Early Celtic Christianity
A&C Black, 1968. jan. 1. - 240 oldal
This lively and original account of early Celtic Christianity - which was of far greater importance in the development of Western culture than we commonly realize - is told against the background of European history of the first seven centuries A.D. It focuses on the lives of Saints Brendan, Columba, and Columbanus, who lived active and effective lives in the cause of the early Church. Brendan, one of the founding fathers of Christianity in Ireland, was known in legend as a voyager and was thought to have reached the Western Hemisphere long before the Vikings. Columba took Celtic Christianity to Scotland and helped to re-establish it in Wales and in the North and West of England. Columbanus was the great Irish missionary to continental Europe, where he and his followers helped to convert the heathen invaders from the East. When Rome, in the person of St. Augustine, Pope Gregory's apostle to the Angles, penetrated again to England, a showdown between Roman and Celtic Christianity was inevitable. The dramatic confrontation occurred at the Council of Whitby in 664. Rome, with its organization and authority, won, and Celtic Catholicism went into eclipse. But some of its influence persisted all over Europe, and it had a large share in shaping the culture that ultimately emerged from the dark ages. This book's fascination is the picture that it gives of the movements of peoples, the shaping of new countries, and the development of ideas during those too-little-known centuries.
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abbot Adamnan Aidan Ailbe apostle Arian arrived ascetic Augustine Austrasia barbarian became Bede Bede’s began Benedict of Nursia Benedictine beneﬁts biographer bishops boat Britain British brought Brunhild Celtic Celts Christ Christian Church civilisation Colman Columba Columbanus conﬁned continent culture death Druids early East eastern empire English Europe ﬁelds ﬁfth century ﬁfty ﬁgure ﬁnal ﬁnd Finnian Finnian of Moville ﬁre ﬁrst ﬁve France Gaul God’s Gregory hermit holy hundred inﬂuence Iona Ireland Irish Irishmen island Italy journey king kingdom Kuno Meyer land later Latin learned legend Lindisfarne lived Luxeuil mind miracles mission missionaries monastery monastic monks myth Neustria never Ninian Northumbria pagan Patrick Picts Pope priests race religion Roman Rome rule sacriﬁce sail saint Scotland sixth century sometimes spirit spread St Brendan story successors things took tradition travelled tribes Ulster Visigoths Wales western Whitby Wilfrid wrote