and though our author offered large re- Dr. Guillemard gives us some amusing wards to any one who would point out a anecdotes of the pet animals on board the nest, the eggs and nidification still remain Marchesa. While at Kamschatka, a large to be described. The natives adopt the but not fully developed bear, called Misky, following method of obtaining specimens and a charming little Siñhalese mongoose of the Seleucides :

were presented to the voyagers by some

Russian officers. Misky was a great Patiently searching the forest until he has discovered the usual roosting-place of the bird, favorite, but not altogether a source of the hunter conceals himself beneath the tree,

unmixed pleasure. and, having noted the exact branch chosen, A gallant lieutenant coming on board one climbs up at night and quietly places a cloth day in full dress proved too great a temptation over his unsuspecting quarry. The species for Bruin, who immediately seized him by the being exceedingly fond of the scarlet fruit of coat-tails. It was found impossible to make the pandanus, the roosting-placcs are easily him let go until the discomfited officer had recognized by the dejecta. The plan would, reduced himself to his shirt-sleeves, when, perhaps, by most of us be regarded as very delighted with his success, the delinquent similar to that counselled by our nurses, in shuffled off. He was apparently almost inwhich a pinch of salt is the only requisite; different to pain. A smell of burning being but the noiseless movements of the native one day discovered forward, one of the crew hunters overcome all difficulties, and the tree proceeded to investigate the cause, and found once discovered, the chances are said to be Misky standing upright on the top of a nearly considerably against the bird.

red-hot stove, engaged in stealing cabbages

from a shelf above. He was growling in an However, it is not so easy to find the tree, undertone, and standing first on one leg and and a month spent by the natives em- then on the other, but he nevertheless went ployed in the forest resulted in the capture on slowly eating, heedless of the fact that the of only one bird. The natives of the Aru soles of his feet were burnt entirely raw. Islands, taking advantage of their knowl. Punishment for his numerous offences edge of the habits of the great bird of was in vain ; as he grew older he got paradise (Paradiser apoda, Lin.), the

worse, “and after having devoured porlargest known species, obtain specimens tions of the cabin skylight and a man's with comparative ease. At a certain sea- thumb, and finished by drinking the oil son of the year, some time in May, these out of the binnacle lamp, he was shipped birds coinmence their dancing parties, to England on the arrival of the Marcalled by the natives their sácaleli, that chesa at Hongkong, and probably may are held in certain trees of the forest, on

now be seen in the bear-pit of the Zoologbranches affording a clear space for the ical Gardens. As to the mongoose, bis birds to play and exhibit their plumes. sole object in life was inischief. On one of these trees, Mr. Wallace tells us, a dozen or twenty full-plumaged birds

Whether biting one's toes as one lay asleep assemble together, raise up their wings,

in the early morning, capsizing the ink bottle, stretch out their necks, and elevate their or bolting surreptitiously with some coveted exquisite plumes, keeping them in a con- still; but his greatest happiness — for it was

morsel from the dinner-table, he was never tinual vibration. As soon, then, as the attended with that spice of danger which gives male birds in gorgeous nuptial attire have the true zest to sport- was to“ draw" Misky. fixed on a tree on which to exhibit, the When that unsuspecting animal was rolling natives build a small shelter of palm his unwieldy body about on deck, ignorant of leaves in a suitable place among the the proximity of his enemy, the mongoose branches. Before daylight the hunter, would approach noiselessly from behind and armed with his bow and arrows, whose nip him sharply in the foot. Long before the points are round knobs, ensconces himself huge foot had descended in a futile effort at under cover of the palin-leaf shelter. At revenge the little rascal was safely under the foot of the tree a boy awaits, and and the bear might just as well have attempted

cover, on the lookout for another opportunity, when the birds in sufficient numbers have to catch a mosquito. A more thorough little arrived and have begun to dance, the pickle never existed, but, like all pickles, he hunter shoots with his blunt arrow and was very popular, and when one morning he stuos the bird, which falls down, and is im- disappeared never to return there was great mediately secured and killed, without the lamentation among our

We never plumage being injured by a drop of blood, learnt his fate. Probably Misky had caught by the boy attendant. Mr. Wallace gives

his tormentor, after many months of vain enin his delightful work an illustration of deavor, and had dined off him. this method of shooting the great bird of On the return of the Marchesa from paradise by the natives of Aru.

New Guinea, the yacht was like a floating



menagerie ; the gem of the collection was smacking of lips, grunting contentedly the the twelve-wired bird of paradise (Seler-while. When tired he would nestle himself cides nigricans), which got very tame, and up on the curly coat of Dick, the retriever, or would readily eat from the hand. Seizing alongside the big cassowary, who would reany cockroach that ventured into his cage, suitability for food." Chugs grew so rapidly

gard him wonderingly, and as if debating his he would throw it in the air and catch it that he was soon nearly as big as Dick; but lengthwise, "displaying the vivid grass. he still continued to use him as a sleepinggreen coloring of his mouth and throat in mat, and towards the end of the voyage poor the operation.” He seemed to feel the Dick hardly dared to lie down. least fall in temperature, and died before We must now take leave of Dr. Guille. the ship got beyond the tropics. Mon mard and the Marchesa. The perusal of keys sat gibbering on the bulwarks, and this work has given us the greatest pleas. large white cockatoos sidled solemnly ure; it is one of the best-written, most up and down their perches, cassowaries instructive, and fascinating records of roamed at will from end to end of the travel we have ever read. The illustra. yacht; one young cassowary was as play- tions, by Messrs. Edward and Charles ful as a puppy.

"" His favorite diversion Whymper and J. Keulemans, whether in was to get up a sham fight with a venti- the reproduction of magnificent scenery, lator, dancing round it in the most ap- or of figures of men and animals, are all proved pugilistic style, now feinting, now fine specimens of the engraver's art. The getting in a right and left. The blows book is furnished also with a number of were delivered by kicking out in front.'

clearly executed maps, and with several On Sundays the decorum of the service appendices of lists of birds and other would often be disturbed by the casso- zoological collections, as well as with a wary appearing among the congregation vocabulary of the Sulu, Waigiou, and Jobi engaged in a lively skirmish with a kanga- languages. Dr. Guillemard evidently posroo, which entertainment would attract a

sesses high qualifications for a successful select gathering of various dogs and a traveller; he is thoroughly scientific, and tame pig to see fair play. There were a man of wide general culture, full of entwo species of tree kangaroos (Dendrola.

ergy, determination, and patience, a good gus) on board, about the size of small

sportsman and an admirable narrator, with hares. In Australia the kangaroo is a ter- a lively sense of the humorous and a keen restrial animal, but in New Guinea the dense jungle necessitates a change of appreciation of what is best to tell and

what best to leave untold. Author, artists, habit, so that in Dendrolagus we have an engraver, and publisher may all be heartinteresting instance of a ground animal ily congratulated on the production of this gradually becoming arboreal; although a work. tree-haunting animal, it is as yet only a tyro in the art of climbing, and performs the operation in a slow and awkward man

Neither species lived to see England. Before we conclude we must notice

From The Gentleman's Magazine. one more pet, viz., a pig of tender age,

THE SEASON OF THE TWELVE DAYS. who had perhaps more character in him It is only five days from London to the than any other member of the menagerie.” Piræus, and after eating our Christmas Chugs was the name of the porcine infant. dinner at home and going through the “In many parts of New Guinea the women customary festivities we found on our armake pets of these animals, carrying them rival in Greece that we had yet several about and suckling them with their own days to spare before Christmas according babies,” but whether Chugs had been so to the old style would be celebrated. Our reared is uncertain.

route lay northwards, and, having time at

our disposal, we determined to spend the He was striped longitudinally with alternate þands of black and yellow,* and, though season of the twelve days, as the period. hardly more than eight inches long when he between Christmas and Épiphany is called first joined the ship, was afraid of no living in Greece, at places where we could study thing aboard. He roamed the deck from the Greeks in their more primitive abodes, morning till night, chasing the cockroaches and enjoy old Father Christmas in his and devouring them with much gusto and genuine old style. A steamer landed us

at Chalcis, in Eubæa, on Christmas eve, a It is a well-known but very curious fact that the charming old town, semi-Turkish in charyoung of wild pigs generally, if not universally, are longitudinally banded, and that this character disap- acter, with the ininarets of mosques now

converted into shops and barracks for sol.


pears under domestication.


diers, with a massive and picturesque for- | tanned goatskin fastened to two reeds and tress of mediæval days commanding that slung over her shoulders by two cords. celebrated stream the Euripus, the narrow She wished me to take the baby too, which current separating Eubea from the main was sleeping in it; but this 'I declined. land, which changes its course sometimes The result, however, of making this exas often as fourteen times in twenty-four traordinary purchase, was that I soon hours.

possessed a host of eager inquisitive The landing at Chalcis was somewhat friends, peasants from the mountains, redifficult, for the current was racing against spectable citizens of Chalcis, each and all

First we labored up one side of it as of them ready to talk about Christmas, far as the castle, which is built in the mid- and the customs observed by them in its dle of the stream; then we were twisted celebration. round at a great rate towards our ship As I returned towards the inn, with my again; and then another twist carried us cradle concealed as well as it could be ininto the backwater and landed us on side my coat, I observed some children Eubea. For some time after landing we going from door to door singing ditties, stood on the bridge and watched this nat- after the fashion of our own Christmas ural phenomenon and the numerous little carols, about the birth of Christ, and recraft which were going through the same ceiving as they passed by from each difficulties that we had experienced our- housewife presents of dried fruit and eggs. selves, whilst beneath us,boiled the rush- I entered one of the houses, of mean asing water of the current, apparently not pect, which are built on the higher slopes intent on changing its course for some of the town, and which form all that is left time to come; and we thought of the of the old Turkish town. Here I found legend which relates that Aristotle sought many peasants assembled, and very hosto drown himself with despair because he pitably inclined, inasmuch as they insisted could not discover the causes of this natu- on my gulping down a glass of mastic and ral wonder, which baffles even the learned eating a spoonful of jam. In a moment of this scientific age. The views around of inadvertence I opened the buttons of as were superb. Chalcis, with its walls my coat, and down on the floor fell my and towers built on a projecting tongue of cradle, to my intense horror and the asland; the circular bay of the Holy Minas, tonishment of the assembled peasants. which serves as a port for the town, dotted They did not laugh; if they had done that with pretty caiques with gay-colored sails; I could have borne it better.

6. The man to the east the mighty snow.clad peak of has a cradle with him!” they whispered Eubæa, Mount Delphi, made an exquisite to one another. “Do the Frank men carry background to the red roofs and towers the babies?” said another, and it was use. of the town. To the west rose the Bæo-less to tell them that I had bought it for a tian Mountains on the mainland, joined to curiosity. I am sure they looked upon Eubea by a bridge. Somewhat loth to me as a specimen of some effeminate race leave this glorious scene, we followed the of mankind who mind the babies whilst porter who carried our luggage through their wives work in the fields. To change some tortuous streets, and found ourselves the subject, I murmured that I had come in a miserably dirty inn, established for to spend Christmas amongst them, that I Christmas. Of course we carried sheets wished to know exactly what they did on and towels with us; for when it is con- this occasion; and before I left I received sidered time to wash these articles in a a general invitation to look in any time I Greek inn I know not; generations of liked during my stay at Chalcis and see travellers must have slept in those that for myself what are the habits and cuswere originally spread on our beds, and toms of the Eubeans during the season used the slippers and the comb which are which we are pleased to describe by the always provided; but we had severed our epithet “ festive." selves from civilization for a purpose, and In the first place, it must be clearly unFather Christmas in his Eastern home derstood that Christmas-time to a Greek cannot be visited without a spirit of resig is by no means considered as festive; in nation and a certain degree of fortitude. fact, they look upon the twelve days which

On Christmas eve I bought a cradle intervene between Christmas and Epiphfrom one of the most delightful women 1 any rather with abhorrence than otherhave ever seen, dressed in a long tunic of wise; it is to them the season when ghosts homespun material embroidered at the and hobgoblins are supposed to be most edges, and her head enveloped in a yellow rampant; it is generally cold, ungenial kerchief. The cradle was made of un- / weather, and the Greeks of to-day, like

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their ancestors, live contented only when and the excellence of the dish, and great the warm rays of the life-giving sun scorch was my relief when it was removed and them. They can get up no enthusiasm, dried fruits and nuts took its place. To as we can, about yule logs and blazing drink we had resinated wine that is to fires, for they have nothing to warm them- say, wine which has been stored in a keg selves with save small charcoal braziers covered with resin inside, which gives the capable of communicating heat to not flavor so much relished by the Greeks, more than one limb at a tiine; all the fes- but which is almost as unpalạtable to an tive energies of the race are reserved for Englishman as beer must be to those who Carnival and Eastertide, when the warmth drink it for the first time. The wine, of spring enables them once more to enjoy however, had the effect of loosening the life out of doors - the only one tolerable tongues of my friends, who had been too when you know what their low, dirty busy as yet to talk, and they told me houses are like. The saying thus runs in many interesting Christmas tales. Greece: "Stop in bed at Christmas, and In the first place, the conversation put on fine clothes at Easter." I verified turned on certain spirits called “lame for myself the fact that this saying is put needles," which every Eubean woman of into frequent practice; for next morning, a low degree will tell you visit the earth dull cheerless day, with a biting cold wind at this season of the year; one lame from the surrounding mountains, in almost needle, presumably the leader, comes on every cottage I entered I found the master Christmas eve, and the rest of the tribe of the house buried under a pile of home. put in an appearance on Christmas day. spun rugs on the family couch murmuring They are dreadful creatures to look upon, “Winter! winter!” whilst his wife was and, according to my friends, they live in bustling about preparing for the Christ-caves whilst on earth, near which no wise mas meal.

person at this season of the year will venFor a month before Christmas every ture. They subsist, like thé Amazons of pious Greek has observed a rigid fast; old, on snakes and lizards, and sometimes consequently the “table” which on that on women, if they are lucky enough to day is spread in every house produces entrap one. These demons are only dansomething akin to festivity. My friends gerous at night, from sunset to cockcrow. of the evening before begged me to sit When not engaged in dancing the lame down and partake of the meal that they needles wander about, and do any amount had prepared. It was somewhat of a of mischief. It is their custom to enter struggle to me, I must own, for I expected houses by the chimney; so every houseit would not be served in very magnificent wife is careful at this season of the

year style. Still I was hardly prepared for to leave some embers burning all night, what actually happened. On a small for they dread fire and also crosses, and round table was placed a perfect mountain it is for this reason that at Christmas-time of maccaroni and cheese - not such we see so many whitewash crosses on the cheese as we are accustomed to put with cottage doors in Greece. ours, but coarse sheep's-milk cheese, The priests alone have any power over which stung my mouth like mustard, and them, and it is to ward off these uncanny left a pungent taste therein which tarried visiters that the procession which we saw, there for days. Then there were no plates, of the priests and two acolytes going from no forks, no spoons. The master of the house to house, is made on Christmas house had a knife with which he attacked day; they give each house their blessing, the dish, and the one which on ordinary waft the censer in at the door, and pass occasions fell to the mistress was now on. When Epiphany comes these lame kindly placed at my disposal. As for the needles are forced to flee again under. rest of the family, they were an example ground; but before they go they take a of the adage that fingers were made before hack at the tree which supports the world, forks, and these fingers grew obviously and which one day they will cut through. cleaner as the meal progressed. What a In appearance, these ugly visitors are meal it was indeed, as if it were a contest | supposed to be goat-footed goblins, far in gastronomic activity! Yet it was pleas- taller than any man; and when they stand ant to see the appetite with which great erect they are higher than the highest and small entered into the contest and chimney; in fact, I should imagine that filled their mouths to overflowing with they are lineal descendants of the satyrs the savory mess. I was left far behind of old, still haunting their accustomed in the contest, and had, I fear, to tell purlieus. They are more especially troumany untruths concerning my appetite I blesome to women, and from amongst these they select as the object of their nel between Eubea and the mainland, attack widows and expectant mothers; past the far-famed baths of Edipsus, past and no wise woman who may chance to the mountains which look down on Therbelong to either of these critically situated mopylæ, and next morning we woke in the dasses of females would dare to go out at harbor of Volo, the port of Thessaly, a night and fetch water from the well dur-town which will eventually rise to imporing the season of the twelve days, or she tance if ever modern Hellas to have a would be waylaid, and, if not eaten, cruelly future. The next event of interest in handled. It is considered as a distinct connection with the season of the twelve calamity to a family if a child is born dur. days found us at Trikkala, a fortress ing these days, for these unfortunate chil- town on the frontier of Greece and Turdren will be sure to walk in their sleep key, at the wretched little inn America, and be otherwise queer, and after their where no guest expects a whole room to death they will go to swell the ranks of himself more than he would a whole railthe much-dreaded lame needles.

way carriage. I will give you a specimen of one of the Írikkala is very Turkish, having only stories which' my friends told me when I been in Greek hands for eight years; but slightly threw discredit on the above-de-though you see mosques and latticed winscribed apparitions. It is not a very lively dows at every turn, there is not a Turk one, but will show the character of the left; when his rule is over the Mussulman Christmas stories which are current in packs his luggage; he will not be subject Greece to-day. The lady of the house it to the infidel. It is very squalid indeed, was who vehemently took up the cudgels and down the bazaar ran an open drain; on behalf of the discredited lame nee. but, nevertheless, the walk by the river, a dles, and told the tale which she was tributary of the Peneus, is pretty, and sure would beyond all doubt establish the towards evening women came down to the truth of her previous assertions.

stream to wash and fetch home water in A lame needle once overheard two quaint round bottles. I think one of the women settling to get up at night during most marked distinctions between Turk the season of the twelve days to leaven and Greek is whitewash. Greeks love bread at the house of one of them. Ac-whitewash. Houses, churches, public cordingly he knocked at the door of the buildings, are excessively clean outside, woman who was going to carry her dough and promise what the interior fails to fulto the other's house, and pretended to be fil. This is especially remarkable at a messenger sent to hurry her. Fearing Trikkala, where the brown mud houses of nothing, the silly woman set off with her Turkish days are being rapidly coverted dough, accompanied by the uncanny mes into white Greek ones. senger. When they had got a little dis- It was St. Basil's eve that is to say, tance the lame needle turned round and the Greek New Year's eve, a very marked said, “Stop; I wish to eat you.' Whereat day in the period of the twelve days, and the woman recognized who he was, and, one on which all make merry. The squalid mindful of the fact that lame needles streets of Trikkala even looked bright as are very inquisitive, she replied, “Just bands of gaily-dressed children, nay, even wait till I tell you a story. It was very grown-up young men, went round singing long and very interesting, so the first cock the Calend songs - Greek Calends, that

crew before it was finished. It is only is to say, which, though it is twelve days the black one; go on; I have yet time,' later than ours, came at last. And on this said the eager lame needle. Then the the eve of the Calends these bands pasecond cock crew, and he said, 'It is only raded the streets, each carrying a long the red one; I have nought yet to fear.' pole, to the top of which was tied a piece Just as the woman had reached the most of brushwood, within which was concealed thrilling part of her story the third cock a bell, and to which were tied many scraps crew. It is the white one!' exclaimed of colored ribbon. At each house the the terrified hobgoblin; 'I must be gone.'

.'" singers stopped. The inhabitants came I am sure this story is believed in by out to greet them and offer them refreshthe peasants of Eubea, they are still ments figs, nuts, eggs, and other food so primitive and unsophisticated; and a – which were stowed away by one of the dread of these uncanny creatures forms band who carried a basket. Their songs the basis of their dislike to the period to our ears were exceedingly ugly long which had just commenced.

chanted stories beginning thus: “To-morA steamer touched at Chalcis next day row is the feast of the circumcision of our and carried us north, up the lovely chan- | Lord and the feast of the blessed great

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