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common; they are bad to the lover of he said, “ let the prohibition be immedirural walks, for whom footpaths are an- ately withdrawn." nihilated; they are bad to those for whom In the early days of his reign he was the scenes of their youth are blotted from fond of walking about, not only in Wind. the face of the world. These last are of sor, but in London. It pleased him to be no account in ledger balances, which pro- among the people. In one of his walks he fess to demonstrate that the loss of the noticed in Windsor Little Park, a board poor is more than counterbalanced by the with an inscription by which all persons gain of the rich ; that the aggregate gain were “ordered” to keep the footpath. He is the gain of the community; and that desired that a requested” might be substiall matters of taste and feeling are fitly tuted. He was told that requested represented by a cypher. So be it. would not be attended to. He said : “ If
George the Fourth's exclusions and they will not attend to requested,' that is high fences had not, however, effectually their affair; I will not have ordered.'' secured to him the secrecy he desired. A most good-natured, kind-hearted genOn an eminence outside of the royal tleman was William the Fourth ; but to grounds, stood, and still stands, in the record the many instances of good feeling midst of a pine grove, a tower, which from in his sayings and doings which came its form was commonly called the Clock. within my knowledge, would be foreign to Case. This tower, and the land round it, the purpose of the present paper. has been sold for a small sum, as a lot in The act for the enclosure of Windsor a sale of crown lands. The tower was in Forest contained the following clause : two or three stories, and was inhabited by a poor family, who had a telescope, sup- Windsor FOREST, 53rd Geo. III., cap. 158. plied, most probably, by the new proprie- LXIV. - And be it further enacted, that tor, on the platform of the roof, which from and after the first day of July one thourose high above the trees, and cominanded sand eight hundred and fourteen, all and sinan extensive view of the lake. This tower gular the Lands, Tenements, and Hereditaand its grounds became a place of great Liberties (save and except such Parts thereof
ments within the said respective Parishes and resort for picnic parties, and visitors of all kinds, who kept up a perpetual suc- respectively as are now or shall or may becession at the telescope, while the royal Persons in Trust for Him by virtue hereof)
come vested in His Majesty, or any Person or angler and his fair companion were fish- shall be, and the same is and are hereby, dising. This became an intolerable nuisance afforested to all intents and Purposes whatto the would-be recluse. He set on foot a soever; and that from thenceforth no Person negotiation for re-purchasing the Clock-or Persons shall be questioned or liable to Case. The sum demanded was many any Pain, Penalty, or Punishment for hunttimes the multiple of the purchase money. ing, coursing, killing, destroying, or taking The demand was for some time resisted, any Deer whatsoever within the same, save but the proprietor was inflexible. The (if any) as shall be enclosed with Pales and
and except within such Part or Parts thereof sum required was paid, the property re- kept for a Park or Parks by the Owners, Lesverted to the crown, and the public were sees, or Tenants thereof. shut out from the Clock-Case and its territory. When William the Fourth suc- There can be little doubt that the exceeded, this story was told to him, and he ception in favor of the crown was intended said: “A good place for a view, is it? Ito apply to all the provisions of the clause; will put an old couple into it, and give but it was held by counsel learned in the them a telescope;" which was done with- law that it applied to the first half only, out loss of time. I saw and conversed with and that after the specified day it was this old couple, and looked through their lawful to kill deer in any portion of the telescope.
old forest not enclosed with pales, whether About the same time, William the such portion had or had not been vested Fourth was sitting one Sunday evening in in the crown. The crown allotment had a window of Windsor Castle, when the been left as it was. terrace was thronged with people. A Armed with this opinion, a farmer of heavy rain came on, and the people ran in Water Oakley, whose real I have forall directions. He said to some one near gotten in his assumed name, calling himhim, “ This is the strangest thing I ever self Robin Hood, and taking with him two saw; so many English people, without an of his men, whom he called Scarlet and umbrella among them.”. He was told that Little John, sallied forth daily into the by order of his late Majesty, umbrellas forest to kill the king's deer, and returned were prohibited on the terrace. Then,” | home every evening loaded with spoil.
Lord Harcourt, who was then deputy horses, and the full sounds of the bugles. ranger of the forest, and discharged all Last appeared the cavalry, issuing from the duties of superintendence (for the the woods, and ranging themselves in a ranger, who was a Royal Highness, of semi-circle, from horn to horn of the rope course, did nothing), went forth also, as fencing. The open space was filled with the representative of Majesty, to put down deer, terrified by the chase, confused by these audacious trespassers. In my for their own numbers, and rushing in all est rambles I was a witness to some of directions, the greater part through the their altercations; Lord Harcourt threat- park opening; many trying to leap the ening to ruin Robin Hood by process in rope fencing, in which a few were hurt; the Court of Exchequer; Robin Hood set- and one or two succeeded, escaping to ting him at defiance, flourishing the act of their old haunts, most probably to furnish Parliament, and saying, “ My lord, if you Robin Hood with his last venison feast. don't know how to make acts of Parlia. By degrees the mass grew thinner; at last ment, I'll teach you.”
all had disappeared, the rope fencing shut One day I was walking towards the up the park for the night, the cavalry rode Dingle, when I met a man with a gun, off towards Windsor, and all again was who asked me if I had seen Robin Hood. silent. I said I had just seen him at a little dis- This was, without any exception, the tance in discussion with Lord Harcourt, most beautiful sight I ever witnessed; but who was on horseback, Robin Hood being I saw it with deep regret, for, with the on foot.
He asked me to point out the expulsion of the deer, the life of the old direction, which į did; and in return, I scenes was gone, and I have always looked asked him who he might be. He told back on that day as the last day of Windme he was Scarlet. He was a pleasant- sor Forest.
T. L. PEACOCK. looking man, and seemed as merry as his original; like one in high enjoyment of sport.
This went on some time. The law was not brought to bear on Robin Hood, and
From Temple Bar.
SOME CLERICAL REMINISCENCES. it was finally determined to settle the matter by driving the deer out of the for- It was a pleasure to me, as a former est into the park. Two regiments of cav. Rugby School house boy, to know that I alry were employed for this purpose, should be admitted into holy orders by my which was kept as secret as possible, for old master, Doctor Tait. The awe which a concourse of people would have been a young candidate feels for his bishop was a serious impediment to the operation. in my case tempered by that friendly con
I received intelligence of it from a fidence which comes from many happy friend at court, who pointed out to me a memories. Respect and even reverence good position from which to view the will always be attached to the memory of close of the proceedings.
Archbishop Tait, but under that commandMy position was on a rising ground, ing presence lay a force of genial kindness covered with trees, and overlooking an which attracted the affections of all who extensive glade. The park was on my knew him. left hand, the main part of the forest on The rooms in which we were examined the right and before me. A wide extent looked out upon beautiful gardens, and as of the park paling had been removed, and it was summer, the windows were open, rope fencing had been carried to a great and the candidates were allowed to go in length, at oblique angles from the open- and out, and sit under the trees or stroll ing. It was a clear, calm, sunny day, and in the grounds. I was thus absent when for a time there was profound silence. one of the examiners came in and told the This was first broken by the faint sound candidates that each of them was to write of bugles, answering each other's signals a short sermon or address, afterwards to from remote points in the distance; draw- be read to the bishop, in reply to the last ing nearer by degrees, and growing pro- question, “Give St. Paul's description gressively loud. Then came two or three of the Christian armor.” Of this I was straggling deer, bounding from the trees, not told, and consequently gave, in a few and Aying through the opening of the park lines and in my own words, St. Paul's pales. Then came greater numbers, and description. Next morning the candi. ultimately congregated herds; the beat- dates were called in one by one, and ings of their multitudinous feet mingled standing at a lectern at one end of a long with the trampling of the yet unseen room were desired to read their sermon to
the bishop and examiners who sat at the the point on which he had succeeded in other end of the room. When my turn setting them by the ears. came, I had, of course, no sermon to read, “ Well,” said the bishop at last,“ proand explained the reason, namely, that I ceed Mr. But before long he had not heard how the question was to stopped him once more, and said, Thank be treated. “Never mind,” said Bishop you, that will do. There is no doubt of Tait, "read what you have written.” one thing, Mr. You will always be
“Do you intend to preach always to listened to.” And the bishop's prophecy your congregation in this way?” said the has came true, for, orthodox or unorthodox, bishop. " At any rate, never think you the preacher always has been listened to. can improve upon the Bible by substitut. This mention of Dr. Stanley reminds ing your own words for those of the text. me of the high and affectionate estimation It is apt to sound like the Bible and in which he was held by Bishop Tait, who water."
used to warn candidates that the examinaThe candidates for priest's orders had tion in his diocese was harder than in to undergo a much more trying ordeal. others, for “Dr. Stanley is one of the exEach of them was required to preach a aminers.” The peculiar gift of Dr. Stanshort extempore sermon from the pulpit in ley was undoubtedly his attractive power the chapel to the bishop and Dr. Stanley, of making history not only interesting but who formed the sole congregation ; but the fascinating: How well I remember the poor candidate, however, was denied the first time I ever heard him lecture! It security usually accorded to the preacher, was on a morning of pouring rain that I for the bishop asserted a right refused went unwillingly to the divinity school to to congregations, and occasionally inter- hear, as I expected, one of those dull and rupted and criticised the sermon. This repulsive discourses which undergradunaturally led to incidents of a somewhat ates had inflicted on them by highly paid ludicrous character, which were of course university professors. On entering the not usually divulged, but occasionally room I was surprised to find it so full that proved irresistible, even to the highest I had difficulty in obtaining a seat, and I discretion. Thus it is said that one unfor-remarked that many ladies were among tunate candidate who had no gift that way, the audience. Presently the vice-chanand was quite overwhelmed with nervous- cellor entered with the proctors; and ness, began stammering: “I will divide soon the door opened, and in shuffled a my congregation into two — the converted little figure in big goloshes and carrying a and the unconverted." This proved too large dripping umbrella, but with a face much for the bishop's sense of humor, and whose radiance sensibly brightened the he exclamed, “I think, sir, as there are atmosphere of gloom with which a rainy only two of us, you had better say which day at Oxford is depressingly associated. is which."
Hurrying to his raised desk, the professor The advantage was not always however began to read his lecture upon Solomon on the side of the bishop; for when one from a large manuscript which he drew who has since become a popular London forth, and at once he riveted the attention preacher was a candidate, he showed no of all present. To me it was nothing nervousness whatever, but rather rejoiced short of a revelation to perceive that ecat the opportunity afforded him for airing clesiastical history could be a source of some of his highly original views before pleasure. Yet perhaps the doctor was the bishop and Dr. Stanley. Before he seen at his best at his private lectures, had gone very far the bishop exhibited when, seated on a low chair in his garden signs of restlessness, and at last ex- at Christ Church, with a pile of books by claimed,
his side, and the undergraduates arranged “ But stop, stop, Mr. do you not around him on the grass, he poured out see that what you are saying is altogether his rich stores of knowledge, illustrated wrong?” at the same time pointing out with many a humorous anecdote and what orthodoxy required.
graphic description. He spoke from his “ And yet,” said Dr. Stanley, turning to heart, with his face glowing with delight, the bishop,
may he not be justified if and so imbued his hearers with his own you look at it from this point of view?” enthusiasm that the thrill of that strong And then the broad-hearted doctor kindly impulse still stirs within me as I write. and characteristically urged a wider and Dr. Stanley had his own strong views, more liberal understanding. Meanwhile and he was not backward in letting us the candidate gazed with inward satisfac- know in which direction his breadth of tion on his two examiners as they argued | sympathy enlarged itself. Addressing the
candidates at Fulham, I remember his fell from the pulpit. The dean, who saw saying:
sitting near, saw the papers fall, and, not "I have been surprised to find that one thinking that they could be the sermon, gentleman has not hesitated to state that stooped and picked them up, and calmly St Paul was the author of the Epistle to placed them in his pocket." The bishop the Hebrews, an assertion which if made showed no hesitation, but, quite undisfrom the pulpit would shock the ears of turbed by what had happened, proceeded every, educated person in the congrega- calmly to deliver the rest of the serinon
extemporaneously. The object which the bishop had in At the same time I would not depreciate view when he required all candidates to written sermons, which ought, however, make such an attempt at extempore at least in matter, to surpass extempore preaching was to set them free from the ones. Even in manner and effect, too, bondage of dependence upon written ser- written sermons may be so delivered as mons, and to give an authoritative impulse to render the audience unconscious of the to extempore preaching. He was too fact that they are written. I have beard wise to suppose that every man would it confidently asserted that no orator or succeed, but none would discover what preacher in our time has produced such gifts he possessed unless he tried, and at effects as Henry Melvill did when he that time very few ever tried, or even preached at Camberwell. It was even wished, to preach extempore. It was the necessary for him at times to pause, in custom to sneer at such preaching as sure order that the congregation might draw to be of a ranting character, and below breath and recover itself. And yet, on the dignity of the Established Church. reading his sermons in the manuscripts, Now that the change has been accom- as he delivered them, however much one plished it is hard to realize the former might admire their language and careful state of things, and one wonders that no preparation, it was impossible to undersense of shame was ever felt by educated stand the extent of the fascination. Canon men when they were placed in predica- Liddon and Archdeacon Farrar always ments by their incapacity to say a few preach from written serinons. Yet, with plain words when the occasion called for all that, who can contend that the fire of them. As one instance of this I dare say enthusiasm or of indignation or any other Oxford men will remember how a clerical strong emotion can be kindled by words divine undertook to ride over and take read from a page previously composed as a service for a friend in an outlying vil. effectively as when the utterance glows lage, and started comfortably with his with a force which is being actually expesermon in his pocket. He had gone some rienced and exerted in one's presence ? little distance when he found that the ser. The congregation under such conditions mon had disappeared. Overwhelmed with are not an audience only, but are enlisted helplessness for it was too late and too as assistants with their sympathy. Surely far for him to turn home to replace his this is the secret of the great power oraloss - he suddenly remembered with joy tors and preachers wield, and at this they that he must pass near a neighboring vil- should surely aim. Imagine, too, St. lage, the rector of which he knew, and he Peter being unable to preach to Cornelius might borrow a sermon from him. With and those who were assembled with him, his friend's sermon in his pocket, he once or St. Paul declining to address the men more rode on happily, and arriving at the of Athens, because either the one or the church went through the service in cheer- other had not written down beforehand ful confidence, until he found himself in what he would like to say! Certainly Dr. the pulpit standing before the expectant Tait's influence did its work, and preachcongregation. Then, placing his hand in ing has undoubtedly improved. his pocket, he found to his horror that The solemn nature of an ordination there was no sermon there, and he ex- examination is sufficient to insure a happy claimed with irresistible emotion : “ By freedom from all attempts at untruthfulJove, I've lost that one too ! " And that ness or imposition, and consequently an was all the sermon the people got that affectionate confidence takes the place of day.
that suspicion which usually forms SO in honorable contrast to this story it painful an element in examinations. Unwill be remembered that when Dr. Tait pleasant incidents have however been preached for the first time at St. Paul's, a known to cast a passing shadow upon such sudden draft of wind scattered the leaves occasions even in the best-regulated dioof his unfastened manuscript, and they Iceses.
It is said that a well-known bishop
was once informed by his examiners that relating to their history.” To this a girl they had reason to think two of the can- had answered: " The most remarkable didates had been guilty of collusion. The ruin of which I have heard is that of the bishop looked at the papers and saw that South Sea Bubble, as it was called,” and several of the questions had been an. she then went on to give particulars of swered by both candidates in identical it. The examiner was amused at this, words. Feeling convinced that this was as he thought, Scotch limitation of the sufficient evidence of copying, he ad- idea of ruin, but went on with the papers. dressed all the candidates, and told them Presently he came upon the paper of anwith what sorrow he had found that two other girl who had answered the question gentlemen had been guilty of a deed so in exactly the same words. Here,” he dishonorable as to disqualify them for exclaimed, " is a clear case of copying." holy orders. As, however, he wished to To his surprise, however, he found on furspare himself and them the pain of any ther investigation that one girl had written investigation, he would leave it, he said, to her paper in Edinburgh and the other in their consciences, and he trusted that no Glasgow at the same time. gentleman who had copied would present But perhaps the most amusing instance himself again that afternoon.
of such mistaken judgments occurred in In the afternoon, however, it was found the schools at Oxford. An examiner who that no candidate was absent, and the prided himself on his shrewdness was debishop again addressed.them, saying that termined that he would make it impossible he feared he had not made his meaning for any copying to take place under his clear, and now he would only say he supervision. Accordingly he not only hoped that the gentlemen who knew they kept a very sharp and constant watch upon had copied would think over what had the candidates, but peered at them from happened, and withdraw from the exami- time to time between the fingers of his nation next day. It is needless to say hands spread before his face. At last he that some anxiety was felt among the thought he detected a man in something candidates that night as to the effect of which looked very suspicious. Looking the bishop's words, and it was with sur- from side to side to satisfy himself that prise that the next morning again it was no one observed him, the man plunged his found that all were present. Then the hand into his breast pocket, and drawing bishop, feeling himself unable any longer something out, regarded it long and steadto refrain from action, said: “I regret fastly, and then, hastily replacing it, rethat my kind intention to show consider- sumed his pen and wrote with obviously ation to the candidates has not been ap- increased energy. The examiner prepreciated, and iny suggestion has not been tended not to notice this, but after a time acted upon. It becomes impossible for he rose from his seat, and with his hands me therefore to spare you any longer. in his pockets strolled round the room Mr. and Mr.
with an appearance of negligence and inThe two candidates on being named did difference to what was going on. By these stand up, and most indignantly protested means he succeeded in disarming suspitheir entire innocence of such a charge. cion, and getting to windward of his prey, On being confronted with their papers stole upon him from behind gradually and they explained the strange similarity of unperceived. Then waiting patiently, his their answers by the fact that both had strategy was rewarded by observing that been taught by the same tutor, and had the man once more turned his head from been made by him to learn by heart cer- side to side, yet not quite far enough to tain sentences which he had dictated for see him, and once more put his hand into the sake of accuracy, and they had thus his breast pocket. Then the examiner incurred suspicion most unjustly.
sprang forward in elation, and seized the Examiners ought to be very careful lest hand in the very act of grasping the susthey should be tempted to pronounce pected object. lightly upon primâ facie evidence as to “Sir,” said he, “ this is the fourth time copying. I have been assured by one of I have watched you doing this. What her Majesty's inspectors that upon one have you in your hand ?” occasion he was looking through some The man hesitated to reply, and this, papers sent by candidates in Scotland, coupled with his evident confusion, conwhen he came upon a very singular an- firmed the suspicions of the examiner.
The question was, “ Describe any “I must insist, sir, on seeing what it is remarkable ruins with which you may be you have in your hand.” acquainted, and mention any particulars The man reluctantly complied, and