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A HISTORY OF THE WORKING OF THE AMERICAN GOVERNMENT FOR THIRTY YEARS,

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FROM THE CONGRESS DEBATES, THE PRIVATE PAPERS OF GENERAL JACKSON,
AND THE SPEECHES OF EX-SENATOR BENTON, WITH HIS
ACTUAL VIEW OF MEN AND AFFAIRS:

With

HISTORICAL NOTES AND ILLUSTRATIONS, AND SOME NOTICES OF EMINENT DECEASED COTEMPORARIES.

BY A SENATOR OF THIRTY YEARS.

IN TWO WOLUMES.
WOL. II.

NEW YORK :
D. A PPL ET ON AND Co M P A NY,

346 AND 848 BROADWAY. L 0N DO N: 16 L ITTLE BRIT A IN. 1856.

Entered according to act of Congress, in the year 1856, by D. APPLETON AND COMPANY,

In the Clerk's Office of the District Court of the United States for the Southern District of New York.

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CONTENTS OF WOLUME II.

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chap. Page I chap. page

XXXVII. Abolitionists Classified by Mr. Clay—Ul- LXVI. The Bankrupt Act—What it was—and

tras Denounced—Slavery Agitators how it was Passed . . . . 229

North and South Equally denounced LXVII. Bankrupt Bill—Mr. Benton's Speech—

as Dangerous to the Union . - . 154 Extracts - - - - . 234

XXXVIII. Bank of the United States—Resignation LXVIII. Distribution of the Public Land Reve-
of Mr. Biddle—Final Suspension 157 nue, and Assumption of the State

XXXIX. First Session Twenty-sixth Congress— Debts - - - - 240

Members—Organization—Political Map LXIX. Institution of the Hour Rule in Debate

of the House . - - - . 158 in the House of Representatives—Its

XL. First Session of the Twenty-sixth Con- Attempt, and Repulse in the Senate 247

gress—President's Message . . 162 LXX. Bill for the Relief of Mrs. Harrison,

XLI. Divorce of Bank and State–Divorce de- Widow of the late President of the

creed . . . . . . 164 United States . . . . 257

XLII. Florida Armed Occupation Bill—Mr. LXXI. Mrs. Harrison's Bill—Speech of Mr.

Benton's Speech—Extracts . . 167 Benton—Extracts . . . . 262

XLIII. Assumption of the State Debts . . 171 LXXII. Abuse of the Naval Pension System—

XLIV Assumption of the State Debts—Mr. Ben- Wain attempt to Correct it . . 265

ton's Speech—Extracts . . . 172 LXXIII. Home Squadron, and Aid to Private

XLW. Death of General Samuel Smith, of Mary- Steam Lines - - - 271

land; and Notice of his Life and Char- LXXIV. Recharter of the District Banks—Mr.

acter - - . . . . 176 Benton's Speech—Extracts . 278

XLVI. Salt—the Universality of its Stopply— LXXV. Revolt in Canada—Border Sympathy—

Mystery and Indispensability of its Use Firmness of Mr. Wan Buren—Public

—Tyranny and Impiety of its Taxation Peace Endangered—and Preserved—

—Speech of Mr. Benton—Extracts . 176 Case of McLeod . . . . 276

XLVII. Pairing off . . . . . . . 178 LXXVI. Destruction of the Caroline—Arrest and

XLVIII. Taxon Bank Notes—Mr. Benton's Speech Trial of McLeod — Mr. Benton's

—Extracts . . . . . . 179 Speech—Extracts . . . . 291

XLIX. Liberation of Slaves belonging to Ameri- LXXVII. Refusal of the House to allow Recess
can Citizens in British Colonial Ports . 182 Committees - - - - 804
L. Resignation of Senator Hugh Lawson LXXVIII. Reduction of the Expense of Foreign
White of Tennessee—His Death-Some Missions by reducing the Number 805
Notice of his Life and Character . 184 LXXIX. Infringement of the Tariff Compromise
LI. Death of Ex-Senator Hayne of South Car- Act of 1838—Correction of Abuses in
olina–Notice of his Life and Character 186 Drawbacks . . . . . 807

LIL. Abolition of Specific Duties by the Com- LXXX. National Bank–First Bill . .317

promise Act of 1833–Its Error, and LXXXI. Second Fiscal Agent—Bill Presented—

Loss to the Revenue, shown by Expe- Passed—Disapproved by the Presi-

rience . . . . . . . 189 dent . . . . . . . 88.1

LIII. Refined Sugar and Rum Drawbacks- LXXXIL Secret History of the Second Bill for a
their Abuse under the Compromise Fiscal Agent, called Fiscal Corpora-
Act of 1883—Mr. Benton's Speech . 190 tion—Its Origin with Mr. Tyler—Its

LIV. Fishing Bounties and Allowances, and Progress through Congress under his

their Abuse—Mr. Benton's Speech— Lead—Its Rejection under his Veto 342

Extracts . - - - - . . 194 LXXXIIl The Veto Message hissed in the Senate
LW. Expenditures of the Government - 198 Galleries - - - - 850

LVI. Expenses of the Government, Compara- LXXXIV Resignation of Mr. Tyler's Cabinet . 353

tive and Progressive, and Separated LXXXV. Repudiation of Mr. Tyler by the Whig

from Extraordinaries - - . 200 Party—their Manifesto — Counter

LWII. Death of Mr. Justice Barbour of the Su- Manifesto by Mr. Caleb Cushing 857

preme Court, and Appointment of Pe- LXXXVI. The Danish Sound Dues . . . 362

ter W. Daniel, Esq., in his place 202 || LXXXVII. Last Notice of the Bank of the United
LWIII. Presidential Election . . . . 208 States . . . . . . . 865
LIX. Conclusion of Mr. Wan Buren's Adminis- LXXXVIII. End and Results of the Extra Session 872
tration - - - - - 207 LXXXIX. First Annual Message of PresidentTyler . 878
LX. Inauguration of President Harrison—His XC. Third Plan for a Fiscal Agent, called
Cabinet—Call of Congress—and Death 209 Exchequer Board — Mr. Benton's

LXI. Accession of the Wice-President to the Speech against it—Extracts . 876

Presidency . . . . . . 211 XCI. The Third Fiscal Agent, entitled a

LXII. Twenty-seventh Congress—First Session Board of Exchequer . . . . 894
—List of Members, and Organization of XCII. Attempted Repeal of the Bankrupt Act 895
the House . - - - - - 218 XCIII. Death of Lewis Williams, of North
LXIII. First Message of Mr. Tyler to Congress, Carolina, and Notice of his Life and
and Mr. Clay's Programme of Business 215 Character - - - - 896
LXIV. Repeal of the Independent Treasury Act 219 XCIV. The Civil List Expenses—the Contin-
LXW. Repeal of the Independent Treasury Act gent Expenses of Congress—and the
—Mr. Benton's Speech - - . 220 Revenue Collection Expense . 897

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