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cence the wonder and sigh of the indignant public. With that timid caution which often accompanies bloody intent, he exhibited nothing peculiar in his deportment or appearance, but, at the usual time, and in the usual mode, quitting those he was to see no more, repaired to his own house, and, in the agonies of despair, snatched from God's right hand the instruments of death.
The situation of a wife, at once, and by a shocking catastrophe, deprived of husband, friend, and fortune, may be easily imagined ; the struggle, too great for a delicate frame, terminated in temporary distraction. From the house of affliction she was conveyed, by Adair, to his hospitable roof at Chelsea, where she experienced every help, and, as reason gradually returned, every consolation the lenient hand of friendship could bestow; he was indeed the good Samaritan, the father, and the friend.
From the present page, young men who, early in life, have been grossly led astray by impetuous passions, may learn not to give way to supineness and despair, as by subsequent prudence and application, difficulties may be surmounted, character restored, and success ultimately attained. Persons of moderate capacity, without brilliant powers or attainments, may also be taught from the example before us, that pre-eminence and fortune, for which we all are struggling through life, are within the reach of humble diligence, minute attention, gentleness, civility, and dexterity in turning the little accidents of life to good account. From a consideration of Adair's life, an oft-repeated lesson
may also be brought home to the bosom of every reader; though few, comparatively speaking, have opportunities of acting conspicuous parts on the great theatre of life, though we cannot all be heroes, statesmen, warriors, philosophers, and poets, yet we all have it in our power to fulfil the duties of private life, to abstain, as far as human infirmity will permit, from violence, folly, and crime, and to diffuse, in some degree, the blessings of ease and comfort to the unhappy, the sick, and the unfortunate.
ADDINGTON, DR., a physician of Reading, in Berkshire, who first signalised himself, by his acuteness in detecting, his zeal in apprehend. ing, and his evidence in condemning a wretched female, the dupe of vanity and illicit intercourse, who suffered an ignominious death more than thirty years ago, for poisoning her father, Mr. Blandy, by the advice and assistance of a military paramour. The murdered man was a reputable attorney of Henley, in Oxfordshire, and, what rendered his death still more shocking, a tender and most affectionate parent to the monster who destroyed him: it is much to be lamented that the efforts of public justice were not sufficiently rapid to overtake and apprehend Cranston, her infamous associate in this horrid business ; I would have travelled over African deserts and Scythian snows to have seized and suspended him to the same tree.
Dr. Addington, equally keen and scientific in medicine, and the meum and tuum in money matters, could never submit to the inconvenience of a professional competitor with temper or moderation. This disa position involved him in frequent disputes with Dr. Pigot and Dr. Russel, two able physicians who practised in his neighbourhood; but from his superior knowledge of the world, and by the interest he had established with a considerable number of apothecaries, the Reading doctor generally gained the victory. It is true that, in one instance, a challenge was sent to him, which, although his opponent told him he loved a fee better than fighting, he did not accept; and on another occasion, having deviated from propriety and good manners, the only excuse he could make, was, that the gentleman he insulted had not taken a degree at Oxford or Cambridge.
The enthusiastic political attachments of Dr. Addington often excited the smiles of his neighbours; his conduct, in this respect, they compared to certain eccentric characters who appear to be mad only on one subject. His general deportment in private life was consistent and proper, but whenever the name of Pitt or Burton Pynsent was mentioned, the meekness with which he commonly bore his faculties instantly forsook him, and he burst forth in a peculiar strain of highflying rapturous panegyric, which nothing could interrupt, however important the business or solemn the occasion which occupied him. Yet, in this madness there was method, as well as good policy; it acquired for himself, and secured to his family, the friendship and patronage of Mr. Pitt; procured, by collateral connexion, wealthy and respectable husbands for his daughters, and placed his son in that chair where Onslow once presided; Onslow, who might have seen with surprise and satisfaction, a young man presiding over and moderating the counsels of a great assembly with dignity, spirit, and mildness, uniting a large portion of parliamentary information and rigid impartiality with the habits and manners of a gentleman.
It was during the dangerous illness of a friend of the writer of this article, that Dr. Addington was sent for, and while in the sick man's room, the family, assembled below in anxious expectation. After a long and painful pause, one of the company hurried out of the room to inquire into the cause of such delay ; on the stairs he found the physician arguing with the apothecary, who was a shocking Foxite, on the memorable but obnoxious India bill, carried into parliament by Mr: Fox when in office; and elaborately comparing it with the happier production of Mr. Pitt. “ Dear doctor,” said the young man, labouring with fraternal affection, angry with the physician, but fearful of offending him; “ Dear doctor, no one in this house presumes to deny the transcendent merits of the heroes and demi-gods of the house of Chatham, but I fear my poor brother will expire before you get through the merits of the bill." Feeling he was wrong, the medical man bustled down stairs, wrote his prescription, pocketed his fee, and left the house somewhat ruffled; he could not however resist the impulse he felt to accompany the apothecary, though two miles out of his way, in order to finish his argument; this he did with his usual energy, and returned home with the triumphant idea of having made a political proselyte. In justice to Dr. Addington, I cannot conclude without observing that he clearly conceived the case of his patient, who soon after recovered, and has often joined in a hearty laugh at the little story I relate.
AGNODICE, an Athenian female, who appears to have been endued with a considerable portion of keen sensibility towards the afflictions and calamities of others: with this amiable disposition she united qualities which persons of that laudable description do not always possess, good sense to direct, and consummate resolution for carrying into execution, the singular efforts she made to alleviate the sufferings of her fellow-creatures : for in the path chosen by her, benevolence could not be exercised without difficulty and danger. This excellent woman saw with concern numbers of her own sex dying or undergoing extreme and frequently unnecessary risk and protracted pain in child-birth, because they dreaded calling in professional assistance, or resorted to it when too late: for at the period to which I refer, there was a positive law in Athens, that men only should study and practice this or any other branch of the medical art. Agnodicè could not rest contented till she found a remedy for this evil, which struck at the root of population, laid a cruel tax on the first great law of nature, and overwhelmed with torture, agony, and death, the fairest, the most modest, and often the worthiest of women; whilst certain help was loudly called for and readily administered to vicious audacity and callous unconcern. Inspired by the importance of her object, and animated by the humanity of her purpose, she alleged a call from a sick friend at a considerable distance to account for her absence, and procuring the dress of a man, attended as a pupil at the schools where the knowledge she wished for was dispensed. As improvement is generally rapid when the desire for it is ardent, Agnodicè soon acquired the requisite qualifications, and in the assumed character and dress of a man afforded substantial relief to many women, who had been deterred by modesty, by fear, and other motives, from applying to male professors; the secret of her being a woman having been previously imparted to those whose situation rendered her assistance necessary. But the gratitude of her patients or the selfishness of her opponents, who found they were losing business, led to a discovery of this meritorious imposture. They circulated reports injurious to the character of the young practitioner, and ignorant of the truth, insisted that he was frequently called in when in fact no medical aid was necessary; aud that a dangerous and illicit intercourse was carried on under the convenient plea of asking advice. Agnodicè was tried before the Areopagus, a court so called from their assembling on a hill of that name near Athens; and by a party of jealous husbands and envious rivals this excellent and intrepid woman was condemned to die; an unjust and inhuman sentence, which would have been carried into execution, if the prisoner had not convinced her judges that it was impossible she could be guilty of the crime alleged against her. Disappointed in their purpose, her adversaries next endeavoured to destroy her for having violated an express law, mentioned at the beginning of this article, which prohibited her sex from studying any branch of the medical profession. On this charge, the law being positive, her judges paused, when the court was immediately filled with a crowd of women, many of whom had received comfort and many of them life from her well-timed aid. They boldly and loudly appealed
to the feelings, the reason, and the interests of the persons they addressed. After a short debate, Agnodicè was honourably acquitted and the obnoxious law revoked. Such was the salutary triumph of merit and good sense over selfishness and absurd prejudice.
AGUR’S PRAYER; the rational petition of a diffident and pious mind, generally considered as a safe standard, an effectual boundary to the desires of a good man, who, while he prays for deliverance from the infelicities of poverty, is far from being solicitous for superfluous wealth ; convinced that the first might tempt him to invade the property of his neighbour, and that he might be enticed by the latter to a profuse and unfeeling misapplication of his own.
The strong, the scriptural, the oriental figure, at which so many have trembled, that “ It is easier for a camel to go through the eye of a needle, than for a rich man to enter into the kingdom of God,” hath also been produced in support of the propriety of Agur's wish. Yet this popular and impressive effusion, apparently suggested by humility and moderation, and preserved by a great monarch, for the instruction of future ages, in the book of wisdom, has been attacked by a modern writer who unites deep reasoning with a lively fancy:
“ Give me neither poverty nor riches, feed me with food convenient for me, lest I be full and deny thee, or be poor and steal,” are the words so often produced and so frequently praised. “Yet,” says the author
I cannot but consider this ejaculation as the narrow conception of a selfish, unsocial, and frigid imagination, contented with safety and the negative enjoyment of uninterrupted security, neither hoping for, nor aspiring to the honour and happiness of diffusing the warm rays of benevolence and comfort beyond its own contracted circle. For, after all that envy can create, or common-place collect against pecuniary accumulation, the man who misapplies, and not he who acquires, is clearly the criminal agent; if to reward industry, alleviate ilistress, and support helpless indigence, are the great and most satisfactory duties of life, how can riches make salvation difficult? How can the same thing enable us to exercise the first of virtues, yet endanger its future rewards ? For this reason, I cannot but consider the very desire of wealth, in a good man, as meritorious; he is endeavouring to qualify himself to act as the delegate of the Almighty in diffusing good and diminishing evil; he cannot, he will not forget that omnipotent Creator, who has graciously placed so powerful an instrument in his hands, and planted in his breast sympathies so admirably calculated to direct him in the application of it. Such a character may, and naturally will, deprecate poverty, not merely because it subjects human infirmity to new temptations, but because it renders benevolence impotent, leaving him hourly to witness distress he cannot relieve, and to resent wrongs it is not in his power to redress.”
Yet, in spite of all the sophistry and ingenuity of this writer, I cannot but consider Agur's prayer as excellently calculated for the condition of a creature like man, who, though confessedly a compound of reason as well as passion, is governed, ninety times in a hundred, by the impulse of the latter, rather than influenced by the former; and although GIVE ME RICHES, may be justified as a proper prayer in the mouth of a good man, every day's experience proves that immense wealth too often leads its possessors to capricious dissipation, or the grossness of sensual indulgence. I agree that a carnal-minded man, who sees nothing in money but the means for indulging irregular appetites, may well desire not to be rich ; and that so rare a species of self-denial, if not a meritorious, is, at least, a prudent wish; but until the author I have quoted has proved that the conduct of the majority of the wealthier classes of mankind, in the same proportion that they are richer, is more correct than that of their poorer neighbours, I shall continue to join with Agur in his prayer, from a firm conviction, that the state of mediocrity to which it points, is most favourable to moral purity, external propriety, and internal peace.
ANABAPTISTS, a religious sect so called, whose opinions concerning baptism appear to be founded on the primitive practice of the Christian church. They contend that this ceremony should be administered only to persons grown up to years of discretion, and that the common mode of sprinkling is insufficient and incomplete; they therefore're-baptize, by dipping, those who are admitted into their society.
But to these and other harmless institutions, neither injurious to the peace or welfare of society, they added doctrines of a most dangerous tendency, which springing into action in the sixteenth century, soon after the successful efforts of Luther, were mentioned to his reproach ; although he attacked their irrational chimeras, as subversive of social happiness and fatal to true religion, with great strength of argument, and his customary acrimonious language.
Having been driven by the vigilance of the magistrate from other parts of Germany, the Anabaptists had propagated their opinions with zeal and boldness at Munster, an imperial city of Westphalia, where they were attended with memorable consequences, and produced a temporary revolution, of which an interesting narrative has been given by a modern historian. These wild enthusiasts maintained, that among Christians, who had the precepts of the gospel to direct and the Spirit of God to guide them, the office of a magistrate was not only unnecessary, but an unlawful encroachment on their spiritual liberty. They resolved that all distinctions occasioned by birth, rank, or wealth, ought to be entirely abolished, as they were contrary to the spirit of divine revelation, which considers all men as equal, and all earthly possessions as common; they openly avowed themselves friends to polygamy, both in doctrine and practice, declaring that neither the laws of nature, nor the precepts of the New Testament, laid any restraint
lurality of wives, and that it was a liberty which God himself had allowed to the patriarchs.
Two of their principal prophets, Matthias, a baker, and Boccold, a tailor, uniting confident plausible manners and apparent sanctity with a spirit of enterprise and a thirst for novelty and making proselytes, had fixed their residence at Munster, where, among other converts, they