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drawing his hand from the pocket, pre- declined to give a living, of which he was sented to the dismayed examiner the pho- the patron, to a clergyman who was in all tograph of a young lady!

respects the most desirable man to hold This it was which had been his hidden it, simply on the ground that he wore a source of inspiration. This had been the beard. “One of my clerks,” he added, secret of his ever-freshened energy. Very “ asked me the other day if I had any humbly and sincerely did the examiner objection to his wearing a beard, and I offer his apologies, as he returned crest- answered that I had no objection whatfallen to his seat; and it gives the finishing ever, so long as he did not wear it in touch to the story to learn that the candi office hours. I have just the same feeling date married that young lady in due time, as regards the clergy." and that they are now living happily together in the enjoyment of the blessings I heard an old friend of my rector of their faithful love, so rudely tested and preach once such a quaint old sermon, in discovered.

the course of which he quoted Adam's Very different are ordination examina- excuse: “ The woman tempted me and I tions now from what they used to be in did eat." At the unmanliness of such a former days, when in one diocese the plea the old gentleman waxed very angry, bishop's chaplain was distinguished chiefly and leaning forward in the pulpit he as a cricketer, and was known to consider shook his finger, scornfully exclaiming, it sufficient if he examined the candidates “Oh, Adam, Adam, shame to lay it on a between the innings. Even within the woman!” last twenty years the system has been In the rectory afterwards the two old much improved, and chiefly in the direc-rectors kept us all entranced till very late, tion of insuring sufficient time for the capping one another's stories. It was on candidates to be prepared devotionally for that occasion our rector told us, with a the solemn profession they are about to graphic power which I cannot attempt to enter. It is hard to believe that within reproduce, a most delightful story of his comparatively recent times none of the father. He had been a very distinguished candidates were informed whether they Royal Academician, and as an artist had had passed or not until a day or two be acquired great popularity. He was at the fore the ordination, whereas now they same time a pious man and a very regular know for several weeks beforehand. To and devout attendant at the Church's serkeep them in a state of uncertainty fre- vices. He was once sitting in a London quently produced ridiculous results. A church on a Sunday evening amidst a candidate, for instance, would be exam- crowded congregation who had come toined, wearing a moustache which he al- gether to hear a sermon from a muchlowed to grow up to the last instant, admired preacher of the day. His seat hesitating to make that last sacrifice while was immediately under the pulpit, and he there was any doubt as to its necessity; sat and listened quietly, with rapt attenpor was any candidate quite comfortable tion. Something caused him however to in giving orders for his clothes, which turn his head, and he saw to his surprise after all he was not certain that he might a friend of his gazing at him earnestly, require. In those days however the cler- and looking as if something had excited ical dress was not so distinctive as at him. This appeared strange, and yet he present, and was very much limited to a tried not to think of it, but, raising his certain cut of waistcoat, which varied with eyes to the preacher, he again turned his the sentiments of the wearer. I remember attention to the sermon. He could not when I consulted my tailor at Oxford on resist however from stealing a glance at the subject, he said, “I hope, sir, you'll his friend after a time, when with inexcuse the liberty I take, but if I were creased surprise he saw that he not only you, sir, I wouldn't put myself into a liv- was still gazing intently at him, but actu. ery." The fashions of wearing beards or ally from time to time stood up and shaving have, as it is well known, varied stretched out a hand towards him, and absurdly; being alternately praised or then again sat down. This made him feel blamed' by bishops, in accordance with uncomfortable, and yet at such a time he prevailing ideas. At one time it was tried not to let it occupy his thoughts, but thought by the episcopal bench that shav- once more gave his mind to the words of ing was effeminate, whilst twenty years the great preacher above his head. Yet, ago they tried by threats to enforce the try as he might, it was impossible not to

Í have been told by the head of a think of the strange behavior of Iris friend, large mercantile London house that he land so presently he permitted himself to


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look again. Then, to his alarm and hor- in which the Church of Rome separates ror, he saw his friend stand up, and with its members from the liberty and truth eyes fixed upon him and outstretched which happily prevail elsewhere in Enhand, walk deliberately across the church gland; and his poem appealed strongly to towards him, until at last he actually felt Englishmen to guard themselves against himself struck by two or three distinct the rising powers of Rome. When this and deliberate taps upon his head, after poem appeared one of the masters asked which his friend returned to his seat and the boy whether he had read it, and what appeared to regain his composure, whilst he thought of it. The boy replied that he himself had lost all his. What was the be thought Mr. Moultrie was mistaken in meaning of it? What must the congrega. taking offence at a fence, and returning tion think? Could his friend have sus- railing for railing. The rector was very pected him of being asleep and have much pained at my repeating this, and he thought it his duty to awaken him? His did not hesitate on any occasion, however friend was a good and serious man, and public, to express his objection to such quite incapable of playing any practical jokes, which many would consider harmjoke. There was nothing for it but to less enough. I have known him, at a await patiently the conclusion of the ser- large clerical meeting, first compel the mon, and then to obtain an explanation. vicar of a large parish to repeat a joke he Miserable appeared that interval, and it had not quite heard, and then sternly reseemed as if the sermon never would end buke him for it. Its eloquence had no longer any charms In church we were assisted by the parfor him. He longed only that it might ish clerk, who was one of the clerks of the end, that he might be set free from his old sort now rapidly becoming extinct, anxiety and regain his self-esteem. At and therefore very precious. He used to last the wished for moment came. His smell of rhubarb, as he slept in the lowest friend advanced to meet him, saying, “I receptacle of the three-decker, during our fear you must have thought my action long sermons. During the service he very strange just now." "I did indeed," was, as occasion required, very locomotive, he replied. · Did you really think I was walking about the church and saying the asleep?" "No, no,” said his friend, responses as he went. One never could “not that; but a spark from one of the tell from what corner an amen might not pulpit candles dropped upon your wig, be nasally intoned as he opened or shut and began to burn. I saw it, and at first windows. Before the sermon he ascended thought you might catch fire; but then it into the pulpit, and there by the help of seemed to go out. Several times I was in very imperfect matches he used to light doubt whether to disturb you and the con- the candles. The process was a very gregation or not, and I avoided doing so trying one for the congregation, as the as long as it was possible, but at last the matches were usually very damp, and the flame burnt up so clearly I felt I had no clerk was old and awkward. I have seen choice, so I came across and extinguished him three times running upset candles it with my hand.”

upon the head of a young clergyman in The rector was not merciful to stories, the reading-desk, who was officiating for however, when they seemed to him to the first time after his ordination. The trench upon a profane handling of Scrip- patience with which the young man bore ture.

the succession of falling candles on his I remember once his rebuking me with head was most exemplary, but the scene great severity for using words which I was highly ludicrous. Those old clerks certainly never intended or thought to be were certainly sometimes very funny, and profane. A lady asked me if I had been we shall never see their like again. A acquainted with a friend of hers, and I clerical friend of mine told me that when answered that he had been always known he first entered on the duties of his into me as the author of a well-known Rugby cumbency he found a clerk who in saying joke. The rector of Rugby, the poet the Psalms made many mistakes. At last Moultrie, had just published a poem called the clergyman remonstrated with him, and " The Black Fence." It had been sug. said, “I wish, John, you would not say in gested to him in a walk, on observing that the 74th Psalm, . Let us make haycocks of a Roman Catholic gentleman near Rugby them.' If you look you will see the words had surrounded his park with a high black are, . Let us make havock of them.'" Old paling, by which he had obtained a greater John answered: “Well, sir, of course, if amount of privacy. Mr. Moultrie thought you wish it, I will; but it always used to he saw in this an emblem of the darkness I be haycocks."




The same clerk was told to give out the offices, farm buildings, a friar's residence, notice : On Sunday next the service in another for the local district judge, a large this church will be held in the afternoon, library, and a refectory for festivals, at and on the following Sunday it will be held other times the anchorites dined each in the morning, and so on alternately alone in his dwelling. A prominent feauntil further notice." What he actually ture of the monastery was the long central did give out was as follows: “On Sun- court, the Campo Santo of the monks, day next the morning service in this who were buried under the turf in the church will be held in the afternoon, and great oblong enclosure, into which the on the following Sunday the afternoon arched windows of the cloisters looked. service will be held in the morning, and the doors of each monk's dwelling were so on to all eternity."

opposite these arched windows.

Their founder, St. Bruno, legislated for a life of prayer, work, and privacy, and his followers here, on their mountain fast

ness, followed his law faithfully. Each

From The Spectator. monk had his own small tenement; no A CARTHUSIAN MONASTERY NEAR

one could overlook or be overlooked by

his neighbor. Each little lobby opened [FROM A CORRESPONDENT.]

into the cloisters. Through a hatsh in SIR, We rose early, and by 5 o'clock the wall he received his food, his little we had left the warmth and roses of Meran study within having a door into his garden. and exchanged them for the raw air of the He had a bedroom, a convenient attic for bleakest spot in Tyrol, — the heights of tools and workshop. In his cell he studied Angels Mount in Schnals (described viv- and transcribed old missals, and employed idly in the novelette of “The Vulture himself in some manual labor during part Maiden "), where for centuries the only of his day. In his garden he cultivated his human habitation was a Carthusian mon- plants, above all his carnations. The Carastery, built in 1325. How it ever got thusian carnations became so celebrated there is still a puzzle to me; for even with as to be in great demand in Vienna. The the help of an omnibus to the end of the red clove carnation is the national flower valley, and then a mule up the height, it of Tyrol, and owes, no doubt, its cultivatook us four hours to get there and make tion and popularity to these monastery the eight miles' journey.

gardens. The monks possessed a magnifiThe hardy larches were not yet in full cent library, and most of the mar

hanuscripts leaf. The air was keen and thin, and grew now preserved at Innsbrück came from thinner and keener as we neared the Carthaus. In 1782, this quiet, busy life mountain village of Carthaus, frowning of the monks came to an end. This Tydown upon us with its high walls like a roller Carthusian monastery, and other fortified town. These walls — enclosing religious houses in Austria and the Neththe buildings, once a monastery of Car- erlands, were sequestrated by the emperor thusian monks, now, since their disper- Joseph II. The place stood desolate till sion, a village — crown the crest of a cliff the Austrian government offered it as a four thousand feet high. Below runs a dwelling-place, at a very low rental, to any deep ravine, through which foam the grim, peasants of the surrounding villages who milky waters of a stream fresh from a would go up and live there. In spite of glacier.

the inclement climate and barren, rocky A quiet life must the old monks have soil — for the good meadow land and lived up here in the old days. Like all farms of the monks were not offered with Carthusian houses the world over, this the monks' dwellings - a few families of one was built for twelve monks and a handicraftsmen whose work could be carfriar (or, in rare cases, as the Charterhouse ried on at home, did go. A priest minisin London, for twenty-four monks, then tered in the old convent church, and a called a double house). This house was little community has grown up among the richly endowed by its founder, Duke old grey walls. Extreme poverty and Heinrich of Tyrol, with meadow land and hardship has reigned in these mountain farins, with the right to fish in the Etsch homes, --- hard enough in summer with and in a mountain lake a little distance scanty food and shelter, but often terrible off, for the Carthusians got no meat. The in the depths of long winters, when not monastery consisted of two churches, alone the grey walls shut out the world, cloisters, a dozen little detached dwellings, but deep snows enclose them in on all each in its garden, a great kitchen and I sides. It was to visit this little community


that we had made our journey. Whilst | against the decay and filth that gathered our friend was visiting and attending to over their houses and themselves. the truly religious work which month by In the midst of this poor flock the old month brings her up to this strange place, pastor struggled on, often with despair in I and my relative sat in a little house his heart. One day he was called to the one of the monks' dwellings — of the good death-bed of an old bachelor peasant of priest, and heard the story of the place. means, who offered to leave a sum of As to his own share in the good work, I money sufficient to maintain a sister of learnt it from others; but, for the sake of charity at Carthaus. She was to come brevity, I make the narrative one. It was and begin her work by waiting first upon Friday, but the priest bade us heartily him. The priest was overjoyed. The welcome, and pressed us to share his mother-general at Innsbrück, to whom apfrugal meal, - - a saucer of hard-boiled plication was made, said she would send eggs, black bread, and lettuce. He showed two efficient sisters, it being against the us the manuscript “ History of the Ty rules of the order for one sister to live roller Charterhouse," and as we examined and work alone. The charge for clothes the quaint and ingenious plan of the old and food would be 120 florins, – £10 a convent, he told us the story of it, and its year. Think of the coming of two such later inhabitants.

doves of peace and piety to that sad place ! In 1782, the government sold the estate But alas! the old man recovered, and in a lump to an Italian for 7,000 forins, withdrew his promise. Sorely disapequal to £582, and some years later it pointed, the good father trudged over to was sold by him to an Austrian, Count see his friend, a neighboring priest of Handl, who broke up the property, and Katmienberg, on the opposite side of the sold it in twenty-four lots for 57,000 ravine. They walked together discussing florins, or £2,250. Again, these lots have the sad necessity of the poor flock at been divided by sales and private inheri- Schnals, and the end was that they agreed tance, so that now two hundred people each to provide for a sister out of their crowd into buildings which in earlier stipends, one quarter of their incomes, times, friar, judge, monks, lay brothers, they each being literally “passing rich on and boarders, all told, did not exceed forty pounds a year.” forty individuals, and sadly do the place Two old maiden sisters, rich in the comand people cry aloud for help, instruction, munity as having a shop and also working and reform.

a sewing-machine, in a somewhat hasty fit The dwellings of necessity being far of generosity, offered to let the sisters live too small for large families, all sorts of in three of their unoccupied rooms. So additions have been made; but as no with the two sisters of charity entered a mortar is to be had in the valley of Schnals, new spirit into the dreary place. Sister these leans-to and upper storeys are merely Hadriana nursed the sick, Sister Diomera connected with clay or made of wood, and taught the children, — both taught clean. are all too small, windy, and dark, whilst liness, order, and good management. many are damp and unhealthy ; such close Through the wild winter of two years ago, quarters are also bad for health, morality, Father Nauer watched the progress of and good understanding between neigh- good with thankful delight. But the de. bors. In addition to this, the cloister roof votion of the old maiden ladies began to has fallen in. It was of shingle, but the fag. When the children came to lessons, secular proprietors never repaired it. they were noisy and brought in dirt and Heavy winter snows, rain, wind, mountain snow. Even Sister Hadriana, coming in gales, and hot sunshine combined in its from her journeys among the sick, had destruction; great dilapidations and dem- wet feet too. There was a poor, wretched olitions have occurred, and these once girl lying ill at Katmienberg, and twice a picturesque cloisters, strewn with bricks, day did that good sister make the journey stones, and planks, now act as the village down one ice-bound steep and up another streets.

to dress her sores, often at the peril of her But in their hard poverty the people own life, clinging and climbing up the lived on, eating their potatoes and cab- slippery, precipitous paths. Think of the bage, their coarse cheese, and blackest of pity and love that armed that heart for black bread in silence, and did not beg: such an errand ! But the old ladies did They went on in a sort of lethargy of not like dirty shoes and wet garments. ignorance and helplessness. The women | They grew sulky and reproachful. It was neither sewed, nor knitted, nor spun. easier for the sisters to bear bad weather They had less and less spirit to fight | than bad temper, and after much long

suffering, just before service one Sunday cratic principles. “Before long," sighed afternoon, they told the painful news to he, “the people will govern throughout Herr Nauer that they must go. The poor Europe, as they do in America. Ah ! even old man broke down in the service as he in good conservative Austria, I believe announced the sad news to his flock. The emperor and duke will in twenty years old ladies repented of their rigor, and only be names in past history.” begged the sisters to remain. The poor On the wall of his little monk's chaminvalid from Katmienberg was brought ber, was spr ad uge map of the United later on to be under the same roof with States, on which a line was drawn from her good nurse ; but this proved more New York to Chicago, to show, as he said, than the fluctuating Christian charity of the tremendous journey made by his the ladies could bear, and the sisters had brother - a Tyroller peasant like himself to leave, and this time without reprieve. who had ten years ago emigrated to

But help came from an unexpected quar. settle and grow rich in the far West. By ter. An English lady of Meran heard of means of letters and a weekly newspaper the hardships of the sisters, and, invalid sent him by this brother, the good father though she was, started one winter's morn-had gained his ideas and formed his opin. ing for the Carthaus. The omnibus ions on many subjects, notably of Irish brought her to the entrance of the valley, matters from the American point of view, and there, all means of conveyance end- – through such scant loopholes the poor, ing, she had a packing-case put upon run.lonely man gets glimpses of the world beners, a horse harnessed to this strange yond his isolated village. carriage, and so drove up the long Schpal- Need I apologize if I say that it might serthal to the foot of the cliff on which make his life richer — and ours, perhaps, Carthaus stands. Then, having cramp- none the poorer if we could send him a irons fastened to her boots, she made her token of our far-away sympathy, and help slow ascent through snow and ice. The him bear the burden of providing for dejected people welcomed her with little the one sister by the sacrifice of a quarter more than a long story of grief, crowned of his yearly income? I am, sir, etc., by the chief sorrow of the sisters leaving

A. M. H. them. But a better day had dawned with Gorse Cliff, Boscombe, Bournemouth,

August 29th. the coming of the rettende Engländerin, as they styled her. Sympathy, good sense, and personal self-sacrifice on her part, brought a new state of things. The doctor of Carthaus – a most ignorant and provincial specimen of his class

From The Jewish World. leaving the place; she purchased his

THE UBIQUITY OF THE JEWISH RACE. house; alterations and additions were It has frequently been remarked that quickly made; a gift of bedding from a the Jewish race has a wonderful power of friend in Meran came opportunely; and adaptation to all climates. Jews are found the sisters were installed, and a happy in all parts of the globe, and seem to possense of security fell on the small commu- sess a remarkable facility for acclimatizanity.

tion, even under the most unfavorable cir. The sisters' house has become a hospice cumstances. Mesopotamia is considered for the aged and sick. The first pensioner the mother country of the Abrahamic famwas an old man who brought with him as ily, as well as the cradle of the human race. compensation his only possessions, -a Some years ago a small colony of Jews pair of goats. Many pages might be writ- were found in the ancient city of Sennar, ten of the good sisters, their trials, the in the south of Mesopotamia, and in the answers to their prayers, and their hard vicinity of ancient Babylon. Of the seve work. We listened to these sitting in the enty families composing the colony, one little room of Father Nauer, who enjoyed claimed to be descended from King Joathis rare chance of speaking to an appre chim, the rest from the house of Levi. A ciative and syinpathetic audience. He colony of Jews appear to have settled in was a man of opinions, and a politician. China about the beginning of the third He was cheered, he said, by the revival of century of the Christian era, under the dyCatholicism the world over, more espe- nasty of Han. In 1704, Father Gouzani, cially in the ultra-Protestant Berlin, -it a Roman Catholic missionary, found seven was marvellous indeed! But, on the other Jewish families near Pekin. In 1686, a hand, great was his consternation at the Portuguese Jew of Amsterdam, named De undoubted and terrible growth of demo- Pavia, discovered a sect of Jews in Cochin


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