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sons are found in this situation, if their countenance be swollen, and of a dark red or purple colour, and these appearances do not go off upon keeping the body for a short time in an erect posture, it will be proper to take some blood from the jugular veins, or apply cupping-glasses to the neck.
When the pulse an: breathing.continue, and the body is hotter than natural, cloths dipt in cold water, and applied to the head, neck, stomach, and breast, have often been of service in restoring intoxicated persons to their senses ; and these applications will frequently render bleeding unnecessary.
But of all the remedies that have been tried in such cases, an emetic contributes most speedily to recovery. For this purpose, three or four table spoonfuls of ipecacuanha wine, -thirty or fort.y grains of ipecacuanha in powder,-or a couple of grains of emetic tartar, dissolved in half a gill of water, may be administered, and their operation promoted when it has begun, by plenty of luke-warm water. Should the person be incapable of swallowing, the emetic may be introduced into the stomach by means of a syringe.
If the emetic fails to operate, a mutchkin of luke-warm water, with two heaped table-spoonfuls of common salt dissolved in it, should be given in glyster. It will be necessary to repeat the emetic or glyster, if the first that was given has not produced the wished-for operation.
The best position for the body to be placed in, is, lying on one side, with the head and shoulders raised by pillows. -After the person is so far recovered as to be suffered to go to sleep, he should be carefully watched, lest his neck be anywise bent, or his head slip down under the clothes, or hang over the side of the będ. Care should also be taken, that noa thing tight be allowed to remain about the neck.
If the hands and feet have become cold, they should be put into warm water, of wrapped in flannels well wrung out of the same, to be changed for others as they cool. And if necessary, bottles of hot water, or heated bricks, covered with flannel, may afterwards be applied to the feet, &c.
When the ordinary signs of life have dissappeared, the same measures recommended for drowned persons, will be proper ; observing, however, always to administer a brisk emetic, or sharp purgative glyster, as soon as the pulse and breathing are fully renewed.
Suffocation by Noxious Vapours. NOXIOUS vapours arise from various sources, as from all malt liquors, during their state of fermentation from
lighted charcoal--and from brick and lime kilns whilst burna ing; they are also found to occupy deep vaults, sewers, pump-wells, wells of ships, coal-pits, mines, and other places that have not a free circulation of air.
When the accident is recent, and the body retains its heat, the application of cold water to the head, neck, breast, and other parts has been found of great service in promoting recovery. For this purpose, the body should be stripped naked, and laid in the open air, upon a door or boards placed in a slanting position, so that the head and shoulders may be considerably elevated. The cold water is then to be dashed smartly and repeatedly upon different parts, and especially upon those mentioned above, until the temperature of the body be reduced to the natural standard, or until signs of life appear.-If the body, however, be under the natural tema perature, then it will be necessary to apply heat.
In the mean time, the lungs should be diligently inflated, and the nostrils stimulated, as directed in p. 139, vol. I.
Where the veins of the neck appear very turgid, some blood may be taken from them, by the lancet or by cupping glasses.
A violent pain in the stomach has sometimes taken place after recovery, and been removed by giving a brisk purgative or emetic, which evacuated a great quantity of bile.
When suffocation proceeds from the fumes of charcoal, a slight inconvenience is first perceived, followed by debility and insensibility; the pulse and respiration become slow, and at last death ensues.
If the person is only so much exposed to this vapour as to stagger, on coming into fresh air it goes off; but the head remains affected.-When they continue so long that the sleepiness comes on, they should be immediately bled, cold water thrown upon the head, &c. and stimulating applications to the feet. There are many instances of recovery by these means, even when respiration had ceased, and some part even of the animal heat has been lost. If life does not soon return it will be highly proper to inflate the lungs, &c.
The dangerous Effects of Norious Vapours from Wells, Cellars,
Fermenting Liquors, &c. may be prevented BY procuring a free circulation of air, either by ventilators,
or opening the doors or windows where it is confined, or by changing the air, by keeping fires in the infected place, or by throwing in stone lime recently powdered.
Old wells, vaults, and sewers, which have been long shut up from the air, are generally occupied by vapours
Sa soon prove fatal to persons breathing them. The property which these vapours have of extinguishing flame, affords thu means of detecting their presence, and thereby avoiding the danger which might ensue from an incautious exposure to them. When such places, therefore, are opened to be cleaned out or repairer, a lighted candle should be let down slowly by means of a cord, before any person is suffered to descend and if it be found to burn freely until it gets to the surface of the water or other matter covering the bottom, the workmen may then venture down with safety. But if, without any accident, the candle gets extinguished in its descent, and continues to be so on repeated trials, we may be assured that the air of the place is highly noxious. In that case, if the well, &c. cannot be left open to the air for a sufficient length of time to purify it, some means should be employed to espel the noxious vapour*.
Persons whose business requires them to attend upon large quantities of fermenting liquors, or to work in close places with lighted charcoal, frequently experience head-ach, giddiness, and other disagreeable effects from the noxious vapours which these exhale, and often have their health impaired, or their lives endangered by a continuance in the employ. ment. In some cases, the danger, perhaps, cannot be avoided, except by going into the open air as soon as head-ach or giddiness begins, and drinking a glass of cold water, or washing the face and neck with the same. In the case of persons whose work requires charcoal fire, the dangerous. effects of it may be prevented, by taking care not to sit near it when burning, to burn it in a ehimney, and when there is no chimney to keep the door open, and to place a large tub. of water in the room,
* The following is an easy and expeditious method of dissipating the Noxious Vapours found in wells, &r. by EBEN. ROBINSON, Of Philadelphia, from the transactions of the American Phil. Society.
“I procured a pair of s nith's bellows, fixed on a wooden frame, so as to work in the same manner as at the forge. This apparatus being placed at the edge of the well, one end of a leathern tube, (che nose of a fire engine) was closely adapted to the nose of the bellows, and the other end was thrown into the well, reaching within one fout of the bɔttom.
" At this time the well was so infected, that a candle would not burn at a short distance from the top, but, after blo:ving with my bellows only half an hour, the candie burned bright at the bottom : then without further difficulty, I proceeded in the work.
“ It is obvious that in cleaning vaults, and working in any subtérraneous piace subject to damps, as they are called, the same method must be attended with the same beneficial effects."?
l'he following (our Correspondent says) " is a true Story, the unfos
tunate Heroine of which is still daily before our eyes."
Now tranquil and calm be thy sleep!
And whose eyes only waken to weep
And her white foamy billows do roar;
To land us on Scotia's shore !
Of the morning impurples the sky:
Now assume a vermillion dye.
Gallovidia's hills, crown'd with snow,
Than rich climes where the flow'rs ever blow.
Lies my once happy father's abode;
There, unvex'd by the grandeur that tortures the great,
And unaw'd ly their insolent pride,
With a shelter was ever supplied.
I believ'd, and he won my young heart;
When the dupe of his flattering art.
Your alliance they'd spurn with disdain,
And bring us dishonour and pain. But still the youth sigh'd, and thus sued for my hand “ Accurs'd be our kindred's strife,
“Come my love ! let us fly to Hibernia's land • Far remov'd from their feuds, where, in Hymen's soft bar
"I vow to unite you for life.”
From the home of my father I flew.
Arose Erin's green strand to our view.
For my honour was now in his hands;
Had not link'd us in tenderest bands.
Nor dream'd I that e'er we should part';
Nor depend on the ties of the heart,
Soon dispelld my delusions of love!
I was foolishiy tempted to rove!
My heart never more to feel grief,