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ENGLAND. Circumstances of the Country at the commencement of the year

1851-Prevalent Feeling of the Nation respecting the Papal Aggression-

Anticipations of the Great Exhibition of Industry-State of Trade, Re-

venue, and Condition of the Lower Classes-Complaints of the Agricul-

tural Interest-Opening of Parliament by the Queen in Person, on the

4th of February-Her Majesty's Speech from the Throne-Debates in

both Houses In the Lords, the Address is proposed by the Earl of Effing-

ham, and seconded by Lord Cremorne-Speeches of Lord Stanley, the

Duke of Richmond, Earl of Winchilsea, Lord Camoys, and the Marquis of

Lansdowne The Address is agreed to nem. con.-In the Commons, the

Address is moved by the Marquis of Kildare, and seconded by Mr. Peto-

Speeches of Mr. Roebuck, Sir R. Inglis, Mr. J. O'Connell, Mr. A. B. Hope,

Mr. Chisholm Anstey, Mr. Plumptre, Mr. Hume, Mr. Bankes, Lord John

Russell, and Mr. Disraeli-The Motion is carried without a Division-

Retirement of the Earl of Shaftesbury from the Office of Chairman of

Committees, and Election of Lord Redesdale in his room-Tribute of

Respect to the Memory of Mr. J. H. Ley, late Clerk of the Table in the

House of Commons. ECCLESIASTICAL TITLES BILL-On the 7th of February

Lord John Russell moves for leave to bring in a Bill for counteracting

the Aggressive Policy of the Church of Rome-His able and interesting

Speech on that occasion-The Debate on the preliminary question of

introducing the Bill is protracted during four nights by successive Ad-

journments-The Motion is supported by the Attorney-General, Mr. W.

Page Wood, Sir George Grey, Sir R. H. Inglis, Mr. Disraeli, Mr. Napier,

and numerous other Members-It is opposed, among others, by Mr. Philip

Howard, Mr. Roebuck, Mr. Hume, Mr. Moore, Mr. Reynolds, Mr. Keogh,

Mr. A. B. Hope, Mr. Oswald, and Mr. Frederick Peel-On a Division the

Motion for leave to introduce the Bill is carried by 395 against 63;

Majority, 332

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Locke King moves for leave to bring in a Bill to extend the Franchise in

Counties to 107. Occupiers-His Motion is supported by Mr. Hume and

Mr. Cobden, and opposed by Lord John Russell, but is carried against the

Government by 100 votes against 52. THE BUDGET-First Financial

Statement of the Year made by the Chancellor of the Exchequer

on the 17th of February - His Propositions respecting the Income

Tax, and Partial Repeal of the Window Tax-The Statement is very

unfavourably received by the House-Adverse Criticisms from various

Members. THE MINISTERIAL CRISIS-On the 20th of February the Re-

signation of Lord John Russell's Cabinet is announced in the Newspapers

-Reasons generally alleged for this step-On the meeting of the Houses

on the 21st, the Ministerial Leaders propose Adjournments till the 24th—--

On the 24th Explanations are given in both Houses-Statement of the

Marquis of Lansdowne in the House of Lords-Remarks of Lord Stanley

-Similar Statement by Lord John Russell in the House of Commons-

Remarks of Mr. Disraeli and Mr. Roebuck-Further Adjournments till the

28th are proposed and agreed to-On that day the Marquis of Lansdowne,

in the Upper House, enters into a detailed account of the Negotiations

carried on for the reconstruction of the Ministry-He announces that the

Queen had had recourse to the Duke of Wellington for advice at this

juncture Speeches of the Earl of Aberdeen and Lord Stanley relative to

the parts taken by them in the late transactions-In the Commons, on

the same evening, Lord John Russell enters into a full Statement of what

had occurred-Important Speech of Sir James Graham-Remarks of Mr.

Disraeli, Mr. Hume, Sir R. Inglis, and other Members-Ultimate adjust-

ment of the Ministerial Crisis, and Reinstalment of the late Cabinet

announced on the 3rd of March-Discussions in both Houses on this

occasion-Declarations by Irish Members of determined hostility to the

Ecclesiastical Titles Bill- Remarks of Lord John Manners and Mr.


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FINANCE.-The Chancellor of the Exchequer makes his second Financial

Statement for the Year, on the 5th of April-He explains at length the

motives which had influenced him in making his Propositions to the

House, and the subsequent modifications in his Plans-He proposes a total

Repeal of the Window Tax in lieu of the Alteration before propounded,

and retracts some of the boons to the Agricultural Interest which had

been ungraciously received-The Budget meets with a more favour-

able reception than the former one. THE INCOME TAX-Mr. Herries

moves a Resolution directed to an alleviation of that Impost-He is

answered by the Chancellor of the Exchequer-Speeches of Mr. Prinsep,

Mr. F. Peel, Mr. T. Baring, Mr. J. Wilson, Sir R. Inglis, and other Mem-

bers-Mr. Herries's Resolution is rejected on a division by 278 against

230 The Second Reading of the Income-Tax Bill is opposed by Mr.

Spooner and Mr. Muntz, but without effect-On the Bill going into Com-

mittee, Mr. Hume moves that the Grant be limited to one year, with the

object of having the whole subject considered in a Select Committee-

The Amendment is opposed by the Government, also by Mr. Cobden, and

Mr. Sidney Herbert-It is supported by Alderman Thompson, Mr. Miles,

and Mr. Disraeli, and is carried by 244 to 230, amidst great cheering from

the Opposition-A few days afterwards, Lord John Russell declares the

intention of the Government to acquiesce in the Amendment—Remarks

of Mr. Disraeli-Mr. Hume experiences much difficulty in nominating a

Select Committee on the Income Tax-Discussion as to the object of the

Amendment, and the motives of those who had supported it-Remarks of

Lord John Russell and Sir C. Wood-A Committee is at length nominated.

PROTECTIONIST FINANCE-On the 30th of June, Mr. Disraeli moves certain

Resolutions respecting the Financial Position and Prospects of the

Country, and the Policy of the Government-His Speech-He is answered

by the Chancellor of the Exchequer-Speeches of Mr. Newdegate, Mr.

Labouchere, Mr. Hume, and other Members-The Resolutions are ne-

gatived by a majority of 113. ALTERATION OF DUTIES ON COFFEE AND

TIMBER The former opposed by Mr. E. H. Stanley, but agreed to by the

House Mr. T. Baring moves a Resolution condemnatory of the Adul-

teration of Coffee by means of Chicory The Motion is opposed by the

Chancellor of the Exchequer, and rejected after a Debate, by 5 votes only

On a second attempt with the same view, Mr. T. Baring is outvoted by

199 to 122. MALT TAX-Repeal of that Duty moved by Mr. Cayley-

His Speech-He is supported by Mr. Disraeli and other Members of the

Agricultural Party-The Chancellor of the Exchequer and Lord John

Russell resist the Motion, which is rejected by 258 to 122-Mr. Bass after-

wards moves that the Malt Duty be reduced one-half—This also is ne-

gatived by the House-Mr. Frewen attempts a Repeal of the Hop Duty,

but without success-Lord Naas twice defeats the Government on his

Motion with respect to the mode of levying Duties on Home-made

Spirits in Bond; and Lord Robert Grosvenor once, upon a Proposi-

tion for repealing the Attorney's Certificate Duty-The Chancellor of

the Exchequer ultimately succeeds in reversing the decisions as to


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