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EXPORTS.-The following is the Declared Value of the Principal Articles of BRITISHI and IRISH PRODUCE and MANUFACTURES in 1854.
Machinery of all kinds
Iron and Steel, Wrought and Unwrought
Silk, Thrown, Twist, and Manufactures of all kinds
Tin Plates, and Tin and Pewter Wares.
EXPORTS.-The following are the Quantities of the Principal Articles of FOREIGN and COLONIAL MERCHANDISE Exported from the UNITED KINGDOM in 1854.
Leather Manufactures:- Gloves
Metals:-Copper, Unwrought and part Wrought
.prf. galls. 3, 103,331
IRELAND-IMPORTS.-Of home-made spirits, and the principal articles imported into Ireland in the year 1854, the following quantities were retained for home consumption:-Wine, of all sorts, 591,607 gallons; Foreign Spirits, of all sorts, 172,702 gallons; Home-made Spirits, 8,440,734 gallons; Tobacco, 4,896,042 lbs.; Tea, 8,649,841 lbs. ; Coffee, 823,813 lbs.; Sugar, raw, 451,445 cwts.; Foreign Refined Sugar, 58,469 cwts.; Cotton Wool, 637,616 lbs.; Iron, unwrought, 66 tons; Timber, 176,512 loads.
IRELAND-EXPORTS.-In the year ending Jan. 5, 1855, there were exported to Great Britain 204,004 oxen and cows, 7,514 calves, 356,780 sheep, 170,188 swine; 138,159 quarters of wheat and wheat-flour, and 1,818,169 quarters of oats and oatmeal.
BRITISH SHIPPING. On December 31, 1854, the number of Sailing Vessels registered in the various ports of England and Wales was 6,709
under 50 tons, the tonnage being 204,283; and 12,473 above 50 tons, the tonnage 2,938,587. In Scotland the number was 1,173 under 50 tons, the tonnage 36,298; and 1,995 above 50 tons, tonnage 471,098. In Ireland the vessels under 50 tons numbered 1,038, tonnage 30,251; and those above 50 tons 1085; tonnage 109,609. In the Isle of Man and Channel Islands there were 530 vessels under 50 tons, tonnage 13,053; and 332 above 50 tons, tonnage 49,334. Total of sailing vessels, 25,335; total amount of tonnage, 3,942,513-an increase over 1853 of 111 vessels, and 162,411 tons. The Steam Vessels were, in England, 515 under 50 tons, tonnage 12,584; and 639 above 50 tons, tonnage 209,876. In Scotland there were 40 under 50 tons, tonnage 1,041; and 185 above 50 tons, tonnage 48,541. In Ireland there were 21 under 50 tons, tonnage 1,041; and 113 above 50 tons, tonnage 31,822. In the Isle of Man and the Channel Islands the steam vessels numbered 11, and the total tonnage was 1539. Total of steam vessels, 1,524; total amount of tonnage, 306,098—an increase over 1854 of 139 vessels, and 45,526 tons. Of the steam vessels, 480, with a tonnage of 142,590, belong to the port of London. The number of vessels registered in the year, in various British Colonies, was, in Africa, 251 sailing vessels, and 2 steamers, tonnage 19,208; in Australia, 947 sailing vessels, and 43 steamers (more than double the preceding year), tonnage 131,234; in North American Colonies, 6,018 sailing vessels, and 126 steamers, tonnage 534,006; in the British West Indies, 687 sailing vessels (no steamers), tonnage 21,326.
COLONIAL TRADE.-The Number and Tonnage of Vessels that entered and cleared from the various ports of the United Kingdom in the year 1854, from and to the British Colonies, was, Inwards, in England, British, 4,967 sailing vessels, tonnage 1,552,071; steamers 427, tonnage 106,294; foreign, 567 sailing vessels, tonnage 290,447. In Scotland, British, 595 sailing vessels, tonnage 230,765; foreign, 8 sailing vessels, tonnage 2,516. In Ireland, British, 383 sailing vessels, and 1 steamer, tonnage 118.377; foreign, 41 sailing vessels, tonnage 14,776. Channel Islands, British, 961 sailing vessels, tonnage 77,835; foreign, 4 sailing vessels, tonnage 133. Outwards, from England, 4,552 sailing vessels, tonnage 1,501,605; steamers 435, tonnage 108,258; foreign, 559 sailing vessels, tonnage 223,370. From Scotland, British, 650 sailing vessels, tonnage 238,485; steamers 7, tonnage 1,738; foreign, 15 sailing vessels, tonnage 4,820. From Ireland, British, 994 sailing vessels, tonnage 88,115; steamers 4, tonnage 2,045; foreign, 39, tonnage 9,122, and 1 steamer, tonnage 270. From the Channel Islands, British, 994 sailing vessels, tonnage 88,115; and 627 steamers, tonnage 95,673; foreign, 25 sailing vessels, tonnage 1969. The total number of British ships entered inwards was 7,963 tonnage 2,178,621; of foreign there were 620, tonnage 240,795. Of British ships cleared outwards there were 7,471, tonnage 2,113,062; of foreign there were 639, tonnage 249,542. The most remarkable feature here is the vast increase of the Colonial trade with the Channel Islands, which is more than double of that of Ireland.
COASTING TRADE.-The Number and Tonnage of Vessels that entered and cleared Coastwise during the year 1854 was, to various ports in England, inwards, British, 95,545 sailing vessels, tonnage 7,554,934; steamers 12,787, tonnage 3,106,396; foreign, 297 sailing vessels, tonnage 43,778. In Scotland, British, 13,739 sailing vessels, tonnage 856,305; steamers 4,879, tonnage 1,075,388; foreign, 52 sailing vessels,
tonnage 3,996. In Ireland, British, 17,414 sailing vessels, tonnage 1,305,001; steamers 4,751, tonnage 1,428,435; foreign, 1 sailing vessel, tonnage 108. In the Isle of Man, British, 1,403 sailing vessels, tonnage 43,217; steamers 187, tonnage 44,459. Outwards, from various ports in England, British, 108,630 sailing vessels, tonnage 8,653,953; steamers 12,584, tonnage 2,950,775; foreign, 248 sailing vessels, tonnage 34,628. From Scotland, British, 16, 146 sailing vessels, tonnage 967,341; steamers 5,080, tonnage 1,132,897; foreign, 58 sailing vessels, tonnage 4,729. From Ireland, British, 8,070 sailing vessels, tonnage 522, 188; steamers 4,797, tonnage 1,493,609; foreign, 70 sailing vessels, tonnage 12,279. From the Isle of Man, 636 sailing vessels, tonnage 19,838. Total, inwards, 151,055 vessels, tonnage 15,462,317; outwards, 156,485 vessels, tonnage 15,830,503. The total number of men employed, exclusive of masters, was 162,416.
SCOTCH FISHERIES.-The year 1854 was not a favourable one for the Scotch Herring Fishery. It began late, and the quantity taken was considerably below that of 1853. The quantity taken was 740,351 barrels; the quantity cured was 636,562 barrels, of whieh 211,844 barrels were branded, and 361,696 barrels were exported. Of cod and ling 109,684 cwts. were cured dry, and 6,166 barrels were cured in pickle. The quantity exported was 19,557 cwts. dry, and 1044 barrels in pickle; and in addition 58,042 cwts. were taken, and sold fresh. In 1854 there were 10,891 boats employed, manned by 40,359 fishermen and boys; the total number employed, including the curing department, was 67,834— a decrease of upwards of 3,000 from the number employed in 1853.
VESSELS BUILT.-In 1854 there were built and registered in the United Kingdom 592 timber sailing vessels, tonnage 115,807, and 36 iron sailing vessels, tonnage 16,880; 22 timber steamers, tonnage 2090; and 152 iron steamers, tonnage 62,165; total, 802 vessels, tonnage 196,942. The number of colonial-built vessels, registered in British ports, was 66, tonnage 43,003, all from the North American Colonies, and a large increase over the previous year. Of foreign-built vessels the number so registered was 267, tonnage 97,641, an increase of nearly threefold. In 1854 there were 738 vessels belonging to the United Kingdom wrecked, of which the tonnage was 168,843; and 74 broken up, of which the tonnage was 9,975.
WRECKS.-The numbers of wrecks on the coasts and in the seas of the United Kingdom, in the year 1854, was 987. Of these, 431 were totally wrecked; 53 totally lost in collision; 462 were seriously damaged, and had to discharge; and 41 were damaged by collision. The consequent loss of life in the various casualties, as far as can be ascertained, was 1,549. The greater number of accidents, 258, occurred in January; the smallest, 23, in May.
WHEAT AND GRAIN, FLOUR AND MEAL.-The total quantity imported into the United Kingdom from various countries, in 1854, was 6,850,500 quarters of grain of all kinds, 3,705,160 cwts. of flour and meal. Of these, the wheat imported was 3,431,227 quarters, of which 516,839 quarters came from Russia, against 1,070,901 quarters in 1853. Of the flour and meal all was wheaten, except 58,655 cwts. The decrease of importation from that of 1853 was somewhat more than two million quarters of grain, and one million cwts. of flour.
FOREIGN TRADE.-NUMBER and TONNAGE of VESSELS that Entered Inwards and Cleared Outwards (including their repeated Voyages), separating British from Foreign Vessels, also Steam from Sailing Vessels, and distinguishing the 'Trade with each Country, in the Year 1854. [Sa, is for Sailing Vessels; St. for Steam Vessels.]
21,340 5,374,551 20,251 3,786,815 20,876 5,370,298 22,618 4,137,423
The British tonnage has increased over the preceding year; the foreign has decreased-somewhat both in vessels and tonnage.