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Emperor of the French.-Concordat between Austria and the Holy See signed at Vienna.
20. The house of Rothschild contracts for the Turkish loan of 5,000,000l.
23. A magnificent fête and ball given by the Municipality of Paris in honour of Queen Victoria.
24. A French army of 50,000 men reviewed in the Champ de Mars, in Paris, by the Queen of England and the Emperor Napoleon III.; next day the Queen was entertained at an imperial ball at the Palace at Versailles; in the evening the gardens were illuminated with magnificent fireworks.
26. On this day (Sunday) a total number of 61,458 persons visited Kensington Gardens, where the band of the Guards are ordered to play for the public.
27. The Queen of England embarks at Boulogne for England after her visit to the Emperor of the French, who accompanies her to the seaside.
29. A public meeting, held in the Sheffield Council Hall under the presidency of the mayor, to promote subscriptions to a proposed testimonial to Mr. Roebuck, M.P. for the borough.
September 6. Queen Victoria leaves Buckingham Palace for Balmoral.
8. The French take the Malakoff. The English are repulsed from the Redan. In the night of this day the Russians evacuate the south side of Sebastopol after sinking their ships and blowing up all the defences of the place.—An assassin fires two pistol-shots at an imperial carriage approaching the Théâtre Italien in Paris. The carriage contained the Empress's maids of honour, but no one was hurt.
16. Inauguration of the reign of Don Pedro V. King of Portugal. 20. The Czar Alexander II. visits Moscow en route for Southern Russia.
22. The "Revolutionary International Committee" of the democratic and social republicans meet in the Scientific Hall, John-street, London (which was hung with red flags bearing suitable mottoes), to commemorate the anniversary of the proclamation of the First French Revolution in 1792. The speeches at the meeting, which were extremely violent, were published in a Jersey newspaper called " L'Homme," as was also an Address to the Queen, signed by the "Committee of the Revolutionary Society, Pyat, Rougée, Jourdain." Rebellion and assassination were openly advocated, both in the address and in the speeches. All the persons connected with the paper, and all the refugees who advocated their principles, were soon after driven from the island.-An Address of Mazzini to the Neapolitans to rise in rebellion against their king appears in this day's Times.
24. The Allies take possession of Taman and Fanagoria, at the entrance of the sea of Azoff.
25. The Emperor Alexander II. arrives at Nicolaieff.
27. Bombardment of the forts of Dunamünde in the Gulf of Riga. 29. General Allonville, at the head of the French cavalry, defeats the Russian cavalry under General Korf, at Koughil, five leagues N.E. from Eupatoria. The Russians, under General Mouravieff, assault Kars for eight hours, and are repulsed with great loss by the Turkish garrison.— Alderman David Salomons, a Jew, elected Lord Mayor of London.
30. Thanksgiving in all the churches of the Establishment for the fall of Sebastopol.
October 1. The King and Queen of Prussia visit Aix-la-Chapelle.
The Danish Government proposes a political congress of representatives of states interested in the Sound Duties.
3. A testimonial of esteem for his parliamentary services presented to Mr. Sharman Crawford by his late constituents the electors of Rochdale. A public meeting held by the "United Kingdom Alliance Association for the Immediate and Total Suppression of the Traffic in Liquors."-The King of Prussia lays the foundation-stone of the great railway-bridge across the Rhine between Cologne and Deutz.
4. The new constitution of Denmark promulgated at Copenhagen. 5. A banquet in the Glasgow City Hall in celebration of the victories of the Allies in the Crimea.
6. The Times of this day publishes a 66 Kossuth, Ledru Rollin, and Mazzini.
war manifesto," signed by
7. The Kerry Militia stationed in Limerick refuses to march to mass unaccompanied by the band, which had been forbidden to attend by a newly-appointed major of the regiment.
10. The Duke of Cambridge entertained at a public banquet in the Town Hall of Liverpool by the mayor of that borough. The town was illuminated in the evening.-A band of Montenegrins make an incursion into Herzegovina.
11. The Moniteur announces the pregnancy of the Empress Eugénie. 12. Mr. Gladstone lectures on the colonial policy of Great Britain at Hawarden.
13. An " Indignation Meeting," held in the town of St. Helier, Jersey, to effect the suppression of the Red Republican newspaper, L'Homme, the organ of a band of exiled socialists and republicans for the publication of a scurrilous libel on the Queen. A resolution to the effect was carried.
14. Tumultuous meetings in Hyde Park on this and the succeeding Sundays ostensibly to protest against the high price of bread.
15. The house of Rothschild undertakes to establish a Bank of Credit Mobilier in Vienna, with a capital of 60.000,000 florins.-Fête given to Prince Napoleon in the Hôtel de Louvre in Paris by the exhibitors at the Palace of Industry.
! 17. Queen Victoria reaches London from Balmoral.-Kinburn forts capitulate to the Allies. Next day the Russians blew up the fortress of Oczakoff on the opposite side of the embouchure of the Dnieper.
18. Mr. Curtis, British consul at Cologne, with two other persons, were sentenced to three months' imprisonment for being accessory to recruiting agents for the British Foreign Legion.
22. Death of Sir W. Molesworth, Secretary of State for the Colonies; he was born in 1810.-Death of Lord Wharncliffe; born April 20,
23. A Royal warrant issued under this date, giving to widows of deceased officers of the army the alternative of receiving a fixed sum of money, in lieu of the pension or other allowances to which they wouldbe entitled. The amount given in such case to be the regulation price of the commission held by the deceased officer, but not to exceed the regulation price actually paid by him.
24. Death of Frederic Lucas, Esq., M.P. for Meath, at Staines, in his 43rd year.-Mutiny and riot at Horfield Barracks near Bristol, occasioned by the dissatisfaction of the recruits for the Land Transport Corps, at a deduction being made of the cost of their outfit from the bounty promised. The Lord Mayor of London, accompanied by Aldermen Carter, Wire, and Salomons (Lord Mayor Elect), with other members and officials of the Corporation, proceeded in state to Windsor
to present to her Majesty a congratulatory address in reference to the fall of Sebastopol.
27. Sir John Dean Paul, William Strahan, and Robert Makin Bates, London bankers, tried at Old Bailey on the prosecution of the Rev. Dr. Griffiths, are found guilty of selling the securities of their customers for their own use, and sentenced to 14 years' transportation.—The Times of this day contains an account of Dr. Kane's Arctic Expedition in search of Sir J. Franklin. This intrepid explorer, who started May 31, 1853, was obliged to leave his brig frozen up May 17, 1855. In the interval, new land, named Washington, was discovered to the north of Greenland, from which it is separated by Peabody Bay, but to which it is joined by a vast glacier or barrier of ice, the largest yet discovered. Farther north was discovered an open Polar Sea, reached by an open channel (Kennedy Channel). Grinnel Land to the north and west of the channel was charted as high as 82° 30′ north lat. The cold experienced during the expedition was the greatest on record. Whiskey froze in November and continued frozen for four months. Mercury was solid daily during that time. The mean annual temperature was 5 below zero, which was the temperature also on the day the brig was abandoned. In March, 1854, when the ineffectual search for Franklin was commenced, the temperature was 57° below zero. Scurvy and lockjaw were prevalent; the latter chiefly among the dogs, of which 57 out of 60 died. Only three men died during the expedition. The Commercial Travellers' Schools at Pinner, near Harrow, were inaugurated by a ceremony at which Prince Albert presided. The building, which will accommodate 300 children of both sexes, cost about 20,000. About 2,000l. was collected on the occasion.
28. Numerous assemblages in Hyde Park, ostensibly to protest against the high price of bread. The proceedings assumed the form of a riot, requiring the interference of the police. Many windows were broken in mansions in the vicinity.-In the 'Ballarat,' Jones, which arrived from Melbourne, after a passage of 69 days, there was brought 110,000 ounces of gold, value 440,000l.
29. In the Court of Common Council of the City of London, a motion in favour of corporation reform was met by an amendment, which was carried, staying discussion till the Government Bill was before the Court; and a Committee was appointed to confer with the Government on the subject.
November 2. Lord Stanley, M.P., invited to accept the office of Colonial Secretary in Lord Palmerston's Government, but declined.— The Gazette of this day contains a General Order, conferring on BrevetColonel Williams, C.B., of the Royal Artillery, the rank of Major· General in the Army, for his distinguished conduct in the defence of Kars, and of the position in front of that town when attacked on the 29th of September last, by a large Russian army, which on that occasion sustained a signal defeat by the Turkish troops.
3. The newspapers of to-day contain a copy of the ukase of the Emperor of Russia, dated at the town of Nicolaieff, October 3 (15), ordering a general levy for military service, at the rate of ten for every thousand souls, the levy to commence on November 15 (27), and to close on December 15 (27). The Jews are included in this conscription. There has been no levy so extensive as this since the year 1836.
5. A public meeting of the rate-payers of London, called by the Lord Mayor, and held at the Mansion-house, refused, by a large majority, to take any steps to carry into effect the Act for establishing Free Libraries and Museum. The conduct of the great majority of the meeting,
in putting down by the most brutal clamour every person who attempted to speak in favour of the proposition, was a sufficient proof of the necessity of education in the Boeotia of the metropolis.
XIV. NECROLOGICAL TABLE
OF LITERARY MEN, ARTISTS, ETC.
Oct, 25. Nolan, Capt. E. L., writer on Cavalry Tactics, &c. . 36 Nov. 3. Gauci, Massimo, improver of lithography, portrait
12. Kemble, Charles, actor
14. Chalon, J. J., R.A.
18. Manby, Capt., inventor of apparatus for saving ship
18. Forbes, Professor Edw., natural history, &c.
18. Hunt, Fred. Knight, journalist, &c.
25. Lockhart, John Gibson, general literature
25. Kitto, Dr. John, biblical scholar
26. Alexander, Gabriel, general literature
Dec. 9. Almeida de Garette, Viscount, Portuguese poet and
15. Faucher, Leon, French political economist
22. Routh, Dr. Martin Joseph, Pres. of Magd. College 99
Jan. 10. Mitford, Mary Russell, novelist, dramatist, &c.
20. Spiller von Hauenschild, German poet and novelist,
20. Guerin, Paulin, French painter
23. Hare, Archdeacon Julius Charles
26. Jones, Rev. Richard, political economist
Feb. 8. Hugo, Count Abel, French literature. 9. Augenot, M., Belgian poet
13. Denistoun, James, historian and biographer
20. Hume, Joseph
21. Dod, Charles R., biography, peerage, &c.
23. Gauss, Prof. Karl Friedrich, German astronomer, &c. 78 28. Meyer, Chev. de, German naturalist
March 3. Fielding, Copley, landscape painter 7. Hollins, J., portrait painter
Mar, 27. Carpenter, R. C., architect
31. Bronte, Miss (Mrs. Nicol), novelist
April 2. Greenough, Geo. Bellas, geologist and geographer
13. De la Beche, Sir Henry, geologist
18. Isabey, I. T., French miniature painter
29. Wilson, John, marine painter
30. Bishop, Sir Henry R., musical composer
May 2. Head, Sir George, travels and statistics
5. Inglis, Sir Robert H.
26. Faulkner, Thomas, topography
29. Strangford, Viscount, translator from Portuguese.
Delphat, M., French musician
June 2. Gaisford, Thomas, Dean of Christ Church, classics
29. Girardin, Madame de (Delphine Gay), French poetry,
30. Buckingham, James Silk, author and traveller
1. Rosmini, Abbé de, Italian metaphysician.
6. Pusey, Philip, agriculturist
7. Parry, Sir W. Edw., arctic discoverer
17. Blunt, Rev. J. J., theology, &c.
25. Selwyn, Wm., eminent lawyer
30. Johnston, Dr. George, natural history
Spindler, Charles, German novelist
Aug. 2. Cooke, W. B., engraver, &c.
Carter, John, engraver
Sept. 10. Gilly, Rev. Dr. W. S.,
"Researches among the
18. Johnston, Prof. J. W. F., chemist, &c.
Oct. 8. Majendi, Francis, French anatomist