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Flanders, “History of the Wars of,"

32. 56 ; “ of the Civil Wars of,"

id. ib. Flannel, the proper clothing for new

born infants, "29. 116. Flatulency, produced by tight stays,

29. 122. Flax and tow, duty on (1829), '30. 199.

(Riga, P.T.R.), price of, from 1813 to 1831, '34. 182.

price of, in London, in 1831, '36. 178.

value of, imported in the year 1827, "28. 167; quantity imported from 1824 to 1828, '29.191; and tow and codilla of hemp, &c.; import and home consumption of, in 1828, '31. 173; in 1829, '32. 177; in 1830+, '33. 176; in 1831, '31. 154; flax and tow, quantity of, imported, exported, and entered for home consumption, from 1820 to 1833, '35. 178; flax and hemp, home consumption of, and duty on, in 1836, '38. 179; flax and tow, or codilla of hemp and flax, import and home consumption of, and duty on, in 1837, 39. 184; the same in 1838, '40. 176; the same in 1839, 41. 183; the same in 1840, '42. 156 ; flax and tow, exports of, from Ireland, in 1825 and 1835, '39, 189.

Bounties' Repeal Act (4 W. IV. c. 14), '35. 130.

and Cotton MANUFACTURERS, allowances to, see SOAP.

· factories, number of, in the United Kingdom, and number aud ages of persons employed

therein, '36. 181, 182. FLAX SEED, see SEEDS. Flax-leaved broom, '31.40; diosma,

id. 38; Pimelæa, id. 42. Flaxman dies, '28. 69. Fleet, English and French, sail

against Holland, '33. 232. Fleet-market Removal Act, '31,211;

removal of, 216 ; new (or Farringdon) market commenced,'30 210, 241. Fleet marriages, Act to suppress, '37.

66, 67; marriage registers, where

deposited, '37. 68, 69; their value as evidence, id. 69. Fleet prison, number of debtors in, in 1831 and 1832, '34. 172.

street, widening of, '31. 216. Fleming, Paul, *31. 72; '32. 65. Flesh-coloured erodium, '31. 39;

sprengelia, id. 43. Fleshy-leaved hoya, '31. 40. Fletcher, John, '31. 72; '32. 59. Fleury, 31. 75; 32. 68. Flimwell and Hastings Road Act,

37. 222. Flint, Mr. W., architect of the Leie cester News Room, '38. 228.

population and representation of, '33. 80. Flintshire, extent and population of,

and number of sessions, magis trates, and parishes in, -28.79; population of, and of the principal towns of, in 1811, 1821, and 1831, value of real property in, and its representation, '33. 80; summary of same in 1821 and 1831, distinguishing the sexes, id. 89; the same in 1841, '42. 107; population of, in 1801,1811, 1821, 1831, and 1841, and increase per cent. id. 109; difference of time between the principal towns of, and London, '31. 22; bastards, namber of, born in, in 1830, '34. 89; Excise licences issued, and publichouses in, number of (1831) 32. 185 ; houses, number of, inhabited, uninhabited, and building, in 1841, '42. 108; jurors in, in 1835, '37. 175; occupations of persons in (1831), '35. 93; offenders in, and proportion of, to population (1837), '39.90. Rates: amount of poor and county rates levied in, in 1826, :29. 197; the same for 1827, and account of its expenditure, id. 198; amount of poor rate levied in, from March 1827 to March 1828, and expenditure of same, '30. 216; from March 1828 to March 1829, '31. 195; for year ending 25th March, 1830, '32. 184; for the year ending 25th March, 1831, '33. 187; expended on the poor in year ending Easter 1832, *34. 175; amount levied

and expenditure of same for year ending 25th March, 1833, 35. 189; in the year ending 25th March, 1834, '36. 174 ; proportion of paupers relieved to the population of, in 1839 and 1840, 42. 168. Schools: number of Church of England, in, and of scholars in same (1832), '33. 121; house tax, inhabited houses assessed to, and rental of same, for year ending 5th April, 1830, '32. 106, 107; turnpike trusts, their extent and income in (1834), '35. 193; trusts in, and income and expenditure of same, in 1834, '37. 177; the same, and length of roads, in 1839, '42. 122. Flitter-mouse, or bat, '29. 30. Floating mills on the Tiber, '29. 61. Flodden, battle of, '28. 49. Flodoard, '31. 67; '32. 66. Flogging in the army restricted, '34.

196 ; motion to abolish, by clause in the Mutiny Bill (1833) rejected, '34. 190 ; motion for the abolition of, rejected, '37. 196 ; abolition of, except in time of war, motion for, rejected, '37. 196 ; particulars of, for five years ending 31st Dec. 1835, '37. 184; the practice of, on Sunday, forbidden,

'42. 238. Flood-tide, what it is, '30. 49. Floods in various places : viz., at

Brentford, '42. 235; in Germany, and at Vienna, '31. 234; at Leeds and Halifax, 30. 263; in and near London, '42. 244 ; in Scot. land, id. 264; in Scotland and in England, '32. 236. “ Flora Danica," '32. 75. Flora Peruviana, '32. 72. Floréal, month of, '30. 20. Florence, '31. 66.

of Worcester, '32. 58.
treaty of, '31. 55.

“ History of," '32.55, 56. Florian, '31. 77 ; '32. 69. Florida discovered, '30. 94; ceded

to England, '28. 62; ceded to America,'28. 65; ceded by Spain, '31. 42; ceded to United States, '31. 60; its extent and representation in 1823, *32. 120; popula

tion of, and number of slaves in,

in 1830, '33. 90. Florin, value of, '28. 165; (Austria),

its value, &c. (1829), '30. 102; gold (Baden), its value, &c. (1829), id. 103; silver ditto, id. ib.; (Basle), its value, &c. (1829), id. 109; (Dutch) its value (1829), id. 105; price of twenty ditto, id. ib.; of ten ditto, id. ib.; (Lombardo-Venetian), its value, &c. (1829), id. 105; (Saxony), its value, &c. (1829), id. 108; (Zurich), its value, &c. (1829), id.

109. Florus, '28. 54; '31. 65; '32. 53. Flour, penalty for adulterating, '37. 121; mode of lightening, '29, 130.

and bread, economy in the use of, '29. 126-130.

Importation Bill thrown out, '41. 209.

see further, CORN, GRAIN. Flower roots, duty on (1836), '37.

128. Flowers, in rooms, detrimental to health, '28. 111.

artificial, duty on (1829), 30. 204. “ Flowers of History,” '32.58. Flowering asb, '29. 65; raspberry,

'29. 67. Flues and chimneys, Act regulating

the size, &c. of, '41, 164, 165. Flugge, August., dies, '41. 138. Fluids, theory of, Newton, '29. 61;

equilibrium of, D'Alembert, '29. 61; pressure of, Archimedes, '29.

61; resistance of, '29.61. Flushing ceded to the French, '31.

56. Flux, deaths from, within the bills

of mortality in 1827, '29. 110. Fluxions invented, '29. 60; New

ton, id. 56. Fly, common house, 29.39; swarms

of, indicate unwholesome air,

id. ib. Fodéré, his observations on water,

'36. 24; his observations on wines quoted, '36. 24; his opinion on

protracted pregnancy, '36. 31. Fog, what it is, 30. 77; how pro

duced, id. 85 ; smell of, not accounted for, id. 87.

к

53.

Fogs, dense, in London, '29. 246. Fogs, and mists, and clouds, disser

tation on, '30, 77-87. Fogan, '31. 75. Folard, '31. 75; :32. 68. Folding of sheep, '28. 40. Foleshill, population of, '33. 74;

Poors' Rate Act, '31.211; church

at, finished, '42. 206. Folkes, Mr., his account of the time

keepers of Harrison, '42. 33, 34,

and t. Folly Bridge, further Act, '35. 219. Fontana dies, '38. 128. Fontainebleau, concordat at, '31.

58; peace of, id. 49; preliminaries of, id. 52; treaty of, '31.

number of English residing at, in 1829, '30. 217. Fontainesia phillyræoides, '29. 65. Fontanini, '31. 74. Fontenelle, '31. 75; '32. 68. Fontenoy, battle of, '28. 61. Food, unrestricted trade in articles

of, shewn to be beneficial, '35. 110; articles of, prices of, regulated, '39. 64, 65; duty on (1829), '30. 206 ; import duties on articles of (1839), '41. 119.

of labourers and artizans, observations for the improvement of, 34. 42.

of agricultural labourers in 1796, '34. 38; in Yorkshire (1833), '34. 41, 42. “ Fool of Quality,” '32. 61. Fool's parsley, poisonous properties

of, and remedies against, '28. 122. Foot, origin of the measure, '30.111.

guards. Motion that their privileges should cease rejected, 37. 192; number of, and whether English, Scotch, or Irish, in the British army in 1830 and 1840, 42. 171.

rot obviated by moles, '30. 46. Footway, law relating to (1829),

'30. 138. Foote, Samuel, '32. 61. “For the public good, 'league, '31.

44. “ Forbidden and permitted food,"

'32. 47.

Forbin, Count, dies, '42. 121.
Forcellini, '31. 76.
Forcing pump invented—Hero, '29.

61. Ford at Findhorn-bridge, expe

ditious completion of, '31. 228,

229. Ford, J., '32. 60. Fordun, John, '31. 68 ; '32.58. Fordyce, population of, '33. 82. Foreign apposer and deputy in the Exchequer abolished, 34. 144.

Enlistment Act suspended, '36. 245.

money, value of, in English currency, '28. 165.

post-master established, '40. 63.

postage, increase of, '42.98, 99.

Secretary, Earl of Dudley, 29. 234; Viscount Palmerston, ?31. 240; Duke of Wellington, '36. 239.

trade of the United Kingdom. Number of vessels, their tonnage, and crews, engaged in 1836, '38. 176; in 1838, 40. 186 ; in 1839, '41. 190 ; in 1840,

'42. 160, 161. Foreigners (except ambassadors or

their servants) to be registered, 37. 113.

in Distress, Society of Friends of, '30. 151.

trade of, with China, '31. 131-133. Forest of Dean railway, account of,

37. 87; '41. 62; roads Act, '39.

213. Forestalling, laws relating to, '39. Forfar, population of (1821), '29.65,

83; in 1811, 1821, and 1831, '33. 84.

and Arbroath Railway Act, '37. 224; further Act, '41. 220; railway, particulars of, id. 74, 82,

83. Forfarshire, population of, and of

the principal towns of, in 1811, 1821, and 1831; value of real property in, and its representation, 33. 84 ; summary of same in 1821 and 1831, distinguishing the sexes, id. 89; the same in

1841, '42. 108 ; population of, in Forres, population of, '33. 84; Gaol 1801, 1811, 1821, 1831, and Act, '35. 219. 1841, and increase per cent., id. Forster, '31. 76; '32. 65. 110; electors, number of in, in

Thomas, his article “Cloud," 1836, '37. 182; houses, number in Supplement to Encyclopædia of inhabited, uninhabited, and Britannica, referred to, '30. 687. building in 1841, '42. 108; occu Fort St. David built, '32. 26; taken pations of persons in (1831), '35. by the French, '32. 29. 98, 99; turnpike trusts, their St. George built, '32. 26; extent and income in (1834), '35. made a presidency, id. ib. 193 ; gates in, rents of in 1833, Vittoria given to the English, 1834, and 1835, '37. 178.

32. 28. Forfarshire, incendiary fires in, '35. William, Calcutta, built, '32. 254.

26. “ Forfarshire" steamer, wreck of, Forteguerra, N., '31. 74; '32. 57. '39. 251.

Fortescue, John, '31. 68; '32. 59. Forfeiture. Act to amend the law Forth, Frith of, passage Act, '31.

relating to escheat and forfeiture 211. of real and personal property and Clyde Navigation Act, holden in trust (4 W. IV. c. 23), '37. 224; Canal and River Clyde, '35. 132; Act removing doubts Canal to connect, Act for, id. 222;

on (1 & 2 Vict. c. 67), '39. 157. Canal to Campsie Alum works. Forged notes, uttering, increase of, Canal from, Act for, '38. 212; in 1840, '42. 101.

Navigation Acts. Consolidation Forgery, number of executions for, and Amendment Act, '42. 198.

in England and Wales (1826), and Edinburgh Railway Act, 29. 89; number of cases of, from 37. 224; Alteration Act, $40. 1833 to 1836, '30. 185; com 216, 217. parison of forgeries committed in Fortifications of Paris, credit for, 1834, 1835, and 1836, which '42. 234; extent of, determined, were capital (1837), with those id. ib.; debates on, closed, id. 236. which were not so, '38. 186 ; pe Fortingull, population of, '33. 86. tition of bankers, &c., for abolition Fortrose, population of, '33. 87. of death for, presented by Mr. Fortunate days of the Turks, *28. Brougham, '31. 205; death for, 15; 29. 17. in all cases but of wills, clause Fortunatus, Verran, '32. 66. for abolishing by Sir James Mac Foscolo, Ugo, '31. 76 ; '32. 57. intosh, '31. 206; clause restoring, Foster, Mr., his design for a Moorish inserted by the Lords, '31. 208; archway on the Liverpool and punishment for (1836), (1 W.IV. Manchester railway, '31. 229. c. 66), '31. 157–162; punish

Mr.John, architect of the Liment of death abolished for, ex verpool Custom House, '31. 215. cept of wills, and powers of at Fothergillia Alnifolia, '29. 65. torney to transfer stock (2 & 3 W. FOULARDS, see SILK MANUFACTURES. IV. c. 123), '33. 169; capital Found dead, number of persons, punishment for, abolished (w. within the Bills of Mortality, in IV. & 1 Vict.c. 84), '38. 158, 159. 1827, '29. 160.

bail for, not to be taken “ Foundation of Faith,' '32. 47. except in certain cases (5 & 6 W. “ Foundation of the World,” '32, IV. c. 73), '36. 132.

47. effect of the abolition of Foundling Hospital, '30. 155; use death for, on charges of, '42. 103. of rice in, in lieu of flour in

increase of the crime in 1795, '29. 128. 1840, 42. 101 ; former convic Fountain, air, invented—Hero, '29. tion, how proved, '28. 142.

61.

value in English money (1829), throne Louis Philippe and restore

Perreir ministry formed, '32. 236;

Fouques, '31. 69; 32. 66.

Frame breaking, punishment for, Four per cents. reduced to three 28. 142.

and a half per cents. (11 G. IV. Frampton, Mr., his opinion of the c. 11), '31. 139; Annuities, Act good working of the Poor Law for conversion of, into new three Aniendment Act as regards agriand a-half per cents. (4 W.IV. cultural labourers, '37. 59, 60. c. 31), '35. 137; reduction, de Franc, value of, '28. 165. bate on, '31. 202.

Franc piece (French), its value, &c. Four-cleft calothamnus, '31. 37. (1829), '30. 104, two ditto, id. “ Four Orders,” the, '32. 47.

ib.; twenty ditto, id. ib.; forty Fourcroy, '31. 77; '32. 69.

ditto, id. ib.; half ditto, id. ib.; Fourdrinier, Messrs., grant to, '41. quarter ditto, id. ib. 207.

France founded by Clovis, *28. 56; Fourier, intended colony on his invaded by William I., id. 57; system in Brazil, '42. 243.

chronological table of monarchs of, Fourpences, value of, coined in

from the year 800 to 1828, '29.47 1836 and 1837,'39. 181; coined

-54; population of, from 1817 to from 1816 to 1840, '42. 155. 1825, '28. 89; extent, population, Fouta Toro, republic of, its extent, and military force of, in 1828,

population, capital, and religions '28. 70; and her colonies, extent in 1828, '29. 74, 75.

and population of, in 1828, id. Fowler, Mr. C., architect of New 74; monarchy of, its extent, po

Hungerford-market, '31. 221, pulation, sovereign, capital, reli222; of the new church at Ho gion, revenue, debt, army, and niton, '39. 221.

navy, in 1828, 29.70,71; amount and Sievier, Messrs., their of population of (1829), '29. 86; premium for a design for the number of Jews in (1829), '30. Nelson monument, '40. 222.

100; extent, population, and miFox, '31, 70; '32. 59.

litary force of, and extent and poC. J., '32. 62; in office, 28. pulation of same with its colonies 63; his “ India Bill," "32. 37. (1831), '33. 54-56 ; population Jonathan, committed by the

and sovereign of (1836), '36. 107; House of Commons, '29. 204. population of, enumerations of, Fox SKINS, see FURS.

when taken, '40. 104; increase of Foxglove, poisonous properties of, inhabitants in, *29. 78; limits of

, and remedies against, '28. 122. defined, '28. 64; evacuated, id. Canary, '31. 38; Ma

65 ; boundary of, settled, '31.55; deira, id, ib.

proportion of revenue, debt, army, Fox grape, '29. 67.

navy, and representation to popu. Foxtail grass, '30. 40.

lation (1829), '30. 100 ; gold, silFracastoro, G., '31. 70; '32. 55. ver, and copper coins of, their Fraction, definition of, '28. 105.

names, value, weight, alloy, and Fractions, continued, Lord Brounker, 29. 57.

'30. 103, 104; revolution in, decimal, Lord Napier,

July 1830, '31. 237; the Duke of '29. 56.

Orleans made lieutenant-general Fractures, death from, within the of, *31. 237; conspiracy to de

Bills of Mortality, in 1827, 29. 110.

the Bourbons, '33. 229; the King's Fradgley, Mr., architect and engi speeches on the opening of the

neer of Rocester-bridge, '41. 253. Chambers, '35. 252, 259; +37. Fragaria sterilis, '29. 28.

252 ; '39. 248;'41. 253. MinisFragrant heath, '31. 39.

tries : formation of the Lafitte Fraisch, district of, Prussian Com ministry, '31. 239; list of, id. ib.;

mercial League, '42. 113.

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