that the gentleman who has lately read before the Society of Antiquaries, of Newcastle-upon-Tyne, a brief memoir of the Countess, the Rev. James Raine, Jun., may undertake this task. Or if both should decline it, is not this a work worthy of the Roxburghe Club? The Diary would be a fitting companion to the very valuable volumes, ManIners and Household Expenses of England, the Howard Household Books, so ably edited by MR. splendid gift of Mr. Botfield in 1841, and the

COLLIER in 1844.


with fair prospects at the bar, he was prematurely cut off in 1787 at the age of twenty-eight.* He contemplated a History of Craven, but had merely commenced his labours. From this letter it would appear that he had been attracted to the Countess's Memoirs.

"Embsay Kirk, Sept. 8, 1785.


"I have not succeeded so well at Appleby as expected, not having met with that which was chief object, namely, the Countess of Cumberland's Diary; but I have found still more and more reason to admire the spirit and industry of Lady Anne, having seen the collections made by her orders, and under her inspection, relative to the Clifford family, which are such as, I will venture to say, no other noble family in the world can show. They are comprised in three enormous volumes, folio, and contain not only pedigrees of every branch of the family, but every grant, charter, or other document concerning the Cliffords, which could at that time be procured or met with. The usefulness of such a collection is not to be described; it has ascertained their rights so clearly, as to have settled numberless disputes, not to mention those it must have prevented."

It is strange that whilst examining these evidences, Mr. Baynes should have overlooked the autobiography; and what is the more surprising, we find in the third volume of the Biographia" Britannica, which was published in 1784, that Dr. Kippis, in a note on the article "Clifford," speaks of papers which had been put into his hands by his ingenious and learned friend Mr. Baynes," and especially, he adds, "he has obliged us with a transcript of the original narrative left of herself by the Countess of Dorset." Who may be the possessor of this transcript? Extracts are given from it, accompanied by this chilling remark: "The perusal of this MS. has given us little satisfaction. It is written in a manner extremely tedious, abounds with repetitions, and the facts related in it are for the most part equally minute and uninteresting."‡

Enough has been said to show how confused are the statements regarding the MSS., and that diligent investigation is necessary to combine the materials left by the Countess, as 66 Memorables" for her biography. Your readers will doubtless join with me in the wish already expressed, that Mr. Hailstone will still give us the Countess's Diary, or copious extracts from it. If he should not carry his original design into effect, may we not hope

Mr. Douce, who was a warm friend and great admirer of Mr. Baynes, terms him "another Crichton," and adds, what will not be generally admitted, "He was certainly the author of the Archeological Epistle to Dean Milles."


Edmund Wingate.-The first edition of Wingate's Arithmetic, published in 1629 or 1630, is a work of great rarity. I have never seen nor heard of a copy. It is an incunabulum of decimal fractions in England; and though, owing to Kersey (Comp. Alm., 1851, p. 12.), it is not absolutely. essential to the historian of arithmetic, yet it is very desirable that it should be produced and compared with the second edition. The first edition of Cocker, of which several copies have appeared in sales in the last twenty years, is a mere curiosity; that of Wingate is more. It should be noted, that it was common with Wingate to publish under the initials E. W., adding sometimes of Gray's Inn." Perhaps the obscurity of the first edition is owing to this concealment: all the other editions (eighteen at least) have the name in full. Wingate was a landed proprietor; and persons so gifted, whenever they published translation, elementary writing, or anything low, seldom put their names; often it was only "a person of honour." Thus we have The Gentleman Accomptant done by a Person of Honour : London, 1714, 8vo. Few, either among mathematicians or musicians, know that Lord Brounker translated Descartes's Compendium of Music under this mode of concealment.

This may be accounted for by a mistake being made in the date of the letter, or in the copy of it. Biog. Brit., vol. iii. p. 640.

Ready Reckoner. —

"Accompts cast up. With an Addition of Measuring Timber, Boord, Waynscot, Glasse, and Land, working any Question in Division as also rules of Fellowship. By John Bill: London, 1632. 12mo."

This is the earliest approximation to the ready reckoner which I have yet met with: but the body of the work is only an extended multiplication table of integers. My notion that the ready reckoner is not a very ancient contrivance is rather confirmed by this writer never having heard of anything of the kind. He says:


To the end that every man may buy and sell without mis-reckoning in his accompt, and without the trouble of Pen or Counters, I have with long time and much labour endeavoured to finde out an Abridgement. . ."

The earliest ready reckoner mentioned in my


432 21


Arithmetical Books is the Panarithmologia (1693) an amount of the MSS. of the great poet-philosoof William Leybourn. Of this book I find that pher are withheld from publication, his ailmirers Granger (no great authority on such a point) says will I am sure feel grateful for any accession to it was formed on a plan of his own, which was the small amount of his published prose writings. adopted by Barême in France. If, as I suspect, I heartily wish my contribution were greater. the author of Playford's Vade Mecum be John Preface, p. 10. : Playford the printer, who printed in and about

“ But had the Duke of Parma, in the year 1588, joyned 1679, then it remains to be settled whether Play- the army which he commanded with that of Spaine, and ford or Leybourn has the priority.

landed it on the south coast; and had his majesty at the Rapid Calculation.

same time declared himselfe against us in the north, it is

easie to divine what had become of the liberty of England; "A Method to Multiply or Divide . . . so expeditely certainely we would then without murmur have [brought) that any Fifty Figures may either be Multiplied or Di- this union [a far greater praise] than it hath since cost vided by any Fifty Figures, all in one Line, in Five Minutes Time ... Invented by Quin Mackenzie-Quin, Esq. at the Eighth Year of his Age ... London, Printed

for the Author ... MDCCL. By Authority of Parliament. “ Forsan, bought - at a far greater price."
If the boy wrote his own preface and descrip-

Preface, p. 18.:
tions, he tells us that necessitous virtue gained shall die, but the dead know nothing at all.”

“ The living (saith hee (the preacher]) know that they him a knowledge of numbers from indulgent

nature. He tells the king, in the dedi- Coleridge:
cation, that his firstlings in arithmetic are “ ? But of the dead?”

raised to so august a patrociny as the royal This note may be considered suggestive of the 2 name! He quotes Horace, Florus, Cicero,

Proclus, &c.; and also hundreds of names opinion so often expressed by Coleridge, that — 3 of Members of Parliament as subscribers. " The Jews believed generally in a future state, inde

Probably the author was a lad of rapid pen lently of the Mosaic Law.”-- See Table Talk, 3rd edit. 7 calculating power, whose friends thought it (1851), p. 28.

would be a good speculation to tell the Preface, p. 24. :

public that any one who used the boy's “ He will disable God's power to make a world, without 6

method could do as well. In the margin matter to make it of. Ile will rather give mothes of the is the way to multiply 432 by 21. An in- aire a cause, cast the work on necessity or chance; bestance of fifty figures by fifty figures takes

stow the honour thereof on Nature; make two powers, the

one to be the author of the matter, the other of the forme; 8 two large folio pages, and could be done in

and lastly, for want of a worke-man, have it eternall: no five minutes except those of the people which latter opinion Aristotle, to make himself the author who assure you they will not detain you of a new doctrine brought into the world: and his Secta

longer. Some of your readers may have tours have maintained it." 9072 the means of giving some account of

Coleridge: this curious production. I suppose that " by

6 I do not think that Aristotle made the world eternal, authority of Parliament” means 66 entered at

from the difficulty of aliquid a nihilo materiali; but from Stationers' Hall."

A. DE MORGAN. the idea of God as an eternal Act actus purissimus, and

eternity = Simultaneous possession of total Being - for, strictly, God neither was nor will be, but always is. We

may, without absurdity or contradiction, combine the COLERIDGE'S MARGINALIA ON RALEIGI's

faith of Aristotle and the Church, saying, God from all OF THE WORLD."

eternity creates the world by and through the Aoyos.” I possess a copy of Sir Walter Raleigh's History

In the marginalia on Stillingfleet's Origines of the World, 1st edit., 1614, upon the margins of Sacre, above referred to, Coleridye says: which are several MS. notes in a handwriting “ And where is the danger to religion, if we make preresembling Coleridge's, but without his initials. servation a perpetual creation, and interpret the first That they were written by him is rendered almost words of Genesis as we must do (if not Socinian) the

first words of St. John. From all eternity God created certain, from the following considerations : that

the universe, and the earth became waste and void,” &c. he was familiar with the book (a fact which we learn from his marginalia on Stillingfleet's Ori- Whether this were the faith of Aristotle or not, it gines Sacræ, published in a periodical called was certainly that of Plato. Cf. Timæus. Excelsior, No. IV.); that some at least of the

The above are all the notes on the Preface.. opinions expressed in the margin of the History The following are on the text of the History: of the World are coincident with those of Cole- Book I. p. 65. ch. v. 5.: ridge; and that the style of their composition is “Of the long lives of the Patriarchs: and of some of late Coleridge's own. When it is considered how large memory."






letter from Bishop Warburton to Dr. Birch (Ni“ It is said that the first years were three moons: that chols's Illustrations, ii. 931.). The couplet runs the ideal of each animal's life (of the warm-blooded) is thus in Fenton and his followers : eight times its full growth: that man is at his full at

“Who for himself no miracle would make, twenty-five, which x by 8 = 200: and that, taking three as the first perfection of number by [& ? ] unity (that is,

Dispens'd with several for the people's sake.” three is tri-une), and three moons as the first year, this Now several, as Warburton says, is nonsense. would agree with the age of Methusalem, the only man The true reading is nature, as Warburton gawho ever reached the ideal. A negro in Peru, who was

thered from a MS. of the poem in his possession. still living eight years back, was then one hundred and

Thus far Warburton; and my Note is, that the eighty-six, as known by public registers of sales.

“ 1817 (or 1807?]”

edition of 1686 of Waller now before me reads From this note we arrive at the date at which nature, and thus confirms the reading which future these marginalia were written. The second 1 is editors should certainly adopt.

PETER CUNNINGHAM. thick, and might have been intended for a 0. Book I. p. 132. :

These riddles are also rife among the Athenians and
Arcadians, who dare affirme, that they are more ancient

Minor Aotes.
than Jupiter and the Moon ; whereof Orid -
• Ante Jovem genitum terras habuisse feruntur An “ Army Works Corps" in 1598. -
Arcades : et Luna gens prior illa fuit.'”

“ The generall of the artillery hath vnder his charge a Coleridge:

great number of labourers or pioners, which of necessity “ This may be equally true, whether the moon were a

must be had in a camp, and follow an army, to make comet stopped by the attraction of the earth, and com

trenches, rampiers, minings, countermines, ditches, caues;

to make plaine the wayes for the army to march; to acpelled, though not without some staggering, to assimilate

commodate the passages for the artillery to passe; to its orbit; or whether the inward fire-matter of the earth,

raise mounts to plant ordinance vpon; to place and fill turning an ocean suddenly into steam, projected a con

the gabbions; to digge earth for the same; to undermine tinent from that hollow which is now filled up by the

wals, and townes, and to raze those of any gained places Pacific and South Sea, which is about the size of the

downe; to cut timber to fortify withall; to digge wells moon.”

for water, and great pits to bury and to cast therein, the can find nothing like the chronological or garbedge, filthinesse, and offalls of the campe; and geological views expressed in the last two notes seruing to a number of such necessary uses. in the published works of Coleridge.

“Quer the sayd pioners there are captaines appointed C. MANSFIELD INGLEBY. fortifications, trenching, mining, counter-mining, and in

to gouerne them, which should be men very expert in Birmingham.

all sorts of engines concerning a campe, and battery actions; and therefore besides their experience, they ought to be learned and well skilled in all maner of for.

tifications, both in campe, towne, or fortresse. These 'There is a passage in one of Cowley's poems souldiers for their guard, carrying with them mattockes,

pioners do go before the campe with a sufficient band of which exhibits a blank in all the editions to which spades, shouells, pikaxes, crowes of iron, barrells, baskets, I have ready access.


poem is entitled “ An hampiers, and such other tooles; and ouer euery three or Answer to a Copy of Verses sent me to Jersey." foure hundred pioners a captaine.” One lately did not fear

The above is from The theorike and practike (Without the Muses leave) to plant it (verse] here.

of moderne warres, discoursed in dialogue wise. But it produc'd such base, rough, crabbed, hedge

Written by Robert Barret. London, printed for Rhymes, as e'en set the hearers ears on edge: Written by Esqui-re, the

William Ponsonby. 1598. Folio. Year of our Lord, six hundred thirty-three.

Bolton CORNEY. Brave Jersey Muse! and he's for this high stile

A“ Crannock." - There is not, I believe, any Call’d to this day the Homer of the Isle." Now I can fill up the blank. The name omitted recorded proof to be found in “N. & Q.," or elseis that of William Prynne; and my authority is Irish measure called the crannock.

where in a printed form, of the contents of an

Having lately Pope, in a note to The Dunciad, 8vo., 1729, 2nd edit., p. 64. Will Mr. John BRUCE kindly throw

met with this term upon one of the records of the some light on this Jersey allusion to his favourite Exchequer of Ireland, I shall feel obliged by the Prynne? When Mr. Bell comes to Cowley he which have been taken from the Memoranda Roll

insertion in “N. & Q." of the following extracts, will not, I am sure, let this annotation escape of the 13 & 14 Edward II., membranes 8 and 9: him. There is a passage in one of Waller's poems,

“ Memorandum quod, etc., et Johannes de Grene rethat “Of Divine Love,” which in all the modern cognoverunt se teneri Philippo Braoun janitori castri editions that I have seen contains a corruption. licet crannoco continente octo pecks boni sicci et mundi

Dublinensis in tribus crannocis frumenti quolibet videMy attention was first called to the passage by a bladi,"


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Q. :"

“ Memorandum quod, etc., recognovit se teneri Johanni

Queries. de Lidegate clerico in quinque crannocis avene quorum quilibet crannocus continebit xvj pecks sicci boni et WAS THE DUKE OF YORK IN EDINBURGH IN 1684 ! mundi bladi."

The above question has lately turned up among This measure, therefore, in Edward II's days,

the historical antiquaries of Edinburgh, and given contained either eight or sixteen pecks.

rise to a good deal of discussion. As a question JAMES F. FERGUSON.

of the greatest importance regarding the force and Dublin.

value of evidence depends upon it, I venture to

submit a few particulars to the public through A Relic of Wolfe. — There is, I think, a work of the day entitled A Ship from her Cradle to her your esteemed medium.

The Duke of York, as is well known, spent Grave. Could the undernoted good old craft have bequeathed to us her reminiscences, how

some years previous to May, 1682, in Edinburgh ,

in consequence of his desperate unpopularity in interesting and eventful!

the south, and from a desire to cultivate an in“ The End of an Old Collier.

terest in Scotland. He has not hitherto been “ The Conference,' of North Shields, captured and supposed to have visited Edinburgh after that burnt by the Riff pirates, was one of the oldest collier period ; not a single writer, even among such brigs belonging to the Tyne. She was employed as a minute cotemporary chroniclers as Lord Fourtransport at the siege of Quebec, and has been ploughing tainhall, speaks of his having done so. the main ever since.”. Times, June 15, 1855.

J. O. strange to say, in the written record of the Privy

Council of Scotland, preserved in our General Alliterative Couplet on Cardinal Wolsey. - The Register House here, the duke is described, under couplet in the following extract is new to me, and bis usual style of " His Royal Highness bis Mamay also be the same to the readers of “N. & jesty's High Commissioner," as presiding at four

meetings in the latter half of July, 1684, namely, “Wolsey, they tell us, was a butcher. An alliterative those of the 15th, 17th, 22nd, and 24th. "I apprecouplet, too, was made upon him to that import :

hend that, in the practice of our law courts, in‘By butchers born, by bishops bred,

cluding the House of Lords, this evidence as to How high his honour holds his haughty head.' the whereabouts of a man at a particular date Notwithstanding which, however, and other similar al would be held as paramount and irrefragable. lusions, there have arisen many disputes touching the Nevertheless, there can scarcely be a doubt that veracity of the assertion; yet doubtless, those who first the duke was not in Edinburgh at that time. promulgated the idea were keen observers of men and manners; and probably, in the critical examination of cumstance that we bave no other notice of the fact

In the first place, there is the remarkable cirthe Cardinal's character, discovered a particular trait which indubitably satisfied them of his origin.” – Ab- whatever. Fountainhall notes from day to day surdities, by A. Crowquill, p. 89., 1827.

every movement of the state, every meeting of What a pity that the Duke of Buckingham did the Privy Council

, and a vast number of sma 11 pot avail himself of "apt alliteration's artful aid" local matters, and yet takes no notice of a visit in bis invectives against the “butcher's cur!”

of the duke. On the contrary, describing the CUTHBERT BEDE, B.A. reception given on the 10th of July to the Ear

of Perth, newly arrived as Chancellor, vice AberShakspeare's Seven Ages." In a former deen displaced, he says, the demonstrations could Number of “N. & Q.,” (Vol. viii., p. 383.) some not have been more honourable, though the king Latin verses were quoted, as resembling these ce

or the duke had been of the party. If the duke lebrated lines in As You Like It. I do not know | really had appeared, in however incognito a manwhether it has been observed, that there is a ner, at the council board, fully twenty people parallel passage in one of the spurious dialogues of were there to recognise him; and that such a Plato (the Axiochus), in which Socrates sums up secret should have been preserved in such a town the successive miseries of human life, much in the as Edinburgh is inconceivable. spirit of Jaques, though more grave and less sa- In the second place, the first day's minutes pretirical. See the English translation of Plato in sent us with a letter addressed by the council to Bobn's Classical Library, vol. vi. p.

44. F. the duke himself, thanking him for his share in

bringing about the late ministerial changes; and Enigma on a Hole. - Pontanus having made this letter, as well as an address to the king, is the following enigma on a hole,

sent in another to the English Secretaries o “Dic mihi quod majus fiat quo plurima demas." State, with a request that it may be delivered. Scriverius answered,

We can scarcely suppose that all this business

would be gone through in obedience to mere form “ Pontano demas carmina, major erit."

without any reference being made to the duke

N.L.T. personal presence, if he had been present.



Thirdly. While it was common, though not in

UNPRINTED LETTER TO SIR FRANCIS BACON. variable, in the minutes of 1680, 81, and 82, when the duke was present, to commence the deliver

There are two points of interest in the followances of the council, '“ His Royal Highness his ing undated letter among Ayscough's MSS. in the Majesty's High Commissioner and the Lords of British Museum (No. 4108.), regarding which I

am desirous of information. In the first place it the Privy Council, having considered," &c., we find in all the four meetings of the latter half of July, is addressed to Sir Francis Bacon, who was not where the duke's style is placed at the head of created Lord Verulam until July, 1618, so that it

was evidently anterior to that year. I have no the sederunt, the ordinary formula of “Lords of Privy Council having considered," &c. is adopted. very good authorities at hand, but I have had the On the other hand, it is remarkable that the copy by me for some time, and I have not ob

served that the original is mentioned in any of duke bad certainly, in the early part of this

year, contemplated a visit to Scotland. In a letter of the various accounts of Bacon; although it affords his duchess, printed in the Spalding Club Miscel- | proof of a trait in the character of that greatlany, vol. iii., dated only “Jan. 7," but which we

little man for which he has not usually had much know from 'allusions to have been of 1684, she credit. The writer appealed to him to lend his tells her correspondent, the Marchioness of Huntly, the severities of the law had been threatened. Is

aid in silencing aspersions, regarding which even “ We must be contented only with writing to one another, for we are not likely to meet, the duke's anything known of the nature of these aspersions, journey being for so short a time that I shall not

or of the person against whom they were circu.

lated ? This brings me to my second question : go with him into Scotland.” If the matter had stood at this point, there might letter? There was a chief justice of the Common

Who was Edmond Anderson, the writer of the have been room for doubt about it. But the debate has been in a great measure set at rest by the dis- Pleas of both those names, but he died in 1905,

and he left behind him no son of the name of covery amongst the papers of the Lord Treasurer the Duke of Queensbury, now in the possession of Edmond: his male issue were respectively Edhis representative the Duke of Buccleuch, of two ward, Francis, and William. The last of these letters holograph of the Duke of York, addressed three sons had a son named Edmond, grandson of to the said Lord Treasurer, and dated at Tun

the chief justice, who was created a baronet by bridge and Windsor, respectively on the 22nd and

Charles II., and he was perhaps not born at the

It and 25th of July, 1684. In the first he tells the date when the letter in question was written. Lord Treasurer that he is “glad to find that most

is a biographical matter of some interest, upon of the loyal men are pleased at Lord Perth's able to throw light: if he can do so, I shall be

which it is very possible that Mr. Foss may be being made chancellor.” In the second, he acknowledges receipt of a letter from the Lord much obliged to him. My Queries are, Has the Treasurer, dated the 17th, and two from the moirs of Lord Bacon? and who, and what, was

following letter been noticed in any of the MeSecret Committee, and makes special allusion to matters then under the attention of the Privy Edmond Anderson, the writer of it? Council of Scotland. It is of course evident that “ Mr. Edmond Anderson's Letter to Sir Francis Bacon. he could not both be in Tunbridge and in Edin- “ Noble Sr, - There is ever certaine presumption to be burgh on the 22nd of July, or at Windsor and had of the favor of great men, soe there be a reason added Edinburgh on the 25th. The allusions also to

to accompany their justice: myne that gives boldnes to

call upon your succour is, that I am fallen more under business make it clear that no suggestion as to the malignity of rumour than severity of lawes, though difference of style will avail to render it possible that hath oversett myne offence at the blackest marke. that the duke was in Edinburgh at the time of To force this latter cloud away none can, but the breath the four scderunts.

of a kinge: the other, which threatneth and oppresseth It will remain for those who may be conversant

more, every good spirit may helpe to disperse. In this with such business, to surmise reasons for intro- few words to the puttinge of false fame to flight, which

name (Hoblo Sir) I beseech your goodnes to spend some ducing the name of an absent member into the hath soe often endangered even the innocent. And if the record of Privy Council on those four occasions. savinge of a poore penitent man may come to be parte of I have not as yet heard a single plausible con

your care, let it ever be reconed to your vertue, that you jecture on the subject.

have not onely assisted to preserve, but create a person so If none such can be presented, the facts thus corrected by necessity as the example of his repentance

was not worthy to be lost, whoe will live and dve thankelicited must certainly be held as reflecting strongly fully yours.

“ EDMOND ANDERSON." on the value of documentary evidence of this Whatever were the offences imputed to Lord class.

R. CHAMBERS. Bacon's correspondent (a matter of comparatively Edinburgh.

little moment), the tone and expressions of the above communication read almost like a confession of guilt.


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