verify the reference which is said to prove that bosh
was in use, as a slang word, in 1760?"
And to the editorial remark :-

"[The Student; or, the Oxford and Cambridge Monthly Miscellany, 2 vols., was published 1750-1. The word bosh does not occur at p. 217 of the second volume.-ED.]."

Johnson's Dictionary, by Todd, London, 1818, gives: "Bosh, n.s. This is a provincial word of Norfolk, in which to cut a bosh' is to make a the following passage :— figure." It seems to have a similar meaning in

"A man who has learned but the bosh of an argument,

CORDINER'S "ANTIQUITIES AND SCENERY" &c. (6th S. ii. 447; iii. 72).-It was published in 1780, and its exact title is Antiquities and Scenery of the North of Scotland, in a Series of Letters to Thomas Pennant, Esq., by the Rev. Charles Cordiner, Minister of St. Andrew's Chapel, Bamff (sic), London, 1780. It is a quarto volume of 173 pages, exclusive of eleven pages of index, contents, &c., and is illustrated by "two-and-twenty plates of ruins and the most romantic views of the north," of which most are signed by P. Mazell, as engraver after drawings by Cordiner himself, a few are signed by Ingleby, Basire, and Watts, while a few more have no signature either of drawer or engraver. It may be interesting to mention that in the Earl of Fife's library at Duff House there is a copy of this work, further "embellished with twenty original drawings by the author," and with seven small sketches," by the same. These drawings are not the originals of the engravings proper to the work, but may be originals of engravings in Cordiner's other work, Remarkable Ruins, &c., which I have not seen. If they are wanted by any reader of "N. & Q.," I shall be happy to supply the names of these drawings. Besides them I find also in the Duff House copy three engravings in-series, vol. xvii. p. 434 :— serted which are not to be found in the published form of the work, with its two-and-twenty plates.

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THOMAS DANIELL, R.A. (6th S. iii. 308, 417). -PALLET inquires about the paintings of this distinguished artist. I have the two large pictures painted by his nephew, William Daniell, R.A., and engraved, "The Loss of the Kent East Indiaman, 1250 tons, in 1825," the one picture vividly por traying the first boat-load leaving the ill-fated Kent on fire, and the other, the last boat arriving alongside the Cambria brig, which vessel was owned by my uncle, the late Sir John Hare. Both pictures tell in a wonderfully graphic manner the narrative of this gallant rescue by the Cambria, only 200 tons, of so very large a number from fire or a watery grave-in all 554 souls, including the 31st Regiment. When a child I remember Capt. Cook of the Cambria telling me the story, and how anxious he was as to whether his store of food


would be sufficient for such a largely increased number; but fortunately his vessel was well plied for a long outward voyage, and, returning at once to England, he contrived to make it last out. SHOLTO VERE HARE.

Knole Park, Almondsbury, Gloucestershire.

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that has only seen the shadow of a syllogism, and but barely heard talk of rhetoric and poetry, may, by the use of this science and a little modern effrontery, baffle one of real learning, silence genius itself, and put the most exalted merit out of countenance."-Student, ii. A reference to p. 287, as given by Todd, not to 217, may perhaps give the proof required. "Bosh," writes the Editor of " N. & Q." (5th S. i. 389), "is the name in Holland and Flanders for butter adulterated with salt and water." The origin of this name is thus explained in the Journal of the Royal Agricultural Society of Europe, second

"The district around Hertogenbosch (Bois-le-Duc), commonly written Bosch, the capital of the province of North Brabant, for many years sent to the London market an inferior quality of Dutch butter. That particular brand has disappeared under the influence of the region, and in the London market is quoted as ' Bosh." artificial butter which is chiefly made in and about that

and is still (teste Encyclopædia Britannica, ninth The plural form boshes was in my early days, edit., vol. xiii. p. 298), applied to the place of greatest diameter of the blast furnaces for smelting



"MANCHET LOAF " (6th S. iii. 430; iv. 15, 396, 418, 496).-G. F. R. B. at the last reference is mistaken with regard to MR. SAWYER'S note (6th S. iv. 396). MR. SAWYER refers to the "Six Carpenters' Case," in Leading Cases done into English, by an Apprentice of Lincoln's Inn, p. 2, second ed., Macmillan & Co., 1876.


In "A Lay of St. Nicholas," one of the Ingoldsby Legends, the Lord Abbot makes the following promise to the " 'Pilgrim Grey," conditionally, that is, if he will recount the most wonderful sight that his eyes have seen in Pales tine :

"Arede me aright the most wonderful sight,

Grey Palmer, that ever thine eyes did see,
And a manchette (sic) of bread, and a good warm bed,
And a cup o' the best shall thy guerdon be."
A" manchette of bread" was evidently considered
a bonne-bouche.
Ashford, Kent.


A full historical account of the manchet, or

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THE HYMN "ROCK OF AGES": TOPLADY (6th S. iii. 428; iv. 54, 391, 477).-During the first year after his ordination Toplady published his collection of hymns, over four hundred in number. In December, 1775, he became editor of The Gospel Magazine, but, owing to illness, relinquished the post in 1776. Some of his articles are signed "Minimus," others "Concionator"; there are also papers to which his initials only are appended. They appeared in the volumes of The Gospel Magazine during the years 1771 to 1776. Toplady was also the author of The Church of England Vindicated from the Charge of Armi nianism, &c., and some sermons. In 1825 his works were published, with a memoir.

W. H. C. "JOHN DORY" (4th S. x. 126, 199, 507, 523; xi. 84, 100; 5th S. x. 299; 6th S. iv. 545).-Since writing my query I have consulted Nares's Glossary, which I ought to have done before. There I find that "John Dory" was a popular song or catch, "preserved in Deuteromelia, a book printed in 1609. It is repeated in Ritson's Ancient Songs, p. 163; in Hawkins's Hist. of Music, &c." Also noticed as in Drunken Barnaby, and else where. Nares does not quote Dryden.


JAYDEE will find much and satisfactory information about the well-known old song "John Dory" in Popular Music of the Olden Time, by W. Chappell, pp. 67, 68. JULIAN MARSHALL.

A FENCING MATCH IN MARYLEBONE FIELDS, 1714 (6th S. iv. 445; v. 17).-MR. HODGKIN Will find a number of notices of Marylebone Gardens in A Book for a Rainy Day, by J. T. Smith, third edition, 1861, p. 41, et seq. AUSTIN DOBSON. AUTHORS OF QUOTATIONS WANTED (6th S. v. 10).

66 "Far from these narrow scenes of night," &c. The author was Miss Anne (or Annie) Steele. She was born in 1716 at Broughton, in Hampshire, and her father was a Baptist minister. See Lord Selborne's

Book of Praise and the Rev. S. Christopher's The New
Methodist Hymn Book and its Writers, 1877.



Bartolozzi and his Works. By Andrew W. Tuer. 2 vols. (Field & Tuer.)__

To say that Mr. Tuer's pair of volumes are richly and tastefully bound, that the paper is excellent and the typography unimpeachable, is only to say what cannot in honesty be left unsaid. Outwardly and superficially, Bartolozzi and his Works is one of the handsomest of art books, and neither Titian nor Leonardo could have complained of so luxurious a setting-forth. Unfortunately-and this objection suggests itself at the outset. -Bartolozzi is hardly on a level with either of those illustrious men, and the contrast between his personality as an artist and Mr. Tuer's pomp of drapery is almost as unsatisfactory as Thackeray's contrast between "Ludovicus" Nor is this initial drawback at and "Ludovicus Rex." all compensated for by any special fulness of detail respecting Bartolozzi's career. That Mr. Tuer has been at considerable pains to collect information, and that he has made many minor rectifications, we can easily believe; but the fact remains that, if the catalogue of works be deducted, thirty fairly concise pages would tell us all we care to know respecting the graceful and accomplished, though scarcely robust, engraver whom he has elected to dignify. Having "liberated our mind " in this respect, we are bound to admit that we have found what Mr. Tuer has to say about Bartolozzi exceedingly readable and interesting, although, paradoxical as it may seem, those portions of his book which do not refer to Bartolozzi at all, except by courtesy, seem to us to be even more readable still. The detached chapters on Ryland and the Boydells, on stipple, print restoring, art sales, book-illustrating by inserted plates, deceptions with prints, and so forth, are full of that vagrant and various information in which the true collector delights, but upon which he can seldom or never lay his hand, and we do not doubt that they will be welcome to many who have neither the inclination nor the leisure to become collectors of Bartolozzi. As to the illustrations in Mr. Tuer's volumes, they are certainly not very numerous, but they are choice. The best are the St. Giles's and St. James's beauties (the two Miss Burroughs), printed from the original copperplates of 1783, and a pair of charming full-lengths by Caroline Watson of the Earl and Countess of Kinnoull. It is to be regretted that Mr. Tuer has given us no portrait of Bartolozzi himself, as, from the list printed at P. 5, there should have been little difficulty in procuring one. We may add in conclusion that we trust Mr. Tuer's plan of printing his notes in the body of his text will not be extensively imitated. Notes are an unavoidable evil; but they need scarcely be made an obtrusive one as well.

Old Yorkshire. Edited by William Smith. 2 vols. (Longmans & Co.)

For some time past it has been the practice of the proprietors of the Leeds Mercury to publish in the weekly supplement a series of "Local Notes and Queries." These volymes are mainly, but not entirely, made up of matter so gathered. The Leeds Mercury has an almost unique position among the great organs of thought of the north of England. It circulates very widely, not only among the upper classes, but also among the more refined and cultured artisans of the great clothing and iron towns of Yorkshire. Its editors have, therefore,

been enabled to preserve a large quantity of useful facts and memories. It is not to be imagined that these volumes, which are only a selection, contain nearly all the antiquarian matter that has from time to time appeared in the Leeds Mercury. The selection has been, however, made with skill, and there are not many pages in either of the volumes which we should be willing to lose. Some things therein are remarkably good, as, for instance, the notices of Yorkshire artists and authors which appear in the first volume. On the other hand, we observe, as was to be anticipated, a certain weakness when etymological questions are touched upon. The second volume, we think, is in most respects the better of the two. It contains an introduction by Canon Raine which is alone worth the price of the book. We wish we had room to reproduce in our pages the canon's wise and eloquent words as to the thoughtless restoration which has so fatally injured many of our old parish churches. To protest against needful repair, that is, restoration in its true and legitimate sense, is an absurdity of which no thoughtful man would be guilty; but it is not from this that our historic buildings have suffered. The craze of making things uniform and pretty to our nineteenth century tastes has been the cause of almost all the mischief. Where Latin is concerned the proofsheets have sometimes been very carelessly gone over. There is a charter of nine lines in which we have counted just the same number of misprints. In a work of this kind, made up of fragments, it is above all things needful that there should be a good index. We have carefully tested the one supplied, and can discover no reason for finding fault.

Bromsgrove Church: its History and Antiquities. With an Account of the Sunday Schools, Churchyard, and Cemetery. Compiled from the Parish Books, Registers, and other Authentic Sources by William A. Cotton. (Simpkin, Marshall & Co.)

THIS is one of the books which church restoration may be said to have brought into being. It is very rarely indeed that any record can be met with which throws light upon the construction of our parish churches. Who built them, and how and when they were raised from their foundations to become the wonder and pride of generations, we seem never likely to know. The old builders made no fuss, sounded no flourish of trumpets, did their work and left it, thanking God that they were permitted to raise another temple to his honour. These men were content to be forgotten and unknown. Not so the "restorers" of our time. What is the use of the printing press if it is not to be employed in glorifying ourselves? Wherefore it is not to be wondered at that Mr. Cotton should have found a sufficient number of subscribers in Bromsgrove to pay for the publication of his formidable quarto. But really, to give a volume of this character such a grandiose title is a little too bad. Future ages may wish to learn how much the weighing machine at Bromsgrove earned per annum, and may, peradventure, desire to read about the election of a sexton in 1869, or the rules of the Bromsgrove bellringers in 1875, or the report of the coroner's inquest on Mr. John Rose, as reported in the Bromsgrove Messenger of March 29, 1879; but we suspect that future ages will have something better to do. So far from Mr. Cotton's volume containing any history, it can hardly be said to contain even such gossip as, under the most favourable circumstances, could find a place among the memorabilia of our grandchildren.

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DUMOLARD BROTHERS, of Milan, have issued the first two numbers of a new monthly philosophical review, the Rivista di Filosofia Scientifica, edited by Dr. E. Morselli. Among the articles that have already appeared may be

named Morselli on Philosophy and Science, Sergi on the Colour Sense in perception, Cantoni on Galileo's method in the study of the Laws of Nature, Ardigò on Individualism in Positive Philosophy.

Novelist's Library edition, and the popular edition of WE have received the following:-Endymion, Modern Wood's Strange Dwellings, &c. (Longmans & Co.); Miss Ferrier's The Inheritance (Bentley & Son); a new edition of The Visitor's Guide to Oxford (Parker & Co.); Part xvii. vol. iii. of Helsby's Ormerod's History of Cheshire (Routledge & Sons); An Essay on the Communion of Saints, by R. Owen, B.D., being an Appendix Paul & Co.); Vol. iv. of the Antiquary, and a reprint of to Sanctorale Catholicum, by the same author (Kegan Mr. Wheatley's paper on bookbinding (Elliot Stock).

MR. J. GIBBS, of Newport Street, W.C., has at present in his possession a most curious and interesting collection of prints, woodcuts, notices, bills, and quaint advertisements relating to barbers and the hair. It comprises a variety of out-of-the-way particulars respecting modes of hairdressing, devices in hair, female barbers, bearded ladies, wigs, barber-surgeons, and so forth, illustrated by hundreds of portraits and caricatures, many of which are seldom met with. Some of the latter are by Rowlandson and Gillray, and we note among them the three rare plates (which Hone was unable to procure) of Forster, the so-called "Flying Barber" of Cambridge. Several scarce pamphlets are also included in the series. The entire collection is probably unique, and Mr. Gibbs will willingly show it to any collectors who may desire to inspect it.

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E. H. W. D. ("Sparrow of Anglesea ").-See Burke's Landed Gentry, 1879, s.v., where you will find an account commencing with the marriage alluded to. The wife was a Boys.

E. R. V. ("N. or M.").-You should read the note on the subject in Blunt's Annotated Book of Common Prayer.

J. A. wishes to ascertain the names in full of the people who held the Riddings farm, or the Ridding estate, in the parish of Alfreton, Derbyshire, from 1670 to 1730. G. L. G.-Parentalia; or, Memoirs of the Family of the Wrens. By Christopher, son of Sir Christopher Wren. Lond., 1750.

J. R. CARTER.-"While the trees are leafless," &c., will be found in a little poem, "Spring Flowers," by Agnes Strickland.

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Every SATURDAY, of any Bookseller or News-agent,


Each Half-yearly Volume complete in itself, with Title-Page and Index.

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REVIEWS of every important New Book, English and Foreign, and of every new English Novel.


AUTHENTIC ACCOUNTS of Scientific Voyages and Expeditions.

CRITICISMS on Art, Music, and the Drama.

LETTERS from Foreign Correspondents on subjects relating to Literature,

Science, and Art.

BIOGRAPHICAL NOTICES of Distinguished Men.


WEEKLY GOSSIP on Literature, Science, the Fine Arts, Music, and

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Is so conducted that the reader, however distant, is in respect to Literature, Science, the Fine Arts, Music, and the Drama, on an equality in point of information with the best informed circles of the Metropolis.

OFFICE for ADVERTISEMENTS, 20, Wellington Street, Strand, London, W.C.

Published by JOHN FRANCIS, 20, Wellington Street, Strand, London, W.C.

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A Narrative of Travels through the Snowy Carpathians and Great Alföld of the Magyar. By a Fellow of the Carpathian Society (Diploma of 1881), and Author of "The Indian Alps.' 2 vols. royal 8vo. cloth extra, with about 120 Woodcuts from the Author's own Sketches and Drawings, 388.



The POETICAL WORKS of OLIVER WENDELL HOLMES. In 2 vols. 18mo. exquisitely printed, and chastely bound in limp cloth, gilt top, edges uncut, 108, 6d. [Now ready.



the Transvaal. By Mrs. HECKFORD. 1 vol. crown 8vo. cloth extra, 10s. 6d. [Ready.

Mr. R. D. BLACKMORE'S New Novel is CHRISTOWELL, a Dartmoor Tale. 3 vols.



WANDERINGS SOUTH and EAST: a Descriptive Record of Travel in the South rn and Eastern Hemispheres. By WALTER COOTE. Demy 8vo. with Illustrations and a Map, 218. [Nearly ready.

RUSSELL (W. H., LL.D.). HESPEROTHEN: Notes from the Western World. A Record of a Ramble through part of the United States, Canada, and the Far West, in the Spring and Summer of 1881. By W. H. RUSSELL, LL.D. 2 vols. crown 8vo. cloth, 24s. [Shortly.


the NINETEENTH CENTURY. First Period-From the Union with Ireland to the Death of George IV.. 1801-1830. By G. LATHOM BROWNE, of the Middle Temple, Barrister-at-Law. 2 vols. demy 8vo. cloth. [Nearly ready.

SCHWATKA'S SEARCH. Sledging in the Arctic in Quest of the Franklin Records. By WILLIAM H. GILDER, Second in Command. 1 vol. demy 8vo. Maps and Illustrations, price 12s. 6d.

REISSUE of GUIZOT'S HISTORY of FRANCE. This most valuable History, which was published originally in 8 super-royal 8vo. vols., at 1. 4. each, or 91. 12. complete, is now being reissued in Monthly Volumes, at 10s. 6, each Volume. Vols. I. and IL, containing all the original matter and the original Illustrations, 63 in number, after Drawings by the celebrated Painter A. De Neuville, are ready. Vol. III. was issued on JANUARY 3, and the subsequent Volumes will be issued Monthly. Price 10s. 6d. each Volume.

**Orders for these Monthly Volumes should be sent at once to Booksellers in Town or Country.

Translated from the French of A. BARBOU by ELLEN MEMOIRS and CORRESPONDENCE

E. FREWER. 120 Illustrations, many of them from Designs by Victor Hugo himself. Super-royal 8vo. cloth extra, 248. [Ready.


By Rev. WILLIAM M. TAYLOR, D.D., Minister of the Broadway Tabernacle, New York City. Illustrated, crown 8vo. cloth extra, 78. 6d.

of JAMES T. FIELDS. 1 vol. 8vo. cloth extra, 12s. 6d.


A book of unusual interest, written by the one who knew Mr. Fields most intimately. It tells the story of his life, describes his social, business, and literary activity, his visits to England and the Continent, and weaves into the narrative a most engaging selection of letters, including some written by Mr. Fields, and more from his illustrious friends, of whom he had so many.

NOAH'S ARK. A Contribution to the The LAND of DYKES and WIND

Study of Unnatural History. By PHIL. ROBINSON, Author of "In My Indian Garden," "Under the Punkah,' [Ready. &c. Small post 8vo. 12s. 6d.

1729-1847. From Letters and Journals. By SEBASTIAN
HENSEL. With 8 Portraits drawn by Wilhelm Hensel,
Translated by CARL KLINGEMANN and an American

Collaborator. With a Notice by GEORGE GROVE,
D.C.L. 2 vols, demy 8vo. cloth, 30s.

MILLS; or, Life in Holland. With Anecdotes of Noted Persons and Historical incidents in connexion with England. By FREDERICK SPENCER BIRD, Author of "Harrington," "Stonedell Lodge," &c. Crown 8vo. 12s. 6d.


RALPH WALDO EMERSON: his Life and Philosophy. By G. W. COOKE. Post 8vo. cloth extra, 88. 6d.

Crown Buildings, 188, Fleet Street, E.C.

Frinted by E. J. FRANCIS, Athenæum Press, Took's Court, Chancery Lane, E.C.; and Published by
JOIN FRANCIS, at No. 20, Wellington Street, Strand, W.C.—Saturday, January 14, 1889.

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