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Archbishop King told Lord Carteret for him. The mention of his name even that Swift was going to avow the author. seems to have put the good doctor in a ship. Lord Carteret's reply is interesting passion. at the present time. “If the boldness of Boswell relates some of his speeches on the author should be so great, I am fully this subject. determined to summon him before the

No. Charles the Second was not such a man Council; and though I should not be sup- as George the Second. He did not destroy ported as I wish, yet I shall think it my his father's will. He took money indeed from duty to take him into custody, and to de- France, but he did not betray those over whom tain him, if I can, by law; for if his offer he ruled. He did not let the fleet pass ours. of bail should be immediately accepted, George the First knew nothing, and desired and he forth with set at liberty after so to do nothing; and the only good thing told daring an insult upon his Majesty's gove of him was that he wished to restore the

He roared ernment, it is to be apprehended that riots throne to its hereditary successor. and tumults would ensue."

with prodigious violence against George the Swift was very fond of the handsome in an Irish tone with a comic look,

Second. When he ceased, Moody interjected, Lady Carteret. He had promised to dine George the Second I” with her. He did not go — he was then getting very nervous and deaf. Lady Car- The good doctor would have roared teret, instead, visited the dean, who made louder if he had ever read the wonderful an apology in verse :

analysis of King George's character by Can it be strange if I eschew the master hand of Lord Hervey. The

A scene so glorious, and so new;

Guelphs were a quarrelsome race.
Or is he criminal that flies

Carteret said of them: “ This family al.
The living lustre of your eyes ?

way's have quarrelled, and always will

quarrel, from generation to generation." Carteret and Swift never played the courtier They were proficients in will-burning. with each other. . Swift, kept waiting once George the First had burned two wills at the Castle, while the prosecution of the made in favor of his son by his mother Drapier Letters was still a question of public policy, wrote down the complaining ascending the throne, returned the com

and grandfather; George the Second, on linesMy very good Lord, 'tis a very hard task

pliment by burning his father's will, as For a man to wait here, who has nothing to ask. Thackeray writes, under the astonished Carteret wrote in reply, –

nose of the Archbishop of Canterbury. My very good Dean, there are few who come here George, with his red face and staring But have something to ask, or something to fear. eyes, fancied himself an Adonis and a Don

Carteret was always able to hold his own Juan. Charles the Second was profligate, with Swift. Conversing with him once on a but he had some excuse in having married political action disapproved by Swift, Cartereta Portuguese princess whom he had never replied to Swift's objections with such power seen, and when she arrived she appeared that Swift broke out into passionate abuse to him the image of a “bat.”

She was which conveyed high praise: “What the vengeance brought you among us? Get

hideous, but the good-natured king maryou

back get you back; pray God Almighty send us ried her. Henry the Eighth, who was over boobies again!" On another occasion, taken in by Holbein's portrait of Anne of Swift, whose estimate of the Irish people was Cleves, on beholding her pronounced her a very contemptuous one, wrote that Carteret a great Flanders mare, and soon sent his ought to be the governor of a wiser nation fifth wife packing. George the Second than Ireland; for a fool would be the fit man- | had no excuse for his shameful immorality, ager of fools. Thus the two men thoroughly for he had married Caroline of Anspach, understood each other, and acted with very the most beautiful and clever princess in characteristic frankness. “ When people ask me,” wrote Carteret to the Dean, how i Europe, who was devoted to him. Yet he governed Ireland, I say that I pleased Dean made her the confidant of his amours, and Swift. Quæsitam meritis sume superbiam.'

actually requested her to assist in the

prosecution of them. Mrs. Howard, of Lord Carteret remained in Ireland till the queen's household, was his mistress, 1730. George the First died in 1727, and but this did not prevent him from making was succeeded by his son, with whom he love to the beautiful maid of honor, Mary had always been at feud. George the Bellenden, who treated him with conSecond was one of the most extraordinary tempt, crossed her arms, and told him to characters described in the memoirs of his count his money elsewhere. He got tired time. Even Dr. Johnson, that champion of the “good Howard," as the queen called of monarchy, had not a good word to say her, and complained bitterly that the



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queen would not let him get rid of the adınired his wife more than any other
si deaf, tiresome old woman. Caroline woman. “ He never saw a woman worthy
very well knew if the Howard departed he to buckle her shoe,” and requested that
would soon seek consolation elsewhere. his remains should be buried with her.
At last he got rid of Lady Suffolk, and on One side of each coffin was withdrawn,
arriving in Hanover, fell in love with the and so they rest in Westminster Abbey.
Countess Walmoden. He gave the queen The only time Caroline ever showed
a detailed account of the whole affair. her real feeling was on her death-bed,
He drew such a minute description of the when, on advising him to marry again, he
countess's person, “that had the queen said, “Non, j'aurai des maîtresses. Car-
been a painter she might have drawn her oline bitterly answered, “Ah! mon Dieu,
rival's picture at six hundred miles dis- cela n'empêche pas.".
tance, and narrated how he had bought Sir Robert Walpole, who had governed
this treasure from her husband for a thou the king through the queen, had now to
sand ducats. “You must love the Wal- seek for another woman to perform the
moden,” he wrote to her, "for she loves same part. The Duke of Grafton and
me." The letters about the Walmoden Newcastle proposed that the Princess
consisted of sixty pages, and in one of them Emily should guide him, but Sir Robert
he consulted the queen about a suspicious would have nothing to do with the daugh-
ladder having been found under her win- ters. “ I'll bring Madame Walmoden over,
dow, and asked her to consult Sir Robert I'll have nothing to do with your girls. I
Walpole about it.

was for the wife against the mistress, I Among many extraordinary things and ex

am now for the mistress against the daugh

ters." Until the Walmoden came over, pressions these letters contained, there was one in which he desired the Queen to contrive, the frail Lady Deloraine might comfort if she could, that the Prince of Modena, who the king (saying in his polite style that was to come the latter end of the year to En- people must wear old gloves till they gland, might bring his wife with him; and the could get new ones "); so the Walmoden reason he gave for it was, that he had heard came over, and was created Countess of Her Highness was pretty free of her person, Yarmouth. and that he had the greatest inclination imaginable to pay his addresses to a daughter of Hanover in order to enjoy her society that

The king had once stayed so long in the late Regent of France, the Duke of Oro his subjects got very discontented, and Jeans, un plaisir" (for he always wrote in French)" que je suis sûr, ma chère Caroline, the following advertisement was posted on vous serez bien aise de me procurer, quand je the gate of St. James's Palace : vous dis combien je le souhaite." Such a request to his wife respecting a who has left a wife and six children on the

Lost or strayed out of the house, a man woman he never saw, and during his connection with Madame Walioden, Speaks much parish; whoever will give any tidings of him stronger in a bare narrative of the fact than to the Church Wardens of St. James's Parish, by any comment or reflections; and is as in- so as he may be got again, shall receive FOUR capable of being heightened as difficult to be SHILLINGS AND SIXPENCE. N.B. – credited.

This will not be increased, nobody judging

him to be worth a CROWN. Queen Caroline's conduct was highly approved by Blackbourne, Archbishop of At last he sailed for England, but enYork, who told her that he had been talk- countered such a storm that he was obliged ing to the minister about the new mistress, to return to port. He talked of the temand was glad to find that her Majesty was pest, and his bravery in it, to the end of so sensible a woman as to like her husband his life. should divert hiinself. How different was He hated books, and the sight of one in the conduct of Ken, who refused to coun- a drawing-room was as a red flag to a bull. tenance the vices of Charles the Second, | The saying "I hate boets and bainters when in residence at Winchester! and it too” is well known. When he went to must be added that the merry monarch see Garrick in “Richard the Third” he honored Dr. Ken for his conduct, and he paid no attention to him, but was delightwas promoted to the bishopric of Bath ed with the lord mayor. " When,” he and Wells.

asked, “is the lord mayor coming on The king had not the slightest sense of again? ” shame, nobody told him or preached to According to Lord Hervey he bored his him that he was leading an immoral life. daughters terribly, and they were not slow He regarded himself as a model husband, in giving signs of their dissatisfaction. and the extraordinary thing is that he When the queen was in her last illness



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The King, turning towards Princess Emily, Hervey's manuscript, but it had been and seeing her eyes shut, cried, Poor good erased. It is as great a secret as the auchild! her duty, affection, and attendance on thorship of Junius. The prince took the her mother have quite exhausted her spirits." Black Prince for his model; but, as Horace And soon after he went into the Queen's room. Walpole writes, he resembled him in nothAs soon as his back was turned, Princess

The Emily started up and said, " Is he gone? How ing but dying before his father. tiresome he is 1" Lord Hervey, who had no

prince's house became the headquarters mind to trust Her Royal Highness with his of the opposition. Lords Carteret and singing her father's praises in duetto with her, Chesterfield were constantly there; also replied only, “I thought Your Royal Highness Swift and Gay. The prince posed as a had been asleep.No," said the Princess patron of literature. His character is cuEmily; “I only shut my eyes that I might not riously described in the funeral sermon join in the ennuyant conversation, and wish I preached in his honor. “ He had no great could have shut my ears too.

In the first place I am sick to death of hearing of his they degenerated into vices. He was

parts, but he had great virtues ; indeed great courage every day of my life; in the next place, one thinks now of Mama,' and not of very generous, but I hear his generosity him.' Who cares for his old storm? I be- has ruined a great many people; and then lieve, too, it is a great lie, and that he was as his condescension was such that he kept much afraid as I should have been, for all very bad company." what he says now; and as to his not being Sir Robert Walpole must have been afraid when he was ill, I know that is a lie, the shrewdest of mankind to govern a for I saw him, and I heard all his sighs and family like this. The king not only his groans, when he was in no more danger thought himself a model husband, but a than I am at this moment. He was talking, greai general; and Mr. Ballantyne tells too, forever of dying, and that he was sure he us that Walpole, entering the royal pres. should not recover.

ence full of business, was not listened The Princess Royal was of the same to, whilst nothing but military harangues, opinion as the Princess Emily with regard battles, sieges, was dwelt lingeringly upon to the merits of her father's conversation. by a royal Othello to a listener who was The princess married the hideous Prince not seriously inclined to hear these things ! of Orange, and the wonderful details of Sir Robert was the greatest peace minister the nuptials are one of the most amusing who ever ruled England. “I told the features of Lord Hervey's memoirs. queen this morning,” he said one day in

The night the news came to England that 1734, “ Madam, fifty thousand men slain Philipsburg was taken, the Princess Royal, as

in Europe, and not one Englishman.' At Lord Hervey was leading her to her own last, in 1739, he was forced into a war apartment after the drawing-room, shrugged with Spain. There were great rejoicings. up her shoulders and said, is Was there ever The Prince of Wales was the chief of the anything so unaccountable as the temper of warlike revellers. “ They are ringing papa? He has been snapping and snubbing their bells,” said Sir Robert; "they will every mortal for this week, because he began soon be wringing their hands." The to think Philipsburg would be taken; and this prophecy was fulfilled. A war cannot be very day that he hears it actually is taken, he successfully conducted when the

minister is

humor as ever I saw him in my who directs it is opposed to it. The midlife. Mais, pour vous dire la vérité, je trouve cela si bizarre, et (entre nous) si sot, que s'enrage istry became weaker every day, and in de sa bonne humeur encore plus que je ne faisais 1741 was finally driven from office. de sa mauvaise."

Perhaps," answered Lord A new ministry was formed. It was Hervey, “he may be about Philipsburg as very disagreeable to the king to receive David was about the child, who, whilst it was statesmen whom he so vituperated. He sick, fasted, lay upon the earth, and covered had been accustomed to use very strong himself with ashes; but the moment it was language. He had called Carteret and dead, got up, shaved his beard, and drank Bolingbroke liars, the bishops "black

It may be like David(replied the Princess Royal), " but I am sure it is not like canting hypocritical rascals.” Lord Ches. Solomon."

terfield, in addition to being a liar, was

"a dwarf baboon." Lord Chesterfield had Both the king and the queen detested made a speech in the House of Lords in their son the Prince of Wales. His sis- which he said it would be a good thing if ters called him “a nauseous beast,” and the Pretender was made elector of Han. the father and mother wished him dead over, for nobody would ever again choose every day of their lives. The cause of a king from that quarter. this unnatural hatred is unknown. The Lord Carteret lad really the chief place true account was doubtless given in Lord in the new ministry as secretary of state.

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Lord Wilmington was only nominally the that if she was well he would be so. They chief minister, as first lord of the treasury: corresponded every day, and he used to plague The genial Lord Carteret soon removed the Cabinet Councils with reading her letthe prejudices of the king, and became a ters to them. Last night they were married, great favorite. He went with him to and as all he does must have a particular Hanover, and was present at the battle air in it, they supped at Lord Pomfrets. At of Dettingen, where the king so distin. his family went to bed, but the porter: then

twelve, Lady Granville, his mother, and all guished himself. Lady Carteret accom- my lord went home, and waited for her in the panied him, to die there, during the ab- lodge; she came alone in a hackney-chair, met sence of her lord, who was in attendance him in the hall, and was led up the back on the king. A year afterwards he mar- stairs. ried again, to the great surprise of his friends and the amusement of his enemies. Sir Horace Mann, who had admired the

Horace Walpole is delighted to acquaint Horace Walpole was very bitter against fair Lady Sophia at Florence, with all the the enemies of his father, but he relaxed particulars of this strange affair. in bis animosity, when he speaks of Lord Carteret. There is a delightful account

I will not fail to make your compliments to in his memoirs of the beautiful Lady dom, but I am in favor; so I conclude, for my

the Pomfrets and Carterets; I see them sel. Sophia Fermor. He had admired her at Florence, where she was the cynosure of Lady Pomfret told me the other night that every eye. Horace writes to his friend them at a subscription ball at Ranelagh last

said better things than anybody. I was with Conway, “ Harry, you must come and be week, which my Lady Carteret thought proper in love with Lady Sophia Fermor; all the to look upon as given to her, and thanked the world is, or should be." “ Handsomer gentlemen, who were not quite so well pleased than all," he adds, “at a famous London at her condescending to take it to herself. ball, taking out what men she liked or My Lord stayed with her there till four in the thought the best dancers.”

morning. They are all fondness — walk to

gether and stop every five minutes to kiss. Who do you think is going to marry Lady The ball was on an excessively hot night; Sophia Fermor? Only my Lord Carteret! yet she was dressed in a magnificent brocade, this very week -a drawing-room conquest. because it was new that morning for the inauDo but imagine how many passions will be guration day. I did the honors of all her gratified in that family! Her own ambition, dress: “How charming your ladyship’s cross vanity and resentment — love she never had is! I am sure the design was your own!!! any; the politics, management, and pedantry “No, indeed, my Lord sent it me just as it of the mother, who wilĩ think to govern her is." "How fine your ear-rings are !” son-in-law out of Froissart. Figure the in- but they are very heavy. Then as much to structions she will give her daughter! Lincoln the mother. Do you wonder I say better is quite indifferent, and laughs. My Lord things than anybody? .. Chesterfield says, “It is only another of Carteret's vigorous measures.I am really glad

Lady Sophia was a relative of the Araof it, for her beauty and cleverness did deserve bella Fermor of Pope's “ Rape of the a better fate than she was on the point of hav- Lock," and it might be written of her: ing determined for her forever. How grace. Fair nymphs and well-dressed youths around ful, how charming, and how haughtily con

her shone,
descending she will be! How, if Lincoln But every eye was fixed on her alone:
should ever hint past history, she will

On her white breast a sparkling cross she
Stare upon the strange man's face
As one she ne'er had known!


Which Jews might kiss, and infidels adore. Lord Lincoln had dangled after her in

It is extraordinary to find that in the Italy, but his uncle, the Duke of Newcastle, had other views for him. Madame reign of George the second a man of fiftyde Wendt wrote from Hanover to Lord

four was ridiculed for marrying at such

an advanced age, and that the following Tyrawley, Que pensez-vous de notre cher Milord Carteret, qui s'est consolé si the address of Lord Carteret:

epigram should have been composed to tôt avec une jeune femme de la perte de notre bonne Milady? Ne justifie-t-il pas Her beauty like the Scripture feast, bien ce qu'a dit quelqu'un, que c'est un

To which the invited never came, objet vivant qui console d'un mort?'

Deprived of its intended guest,

Was given to the old and lame. The chief entertainment has been the nuptials of our great Quixote and the fair Sophia.

We recollect in a farce Liston saying, On the point of matrimony she fell ill of “I am a young man forty-five, not a very a scarlet fever and was given over, while he young man.” Well, a man at fifty-four is had the gout, but heroicallv sent her word | not a very young man.

In the present


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days men marry at seventy, and nobody is The life which others pay, let as bestow,

And give to fame what we to nature owe. surprised, or writes epigrams. We have heard that at Bournemouth we suppose

His lordship repeated the last word several owing to the friskiness of the air digni- times with a calm and determined resignation; fied ecclesiastics of eighty proudly lead and after a serious pause of some minutes, he up young and blushing brides to the altar. desired to hear the treaty read, to which he Lady Sophia died in her first confine spirits enough to declare the approbation of a

listened with great attention, and recovered ment, leaving a daughter who was mar- dying statesman (I use his own words) 'on ried to Lord Shelburne. Owing to the the most glorious war and most honorable intrigues of the Duke of Newcastle and peace this nation ever saw. Mr. Pelham, Lord Carteret, now Lord Granville, had to resign his office. But Mr. Matthew Arnold quotes this episode in June, 1751, he again became a colleague of Lord Granville's life as exhibiting the of the duke, becoming president of the English aristocracy at its very height of Council, an office he retained to his death. culture, lofty, spirít, and greatness. It The Duke of Newcastle, in a fright, once was the glorious end of a grand career. offered to give up his office of first lord He had much in common with Pitt, but of the treasury to Carteret. “ No," said he was far superior in abilities. We have the lord president, “ I'd rather be hanged seen an unpublished letter of Lord George a little before taking your place, than Germaine, a shrewd observer, which hanged a little after. He had immense stated that Pitt had neither wisdom or in. influence in the Cabinet with respect to telligence; but by energy alone he became foreign affairs, and when Pitt took office the greatest of war ministers. It has been his advice and influence still prevailed. said that all his knowledge of history was When Pitt left the Cabinet because it was taken from the playsl of Shakespeare. too peaceful, Lord Granville remained, Chief Justice Willes went once to Lord and was the chief instrument in forward- Carteret for help to make his friend Clive ing the glorious peace of 1763.

a king's counsel. Carteret answered:

“What is it to me who is a judge or who Robert Wood, author of an essay on “The is a bishop? It is my business to make Original Genius of Homer," which interested tary of State in the closing period of the Seven Chief justice, “ those who want to be bishGoethe in his younger days, was Under-Secre- kings and emperors, and to maintain the

balance of Europe." “ Then,” said the Years' War, and frequently had interviews on business with Granville. “The occasions ops and judges will go elsewhere.” They were few,” says Wood," on which Granville, did go elsewhere. Pitt had the same lofty after giving his commands on State affairs, contempt for patronage, and so the job did not turn the conversation to Greece and bing Duke of Newcastle's levée was well Homer."

A few days before Granville died, attended by lawyers and ecclesiastics who Wood was ordered to wait upon him with the wanted to be bishops and judges. preliminary articles of the Peace of Paris. "I found him,” writes Wood in the introduc; dent of the Council, to Pitt during the

Lord Carteret's assistance, when presi. tion to his essay, “so languid that I proposed Seven Years' War was invaluable, for no postponing my business for another time; but he insisted that I should stay, saying it could one knew so well the characters of the not prolong his life to neglect his duty; and princes and statesmen of the Continent. repeating the following passage out of Sarpe- Pitt, when Lord Chatham, acknowledged don's * speech, he dwelled with particular this in a speech made in the year 1770, emphasis on the third line, which recalled to when he spoke of Lord Carteret as “that his mind the distinguished part he had taken great man,” and added, “I feel a pride in in public affairs :

declaring that to his patronage, to his Could all our care elude the gloomy grave friendship, and instruction, I owe whatWhich claims no less the fearful than the brave, For lust of fame I should not vainly dare

ever I am.”

They were two of the great. In fighting fields, nor urge thy soul to war: est statesmen England ever possessed. But since, alas! ignoble age must come, Disease, and death's inexorable doom;

They thought not of themselves but their

country. To use the language of Macau. • We have given the translation by Pope instead of lay, they loved England as an Athenian the original Greek, but the following prose rendering loved the city of the violet crown, as a by Mr. Ballantyne gives us the last word:

"For if, escaping the present combat, we might be Roman loved the city of the seven hills. forever undecaying and immortal, neither would I my

We must write a few words about Lord self fight among the foremost nor would I urge you on Carteret's temper, which was unexampled to the glorious battle; but now – for a thousand fates in its serenity. We had always thought of death stand close to us always, and no mortal can escape or evade them – let us go." 'Iouev, ** Let us the Duke of Marlborough's temper mar. go,” was the word repeated by Lord Carteret. vellous, but Lord Carteret surpassed him.

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