demonstration against the Sunday Trading Bill on the 1st inst. The 14th clause of the Irish Tenants' Improvement Compensation Bill was further considered in Committee; after long discussions on several amendments, and four divisions, the clause was rejected by 138 against 102. Some lively remarks passed between Mr. Sergeant Shee and Lord Palmerston; the learned sergeant complaining of the mutilation of his bill, and recommending the withdrawal of the measure, which he pronounced to be now worthless without a retrospective clause. The chairman then reported progress.

(LORDS.) The Earl of Derby moved the second reading of

July the Religious Worship Bill recommended by the Select Com6. mittee on Lord Shaftesbury's Bill. The Earl of Shaftesbury criticised the proposed measure with much severity, and refused to adopt it in its mutilated shape. After some discussion the Earl of

Derby consented to withdraw the bill.

(COMMONS.) The conduct of the police in Hyde Park on the 1st of July was made the subject of a long discussion, in the course of which Sir G. Grey promised inquiry, and Mr. G. Dundas defended the police, and recommended, as the best tranquilliser of a mob, "the clink upon the pavement of the trail of a six-pounder." Mr. M. Gibson then, pursuant to notice, proceeded to discuss the conduct of Lord J. Russell at Vienna, and to ask explanations how the noble Lord, after agreeing to the Austrian proposal for peace with Russia (as stated in the circular of Count Buol, dated Vienna, May 25), continued to hold office in a ministry that continued to make war. Lord J. Russell, in his reply on the personal charge, said he still retained the same opinion on the proposals; he continued in the Ministry which had overruled his opinion, because he thought that an individual should make his sentiments bow to those of the Cabinet in general. A long debate ensued, in the course of which the conduct of Lord J. Russell, and the management and prospects of the war, were commented on by Mr. Cobden, Lord Palmerston, Lord C. Hamilton, Mr. Disraeli, Sir G. Grey, and Lord Goderich,

July 9.

(LORDS.) The Earl of Winchelsea called attention to the Report of the Maynooth Commission, in which the Catholic bishops are named by their territorial titles, and moved a resolution on the subject, which, after discussion, was withdrawn.



(COMMONS.) Sir E. B. Lytton gave notice of a resolution, "that the conduct of our Minister in the recent negotiations at Vienna has shaken the confidence of the country in the Government." Mr. V. Scully, in a short effective speech, moved an address to the Crown on the subject of Administrative Reform, praying that the civil service examination be open and public, and that the examiners have regard to superior qualifications and merit. Viscount Goderich having seconded the motion, a long debate arose. The previous question (which had been moved by the Chancellor of the Exchequer) was carried by 140 to 125. Mr. Roebuck's motion for a call of the House on the 17th inst. was next discussed, and negatived by 133 to 108.

July (COMMONS.) The motion for going into Committee on the Church Rates Abolition Bill was opposed by Mr. Follett, who 11. moved the committal of the bill for this day three months. After a long discussion, Mr. Bentinck moved the adjournment of the debate, which was negatived by 175 to 118. The opposition to the measure, however as kept up till the debate was adjourned by the clock.

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July 12.

(LORDS.) Lord Lyndhurst withdrew his Oath of Abjuration Bill, complaining of want of support from those who were favourable to the measure.

(COMMONS.) In the noonday sitting, the remaining clauses of the Nuisances Removal Bill were discussed in Committee and passed through. Lord Palmerston laid on the table papers relating to the Vienna Conferences, and Lord J. Russell gave some explanations respecting the opinions he had expressed in his speech of this day week. On the motion for the third reading of the Scotch Education Bill, Sir J. Ferguson moved its postponement for three months, which amendment was negatived by 105 to 102. Ultimately, after long discussions on several amendments and supplemental clauses, a division was taken on the question that the bill pass, which was affirmed by 130 to 115. The House then went into Committee on the Irish Tenants' Improvements Compensation Bill, but Mr. Horsman moved to report progress, which (after a long and lively discussion on the subject of a deputation of Irish members to Lord Palmerston, for the reinsertion of the expunged 14th clause) was agreed to.


(COMMONS.) Lord J. Russell stated his resignation of office, with the circumstances which had led to that result. Sir E. B.

16. Lytton then criticised his conduct during the conferences at

Vienna and since; declared that in his continuation in the Cabinet Russia would have seen her excuse, Austria her justification, and France a dissenter from her policy; and having accomplished the object of his resolution, he proposed its withdrawal. This proposal was acceded to after a long and interesting debate, in which the principal speakers were Mr. Bouverie, Lord Palmerston, Mr. Disraeli, Mr. Roebuck, Sir G. Grey, and Mr. Gladstone. The Scotch Schools Bill was thrown out; Mr. Elliott's motion to defer the second reading being carried by 84 to 65.



(COMMONS.) Mr. Walpole brought up the Report of the Committee upon the London Writ, that Baron Rothschild had not forfeited his seat by contracting for the loan. Mr. Roebuck moved a resolution, based upon the Report of the Sebastopol Committee, and pledging the House "to visit with severe reprehension every member of the Cabinet whose counsels led to such disastrous results." The motion was seconded by Mr. Hadfield. General Peel, not being prepared to pronounce the expedition to the Crimea wrong and unadvisable, moved "the previous question." A long debate followed, in the course of which Mr. Lowe contended that it would be unjust for the House to pronounce judgment upon evidence which was declared in the Report itself to be partial and incomplete, and Sir J. Graham opposed the resolution, which, he contended, perverted or exaggerated the evidence given before the Committee; he would vote a negative to "the previous question" with a view of obtaining from the House a decision, ay or no, whether the members of the Aberdeen Government were guilty of such misconduct, and deserved the reprehension of the House. Lord Seymour, Sir J. Pakington, and Sir C. Wood, having addressed the House, the debate was adjourned. Mr. Spooner then moved that the House should decide upon his motion respecting Maynooth College; Mr. Fagan moved the adjournment of the debate, which was negatived by 97 to 88. Mr. Kirk moved the adjournment of the debate for three months, which proposal was carried by 93 to 90.

(COMMONS.) Sir W. Heathcote moved the adoption of the July Report of the Committee on the Revision of the Standing 18. Orders, which recommended that, in future, no member inte

rested in a private bill before a Select Committee, should sit on that Committee. After considerable discussion the motion was carried by 80 to 57.


(LORDS.) The Duke of Argyll moved the second reading of the Scotch Education Bill, which was opposed by the Duke 19. of Buccleuch, who moved an amendment postponing the second reading for three months. Lords Brougham and Panmure opposed the amendment, which was supported by the Earls of Eglinton and Haddington. The Duke of Argyll, dismayed by the strength of the opposition, proposed to withdraw the bill, which proposition was carried, on a division, by 86 to 1.

(COMMONS.) The adjourned debate on Mr. Roebuck's resolution was resumed by Mr. Gaskell who spoke in favour of it. The Attorneygeneral, Lord J. Russell, General Evans, Captain Gladstone, Mr. E. Ellice, Sir G. Grey, and Lord Palmerston spoke against the resolution, which was supported by Mr. Whiteside, Mr. Bright, Mr. Muntz, Lord J. Manners, and Mr. Disraeli. Mr. S. Herbert, in opposing the resolution, vindicated the policy of the expedition to the Crimea; but believing, as his character was impugned, that he had a right to a verdict, ay or no, he should oppose the amendment. After a brief reply from Mr. Roebuck, the House divided on the "previous question," which was negatived by 289 against 182.


(COMMONS.) The Metropolitan Local Management Bill was passed, after a short discussion on supplementary amendments. 20. In Committee on the Turkish Loan, Lord Palmerston moved a resolution sanctioning the joint and several guarantee of France and England, to facilitate the loan of five millions to Turkey. The resolution was strongly opposed by Mr. Ricardo and Mr. Gladstone (who characterized the loan as a disguised and surreptitious subsidy, and dwelt at considerable length on the political difficulties and dangers that might result from the convention), Mr. Disraeli, Mr. Cobden, Mr. Walpole, and others. The Chancellor of the Exchequer and Lord Palmerston replied to several of the objections, the noble Lord showing that the refusal of the House to sanction the convention would be attended by most disastrous results to Turkey. General Evans spoke in favour of the resolutiou, which was carried by 135 to 132. Mr. Spooner moved for a Committee of Inquiry on the subject of the Maynooth Commissioners' Report, in part of which the Catholic bishops are named by their territorial titles. The motion was carried by 97 to 26.

July (COMMONS.) The Irish Tenants' Compensation Bill was withdrawn.


July 26.

(COMMONS.) On the order for going into Committee on the Limited Liability Bill, Mr. Muntz moved to defer the Committee for three months, denouncing the bill as a delusion and uncalled for. Mr. Glyn seconded the amendment, which, after a long debate, was negatived by 121 to 40.

July (LORDS.) Lord Brougham laid on the table a bill for the 27. suppression of Religious Intolerance, which was read a first time, and ordered to be referred to the Statute Law Commissioners.

(COMMONS.) In Committee on the Turkish Loan Bill, Mr. Gladstone spoke at considerable length against the measure, denouncing particularly the clause enacting a joint guarantee, and warning the House of the political complications which the measure might originate. Lord Palmerston, unprepared for opposition to the measure, moved the postponement of the Committee till the evening sitting, which was agreed to. The remainder of the morning sitting was occupied in discussions on the

first clause of the Limited Liability Bill. In the evening sitting the Office of Speaker Bill was read a third time, and passed; and the order for the third reading of the Irish Absconding Debtors Bill was discharged. In Committee on the Turkish Loan Bill, the Chancellor of the Exchequer replied to the remarks of Mr. Gladstone, arguing in favour of the principle of the guarantee, that it left the call upon our resources contingent and remote, whereas a direct loan was certain and immediate. Mr. Gladstone replied, urging his objections to the policy of the measure, and repeating his warnings; he could not refuse assent to the bill, but he warned Government that the transaction must not be repeated. In the course of a long debate that followed, Lord Palmerston declared that upon the fate of this bill, the ability of the Turkish army to keep the field depended; and contended that the political difficulties so much dwelt upon by Mr. Gladstone were extremely improbable, if not wholly speculative. The bill then passed through Committee. Mr. H. Berkeley brought in a bill, founded on the Report of the Select Committee, to amend the Sunday Sale of Beer Act of last Session.

(COMMONS.) In Committee on the Limited Liability Bill, July clauses 1 to 7 were passed through after much discussion. In 30. the evening sitting Lord Palmerston laid on the table papers from Sierra Leone relating to the slaughter of British troops at Mallaghea.


(LORDS.) The Metropolitan Local Management, with its 243 clauses, schedules, &c., passed Committee. The Irish 31. Turnpike Acts Continuance and Office of Speaker Bills were read a second time, the order against reading a second time bills sent up from the Commons after July 24, being suspended on the motion of Earl Granville, on the score of their urgency.


(COMMONS.) In Committee of Ways and Means, the Chan

Aug. cellor of the Exchequer made his supplementary financial statement, and moved resolutions sanctioning the raising of 7,000,000l. by Exchequer Bills, to meet the supplemental Army, Navy, Commissariat, and Ordnance Estimates. The resolutions were carried unanimously. The third reading of the Limited Liability Bill was, after a long discussion, agreed to without division. The second reading of the Irish Crime and Outrage Bill was strongly opposed by Mr. Bowyer and other Irish members, but in a division, carried by 42 to 19. (COMMONS.) A debate on the object and policy of the war with Russia as affected by the Vienna Conferences was begun by Mr. Laing, in moving for copies of correspondence relating to the last Austrian proposal. The principal speakers were Sir G. Grey, Mr. Gladstone, Mr. Layard, and Mr. Cobden, who called Sir W. Molesworth to account for his speech to the electors of Southwark, in which he stated that on the Turkish Loan Bill Government had been nearly surprised by a "nefarious combination of parties." A lively personal discussion on the subject followed.



(LORDS.) The Sale of Beer Bill was read a second time; a Aug. motion for the suspension of the Standing Order, on the ground 6. of urgency, having been carried on a division by 25 to 16. The Turkish Loan Bill passed Committee, after a discussion, partly political, partly legal, between Lord St. Leonards, the Earl of Clarendon, and the Lord Chancellor.

(COMMONS.) The Attorney-General moved the committal of the Charitable Trusts Bill. The measure was strongly opposed by Mr. Knight, on the ground that it conferred unconstitutionally extensivé powers on the Charitable Trusts Commissioners, and concluded by

moving the committal of the bill for this day six months. After a lengthened debate, the amendment was negatived without a division, and the House went into Committee on the bill, several clauses of which passed through. Some clauses of the Irish Crime and Outrage Bill passed, after much opposition from the Irish members.



(LORDS.) Lord Stanley of Alderley moved the suspension of the standing order, on the ground of urgency, in the case of the Limited Liability Bill. The motion was opposed by Lord Redesdale, Lord Lyttelton, Earl Grey, and Lord St. Leonards. It was supported by Earl Granville, the Marquis of Clanricarde, and the Lord Chancellor, and, ou a division, carried by 38 to 14. The resolution was accordingly suspended, and the bill, after some further debate, was read a second time.

(COMMONS.) The Exchequer Bills (7,000,000l.) Bill was read a third time, and passed. On the order of the day for the third reading of the Appropriation Bill, Lord J. Russell called attention to the prospects of the war, its vast expenses, amounting to 49,000,000l. for the present year; to the inability of the Baltic and Black Sea fleets, however powerful, to effect its termination; to the failure of the Foreign Enlistment Act, and our consequent inability to ward off the dauger that threatens the Asiatic frontier of Turkey; to the fact that the Turkish plenipotentiary was satisfied with the proposal for peace made by Count Buol, and that, consequently, if the war was continued not for the integrity of Turkey, but for the maintenance of the military renown of France and England, it would be the duty of these powers, not to guarantee loans, but to give direct subsidies to Turkey. The noble Lord then, turning to Italy, eulogized Sardinia, reviewed the unsatisfactory state of Naples and Tuscany, and dwelt long on the subject of the occupation of the States of the Church by Austrian and French troops, and concluded by recommending Ministers, in concert with France and Sardinia, to introduce some system of government into central Italy which would admit of the withdrawal of foreign troops from that country. Mr. Wilkinson objected that this was not the time to press these subjects on the Government; the object of the war, namely, to show the world that the peace of Europe could not be disturbed with impunity, was not yet attained. Lord Palmerston, in replying to the several points of Lord J. Russell's speech, declared that the protection of Turkey was but the means to an end; behind this was the greater question of repressing the grasping ambition of Russia, and preventing the extinction of the principles of political and commercial liberty. With regard to the amelioration of Italy, the Prime Minister assured the House that no proper opportunity to promote it would be lost. After some remarks from Mr. Henley on the impropriety of opening up these questions at the present time by Lord J. Russell, the bill was read a third time, and passed, as was also the Militia Pay Bill. The Indian budget was then explained to the House by Mr. V. Smith, and was discussed at much length; the debate mainly turning on the existence of torture in India. The resolutions based upon the budget were then formally passed.

(COMMONS.) The Dispatch of Business Court of Chancery Bill was committed, and after a discussion, in the course of which the SolicitorGeneral animadverted in severe terms on the unsatisfactory state of the appellate jurisdiction of the House of Lords. The bill passed through with amendments, and was then reported to the House, read a third time, and passed.

Aug. 11, (LORDS.) On the motion of the Lord Chancellor, the

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