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A Monthly Magazine Devoted to the Promotion of True Culture.
Organ of the Chautauqua Literary and Scientific Circle.
MAR 8 1934
COPYRIGHTED BY THEODORE L. FLOOD, IN THE OFFICE OF THE LIBRARIAN OF CONGRESS,
ASHINGTON, D. C., 1883-4.
INDEX TO VOLUME IV.
Bancroft, George. 334.
Rewards of Public Service. 486.
Channing, William Ellery. 79. C. L. S. C. COURSE FOR 1884-'85. 600. Spanish Bull Fights. 301.
Steam not an Aristocrat. 300.
Franklin, Benjamin. 77.
Tenth Assembly, The. 52.
Higginson, Thomas Wentworth. 392. INGS.
Wall Street Troubles, The. 608.
Howells, William D. 394.
Editor's TABLE. 56, 119.
EDUCATION OF NEGRO POPULATION. A.
G. Haygood. 148.
ENGLISH, British and American. R. A.
Paulding, James Kirke. 147.
Sandys, George. 14.
44, 102, 165, 228, 287, 355, 421, 477, FLOWERS, Early. Francis George Heath.
Warner, Charles Dudley. 394. COMMENCEMENT, C. L. S.C. Class 1883.' Reinach. 80.
FRENCH HISTORY, Readings in. J. H.
43, 95, 211, 275, 348, 510, 584.
ART, Readings in. 11, 75, 142, 204, 262, EARTHQUAKES-ISCHIA AND JAVA. 83. Heine, Heinrich. 253.
EDITOR'S NOTE-Book. 54, 117, 180, 241, Humboldt, Alexander von. 253
BANQUET TO CHAUTAUQUA TRUSTEES. Efficiency and Tenure. 547. GRADUATES C. L. S. C. 310.
GREAT ORGAN AT FRIBOURG, The. Edith
Sessions Tupper. 94.
HESITATION AND ERRORS IN SPEECH. J.
General Conference, Some Points on Mortimer-Granville. 454.
HIBERNATION. J. G. Wood, M.A.
LIFE OF A PLANET, The. Richard Proc- OUTLINE OF C. L. S. C. READINGS. SEA AS AN AQUARIUM, The. C. L. An-
derson, M.D. 279, 341.
SKATING AND SKATERS. Robert Mac-
SOLDIERS' HOME. O. W. Logan. 529.
SPECULATION IN BUSINESS. Jonathan.
STATIONERY, C. L. S. C. 103.
STEEL HORSE, Our. 523.
SUMMER MEETINGS AT CHAUTAUQUA. 597.
SUNDAY READINGS. J. H. Vincent, D.D.
PLANT NUTRITION. Maxwell T. Masters, | TABLE-TALK OF NAPOLEON BONAPARTE.
POACHERS IN ENGLAND. Jas. Turves. 90. TALK ABOUT Books. 126, 248, 314, 436,
495, 556, 612.
POLITICAL ECONOMY. G. M. Steele, D.D.' TEMPERATURE. J. Mortimer Granville.
9, 73, 140, 202.
POPULAR EDUCATION, C. L. S. C. An- TENEMENT House LIFE IN NEW YORK.
Geo. A. Townsend. 561.
PRISONERS AND PRISONS, Military. O. W. TRICKS OF CONJURORS. Thomas Frost.
Hon. Neal : TROLLOPE'S (ANTHONY) AUTOBIOGRAPHY.
49, 109, 172, 234, 294, 362, 425, 482, 544. 448, 506.
RECREATIONS OF PARIS WORKMEN. R. VANISHING Types. Rev. Edward Sprague.
VEGETABLE VILLAINS. R. Turner. 33,
WAVERLEY Novels. Wallace Bruce. 17.
WINE AND WATER. Benj. W. Richard-
SCHOOLS OF BOSTON, Industrial. E. E. son, M.D. 283.
WOMEN AS MISTRESSES OF HOUSEHOLDS,
Scott, WALTER, Eight Centuries with. Duties of. F. P. Cobbe. 473.
343, 403. 467, 533. 589.
WRECKAGE, Social. Ellice Hopkins. 40
AT REST. Sarah Doudney. 42.
Growth. Mrs. Emily J. Bugbee. 561. Rise Higher. Helen G. Hawthorne. 571.
His Cold. Foliot S. Pierpoint. 269. SELF-DEPENDENCE. Matthew Arnold.
How we CAME TOGETHER. W. C. Wil- 472.
kinson, D.D. 32.
STILL YOUNG. Ellen O. Peck. 412.
STORK, The. Translated from the Swed-
SUMMER, A Remnant of. E. O. P. 156.
LUTHER. Mrs. S. R. Graham Clark. 275. To My Books. Lady Sterling Maxwell.
J. Bugbee. 161.
RETURNING. Mary Harrison. 148. ZENOBIA. Ada Iddings Gale. 152.
A MONTHLY MAGAZINE DEVOTED TO THE PROMOTION OF TRUE CULTURE. ORGAN OF
THE CHAUTAUQUA LITERARY AND SCIENTIFIC CIRCLE.
Chautauqua Literary and Scientific Circle.
and to the Prosna and the Lower Niemen. The country is
mountainous in the south, hilly in the center, and flat in the President--Lewis Miller, Akron, Ohio.
north, where it forms part of the great plain which takes in the Superintendent of Instruction—Rev. J. H. Vincent, D.D., New Haven, Conn.
whole of north-eastern Europe. The western part of this plain Counselors—Rev. Lyman Abbott, D.D.; Rev. J. M. Gibson, D.D.;
takes in the country between the Teutoburg Wood and the Bishop H. W. Warren, D.D.; Rev. W. C. Wilkinson, D.D.
North Sea. As it passes eastward it widens till it reaches from Office Secretary-Miss Kate F. Kimball, Plainfield, N. J.
the Erz and Riesen Mountains to the Baltic. A part of South General Secretary-Albert M. Martin, Pittsburgh, Pa.
Germany slopes toward the east, and is watered by the Danube;
but the general slope of the country is toward the north. Among REQUIRED READING
the rivers flowing northward are the Rhine, the Ems, the Weser, the Elbe, the Oder, and the Vistula."-Sime.
“Germany has varied very much in extent at different times. Chautauqua Literary and Scientific Circle for 1883-4. This is due partly to the fact that it has no clearly-marked
natural boundaries on the east and west, but chiefly to the OCTOBER.
peculiarity of its position. It is the central country of Europe.
Being surrounded by most of the leading nations of the ConGERMAN HISTORY.
tinent, the Germans have been involved, more than any other
people, in the general history of Europe. Of all their neighbors, By Rev. W. G. WILLIAMS, A. M.
the Scandinavians are most nearly allied to the Germans. Both
are branches of the Teutonic race. But the Germans are also I.
connected, although not so closely, with the other surrounding The student of history has need of divisions. By their aid
peoples. All, if we except the Magyars or Hungarians, who alone can he hope to have command of the facts and events
are Turanians, belong to the great Aryan family.”—Sime. with which history in so large part deals. It is well therefore
Ancient authors mention several German tribes, as well as to begin the study of any particular history by noting such
their dwelling places, with greater or less precision. Several changes, such epoch-making events as may form partition walls
of them also speak of the chief tribes, among which the single of boxes in which may be placed our classified information.
septs united themselves. But their statements are not sufficiently The history of Germany has been variously divided into
unanimous or precise to give us that clear view which we would periods by the different authors. That which we have adopted
so willingly obtain. The origin of the Germanic nations, therehere has the sanction of the majority and will be found ex
fore, like that of all others, is uncertain. To assign to them a ceedingly natural, and hence simple and convenient. The
distinct historical origin is to make an assertion without evistudent should memorize it thoroughly, being assured that
dence, though it is now indisputably established that the Teuthough a very general history of itself, nevertheless it is more
tonic dialects belong to one great family with the Latin, than many of supposed information could tell of the history of
the Greek, the Sanscrit, and other European and Asiatic this wonderful people.
tongues. All the positive knowledge that we have of the GerDIVISION OF THE HISTORY OF THE GERMANS INTO TEN PERIODS. man nations, previous to their contact with the Romans, is First-From the most ancient times to the conquests of the
exceedingly vague and mere conjecture.”—Menzies.
'The Romans first heard the name Germans' from the Franks, under Clovis (A. D. 486). Second–From conquests of Clovis to Charlemagne (511-768).
Celtic Gauls, in whose language it meant simply neighbors. Third-Charlemagne to Henry I. (768-919).
The first notice of a Germanic tribe was given to the world by Fourth-Henry I. to Rodolphus of Hapsburg. The Saxon,
the Greek navigator Pytheas, who made a voyage to the Baltic Swabian, and Hohenstaufen houses (919-1273).
in the year 330 B. C. Beyond the amber coast, eastward of the
mouth of the Vistula, he found the Goths, of whom we hear Fifth—Rodolphus I. of Hapsburg to Charles V. (1273-1520). Sixth-Charles V. to Peace of Westphalia (1519-1648).
nothing more until they appear, several centuries later, on the
northern shore of the Black Sea. For more than two hundred Seventh—Peace of Westphalia to French Revolution (16481789).
years there is no further mention of the Germanic races; then,
most unexpectedly, the Romans were called upon to make their Eighth-French Revolution to Peace of Paris (1789-1815). Ninth—Peace of Paris to Franco-Prussian War (1815-1870
personal acquaintance.”—Bayard Taylor.
“At the time of their first contact with the Romans, these 1871).
Germanic tribes had lost even the tradition of their Asiatic Tenth--From Franco-Prussian War to present time.
origin. They supposed themselves to have originated upon the THE PRIMITIVE POPULATIONS OF GERMANY, THEIR ORIGIN, soil where they dwelt, sprung either from the earth or descended CUSTOMS, RELIGION, ETC.
fron the gods. According to the most popular legend, the “Germany, or Deutschland, occupies a large part of Central Wr-god Tuisko, or Tiu, had a son, Mannus (whence the word Europe. Speaking roughly, it now reaches from the Alps to the man is derived), who was the first human parent of the German Baltic and the North Sea, and from the valleys of the Rhine race. Many centuries must have elapsed since their first settleand the Maes to the Danube as far as the March and the Mur, ment in Europe, or they could not have so completely changed