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UNIVERSAL

BIOGRAPHICAL DICTIONARY,

CONTAINING

THE LIVES OF THE MOST CELEBRATED CHARACTERS OF

Every age and Nation,

INBRACING WARRIORS, HEROES, POETS, PHILOSOPHERS, HISTORIANS, POLITICIAXS, STATESMEN,
LAWYERS, PHYSICIANS, DIVINES, DISCOVERERS, INVENTORS, AND GENERALLY, ALL SUCR
INDIVIDUALS, AS FROM THE EARLIEST PERIODS OF HISTORY TO THE PRESENT

TIME, HAVE BEEN DISTINGUISHED AMONG MANKIND;

TO WHICH IS ADDED,

À DICTIONARY

OF THE

PRINCIPAL DIVINITIES AND HEROES

OF

Grecian and Roman Mythology,

AND

A BIOGRAPHICAL DICTIONARY

or

EMINENT LIVING CHARACTERS.

NEW EDITION.

PHILADELPHIA:
GRIGG & ELLIOT No. 9 NORTH FOURTH STREET.

HARVARD
UNIVERSITY
Lilir. Y
FEB 13 1962

ADVERTISEMENT.

This work embraces every article in Lempriere, generally in an abricged form; it also contains many of the articles found in the Biographical works of Jones, Watkins, Allen, &c. not included in Lempriere; besides a few original notices, prepared for this work, and to be found in no other. The number of articles are, therefore, believed to be greater than in any other Biographical Dictionary, and though in most instances they are necessarily very concise, yet it has been the aim of the compilers to give ample details when the characters are particularly conspicuous, and in other cases, to embrace in few words the leading points of interest.

It is acknowledged with pleasure, that great assistance has been derived, in the compilation, from Mr. E. Lord's correct and enlarged edition of Lempriere, lately published in New-York—a work which has laid the public un. der many obligations; particularly for the new matter wbich it brings for ward. The excellent work of Alep has also been of great use in forming the present a vidgment.

T. K. & P. G. COLLINS, PRINTERS, PHILA.

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BIOGRAPHICAL DICTIONARY.

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AB A 4, Peter Vander, a bookseller of Leyden, who left behind hiin very accurate and judicious me

published a work in 66 voks. folio, entitled moirs of all the embassies in which he was entGalerie du Monde, &c. was living in 1729. ployed.

AAGARD, Nicholas and Christian, brothers, A ARSENS, or AERSENS, Peter, called by born at Wiburg, in Denmark, the eldest, distin-the Italians Pietro Longo, from his taliness, a guished for the acuteness of his philosophical celebrated painter, born at Amsterdam in 1519 writings, died 1657 ; the other known for hisIe excelled very particularly in painting a poetical talents, died 1664.

kitchen; but an altarpiece of his, viz. a crucifix. AALAM, an astrologer of the ninth century, representing an executioner breaking with an at the court of Adado Daula.

iron bar the legs of the thieves, &c. was prodiAALST, Everard, a dutch painter, whose giously admired. This noble piece was destroyed pieces were highly valued, was born at Delft, by the rabble in the time of the insurrection, 1602, and died in 1658.

1566. Hle atterwards complained of this to the AARON, elder brother of Moses, of the tribe populace in terms of such severity, that more of Levi, born A. M. 2434; he was the friend and than once they were going to murder bim. He the assistant of Moses, was happily gifted with died in 1585. the powers of eloquence, and became the first AARTGEN, or AERTGEN, a painter of high-priest among the Hebrews. He died in his merit, horn at Leyden in 1498. It was a custom 123d year.

with this painter never to work on Mondays, AARON, Raschid, a caliph of the Abassides, but to devote that day with his disciples to the distinguished by his conquests and the eccentri-bottle. He used to stroll about the streets in the city of his character, died A. D. 809, in the 230|| night, playing on the German fiute; and in one year of his reign.

of these frolics was drowned in 1564. AARON, Schascout, a rabbi of Thessalonica, ABA, brother-in-law to Stephen, the first celebrated for his writings.

Christian king of Hungary; disgraced himself AARON, a British saint, put to death with his by his crueltics; was conquered in battle by the brother Julius, during Dioclescian's persecution Emperor Henry III.; and was sacrificed to the of the Christians.

resentment of his offended subjects. 1014. AARON, a presbyter and physician of Alex- ABAFFI, Michael, son of a mayistrate of Herandria, in the eighth century; he wrote 30 books manstad, rose by his abiities and intrigues, to on medicine in the Syriac language, and is the the sovereignty of Transylvania, in 1661. first author who makes mention of the small pox ABACA, or' ABAKA, a king of Tartary, con and meazles, diseases which were introduced quered Persia, and proved a powerful and formiinto Egypt from Arabia, about 640.

dable neighbour to the Christians at Jerusalem, AARON, Hariscon, a Caraite rabbi who was died 1282. known as physician at Constantinople in 1294; ABANO, vid. Apono. and wrote a learned commentary on the penta- ABARIS, a Scythian philosopher, the history teuch, Hebrew grammar, &c.

of whose adventures, mentioned by Herodoius AARON, Hacharoh or Posterior, another and others, appears more fabulous than aulearned Rabbi, born in 1346 ; he wrote on the thentic. law of Moses, the customs of his nation, and a ABAS, Schah, seventh king of Persia, was treatise entitled the Garden of Eden.

brave and active; he took conjointly with the AARON, Isaac, an interpreter of languages English forces, 1622, the Island of Ormus, which at Constantinople under the Comeni.

had been in the possession of the Portuguese 122 AARON, Ben Chaim, the chief of the Jewish|| years; he died 1029 in the 44th year of his reign. Synagogue, at Fez and Morocco, in the begin- ABAS, Schah, the great grandson of the prening of the 17th century; he wrote commenta-|| ceding, succeeded bis father in 1642, in his 13th ries on Joshua, the Law, the Prophets, &c. year; he patronised the Christians, and was dis

AARON, BE -aser, a learned rabbi in the 5th tinguished for his benevolence and liberality; he century, to whom the invention of the Hebrew|died Sept. 25, 1666. points and accents is attributed; he wrote a ABASSA, an officer who revolted against fiebrew grammar, printed 1515.

Mustapha I. emperor of the Turks, and after. AARON, a Levite of Barcelona, wrote 613|| wards was employed against the Poles, 1634, at precepts on Moses, printed at Venice, 1523; he the head of 60,000 men. The cowardice of his died 1292.

troops robbed him of a victory, and he was AARSENS, Francis, lord of Someldyck and strangled by order of the Sultan. Spyck, one of the greatest ministers for negotia- ABASSĂ, a sister of Aaron Raschid, whose tion that the United Provinces of Holland have hand was bestowed by her brother on Giafer; at any time possessed. He was the first person her husband was sacrificed by the tyrant, and ever recognised as Dutch ambassador by the she was reduced to poverty. French court: the first of three extraordinary ABASSON, an impostor, who, under the ambassadors sent to England in 1620; and the character of the grandson of Abas the great, nbsecond in 1641, who were to treat about the mar- tained the patronage of the court of France and riage of prince William, son to the prince of|of the grand seignior, by whuse order he was at Orange. Aarsens died at an advanced age; helllast beheaded.

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