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through the apartment, threw herself at his feet, and holding his knees, beseeched his mercy. Rhynsault beheld her with a dissembled satisfaction, and assuming an air of thought and authority, he bid her arise, and told her she must follow him to his closet; and asking her whether she knew the hand of the letter he pulled out of his pocket, went from her, leaving this admonition aloud, If you will save your husband, you must give me an account of all you know without prevarication ; for every body is satisfied he was too fond of you to be able to hide from you the names of the rest of the conspirators, or any other particulars whatsoever.' He went to his closet, and soon after the lady was sent for to an audience. The servant knew his distance when matters of state were to be debated ; and the governor laying aside the air with which he had appeared in public, began to be the supplicant, to rally an affiction, which it was in, her power easily to remove, and relieve an innocent man from his imprisonment. She easily perceived his intention, and, bathed in tears, began to deprecate so wicked a design. Lust, like ambition, takes all the faculties of the mind and body into its service and subjection. Her becoming tears, her honest anguish, the wringing of her hands, and the many changes of her posture and figure in the vehemence of speaking, were but so many attitudes in which he beheld her beauty, and farther incentives of his desire. All humanity was lost in that one appetite, and he signified to her in so many plain terms, that he was unhappy until he had possessed her, and nothing less should be the price of her husband's life ; and she must, before the following noon, pronounce the death or enlargement of Danvelt. After this notification, when he saw Sapphira enough again distracted to make the subject of their discourse to common eyes appear different from what it was, he called servants to conduct her to the gate. Loaded
· with insupportable affliction, she immediately repairs to her husband, and having signified to his gaolers, that she had a proposal to make to her husband from the Governor, she was left alone with him, revealed to him all that had passed, and represented the end. less conflict she was in between love to his person and fidelity to his bed. It is easy to imagine the sharp affliction this honest pair was in upon such an incident, in lives not used to any but ordinary occurrences. The man was bridled by shame from speaking what his fear prompted, upon so near an approach of death; but let fall words that signified to her, he should not think her polluted, though she had not yet confessed to him that the Governor had violated her person, since he knew her will had no part in the action. She parted from him with this oblique permission to save a life he had not resolution enough to resign for the safety of his honour.
The next morning the unhappy Sapphira attended the Governor, and being led into a remote apartment, submitted to his desires. Rhynsault commended her charms, claimed a familiarity after what had passed between them, and with an air of gaiety in the lan. guage of a gallant, bid her return, and take her hus. band out of prison : but, continued he, my fair one must not be offended that I have taken care he should not be an interruption to our future assignations. These last words foreboded what she found when she came to the gaol, her husband executed by the order of Rhynsault.
It was remarkable that the woman, who was full of tears and lamentations during the whole course of her affliction, uttered neither sigh nor complaint, but stood fixed with grief at this consummation of her misfortunes. She betook herself to her abode, and after having in solitude paid her devotions to him who is the avenger of innocence, she repaired pri. vately to court. Her person, and a certain grandeur
of sorrow negligent of forms, gained her passage into the presence of the Duke her sovereign. As soon as she came into the presence, she broke forth into the following words, · Behold, O mighty Charles, a wretch weary of life, though it has always been spent with innocence and virtue. It is not in your power to redress my injuries, but it is to avenge them. And if the protection of the distressed, and the punishment of oppressors, is a task worthy a Prince, I bring the Duke of Burgundy ample matter for doing ho. nour to his own great name, and wiping infamy off from mine.'
When she had spoke this, she delivered the Duke a paper reciting her story. He read it with all the emotions that indignation and pity could raise in a Prince jealous of his honour in the behaviour of his officers, and prosperity of his subjects.
Upon an appointed day, Rhynsault was sent for to court, and in the presence of a few of the council, confronted by Sapphira : the Prince asking, "Do you know that lady?' Rhynsault, as soon as he could recover his surprize, told the Duke he would marry her; if his highness would please to think that a reparation. The Duke seemed contented with this answer, and stood by during the immediate solemnization of the ceremony. At the conclusion of it he told Rhynsault, Thus far you have done as constrained by my authority : I shall not be satisfied of your kind usage of her, without you sign a gift of your whole estate to her after your decease.' To the performance of this also the Duke was a witness. When these two acts were executed, the Duke turned to the lady, and told her, it now remains for me to put you in quiet possession of what your husband has so bountifully bestowed on you; and ordered the immediate execution of Rhynsault.
· No. CCCCXCII. WEDNESDAY, SEPT. 24.
Quicquid est boni moris levitate extinguiter.
Levity of behaviour is the bane of all that is good and
Tunbridge, September 18. "DEAR MR. SPEGTATOR,
• I AM a young woman of eighteen years of age, and I do assure you, a maid of unspotted reputation, founded upon a very careful carriage in all my looks, words, and actions. . At the same time I must own to you, that it is with much constraint of flesh and blood that my behaviour is so strictly irreproachable ; for I am naturally addicted to mirth, to gaiety, to a free air, to motion and gadding. Now what gives me a great deal of anxiety, and is some discouragement in the pursuit of virtue, is, that the young women who run into greater freedoms with the men are more taken notice of than I am. The men are such unthinking sots, that they do not prefer her who restrains all her passions and affections, and keeps much within the bounds of what is lawful, to her who goes to the utmost verge of innocence, and parleys at the very brink of vice, whether she shall be a wife or a mistress. But I must appeal to your spectatorial wisdom, who, I find, have passed very much of your time in the study of woman, whether this is not a most unreasonable proceeding. I have read sonie. where that Hobbes of Malmesbury asserts, that continent persons have more of what they contain, than those who give a loose to their desires. According to this rule, let there be equal age, equal wit, and equal good-humour, in the woman of prudence, and her of liberty ; what stores has he to expect, who takes the former? What rcfuse must he be contented
with, who chooses the latter? Well, but I sat down 1.8 to write to you to vent my indignation against several
pert creatures who are addressed to and courted in : this place, while poor I, and two or three like me, are wholly unregarded.
Every one of these affect gaining the hearts of your sex: this is generally attempted by a particular
manner of carrying themselves with familiarity. Glyto cera has a dancing walk, and keeps time in her ordi
nary gait. Chloe, her sister, who is unwilling to interrupt her conquests, comes into the room before her with a familiar run. Dulcissa takes advantage of the approach of the winter, and has introduced a very pretty shiver; closing up her shoulders, and shrinking as she moves. All that are in this mode carry their fans between both hands before them. Dulcissa herself, who is author of this air, adds the pretty run to it; and has also, when she is in very good humour, a taking familiarity in throwing herself into the lowest seat in the room, and letting her hooped petticoats fall with a lucky decency about her. I know she practises this way of sitting down in her chamber; and indeed she does it as well as you may have seen an actress fall down dead in a tragedy. Not the least indecency in her posture. If you have observed what pretty carcases are carried off at the end of a verse at the theatre, it will give you a notion how Dulcissa plumps into a chair. Here is a little country girl that is very cunning, that · makes her use of being young and unbred, and outdoes the insnarers, who are almost twice her age. The air that she takes is to come into company after a walk, and is very successfully out of breath upon occasion. Her mother is in the secret, and calls her romp, and then looks round to see what young men stare at her.
. It would take up more than can come into one of your papers, to enumerate all the particular airs of