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plumb, together, you will generally find the queen there. Separate them, and with a drinking glass, turned down, you may seize the queen. Put her, and a score or two of her subjects, into a box full of holes, large enough to admit air, and yet not to allow the bees to escape. Feed her with honey combs, and keep her in reserve in case of the death of a queen in one of your hives. When a hive ceases to work, you may be sure the queen is no more. You may then wait an hour and not see a loaded bee enter the habitation. But if ynu take the spare queen, late in the evening, wetting her wings to prevent her escape, and introduce her to the desponding society, they will receive her gladly, and begin to work.
If a hive fights among themselves, you may be assured there are two queens; and they will destroy each other, if you do not take one away to keep, as already directed.
When bees are to swarm a second, or more times, they come not out in clusters ; but they make a sound called bein lings, which may be heard, something like eep, eep, eet, drawn long, and repeated many times ; ceasing for a little, and renewed again and again. If there are different tones, it is certain there are several young queens in the hive. It is only by putting your ear close to it, that the sound can be heard distinctly.
The drones are banished by the working bees about lammas. They then betake themselves to the outer edges, or cluster to it. Ignorant people may take them for bees going to swarm; but they may be known from the industrious tribe by their larger longer body; their round head, and short tongue. Their belly is more flat-they are of a darker colour than the common bee: They make more noise in flying than : the working bees.
To be continued. ECONOMICAL RECEIPTS.
To take Mildew out of Linen. TAKE soap, and rub it well: then scrape some fine chalk, ,
and rub that also in the linen; lay it on the grass ; as it dries wet it a little, and it will come out at twice doing.
To take out Spots of Ink. As soon as the accident happens, wet the place with juice of sorrel or lemon, or with vinegar, and the best hard i
To take Iron Moulds out of Linen. HOLD the iron-mould
on the cover of a tankard of boiling water, and rub on the spot a little juice of sorrel and a : little salt, and when the cloth has thoroughly imbibed the juice wash it in lee:
BURNS AND SCALDS.
Proper Treatment for Burns. WHEN an accident happens from burning, if severe, the
patient should be immersed in a mixture of lime-water and oil, and that continued, till a medical person arrives. If the burn is slight; and the skin not broke, by holding the part injured to the fire, and rubbing it with salt, the pain will subside: cloths dipped in spirits of wine or brandy, and applied to the burn, produce the same effects. But when the burn has penetrated so deep as to blister, or break the skin, take equal parts of Florence oil, or of fresh drawn linseed oil and lime-water; shake them well together in a wide-mouthed bottle, and anoint the parts affected with this preparation, two or three times a day ; sometimes it is spread upon a cloth and allowed to lie upon the burn.*
One of the most simple remedies for recent burns, and which is in great vogue on the Continent, consists in the expressed juice of the burdock; or clot burr; the fresh and tender leaves of which possess healing virtues, and are therefore applied not only to burns, but also to wounds, ulcers, &c. Ilouse leek, either applied by itself, or mixed with cream, gives present relief in burns, and other external inflammations. The application of vinegar to burns and scalds is to be strongly recommended where the outward skin is not broken, as it possesses active powers, and is a great antiseptic and corrector of putrescence and mortification, to which burns of the unfavourable kind have a tendency.
1. HOMASSEL's Account of his Cure for Burns or Scalds. TAKE half a pound of alum in powder, dissolve it in a
quart of water; bathe the bum or scald with a linen rag wet in this mixture; then bind the wet rag thereon with a slip of linen, and moisten the bandage with the alum water frequently, without removing it, for the space of two or three
* The blisters should be opened with a lancet or fine pair of scis. sars, without cutting away the scarf-skin, which will be found to be the best defence of the sore beneath.
days. He relates, that one of his workmen, who fell into a copper of boiling liquor, where he remained three niinutes before taken out, was immediately put into a tub containing a saturated solution of alum in water, where he was kept two hours; his sores were then dressed with cloths and bandages, wet in the above mixture, and kept constantly moistened for twenty-four hours, and that in a few days he was able to re. turn to business.
A Remedy for Burns, which in numberless instances has saved
Children and Adults much suffering. Communicated by a Correspondent, to whom we have already been
under many obligations. WITHOUT waiting to undress the
patient, as speedily as possible let every part that has been touched by the fire or scalding liquid be immersed in cold water; or if it cannot he placed in the fluid, let a copious stream be thrown over it,
till the cloths are thoroughly cooled ; and whilst the dress is · removing, by one attendant, another should continue to lave
over the sore parts a quantity of cold water, milk, whey, or any cold liquor that can be soonest procured ;* but if the skin bas given way, beer, vinegar, or any pungent application would but inflame the cxcoriated flesh. As soon as water can be obtained, it should be applied profusely and without intermission, as the sufferer is undressing, and till the pain has entirely abated. If the injured part cannot be placed in a Vessel of water, a single fold of soft linen-dipped in it, must be laid
over, and not taken off, as it is intended to exclude the air. A large cloth in several folds should be wetted and wrung a little before laying it upon the single fold, and the cold must be kept up by a fresh supply of liquid from the spring. At the end of half an hour, if the pain is quite gone, the application may be discontinued; but on the least return of uneasiness, recourse must be had to the cold water The folded wet cloth must be changed whenever it begins to get warm--and to keep down the inflammation, it will be necessary to liave two napkins, that one may replace the other instantly. It consists with our knowledge that children have overturned boiling water upon themselves, have fallen into tubs with hot wort, and plunged a limb into scalding brothyet by the immediate use of cold water, only a few small blisters distressed them, after two hours nad elapsed. The heated apparel causes deep scalding, which is checked by the cold liquid.
* Even the application of Ice has occasionally been productive of
Directions for the Management of a COTTAR'S GARDEK
OF TWENTY FALLS OF GROUND.
2. Falls of early Potatoes. 2 Falls of Leeks and Onions. do. late do.
2 do. Pease. 2 do. early Cabbage. 1
Beans. 2 do. late do.
Carrots. ] ! do. Savoys.
early Turnips. do. Greens.
Total 20 Falls. FEBRUARY, third or fourth' week, sow Pease and Beans,
plant early Cabbage, likewise Greens and late Cabbage. Marcu, second or third week, plant early Potatoes, likewise some late ones, and the remainder in April
. In the third or fourth week, sow Leeks and Onions, Carrots and Turnips, and sow some early Sugar-Loaf Cabbage seed for
summer and autumn use. APRIL, from the beginning to the end, sow Pease, and Beans. May, first or second week, plant early Cabbages. JULY, first or second week, plant Greens for winter use,
in any ground from which the early crops have been gathered. Avgust, third or fourth week, sow early Cabbages, Greens, and late Cabbages to plant out in the spring.
GENERAL OBSERVATIONS: In dry and warm weather take care to water the seed-beds and plants lately moved; secure the seed-beds and pease from birds; destroy insects; and thin out the crops in the seed-beds, if too thick.
At all times keep your garden clean from weeds, especially your crops of carrots and onions. Cut only a small part of the potatoes with eyes for planting; the remaining part may be saved for use. Two eyes in each set are enough.
Dig the ground as soon as the autumn crops are taken off; lay it up in ridges, that it may have the benefit of the frost.
It is of great benefit to keep bees.. Three hives are often worth as much as your rent: they require but little attention; they should be watched when they swarm; and the hive must be covered from the snow in winter, and the heat of summer,
The produce of the garden will be in proportion to the care taken of it; don't waste any thing that can be converted into manure.
Keep the hog styes clean; the hogs improve more, and the garden is enriched. To the inine of dung from the styes, add the decayed leaves of the vegetables, and what the hogs will not eat, such as the sout and ashes from the chimney and fire, the suds from the washe ing tub, the sweeping from the floors of the house, cuttings of weeds from the side of roads, with all other articles which will make ma
Thus, at the same time that every thing about you is kept clean and tidy, you will be well paid for your care.
If death were nothing, and nought after death;
A WRETCH there is who trifles all the day,
And in lewd orgies laughs the night away ;
Such is the DRUNKARD !-each domestic tie