

ciation. great extent disarm criticism. Perhaps the most valuable essays are those which

The second essay treats of the ministry

of fine art to common life. It starts with treat of mosaic as used in church decora. tion, and of colored glass, and the condi. the modest assertion that fine art mintions under which the best examples of

isters to human happiness, but does not

make it. these have been produced. There is an

It requires a sympathetic na

ture in order that it may give pleasure. especial interest in the last essay on Gloucester Cathedral, which Mr. Gambier But without the rest and refreshment of Parry describes with the enthusiasm of an

art a portion of our nature is unsatisfied. antiquary and the loving familiarity of a

It is a vulgar assumption that the enjoy

ment of art must be confined to the few. near neighbor. The purpose of art is stated in the first The love of art was once more diffused.

It nourished in many ways the poetry of essay as the expression of the sense of beauty. This sense is not entirely a gift for beautiful surroundings disappeared.

common life. Gradually the national love or nature, but is (in great measure) a creature of education. Much disappointment The old narrow shed, with all its interest of may be saved by the knowledge of a few home endearment, with its pleasant outline principles which are common to all the of overhanging roofs and gables, quaint domes, branches of art; for instance, the value of turrets, and spires of shining shingle, carved

woodwork, and painted panelling, and all the * 1. The Ministry of Fine Art to the Happiness of cheery sense of friendship, warmth, and comLife. Essays on various Arts. By T. GAMBIER fort that they gave; the deep chimney corner,

the pleasant open porch, with their associa2. Handbook of Painting. The Italian Schools, tions of rest, of refreshment, of warm-hearted based on the Handbook of Kugler; originally edited by Sir Charles Eastlake, P. R. A. Fifth Edition, hospitality, and all else that could nourish in thoroughly revised and in part re-written by AUSTEN our people the last remaining and least sense HENRY LAYARD, G.C.B. Two vols. London: 1887. of the poetry of common life, gave way before

PARRY. 8vo.

London : 1886.

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