ST. LUKE'S SUMMER. By queenly Aix to pretty Bonn

This is the summer of St. Luke. The sheaves And then athwari the river,

Of the year's harvest now are gathered in; In sheer idlesse we wandered on,

The fields lie bare; Autumn the alchemist As fain to stray forever.

Revels in beauty ere his storms begin.

Summer is gone, and the slow-falling leaves With endless shift of light and shade

Blot their green memories out in dying gold; Fair cloudland decked the scenery;

And morning breaks upon a sea of mist And, rain-refreshed, brown Autumn made

From hill to hill across the valley rolled. Herself new Summer greenery.

It is not autumn, though the year, grown old, Anew leapt out the parched rills,

Sees from their task of joy the fowers de Anew the dry grass sprouted,

sist. A second life was on the hills,

It is not summer, though her shadow leaves And 'twixt the seasons doubted.

On cloudier skies some touch of amethyst.

Sunlit she seems to linger near, and hold In golden shine the royal Rhine

Regretful Autumn back from his advance; His dancing wave uplifted;

Her waning light the heart still half deceives The rafts by Loreley's mountain shrine

How willingly — with short-lived radiance. And song-famed reefs were drifted.

Forget awhile what birds on alien wings The glory fell on wood and dell,

Far hence, have left a silence in our woods; On ruined shrine and fastness,

Forget what fowers have fallen, what still Where the stream-spirit weaves his spell

must fall; Of legendary vastness.

Nature is dreaming of her happiest moods.

Our swallows have scarce gone; the robin For still with murmur and with roar

sings, Ran on the storied river,

Sings as if April still were at his heart; As if each robber-haunted shore

The last rose hangs upon some sheltered wall Should haunted be forever.

Renewing June, and still, still loth to part. Once more from his despairing height Too soon, too 'soon, alas, the peace that Young Roland on his maiden

broods Gazed through the dim and mocking night, O'er sleep and change, must pass away with Bereft and sorrow-laden,


That bows to life and death. A moment While o'er the pale and broken nun,

brings With love-troth vainly plighted,

The awakened storms, and in a moment The Dragon Rock frowned sadly dowi.

fall On heart and passion blighted.

These sweet enchantments from our solitudes,

This golden magic that enthralled our Once more the wild marauding bands

glance. Broke law and fear asunder,

The leafy pageant ends, the woodland rings : And wrought their death-work through the Autumn awakes, and his grim hosts adlands,

vance. For vengeance or for plunder;

National Review. LEONARD HUXLEY. And foreign force and foreign hosts

Brought sword and fire to pillage The restful homes, the peaceful coasts, The ingle in the village.


MORNING and evening, sleep she drove away, The homes are gone — the hosts have passed

Old Platthis, — warding hunger from the Into the great uncertain;

door, The fateful pall is o'er them cast,

And still to wheel and distaff hummed her lay The impenetrable curtain.

Hard by the gates of Eld, and bent and

hoar : The harsh steam-whistle calls and wakes Their echoes shrill and lonely;

Plying her loom until the dawn was grey,

The long course of Athene did she tread: The busy traveller, passing, takes

With withered hand by withered knee she Note of the moment only.


Sufficient for the loom of goodly thread, But, storm or shine, the rushing Rhine Till all her work and all her days were done, Flows on - - the deathless river,

And in her eightieth year she saw the wave Whose harmonies, by grace divine,

Of Acheron, old Platthis, kind and Reverberate forever.

brave. Spectator. HERMAN MERIVALE.

“Byways of Greek Song." Wiesbaden, September 20th. Fortnightly Review.

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From The London Quarterly Review. now, think that they hold their non-theo-

logical attainments in trust for their FIFTY years ago the books whose names flocks; and while Mr. Twining was prestand at the head of our paper would have paring material for his well-known transbeen far less interesting than they now lation of Aristotle, or helping Dr. Burney are, because the mode of life that they in his disquisition on “that most difficult depict would then have contrasted far less of all subjects, the music of the ancients," with that which we live in this day of he would feel no qualms of conscience Church congresses, ruri-decanal synods, because such work did not help to keep and general, if not feverish activity, in- him in touch with his parishioners. For side as well as outside the Established them "he performed the services in a Church.

serious and excellent manner The view presented in the first of these than could be said of many of his contemvolumes of a clergyman of the last cen- poraries. To place his music at their tury is, be it remembered, limited to one disposal as completely as Professor Hensparticular aspect of his life. The Twining low did his botanical lore would have family have always been fond of music seemed to him as much out of place as to and travelling; and it is as a correspon- take his choir up to London in days when dent of Dr. Burney and as a traveller in exhibitions and cheap trips were many parts of England and Wales, not in known. What we do get in these letters the least as parish priest or theologian, is the picture of a very lovable man, full that we have to do with the rector of St. of playful humor, so brimming over with Mary's, Colchester. As to his pastoral geniality that we can well believe his work work, about which not a word is said in all among his people was, up to his lights, all these letters, we willingly accept his broth- that a conscientious parson's should have er's testimony that “in the performance been ;and ( which is of more general interof all the duties of a clergyman, particu- est) a picture of English travel in the days larly of the most important duties of the when “grand old leisure " still ruled as minister of a parish, he was exemplary. king in country towns and on highways as He never lost sight of the behavior which well as in the quiet out-of-the-way nooks. became his position. His unaffected piety, Moreover, the travels bring us face to the regularity of all the habits of his life, face with a cultured Cantab's view of scenthe suavity of his manners, and the serious ery in days when the love of mountains and excellent manner in which he per- was only gaining ground. Cowper's proformed the services of his church — all test against the unreal way of looking at these circumstances obtained for him the and talking about nature was only begin. love and confidence of his parishioners.” ning to bear fruit; and Mr. Twining was No one will imagine that Mr. Twining, somewhat before his time when he could either at Fordham, of which for many delight in passes like Penmaenmawr, years he had sole charge, or at White“ where the pleasure is mixed and awful.” Notley and St. Mary's, Colchester, which In the first of these volumes, then, we he held together, felt moved to do for his must remember we have not the record of parishioners what the late Professor Hens- pastoral work, but of the parson's “recrealow did for his. Few clergymen, even tions and studies;” and, read in this light,

the book is such pleasant reading, not Recreations and Studies of a Country Clergy- least because of the constant contrast it man of the Eighteenth Century. Being Selections from the Correspondence of the Rev. Thomas Twin affords to our own times, that we are not ING, M.A., Translator of Aristotle's Poetics, formerly astonished at the call for an additional Fellow of Sidney Sussex College, Cambridge. Murray. volume. This is chiefly made up of let.

2. Selections from Papers of the Twining Fam-ters from abroad, not by Thomas, but by ily: A Sequel to The Recreations and Studies of a his brother Richard, who travelled in the Country Clergyman of the Eighteenth Century, by old approved style with his own carriage the Rev. THOMAS TWINNG, sometime Rector of St. Mary's Colchester.” Edited by Richard TWINING. and servants, and whose sketches of preMurray. 1887.

revolution Germany are lively and inter

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esting. He also went about in Wales, home rule for wives, and acting out the and has his own views on Welsh travel. precept of Tibullus which he wrote in the He, too, talks of “the stupendous pass of first leaf of her account-book : Penmaenmawr," and asks : “ Did you

Illi sint omnia curae, ever roll great stones down precipices ?

Et juvet in totâ me nihil esse domo. This is just the place to do it; and the She died in 1796, after twenty-eight years vale of Aber is close by, which you should of married life; and the next year he never be guilty of passing.

began his “holiday tour in England and This sequel contains a very brief sketch

Wales." of the family, so well known, not only in

Letters must always be more lifelike the tea-trade, but also because of the quiet than formal essays ; and in that age of but effectual philanthropic work of one of letter-writing people did take the trouble the daughters. Close to Tewkesbury is a

to write real letters. Among the Rev. ferry called Twining's Fleet; and Winch. T. Twining's correspondents is Dr. Hey, combe Abbey had John Twining for its Cambridge Norrisian professor, to whom abbot in the days of Edward IV. and V. he sometimes writes in fairly good French and Richard III. “ He raised it to the

-an accomplishment which has always, rank of an university," whatever that may we fancy, been rare among fellows of mean. At the dissolution, there was a

Sidney Sussex. In one of these letters Twining among the monks pensioned off he speaks of a petition signed by a num

a from Tewkesbury Abbey; and in 1651 a ber of clergy to get rid of subscription to Twining helped to hold Evesham against the Articles, and to alter the liturgy. Like the Parliament. The founder of the mod

a good Tory, he speaks very slightingly ern family was Thomas Twining, who at of the project, laughing at the rector of the beginning of the last century went up to Fordham, who had signed (“Voilà, n'y London and settled in St. Giles's Cripple- a-t-il pas là un joli petit réformateur? "); gate. He was then doubtless connected in and doubting if the plan will go far enough some way

with the woollen trade, the staple even to furnish a little amusement "à of his country, and we are not told what led

nous autres philosophes qui savons initer him in 1710 to set up a tea-shop in Tom's la sagesse de Gallio.” He writes, too, to Coffee House, in Devereux Court, Strand. Dr. Burney, from whom to him there is a As a tea-merchant he prospered, and the long letter about the Gordon riots. Dr. growing business has gone on on the same Burney lived in the same street as Justice site ever since. He soon built Dial

Hyde, whose house was completely deHouse, Twickenham, at which place his stroyed. The doctor, who had removed son Daniel's son Thomas was put to his MSS. and valuable books to a friend's school, with the view of preparing him for house, thinks “the Oliverian and Republithe trade. But the idea made him so un

can spirit is gone forth, and religion is a happy, and his unfitness for the life was

mere pretence for subverting the govern. so manifest, that he was sent to the Rev. ment and destroying the Constitution." P. Smythies, of Colchester. Here Miss In reply, Mr. Twining quotes the old Smythies was his fellow-pupil in Greek Lucretian “Suave mari magno;" explainand Latin, and, four years after he had ing that “ I haven't tasted a bit more of been elected fellow of Sidney Sussex Col- this sugar than just what self has crammed lege, they were married, and he took the into my mouth whether I would or no. “sole charge ” of Fordham. The marriage Write at once and tell me how you all was in every way happy ;“ her good sense have weathered this horrid storm. Good and cheerfulness rendered her a most ex- God! what a scene. For my part I be. cellent companion for my brother,” says lieve I shall never get my hair out of the Richard, Thomas being a believer in

perpendicular again as long as I live! At Welsh watering-places were very different then this time of day, and in a philosophic enfrom what they are now, and Mr. R. Twining pities the lightened age, as it is called ! What punWelsh squires "who leave their big mansions, and for the sake of bathing, submit to be crammed into a mere

ishment is too much for an endeavor to dog-hole like Abergele."

inflame a people with religious animosi.

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ties ? Especially when that kind of spirit | the massacre of Paris would have been has long been quietly laid, and mankind acted over again by Protestants in the in general, if left to themselves, have little massacre of London! No; Christianity or no propensity to that most horrible of does not give any sort of encouragement all vices called zeal (p. 85). . . . If it had to the cutting one another's throats; but not been for the army what would have I know this, that the Papist who cuts become of us? It is still inconceivable throats upon religious principle, bad and to me how so much mischief has been mistaken as it is, has less to answer for done, considering that a small number of than the Protestant, who does it in direct armed men, with proper resolution, could repugnance to all principle, religious and I suppose disperse very soon the largest moral.” The above gives those who read unarmed mob. Now I'll lay you a wager between the lines a thorough insight into - I beg pardon, I pledge myself - that the writer's character. He is on the level when the House meets you'll have fine of his age; certainly not above it. To orations against calling in the military, the subject of liberty both he and his martial law, etc.” He laughs at“ the civil brother return in subsequent letters.

Не, power,”

,” “the power that will be civil to a Dr. Hey, and a Yorkshire friend “are in mob,” and hopes (p. 87) that the “examples perfect unison that there never can be any that have been made and will be made peace or quiet in the world till the word will keep all quiet.” “I do think we are liberty is entirely abolished and expunged the most discontented, ill-humored, black- from all languages. I do really think blooded, unthankful people upon earth, that no word ever did mankind so much and deserve to be ruled with a rod of harm.”* Writing on the French Revoluiron. In nine out of ten of us our boasted tion, he wishes the king had escaped at love of liberty is nothing but the hatred of Varennes; but he can't quite believe liberty in others and the desire of tyranny Louis's asseveration that he did not mean for ourselves. Your true Englishman is to go out of the kingdom : “it may be never so happy as under a bad govern- consistent with his intention of joining ment. A perfect administration, could the his party, for which purpose he would not experiment be tried, would dislocate with have had to do more than go to a fortified enoui the jaws of above half of his Majes. place near the frontier. What he says ty's good subjects. Nay, they would about resisting invasion puzzles me most." make grievances, though an angel were the king's death he stigmatizes as “a minister and an archangel king. • . . As deed of complicated injustice, cruelty, and to toleration, we are children yet; the very folly.” “Burke,” he thinks, “pushes some word proves it. Religious liberty can things a little too far; yet his book is in the never be upon its right footing while that main right, solid, and irrefragable, meant word exists. Tolerate ! it is a word of to oppose and disgrace the wild and daninsult. The world, if it last some thou- gerous principles of modern reformers, sand years longer, will begin perhaps to revolutionists, and triers of confusion." find out the folly and mischief and inutility of paying any regard to each others' • His remarks about the Treason and Sedition Bills opinions and principles as such; that they (1795) are characteristic. Their opponents he takes to

be “ people anxiously wishing to promote general conhave nothing to do but with action and fusion, or people willing to risk such confusion to get conduct. Here are a parcel of fanatical into place. Our Bills of Rights, etc., were meant to persecuting Papal Protestants who would make us better, i.e., happier. Could our ancestors

have foreseen that their descendants would use a part treat all the Papists in the kingdom as bad of those rights and liberties to confound all right and subjects and dangerous men, because they liberty, that the best part of the Constitution would be would be so if their conduct was perfectly employed to overthrow the Constitution itself; would

they have secured to us so many rights and so much consistent with the spirit of their religion, liberty? ... Even in Parliament the doctrine of reor rather what was once the spirit of it. It sistance has been preached; and much ingenuity and is curious to reflect, or rather would be if industry have been exerted to prevent the bills from

answering the end intended, if they should pass. it were not shocking, that if the populace hope Mr. Pitt will be firm and successful. That way had not been opposed, in all probability I we have some chance ; the other we have none."

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These specious but false theories of gov- abhorred a level as much as according to ernment, he thinks, are due to Locke, “who some she abhors a vacuum, and where in his famous treatise sowed the first seeds cottages are perched about in the most of this madness.”. Of the charge against romantic and improbable situations, more Marie Antoinette he remarks : « Her real like stone nests than houses,” throws him character I do not know; nor can we say into ecstasies. Coming down from Hudwhat is or is not possible to the corruption dersfield into Ealand, “ the little falls in of human nature; but will any man in his the river producing a perpetual rustle of senses believe this story upon the faith of water, and the effects varying at every the unprincipled and murderous villains bend of the road, a little gleam of sunshine, from whom we have it? It is too shock through an opening cloud at the extremity ing to talk of.” He is indignant that of a long vale on the left, came stealing Whig magnates should be the avowed along, till by degrees the whole valley correspondents of men like Brissot : “ the and the town were illuminated, part of the Tower opens its gates wide for some of surrounding hills still remaining in shade these corresponding lords and gentlemen.” and forming a sort of black frame to this Yet he strongly deprecates the idea of bright picture. I never felt anything so going to war," because we are angry.” fine. I shall remember it and thank God He can't imagine the French had any for it as long as I live. I am sorry I did design to attack us. His consolation he not think to say grace after it.” Round finds in the thought that“our rulers know Huddersfield and Thornhill Edge, more more than we know. But then, I ask and steeper hills, but the whole way if myself again and again, and am at a loss possible more beautiful, though in rather for an answer, “If they do know more a different style. Then by way of Bank than has yet appeared, is it not natural Top to Sheffield (“Sootland; I never saw to suppose they would produce these so black a place "). Then eighteen miles stronger reasons for their own justifica- to Worksop before breakfast; this was tion? Meanwhile he preaches for the his usual plan, but it did not always anFrench priests, getting twenty guineas, swer. In the present instance “the road " the best collection in Colchester," and was so execrable that we were tired, sick, the closing passage in his sermon inay be and discouraged, and had not spirit even quoted as an instance of his style at its to go through the parks. But to say the best: “ Lastly, let us in the true spirit of truth the great scenes of nature that I had Christianity, recommend, not ourselves been seeing left me very indifferent about only, but even our enemies also, to the houses and parks, and even in a great merciful protection of that Almighty Being measure about pictures." And so they who judgeth among the nations; who saw nothing of “the Dukeries " and Sheralone can hide us from the gathering to wood Forest; and, finding that “ Nottinggether of the froward and from the insur-hamshire has few natural beauties,” they rection of evil-doers; who stilleth the got back to Newark, and this time did not raging of the sea, and what is still more miss Burleigh. Soon after his return he calamitous in its effects, and almost as ejaculates: “Oh! this green trencher of a much beyond human power to set bounds country called Essex, where we think it a to - the madness of the people.” His pity sublime thing to look over one hedge and

Oh, poor France ! and poor king of see another. Well, thank God, it is not France ! what shall we say to them now?” Lincolnshire, Cambridgeshire, nor Hunt.

- does not hinder him from enjoying his ingdon.” On this first visit, too, he liked autumn holiday. In 1792 he took Mrs. the Yorkshire people as much as he did Twining a driving tour by way of Matlock their scenery: “I find whether we stay an for a third visit to Yorkshire. Their first hour or a month with them they are never route had been by Huntingdon, where incommoded. I envy them their style of they slept. Next day dined at Stamford ; easy hospitality still more than their prosbut, as it rained, left Burleigh for the pects or their coals.” On his second visit return, and slept at Colsterworth, and he saw Studley and other show places admired Grantham spire, “as new-looking round Harrogate; but what struck him as if it was kept all the week in a band- most was a bit of the Calder Valley, box."

where, “ over Hepton (now Hebden) It is delightful to note how each time Bridge, on the top of a monstrous hill, he finds fresh beauties in this part of the is perched the town of Heptonstall, the West Riding. Round Todmorden, “the road up to it having the appearance of wild tumbled ground, a perpetual wave of an absolute perpendicular. The third smaller hills, where nature seems to have I journey was made by way of Dunstable,



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