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may be signified, that none of the Antichristian Company, though drawn to Repentance by some of the preceding Judgments, shall be received into the Favour and Participation of the Kingdom, till they have undergone the full Vengeance of God.
And now follows the Effusion of these Vials of Wrath upon the Antichristian World, by the Command of a great Voice out of the Temple, Saying to the Seven Angelsy Go your way;; and pour out the Vials of the Wrath of God upon the Earth, Rev. 16. 1.
I. THE First Angel went and poured.Ouwe his Vial upon the Earth, and there fell a noisom grievous Sore upon the Men which bad the Mark of the Beast, and upon them that worshipped his Image. This does seem to be much the fame Judgment with that inflicted by Moses on the Egyptians (from whence the Éxpresfions concerning this Plague are taken.) Moses took bot Ashes of the Furnace, Exod.
9: 8, 11. which became small Düft in all the Land of Egypt, and was a Boyl on Man and Beast. Ånd accordingly in this Plague it may by the like Congruity be supposed, that many hot and fiery Particles and Exhalations will be
poured forth from these Vials upon the Earth; which shall produce an extraordinary Heat and Drougth, and be the Cause of the Sores here mentioned, which are wont to break out upon Mens Bodies in hot and dry Seasons; such a Sore was that *ExxG, or Ulcer, that fell on Job and the Egyptians, such as Thucydides observes, Lib. 2, P. 112. appeared upon the Bodies of the Atbenians in the heigth of their Distemper.
II. THE Second Angel poured out his Vial upon the Sea, and it became as the Blood of a dead Man, and every living Soul died in the Sea, j.e. TheWaters of the Sea stagnated and became like the Blood of a dead Carkass, if not quite in all the Natural Qualities, yet at least in Colour.
III. THE Third Angel poured out of his Vio al upon the Rivers and Fountains of Waters, and they also became Blood. The Rivers are reprefented as stagnating after the Sea, because they depend upon it, as their Cause and Original, and therefore by a Neceflity of Nature partaking of the same Fate, this is a very dismal Judgment, depriving them of the Neceffaries of Life, their Fish dying, and their Water which should have quenched their Thirst in the great Heat and Drought, being corrupted and unfit for use; according to what God inflicted on Agypt Exod, 7. 14----25. when the River Nile and all their Water stank, so that they could not drink ef them, and their Fijh died. Besides that this Destruction upon the Rivers, joined with the Effects of the First Vial upon the Earth, must needs have a fațal Influence upon the Fruits of the Earth, and by consequence deprive them of all necessary Food. Upon che pouring out of this Vial, St. John, heard the Angel that was commissioned to pour out these Plagues upon the Waters praising God for this just Retaliation upon
the Antichristian Company. For saith he, v. 6. they have shed the Blood of. Saints and Prophets, and thou hast given them Blood to drink, for they are worthy. To which it was Ecchoed back, v. 7. by an Angel out of the Altar, (i.e. in the Name of the Saints and Martyrs that lay under it, Chap. 6.9. that is, a Place of Safety and Refuge, as the Altar was under the Old Law ;) Even so Lord God Almighty, True and Righteous are thy Judgments, (in giving them Blood to drink for the Blood they have shed.)
IV. AND the Fourth (who had Power over the Fire, Chap. 14. 18.) poured out his Vial upon the Sun, and Power was given unto him to Scorch Men with Fire. As the Light of the Sun may be multiplied by Parhelia, and other Natural Causes, to which the Prophet al. ludes, Ifa. 30. 26. so it is not difficult to conceive that its Heat may be naturally augmented by the Dissolution or Diffipation of its Macula ; upon the encrease and breaking forth of those fluctuating Vortexes of Fire, which are in the Body of that Planet, and are stronger and clearer at its Center, than near its Circumference; and by other Natural Causes, not unknown to the Learned; and if the Heat of the Sun may be encreased by Natural Causes, how much more by Supernatural Ones, ordering and conducting them, and adding new ones ? V. 9. And Men were scorched with great Heat, and blasphemed the Name of God, which had Power over these Plagues, and they repented not to give him Glory." This seems to
be an Alufion to the violent, fcorching and
out bis Vial upon the Seat of the Beat, (ie. Jerusalem,) and his Kingdom was full of Darkness (alluding to the Darkness that overspread the Land of Ægypt) and they, gnawed their Tongues for pain, and N, 11. blafphemed the God of Heaven, because of their pains and their föres, and repented not of their Deeds, i.e. The Terrors of their Minds and Consciences made them blafpheme God and gnaw their Tongues, as in the greatest Rage imaginable, even as the Ægyptians were vexed and tormented dur
ing the Darkness that covered them, with the Terrors of their own afrighted Consciences, and the Evil Angels, as the Book of Wisdom teftifieth, Chap. 17, 18.
VI. AND the Sixth Angel poured out his Vial upon the great River Eupbrates, and the Waters hin thereof were dried up, that the Way of the Kings in of the East might be prepared. The drying of 'si'.:20 Euphrates is unquestionably an Allusion to the Exploit of Cyrus, who dreined it, when he took Babylon, as was literally foretold by the Prophet Jeremiah. 50.38,51.32, 36. and to thofe Passages of the Prophets where the Return of she Jews into their own
Land is defcribed in the like. Expressions,
which was one of the Branches into which the River that'watered Paradife was divided after it had passed through it, was alfo the Eastern Boundary of the Land of Promise, to which David and Solomon extended their Conquests, and upon this River was feated Babylon, the Enemy and Oppressor of God's Church, and a Type of Antichristianism, over which River the Jews were carried captive for their Iniquities into the Allyrian and Babylonishi Countries. The Expression of the Kings of the East is undoubtedly an Allusion to the Story of Cyrus, of whom the Prophet Isaiah speaks, Chap. 41. 2. that Ġod raised bim up from the Eaft, and v. 25. that be shall come from the Rising of the Sun to proclaim the Name of the Lord; fo then in allufion to his Personal Character may be meant fome great Persons, perhaps of the Ten Tribes, who shall come from the East to the Glory of the Kingdom. See the 4th Book of Esdras, Chap. 13. v. 42, 43. &c. or else as Cyrus was a Type of our Blessed Lord,
by the Kings of the East may be meant'those * Cal'd Saints, who as so many Inferior * Meffiahs, also by, and Divinely Anointed Kings and Priests Obadiah (by which Name Cyrus is called in ScriSaviouri, prúre) are to reign with Chrift; who is called
the East, the Morning, the Morning star, buc. as was before obferved. So then by the drying up of Eupbrates. I understand
literally, the drying up its Waters to make sway for some grear Persons of the East, perhaps some remains of the Ayrian and Babydonijh Captivity. And as this Vial makes ว... )