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of the first; and rendered more clear in points where I thought, in looking over again what I had written, there was some obscurity. Pray do not think my not having done this more early was owing to neglect or oblivion, or from any want of the highest and most sincere respect to you; but the truth is, (and I have no doubt you will believe me,) that it was a point of delicacy which prevented me from doing myself that honour. I well knew that the publication of your Shakspeare was hourly expected; and I thought if I had sent that small donum, the fruit of a few weeks, I might [have] subjected myself to the suspicion of a little Diomedean policy, in drawing from you a return of the value of an hundred cows for my nine. But you have led the way; and have sent me gold, which I can only repay you in my brass. But pray admit it on your shelves; and you will show yourself generous in your acceptance, as well as your gift. Pray present my best respects to Lord and Lady Sunderlin, and to Miss Malone. I am, with the most sincere affection and gratitude, my dear Sir, your most faithful and obliged humble servant,

EDM. BURKE."

Having concluded his laborious work, he paid a visit to his friends in Ireland; but soon after returned to his usual occupations in London.Amidst his own numerous and pressing avocations he was not inattentive to the calls of friendship. In 1791 appeared Mr. Boswell's Life of Dr. Johnson, a work in which Mr. Malone felt at all times a very lively interest, and gave every assistance to its author during its progress which it was in his power to bestow. His acquaintance with this gentleman commenced in 1785, when, happening accidentally at Mr. Baldwin's printing-house to be shewn a sheet of the Tour to the Hebrides. which contained Johnson's character, he was so much struck with the spirit and fidelity of the portrail, that he requested to be introduced to its writer. From this period a friendship took place between them, which ripened into the strictest and most cordial intimacy, and lasted without interruption as long as Mr. Boswell lived. After his death, in 1795, Mr. Malone continued to show every mark of affectionate attention towards his family; and in every suc cessive edition of Johnson's Life took the most unwearied pains to render it as much as possible correct and perfect. He illustrated it with many

notes of his own, and procured many valuable communications from his friends, among whom its readers will readily distinguish Mr. Bindley. Any account of Mr. Malone would be imperfect which omitted to mention his long intimacy with that gentleman, who is not so remarkable as the pos sessor of one of the most valuable libraries in this country, as he is for the accurate and extensive information which enables him to use it, and the benevolent politeness with which he is always willing to impart his knowledge to others. There was no one whom Mr. Malone more cordially loved.

In 1795 he was again called forth to display his zeal in defence of Shak speare, against the contemptible fabrications with which the Irelands enthough this imposture, unlike the deavoured to delude the pubiick. AlRowleian poems, which were per formances of extraordinary genius, exhibited about the same proportion of talent as it did of honesty, yet some persons of no small name were hastily led into a belief of its authenticity. Mr. Malone saw through the falsehood of the whole from its commencement; and laid bare the fraud, in a pamphlet, which was written in the form of a letter to his friend Lord Charlemont, a nobleman with whom he lived on the most intimate footing, and maintained a constant correspond ence. It has been thought by some that the labour which he bestowed upon this performance was more than commensurate with the importance of the subject; and it is true that a slighter effort would have been suffi cient to have overthrown this wretched fabrication; but we have reason to rejoice that Mr. Malone was led into a fuller discussion than was his intention at the outset; we owe to it a work which, for acuteness of reasoning, and the curious and interesting view which it presents of English literature, will retain its value long after the trash which it was designed to expose shall have been consigned to oblivion. Mr. Malone, in the year 1792, had the misfortune to lose his admirable friend Sir Joshua Reynolds, whose death has left a chasm in society which will not easily be supplied; and his executors, of whom Mr. Malone had the honour to be one, having determined in 1797 to give the world a complete collec

tion of his works, he superintended the publication, and prefixed to it a very pleasing biographical sketch of their author. Although his attention was still principally directed to Shakspeare, and he was gradually accuinulating a most valuable mass of materials for a new edition of that Poet, he found time to do justice to another. -He drew together, from various sources, the Prose Works of Dryden, which, as they had lain scattered about, and some of them appended to works which were little known, had never impressed the general reader with that opinion of their excellence which they deserved, and published them in 1800. The narrative which he prefixed is a most important accession to biography. By active enquiry, and industrious and acute research, he ascertained many particulars of his life and character that had been supposed to be irrecoverably lost, and detected the falsehood of many a traditionary tale that had been carelessly repeated by former writers. In 1808 he prepared for the press a few productions of his friend, the celebrated William Gerard Hamilton, with which he had been entrusted by his executors; and prefixed to this also a brief but elegant sketch of his life. In 1811 his country was deprived of Mr. Windham. Mr. Malone, who equally admired and loved him, drew up a short memorial of his amiable and illustrious friend, which originally appeared in this Magazine; and was afterwards, in an enlarged and corrected state, printed in a small pamphlet, and privately distributed. But, alas! the kind Biographer was too soon to want "the generous tear he paid." A gradual decay appears to have undermined his constitution and when he was just on the point of going to the press with his new edition of Shakspeare, he was interrupted by an illness, which proved fatal; and, to the irreparable loss of all who knew him, he died on the 25th of May, 1812, in the 70th year of his age. In his last illness he was soothed by the tender and unremitting attentions of his brother, Lord Sunderlin, and his youngest sister; the eldest, from her own weak state of health, was debarred from this melancholy consolation. He left no directions about his funeral; but his brother, who was anxious, with affec

;

tionate solicitude, to execute every wish he had formed, having inferred from something that dropt from him, that it was his desire to be buried among his ancestors in Ireland, his remains were conveyed to that country, and interred at the family seat of Baronston, in the county of West

meath.

Mr. Malone, in his person, was rather under the middle size. The urbanity of his temper, and the kindness of his disposition, were depictured in his mild and placid countenance. His manners were peculiarly engaging. Accustomed from his earliest years to the society of those who were distinguished for their rank or talent, he was at all times and in all companies easy, unembarrassed, and unassuming. It was impossible to meet him, even in the most casual intercourse, without recognizing the genuine and unaffected politeness of the gentleman born and bred. His conversation was in a high degree entertaining and instructive; his knowledge was various and accurate, and his mode of displaying it void of all vanity or pretension. Though he had little relish for noisy convivial merriment, his habits were social, and his cheerfulness uniform and unclouded. As a scholar, he was li berally communicative. Attached, from principle and conviction, to the Constitution of his Country in Church and State, which his intimate acquaintance with its history taught him how to value, he was a loyal subject, a sincere Christian, and a true son of the Church of England. His heart was warm, and his benevolence active. His charity was prompt, but judicious and discriminating; not carried away by every idle or fictitious tale of distress, but anxious to ascertain the nature and source of real calamity, and indefatigable in his efforts to relieve it. His purse and his time were at all times ready to remove the sufferings, and promote the welfare of others. As a friend he was warm and steady in his attachments; respect for the feelings of those whose hearts are still bleeding for his loss, prevents me from speaking of him as a brother. This short and imperfect tribute to his memory is paid by one who from his infancy has known and loved him; who for years has enjoyed his society, and been honoured with his confidence; and whose affection and re

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Prima cadunt: ita verborum vetus interit ætas,

science or knowledge," or "who exercises study in," and by natural metaphor, or association of idea, it signifies "resident in," or "native of." Thus Geometrician, Mathematician, Musician, Russian, Italian, Canadian, with a numerous assembly besides, are all epithets for the persons de

Et Juvenum ritu florent modo nata, vi- voted to, or conversant in the sciences,

gentque."

HORATIUS de Arte Poetica. Mr. URBAN, Liverpool, May 23.

YOUR Stratton Correspondent,

A. H. C. (in the Gent. Mag. for April, page 317,) has exhibited upon your Arena the Sciolists in antiquity, in most appropriate dialogue and costume: they have diverted me, and no doubt many others of your pumerous audience; but I cannot express myself quite so well satisfied with his own performance in the character of etymologist. We are told that the word Antiquarian is a vulgarisın, and improper, as applied to a person conversant in, or studying antiquities; that it is an adjective, and that the old word Antiquary is the substantive which ought to be used. Now I am aware that your Correspondent may avail himself of the authority of some lexicographers, who furnish us with no other word than Antiquary in the meaning abovenoted; though others give us both words, and the precedence to Antiquarian. But your A. H. C. is at issue with the most approved writers on antiquities; and he will, I think, find himself opposed by the analogy of the English language, which the author who first used and preferred the word Antiquarian, we inay suppose had in view.

The sanction of custom, in the opinion of the excellent poet and critick from whom I have borrowed

my

motto, is decisive. Let A. H. C. reflect on this; and let not an overfondness for Antiquary lead him to disturb the successor who has reason, analogy, and Horace on his side.

Antiquarian, says your Correspondent, "is merely adjective." So, I must beg leave to add, is the word Antiquary for we must derive them both from the Latin adjective antiquarius; and vir, the substantive, must be understood in the oue language, as must the word person, or student, in the other. The termination ian, in English words, is invariably indicative of" one who possesses

or natives of the places expressed in substantives from which these epithets are dericed.

Then it is incumbent on your A.H.C. to give us a reason why a student, or one conversant in antiquities, may not in strict analogy be termed an Antiquarian. Yours, &c. J. W.

Mr. URBAN, Adlingfleet, April 16.
YOUR Correspondent A. H. in

YOUR

page 214, is pleased to find some difficulty with a passage of Mrs. H. More, in vol. I. page 34, of her excellent book on Christian Morals. He cites many passages of Scripture to show his own ideas to be well founded; but, I think, with little success. If he will examine those passages attentively, I think he may be convinced that the whole of them ap ply to the resurrection of the body at the last day, and the judgment then to be pronounced. I confess I should have expressed myself as Mrs. More does. I never heard or read of the mortality of the soul; but of the mortality of the body everywhere. I

always conceived the soul to be indestructible. The well-known Dr. Priestley, on his death-bed, expressed something of taking "a long sleep," &c. such as your Correspondent A. H. speaks of, and respecting which he expresses so much anxiety. I should like very much to see this subject handled by some able and liberalminded man.

Am I correct when I say, that the penitent Thief upon the Cross was assured by our Lord himself, that on that day (the day on which they were both to die) they should be together in Paradise? It is certain that their bodies were not on that day in Paradise.

Will any of your Leicestershire Correspondents favour me with an account of the Parish and Church of Tugby, in Leicestershire, with the Chapel of East-Norton annexed * ?

T. VR.

* See the History of that County, vol. III. P. 481.-EDIT. Mr.

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