Oldalképek
PDF
ePub

BRITISILALMANAC

THE SOCIETY FOR THE DIFFUSYON OF USEFUL

KNOWLEDGE,

FOR THE YEAR OF OUR LORD

1856,

BEING BISSEXTILE, OR LEAP YEAR.

Page 1

[blocks in formation]

PRELIMINARY NOTES.

Esplanatory Notices ....
Correspondence of Eras

with 1856 ........ 2
Table for finding Sun-

rising and Sun-setting 3, 4
High Water at Outports.
Heights of High Water at

the London Docks for

1856 ..........6, 7
Occuliations of Stars ..8, 9
Table of Duration of

Moonlight ........
Notes for the Year....
Eclipses in 1856. .....
The Four Quarters of the

Year ..........
Terms and Returns ...
Transfer Days ...... 12
Holidays at Public Offices 12

Quarter-Sessions .....
THE CALENDAR ... 14—37
Hebrew and Mohamme-

dan Calendars ... 14-36
MISCELLANEOUS REGIS-

TER.
The Royal Family .... 38
Chief Officers of the

Queen's Household ...
Prince Albert's Household 38
Prince of Wales's do..
Duchess of Kent's do...

The Ministry : ... .
List of House of Peers ...
List of House of Commons . 44
Alphabetical List of Member's 49

Page
English Bishops and Deans 51
Courts of Law ........31
Lords Lieutenant ...... 54
Foreign Ministers in Eng-

Jand, and Queen's Minis-

ters abroad .........
Lord Mayor and Aldernen of

London ........... 55
SCOTLAND .........
IRELAND ......
COLONIES ........
COMMERCE.

Bank Directors .... 62
Brauch Banks...... 62
East India Directors. 62
Bankers in London .. 62
Army Agents ...... 63

Navy Agents ......
EDUCATION,
University of Oxford ... 63

- Cambridge . 65

- London ... 65
University College, London 66
King's College....... 67
New College, London ... 68
College of Preceptors . . 68
Owen's Coll., Manchester, . 08
Manchester New College, . 68
Queen's Coll., Birmingham 68
Durham University .... 68
St. David's College.... 69
St. Augustine's College .. 69
Royal Mil. Coll.,Sandhurst 69
Royal Mil. Acad.Woolwich 69
Royal Naval Coll., Ports-

mouth. .......... 69
East India Coll., Hajleybury 69
Royal Veterinary College 69

MISCELLANEOUS INFOR-

MATION.
Table of Kings and Queens 76
Circuits of the Judges .. 76
Central Criminal Court . 76
Law and other Public

Offices .......... 77
Iron-Masters' Quarterly

Meetings ......... 79
Hackney Carriage Fares . 79
Allowance to witnesses. . 80
Metropolitan WaterComps. 80

- Gas do... 80
Fire-Engine Stations ... 80
General and Twopenny

Post Office ..... 80--83
Mail Routes ...... 83-87
Principal Club Houses . . 87
Fire and Life Insurance

Companies ..... 88--90
Exhibitions, &c., open to

the Public gratuitously. 90
Cost of Licenses ....... 90
Stamps ........... 92
Assessed Taxes......94
Ruleforcalculating interest 95
Table to calculate Wages. 95
Weights and Measures . . 95
Weight of English Coins. 96
Memoranda for 1837. . . . 96

LONDON:
KNIGHT AND CO., 90, FLEET STREET.

Price One Shilling, stitched in a wrapper; or, bound in cloth with the Companion 10

the Almanac, Four Shillings.

LONDON : PRINTED BY W. CLOWES AND SONS, STAMFORD STREET AND CHARING CROSS.

EXPLANATORY NOTICES.

Explanation of the column headed Thermometrical Register." Tue Thermometrical Register commences with Nov. 1854, and closes with Oct. 1855. inclusive. These registers have been carefully copied from those made at the Royal Observatory, Greenwich, and which are also deposited with the Royal Society. They show the highest and lowest ranges within each twenty-four hours, from twelve different readings. Each month is placed with its corresponding month, as affording the most ready and advantageous means of comparison, although by this arrangement the register of the last two months of 1854 follows the ten months of 1855, which are all we can give up to the day of publication, Explanation of the columns headed " Length of day," " Day's increase or decrease,

Day breaks,and Twilight ends." The column headed “Length of day" contains the number of hours and minutes between sunrise and sunset. The column headed “Day's increase" expresses the number of hours and minutes which the day has increased since the shortest day; and, where the column is headed “ Day's decrease," it expresses the number of hours and minutes which the day has decreased since the longest day; for example, the length of the longest day in 1856 is put down in the column “Length of day” at 16h. 34m. ; and on the 6th of July following we find that the length of the day, or the number of hours and minutes between sunrise and sunset, is set down at 16h. 23m.; hence the day has decreased 10m, since the longest day, and, accordingly, in the column "Day's decrease," we find opposite July the 6th Oh. 1]m,

Equation of Time. In this Almanac the calculations are all made for mean time (given by the clock), instead of apparent time (given by the sun-dial), which latter had been used up to the year 1833. It must be obvious that, for all practical purposes, mean time is the most useful; and to obtain it from apparent time, the columns in the Almanac headed * Equation of Time" should be used. The column “Equation of Time" ought, for exaniple, to be consulted when persons are desirous of setting their clock by a sun-dial, When clock after sun is written above the number of minutes and seconds opposite to the day, then the clock ought to be set so much slower than the sun-dial, and the contrary,

Moonlight. Tue Moon's age is set down in days and the nearest tenths of days from the time of change. Thus it is New Moon on the 7th of January at Ilh. 17m. afternoon, and there. fore at noon on the 8th she is 12h. 43m, old, which is set down as five-tenths. The fraction of the day of course continues the same throughout the lunation.

LIST OF THE CORRESPONDENCE OF ERAS WITH THE YEAR 1856. [In those Eras which begin with the Christian year, the year alone is stated; in those which begin at a different season, the month in which the 1st of January, 1856, occurs is also given.]

Correspondence Abbre

with 1856. viations. Roman Year ..............

2609. A.U.C. Year of the World (Constantinopolitan account) ........... 7364 A.M. Const. Ditto (Alexandrian account) .........

7348 A.M. Alex. Ditto

(Jewish account)............ 23rd Thebet 5616 A.M.
Era of Nabonassar ......................... 8th Pharmuti 2604 Ær. Nab.
Egyptian .................................... 25th Cohiac 2602 A. Eg.
Julian Period ............................................ 6569 Jul. Per.
Dioclesian, or of Martyrs ...........

.. 25th Cohiac 1572 Ær. Diocl. Seleucides, or Grecian .....

.... Audynaus 2167 Ær. Seleuc. Death of Alexander

.. 3d month of 2179 A. Mor. Alex. Era of Tyre ........

... Audynæus 1980 Ær. Tyr. Casarian of Antioch (Greek)....

...... Audynæus 1904 Cæs. Ant. Ditto (Syrian).

.... Canun II. 1903 Era of Abraham ............................ 4th month 0 371

Ær. Abr. Spanish, or of the Cæsars ..

................ 1894 A. Cæs. l'ersian Era of Yezdegird III. (Parsee account) ........... 1225 A. Pers. Armenian common year....

...5th Kaghots 1305 An, Arm.
Ditto ecclesiastical year i ........... 12th Kagnots 1304
Hegira ....................................22nd Rabiu II. 1272 A.H.
Kaliyug...............

....... Poos or Margaly 4957 Cal. Salivahana ..............................

Ditto

1778 Saca. Vikramaditya .............

Ditto

1912 Samvat,

.............

[ocr errors]
[ocr errors]

Correspondence Abbre.

with 1856. viations. Bengalee ................................ Poos or Margaly 1262 Beng. Sen. Fuslee (Bengal account) ....

1263 Fusl. Ditto (Telinga account) ...

Ditto

1265 Era of Collam .............

...... 4th month of 1031 Collam. Grahaparivrithi ..... .. 80th year of 21st cycle

Grah. Brihuspotee ..................... 1st year of 85th cycle

Cycl. Brih. Ditto

.... 50th year of 83rd cycle Chinese Year .................... 11th month of Yih-maou. AUXILIARY TABLE FOR FINDING THE TIME OF SUN.

RISING AND SETTING. The time of Sunrise and Sunset in the British Almanac' is adapted to the parallel of

latitude in which London is situated_viz, 51° 30'. The following table has been constructed to show the variations of time through the United Kingdom_namely, between the latitude of 580 and 500 10' N. The times of sun-rising and sur-setting are computed for the instant that the sun's centre is even with the horizon of the sea. The number of minutes found in this table under the month-day, and in the required latitude, are to be applied to the time of sun-rising and setting found on that day in the Almanac; the result will be the time of his rising and setting at the place required.-Ex. At what time will the sun rise and set on May 21 at Edinburgh? The time of sunrise and sunset on that day in the Almanac is 4h. 2m. A.m., and 7h. 52m. P.M. In the tables in parallel of 56°, in which Edinburgh is found, and under May 21, are 23 minutes; which, subtracted from 4h. 2m., leaves 3h. 39m. for time of sunrise; and, added to 7h. 52m., gives 8h. 15m. for time of sun-setting.

The places which follow the different parallels are situate within 15 miles of latitude either north or south of it. Lat.

GREAT BRITAIN. 580 0 _Dornoch, Tain, Dunrobin, Portenleik, Dunclaim. 570 30'_Peterhead, Fraserburg, Banff, Elgin, Cromarty, Inverness, Applecross. 570 0'-Aberdeen, Bervie, Braemar, Laggan, Cornock. 560 30'— Forfar, Dundee, Perth, Comrie, Ardchattan. 560 01-Berwick, Haddington, Edinburgh, Linlithgow, Kinross, Stirling, Dumbarton,

Glasgow. 550 30'—Embleton, Jedburgh, Selkirk, Sanquhar, Lanark, Irvine, Ayr. 550 0'_Newcastle, Morpeth, Carlisle, Annan, Dumfries, New Galloway, Wigtown. 54° 30' --Scarborough, Whitby, Hartlepool, Stockton, Richmond, Appleby, Cocker

mouth, Whitehaven, North part of Isle of Man. O'_New Malton, York, Aldborough, Clitheroe, Lancaster, Preston. 530 30'_Grimsby, Kingston-upon-Hull, Pontefract, Manchester, Wigan, Liverpool,

Beaumaris, Holyhead. 530 0'-Lynn Regis, Boston, Lincoln, Nottingham, Derby, Stafford, Flint, Chester,

Denbigh, Caernarvon, Harlech. 520 30'—Yarmouth, Norwich, Thetford, Ely, Peterborough, Leicester, Coventry, Lich.

field, Shrewsbury, Ludlow, Montgomery, Aberystwith. 520 0'-Ipswich, Colchester, Cambridge, Hertford, Bedford, Buckingham, Oxford,

Gloucester, Worcester, Hereford, Monmouth, Brecon, Caermarthen, Car

digan, St. David's. 510 30'_LONDON, Ramsgate, Canterbury, Rochester, Chelmsford, Windsor, Walling.

ford, Marlborough, Malmesbury, Bath, Bristol, Newport, Cardiff, Llandair,

Pembroke. 510 0'_Dover, Winchelsea, Brighton, Guildford, Chichester, Winchester, Portsmouth,

Southampton, Salisbury, Shaftesbury, Wells, Ilchester, Taunton, Bridge

water, Minehead, Barnstaple. 500 30'-Newport (I. W.), Poole, Weymouth, Exeter, Ashburton, Totnes, Plymouth,

Tavistock, Launceston, Bodmin, Camelford, Paristow. 500 10'_Truro, Falmouth, Helstone, Penzance.

IRELAND. 550 0'-Carrickfergus, Antrim, Coleraine, Londonderry, Lifford, St. Johnstown. 540 30'_Belfast, Killyleagh, Downpatrick, Armagh, Charlemont, Dungannon, Augher,

Donegal, Ballyshannon, Enniskillen, Sligo. 540 O_Carlingford, Newry, Dundalk, Drogheda, Kells, Cavan, Belturbet, Carrick,

Boyle, Castlebar, Killala. 530 30'—Dublin, Swords, Naas, Athboy, Mullingar, Philipstown, Kilbeggan, Athione,

Roscommon, Lanesboro', Tulsk, Tuam, Ballinrobe. 530 O'_Wicklow, Blessington, Baltinglass, Carlow, Athy, Kildare, Portarlington,

Maryborough, Ballynakill, Banagher, Galway, Ennis. 52° 30'_Newborough, Enniscorthy, Wexford, Kilkenny, Cullen, Clonmell, Cashel,

Killmallock, Limerick, Askeyton. 520 0'Waterford, Dungarvon, Youghal, Tallagh, Lismore, Rathcormack, Cork, Marlow, Killarney, Tralee, Ardfast, Dingle.

B 2 510 30'_Kinsale, Bandor, Clonekelty, Baltimore.

580 to 51° 30' add to time of Sun-rising. Subtract from

time of Sur-setting.

Subtract from time of Sun-rising.

Add to time of Sun-setting.

Add to time of Sun-rising. Subtract from time of Sun

setting.

17 13

[ocr errors]
[ocr errors]

......

[ocr errors]

22 19

January February March April May June July August September October November December

11121 | 111211112111121 11121 | 1 1121 111 21 11121 | 111211112111121 | 111 21 Lat

m mm mmm m m m m m m m m m m m m m m m m mm mmm m m m m m m m mm 580 0 ..

40 38 32 126 21 17 12 6 0 6 12 17 22 27 33 38 40 42 40 37 33 28 23 19 13 7 1 6 10 14 21 26 38 40 42 570 30 37 35 30 24 19 15 1160 6 11 16 | 20 25 31 38 37 34 30 26 21 18

18 12 6 1 6 9 13 20 24 30 35 37 38 570 0'.. 31 32 27

10 5 0 10 15 18 23 28 | 32 24 35 | 34 31 28 24 19 16 | | 11 6 1 5 8 12 18 22 32 34 35 560 30' .. 31 29 25 20 16 12 9 5 0 9 13 | 17 21 25 29 31 32

32 31 28 25 22 17 10 12 11 5 8 11 | 16 20 25 29 31 32 5600 ....

28 26 22 14 11 8 4 0 4 8 12 15 19 23

28 25 23

20 16 13 9 5 1 4 7 10 15 18 22 26 28 29 55° 30'.... 25 23 20 16 12 10 7 4 0 4 7 11 14 17 20

il 8 4 1 4 6 9 | 13 16 20 24 25 26 550 O' .. 22 20 17 14 10 8 6 3 0

12 15 17 20 22 22

15 13 10 7 4 1 3 5 8 12 14 17 21 22 22
54° 30' .. 19 17 15 12 9 7 5 3 0 3 5 8 10 13 15 17 19 19 19 17 15 13 11 9 6 3 1 3 5 7 10 12 15 18 19 19
540 O
16 14 12 10 7 6 4 2 0 1

2 4 6

9 11 12 14 16 16 16 14 13 | 119 7 5 3 1 2 4 6 8 10 12 15
530 30 13 11 10 8 5 4 3 2 0 | 2 4 5 7 8 10 12 13 13 13 11 10 9 7 6 4 2 1 1 2 3 5 7 8 10 12 12
530 0 .. . ... 10 9 7 6 4 3 3 1 0 1 3 4 5 6 7 9 9 10 9 8 8 7 5 4 3 2 0 1 2 3 5 6 7 9 9 10
52° 30' ..... 6 6 5 4 2 2 2 1 0 1 2 2 3 4 5 | 6 6 6 6 6 5 4 3 3 2 1 0 1 2 2 3 4 5 | 6 6 6
520 0 ........ 3 3 3 2 2 1 1 0 0 1 0 1 1 2 2 2 3 3 3 3 3 3 2 2 1 1 0 0 1 1 2 2 2 3 3 3
510 30' .... . . N.B. The times of sun-rising and sun setting on this parallel are those given daily in the British Almanac.'
51° 0'........ 3 3 3 2 2 1 1 0 0 0 1 1 2 2 2 3 3 3 3 3 3 2 2 1 1 1 0 1 0 1 1 2 2 2 3 3 3
50° 30' ....... 6 6 5 4 2 2 2 1 0 1 2 2 3 4 5 6 6 6 6 6 5 4 3 3 2 1 0 1 1 2 2 3 4 5 6 6 6
500 10 ........ 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 8 8 7 6 5 4 4 1 2 1 0 1 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 8

Cu

[ocr errors]

51° 30' to 50° 10' subtract

from time of Sun-rising. Add to time of Sun-setting.

Add to time of Sun-rising.
Subtract from time of Sun-setting.

Subtract from time of Sun

rising. Add to time of Suo-setting.

[ocr errors]

2

16

12

54

:::::::::::

NAONA W WA - CN WNNNOWN CT

sub. O

::::::

54

39

..... sub.

[ocr errors]

HIGH WATER.
The following List, showing the difference of Time, nearly, between London and the Out-

ports of the United Kingdom, as well as a few foreign Ports, is derived from Local
Tide Tables, and the best books on Navigation.
h. m. 1

h. m. Aberdeen .................. sub. 0 55 Helleroet Sluys ............ add 0 7 Alderney Pier ............

add 4 39 Holyhead Harbour .......... sub. 3 42 Antwerp.........

- 3 36 Horn Point ................ Ardrishaig .... sub. 27 Hull

add 4 22 Ayr Harbour ...

- 2 41
Hythe..

...... sub, 3 21 Bantry Bay add 1 40 Ilfracombe.....

add Barnstaple Bar .....

- 3 45 | Jersey (St. Aubyn) ..... Beachy Head........

sub. I 48 King's Road .......... Berwick ............ .... add o Kingstown Harbour........ Blakeney Harbour ...... .... 3 Kinsale Harbour ....

-154 Blexen .... sub. O 56 Leith ..............

.... add 0 10 Boulogne .... - 2 40 Lerwick Harbour ............

sub. 4 6 Brest Harbour

add 1 40 Little Hampton ............ - 2 21 Brielle..... -054 Liverpool ..

- 2 44 Brighton........

sub. 2 28 | Lough Foyle (Londonderry) .. add 5 53 Bristol..........

.... add 5 10 Margate.................... sub. 2 Buchan-ness ....

sub. 2 16 Milford Haven, entrance to .. add 3 Calais ..............

.. - 2 2 36 Montrose .................. Campbeltown ..........

2 36 Morlaix ....................

.... add 2 Cape Clear........

Mount's Bay .... Cardigan Bar ....

Newhaven ..... Carmarthen Bay .......

Newport (Isle of Wight) .... Cherbourg ..

5 51 New Shoreham Harbour .... Chichester Harbour ........

2 9

Orfordness................ Christchurch Harbour ........ 5 16 Ostend .................... Cork Harbour (Queenstown).. 2 24 Peel Harbour, Isle of Man Cowes ......................

3 21 Pembroke Dock-Yard........ Crinan.................... 153 Port Glasgow .. .......

sub. 2 41 Cromarty ......

.... sub. 2 2

Port Patrick ................ Cuxhaven ................

1 .6 Portsmouth Harbour ...... Dartmouth Harbour ..... add 3 54 Ramsay Harbour, Isle of Man Devonport Dock-Yar:

3 36 Ramsgate Harbour ..........
Dieppe .................... sub. 2 Rye Harbour..............
Donegal Bar ... ....... add 2 Scarborough .......
Douglas Harbour, Isle of Man sub. Scilly Islands......
Dover Harbour ........... - 2 55 Shannon Mouth ...
Dublin ...........

2 54 Sligo Bay ...........
Duncansby Head..
5 51 Southampton............

b. 3 26 Dundee ......

.. add 0 29 Southend and Sheerness .. - 1 27 Dunkerque ....... sub. 2 Spurn Point, the

Id 3 14 Exmouth Bar ....

... add 4
St. Ives .............

- 2 14 Eyder, Mouth of the .. .. sub. 2 2 26 St. Malo ......

3 34 Eyemouth ............ .... 0 0 9 Stromness .....

5 6 Falmouth Harbour .... .... add 3 3 9 Sunderland..........

add 1 15 Flushing (Walcheren)......

0 46 Tay Bar ........ ..... sub. 0 Folkestone ......

3 7 Texel Road .... Fort George ....

..

26
2

Torbay .......... ...... add 3
Galway .........

2 22 Tynemouth Bar .. Glenluce Bay ....

3 26 Waterford, Hook Point of.... Gravelines ........

2 26 Wells Harbour.... Greenock ........

2 41 West Scheldt, entrance ...... sub. 1 31 Guernsey Pier ...... .... add 4 24 Weymouth.................. add 4 51 Hartlepool ........

- 1 24

24 | Whitby ............ Hastings..........

sub. 3 14 Wigton Bay .............. sub. 3 26 Havre de Grace ............ - 4 16 | Wranger Oog ............. - 2 6 Heligoland.

...... - 2 22 | Yarmouth Road ............ - 5 36

52

:

[ocr errors]

...... add

6

[ocr errors]

0 44 3 4 3 54

To find the time of High Water at the above Places, it will be necessary to add or subtract the numbers in the above Table, according to the directions here given, to or

gh Water at London, as given in the Calendar for the day required. For example: _On the 10th of January, the morning High Water at London Bridge

is 3h. 36m. ; the High Water at Dover Harbour is 2h. 55m. earlier; subtract, according to the direction, 2h. 55m. from 3h. 36m., and the time of High Water at Dover Harbour on that day will be found to be at On, 41m, in the morning.

« ElőzőTovább »