iittle furniture, sunshine and air unlimited, i nor fear — the countenance of a girl call. and a view from every window which it ing papa to breakfast, very punctual, was worth living to be able to look out knowing that nobody could reproach her upon night and day. This, however, at as being half of a minute late, or baving a the moment of which we write was shut hair or a ribbon a hair's-breadth out of out all along the line, the green persiani place. That such a girl should have ever being closed, and nothing open but the suspected anything, feared anything loggia, which was still cool and in the except perhaps gently that the mayonshade. The rooms lay in a soft green naise was not to papa's taste - was be. twilight, cool and fresh; the doors were yond the range of possibilities; or tbat open, from one to another, affording a long she was acquainted with anything in life vista of picturesque glimpses.

beyond the simple routine of regular hours From where Waring had thrown him and habits, the sweet and gentle bood of self down to rest, he looked straight the ordinary, which is the best rule of through over the faded formality of the young lives. anteroom with its large old chairs, which Frances Wariog had sometimes another were never moved from their place, across face. That profile of hers was not so his own library, in which there was a glim- clearly cut for nothing ; nor were her eyes mer of vellum binding and old gilding, to so lucid only to perceive the outside of the table with its white tablecloth, laid existence. In her room, during the few out for breakfast in the eating.room. The minutes she spent there, she had looked quiet soothed bim after a while, and per- at herself in her old-fashioned dim glass, haps the evident preparations for his and seen a different creature. But what meal, the large and rotund fask of Chianti that was, or how it was, must show itself which Domenico was placing on the table, further on. She led the way into the the vision of another figure behind Do- dining.room, the trimmest composed little menico with a delicate dish of mayonnaise figure, all England embodied though in her band. He could distinguish that it she scarcely remembered England - in was a mayonnaise, and his angry spirit the self-restrained and modest toilet of a calmed down. Noon began to chime from little girl accustomed to be cared for by the campanile, and Frances came in with wormen well instructed in the niceties of out her hat and with the eagerness sub- feminine costume; and yet she had never dued in her eyes.

· Breakfast is ready, had any one to take counsel with except papa,” she said. She had that look of an Italian maid-of-all-work, who loved the knowing nothing and guessing nothing brightest primitive colors, as became her beyond what lies on the surface, which so Frances knew so few English peomany women have.

ple that she had not even the admiration She was scarcely to be called a woman, of surprise at her success. Those she did not only because of being so young, but know took it for granted that she got her of being so small, so slim, so light, with pretty, sober suits, her simple, unelabsuch a tiny figure, that a stronger breeze orate dresses, from some very excellent than usual would, one could not help dressmaker at “home,” not knowing that thinking, blow her away. Her father was she did not know what home was. very tall, which made her tiny size the Her father followed her, as different a more remarkable. She was not beautiful figure as imagination could suggest. He

- few people are to the positive degree; was very tall, very thin, with long legs and but she had the prettiness of youth, of stooping shoulders, his hair in limp locks, round, soft contour and peachlike skin, bis shirt-collar open, a velvet coat — look: and clear eyes. Her hair was light brown, ing as entirely adapted to the locality, the her eyes dark brown, neither very remark. conventional right man in the right place able; her features small and clearly cut, as she was the woman. A gloomy look, as was her figure, no slovenliness or want which was habitual to him, a fretful longiof finish about any line. All this pleasing tudinal pucker in his forehead, the hollow exterior was very simple and easily com- lines of ill-health in his cheeks, disguised prehended, and bad but little to do with the fact that he was, or had been, a hand. her, the real Frances, who was not so easy some man; just as his extreme spareness to understand. She had two faces, al- and thinness made it difficult to believe though there was in her no guile. She that he had also been a very powerful one. had the countenance she now wore, as it Nor was be at all old, save in the very were for daily use - a countenance with young eyes of his daughter, to whom out expression, like a sunny, cheerful forty-five was venerable. He might have morning in which there is neither care | been an artist or a poet of a misanthropi.


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cal turn of mind; though when a man more than two, which of course you will has chronic asthma, misanthropy is un laugh at me for saying. I suppose they necessary to explain his look of pain and were all English ?" fatigue and disgust with the outside world. I suppose so. The father – if he was He walked languidly, his shoulders up to the father — certainly was English.” his ears, and followed Frances to the “ And you knew him, papa ? table, and sat down with that air of dis. “He knew me, which is a different satisfaction which takes the comfort out thing." of everything. Frances either was inac. Then there was a little pause. The cessible to this kind of discomfort, or so conversation between the father and accustomed to it that she did not feel it. daughter was apt to run in broken peri. She sat serenely opposite to bim, and ods. He very seldom originated anything. talked of indifferent things.

When she found a subject upon which "Don't take the mayonnaise, if you she could interest him, he would reply, to don't like it, papa; there is something a certain limit; and then the talk would else coming that will perhaps be better. drop. He was himself a very silent man, Mariuccia does not at all pride herself requiring no outlet of conversation; and upon her mayonnaise.”

when he refused to be interested, it was a " Mariuccia knows very little about it; task too hard for Frances to lead him into she has not even the sense to know what speech. She on her side was full of a she can do best.” He took a little more thousand unsatisfied curiosities, which for of the dish, partly out of contradiction, the most part were buried in her own which was the result wbich Frances bosom. In the mean time, Domenico hoped.

made the circle of the table with the new “ The lettuce is so crisp and young, dish, and his step and a question or two that makes it a little better,” she said from his master were all the remarks that with the air of a connoisseur.

accompanied the meal. Mr. Waring was “ A little better is not the word; it is something of a gourmet, but at the same very good,” he said fretfully; then added time he was very temperate, a conjunction with a slight sigh: “ Everything is better which is favorable to fine eating. His for being young.”.

table was delicately furnished with dishes “ Except people, I know. Why does almost infinitesimal in quantity, but su. young mean good with vegetables and perlative in quality; and be ate his dainty, everything else, and silly only when it is light repast with gravity and slowly, as a applied to people? – though'it can't be man performs what he feels to be one of helped, I know.”

the most important functions of his life. " That is one of your metaphysical ques. “Tell Mariuccia that a few drops from tions,” he said with a slight softening of a fresh lemon would have improved this his tone. Perhaps because of human ragoût — but a very fresh lemon.” jealousy. We all like to discredit what Yes, Excellency, freschissimo," said we haven't got, and most people you see, Domenico with solemnity. are no longer young.”

In the household, generally nothing was “Oh, do you think so, papa ? I think so important as the second breakfast, ex. there are more young people than old cept, indeed, the dinner, which was the people.”

climax of the day. The gravity of all "I suppose you are right, Fan; but concerned, the little, solemn movement they don't count for so much, in the way round the white-covered table in the still, of opinion at least. What has called forth soft shade of the atmosphere, with those these sage remarks ?

green persiani shutting out all the sun. "Only the lettuce,” she said with a shine without, and the brown old walls laugh. Then, after a pause: "For in. bare of any decorations throwing up the stance, there were six or seven children group, made a curious picture. The walls in the party we met to-day, and only two were quite bare, the floor brown and pol. parents.”

ished, with only a square of carpet round “ There are seldom more than two par. the table; but the roof and cornices were ents, my dear.”

gilt and painted with tarnished gilding She had not looked up when she made and half-obliterated pictures. Opposite this careless little speech, and yet there to Frances was a blurșed figure of a cherub was a purpose in it, and a good deal of with a finger on his lip. She looked up keen observation through her drooped at this faint image as she had done a hun. eyelashes. She received his reply with a dred times, and was silent. He seemed little laugh. “I did not mean that, papa; to command the group, hovering over it but that six or seven are a great deall like a little tutelary god.






From The Contemporary Review. churia, who either kill or give up to the FROM SIBERIA TO SWITZERLAND.

Russians all the fugitives that fall into their hands.

On the other hand, the escape of a pris. ESCAPES of political and other convicts oner or of a convict under sentence of from western Siberia are more frequent penal servitude is far more difficult than than is generally supposed, but from the flight of an involuntary exile; the lat. eastern Siberia, though often attempted, ter may leave when he will, the former they seldom succeed. Save for convicts must either break out of prison or evade under sentence of penal servitude, and his guardians, and being soon missed he actually imprisoned, it is easy to elude runs great risk of being quickly recapthe vigilance of the police and get away tured. How, in one instance at least, by from a convict village or settlement, but boldness, address, presence of mind, and it is almost impossible to get out of the good luck, the difficulties were overcome, country. The immense distances to be the following parrative, related, as nearly traversed, the terrible climate, lack of as possible, in Debagorio Mokrievitch's money, the absolute necessity of keeping own words, will show. Other fugitives, to the high roads, prove, except in a very for instance Nicolas Lopatin, a gentleman few instances, insuperable obstacles to now living at Geneva, who escaped from final success. In order to be really free, Vercholensk in 1881, may hav moreover, it is imperative for a fugitive tered great hardships, but, being exiles at not only to pass the frontier of European large, they were neither so soon missed Russia, but to reach some country where nor so quickly pursued. Debagorio was he runs no risk of falling into the clutches under sentence of penal servitude, aod of the imperial police. Even in Germany the flight from Siberia of a man con. he is liable to be recaptured, and is really demned to penal servitude is almost unex. safe only in England, France, or Switzer. ampled. Even rarer than an escape is land. Hence, to make good a flight from the true account of one, related by the eastern Siberia requires a conjuncture of fugitive himself. Imaginary accounts so many favorable and nearly impossible exist in plenty, but, so far as I am aware, circumstances as to render a complete ng authentic personal narrative of an escape a rare and remarkable event.

But cape from eastern Siberia — at any rate the incentives to escape are as great as in English or French — has ever before the obstacles to success. No life can be been given to the world. more horrible than that of a political exile I first heard of Mokrievitch in May, in the far east or far north of Siberia. 1881, a few days after his arrival in GeEven at Irkoutsk the mean temperature neva, and through the kindness of Prince is fifty degrees below the freezing-point of Krapotkine obtained (and communicated Réauinur; for many mooths of the year to a London newspaper) a brief sketch of the sun in some parts of the country his fellow-exile's adventures; but for cer. shines but two or three hours in the tain reasons, that exist no longer, it was twenty-four, and for days together dark. not considered expedient to publish the ness covers the face of the land. A man full and complete account which the reader untrained to manual labor, or unacquainted will find in the following pages. with the arts of trapping and killing wild

WILLIAM WESTALL, animals and collecting peltry, turned adrift in the remoter parts of Siberia, runs the

THE ARREST. risk of perishing of hunger and cold. A On the evening of February 11, 1879, Russian refugee, now at Geneva, tells several friends of the revolutionary cause, that, during his sojourn in eastern Siberia, of whom I was one, met at Yvitchevitche's he spent the greater part of the long win. lodgings, in the house Kossarovsky, ter in bed, rising only to swallow some Yleanski Street, Kieff, the towo where I rancid oil, the sole food he could obtain. was then living. After a short conversa. To escape from such a life as this a man tion, Anton, myself, and several others will risk almost anything. Even incar. left the house with the intention of pass. ceration in a central prison, or the penal ing the rest of the evening with our friend servitude of the mines, can hardly be Madame Babitchev. The inevitable sa. more terrible. The trouble is, that the movar was bubbling on the table, our way to freedom lies through western Si- hospitable hostess gave us a warm wel. beria and Russia in Europe. The road come, cigarettes were lighted, conversasouth is barred by the wild tribes that tion was joined, and an hour or more haunt the frontiers of Mongolia and Man-passed very pleasantly.

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Anton was the first to leave, and he at the trail, and conducted to the Libed could hardly have reached the street when police station. Even before we reached we were startled by a loud report like the our destination we could see that somefiring of a pistol. We stared at each other thing unusual bad happened. The build. in consternation, and Strogov, running ing was lighted up, and there was an into the anteroom, looked through the win. excited crowd about the door. After dow and listened at the door, in order to mounting the staircase we were led into fiod out what had happened. In a few min. the waiting room.

It was

filled with utes he came back with satisfactory tid. armed men. Pushing my way with some ings. Nothing unusual seemed to be stir. difficulty through the press, í saw on the ring in the street; and he attributed the other side of the room several of our report we had heard to the banging of a friends. But, my God, what a state they door in a neighboring café. So we resumed were in! Posen and Steblin Kamenský our conversation and our tea drinking with were bound hand and foot; the cords so quiet minds. But five minutes later we tightly drawn that their elbows, forced bewere again disturbed; this time by sounds bind their backs, actually touched. Close the character of which there was no mis. to them were Mesdames Arnfeld, Saran. takiog. The trampling of heavy feet in dovitch, and Patalizina. It was evident the vestibule, hurried exclamations, words that something extraordinary had befallen of command, and the rattling of arms, in the house of Kossarovsky, shortly after told us only too well with whom we had to we left. I could not, however, ask our do.

friends any questions, for that would have The police were upon us.

been taken as proof that we were Notwithstanding our desire to resist, quainted. Yet, froin a few words dropped we knew that we should be compelled to here and there, I soon learnt what had yield without a blow. There was not a come to pass. They had resisted the poweapon amongst us. A few seconds were lice, a gendarme bad been killed, and all passed in anxious thought. Then the whom we had left at the meeting arrested. double-winged doors were thrown vio- I had hardly made this discovery when leotly open, and we saw that the anteroom a disturbance was heard in the next room was occupied by a detachment of soldiers, trampling of feet, loud exclamations, with ayonets lowered and ready to and voices in contention, one of which I charge. From the right Aank came the seemed to know. The next moment a words, loud and clear: “Will you surren- man burst into the reception-room, literder, gentlemen? I am the officer in com- ally dragging behind him two gendarmes, mand of the detachment."

who tried in vain to stop him. His diI looked round and recognized in the shevelled hair, pale face, and flaming eyes, officer with the gendarme uniform and showed that he had been engaged in a drawn sword, Soudeikin in person, then a struggle beyond his strength. subaltern in the Kieff gendarmerie, later In a few minutes he was garotted and the famous chief of the political police of forced into a seat near us. the capital.

Separate the prisoners one from anDespite the imposing military array, the other!" cried Colonel Novitzki. haughty bearing of the officer, the glitter- On this each of us was immediately iog bayonets and stern looks of the sol. surrounded by four soldiers. diers, and the unpleasant sense of having “If they resist, use your bayonets ! ” fallen into their toils, the whole affair said the colonel. seemed to me just a little amusing, and I After a short interval we were called could not help smiling, and saying, in an one after another into the next room. I swer to Soudeikin's summons,

was called the last. On responding to the then a fortress, Mr. Officer, that you call summons I found myself in the presence upon us to surrender ?"

of several gendarmes and officers of po“No; but your comrades the lice, by whom I was searched a second rest of the sentence, owing to the din, I time. did not catch.

“Have the goodness to state your “ What comrades?" I asked.

name," said Colonel Novitzki, after the " You will soon see,” replied Soudeikin. operation was completed.

Then he ordered his men to search us, “ I would rather pot," I answered. after which we were to be taken to the "In that case I shall tell you who you police office.

The searching over, we were surround. “You will do me a great pleasure," I ed by thirty or forty soldiers, with arms replied.

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“You are called Debagorio Mokrie- | Not a figure without uniform was to be vitch," said the colonel.

seen, and strong bodies of troops occupied Yes, that is your name," put in Sou- every street corner. deikin.

I need not describe the trial - if trial it “I am delighted to make your acquaint- can be called : it lasted four days, and ance, colonel,” I answered, giving the ended in the condemnation of three of our military salute.

number to death; the rest were sentenced It would have been useless to deny my to various terms of imprisonment. My identity. My mother, my brother, and sentence was fourteen years and ten my sister were living at Kieff, and I did months' penal servitude. not want to inave them compelled to con. We were led back to prison with prefront the police and ordered to recognize cisely the same precautions as had been

observed when we were taken before the

tribunal. The people were not allowed THE SENTENCE.

by their presence in the street to show We were lodged in the principal prison even silent sympathy, either with us, or of Kieff. On April 20, we received copies with the cause for which we suffered and of the indictment, drawn up by Strelni- so many have perished. koff, prosecuting advocate to the Military After the verdict and the sentence life Tribunal (he was afterward killed at became a little easier for us. Instead of Odessa). We were, in all, fourteen pris- being compelled to take exercise one by opers, accused of sedition, of belonging one, we were now allowed to meet and to secret political societies, and of resist. walk about freely in the prison yard. The ing the police. In order to give greater police had an object in granting us this publicity to the trial, we resolved to have indulgence. Before the trial several atourselves defended by counsel from St. tempts had been made to take our photoPetersburg, and put forward a request to graphs; but this we had resolutely refused this effect. But after some delay we were to allow. For those who cherish hopes informed that if we wanted advocates we of regaining their liberty, the possession must choose them from among the candi- of their likeness by the police is strongly dates for judgeships attached to the tri- to be deprecated.

We were

now in bunal of Kieff, and therefore dependent formed by the authorities of the gaol that for promotion on the functionary by whom uoless we complied with their wishes in the prosecution was to be conducted. this matter our meetings and our walks Deeming this a practical denial of justice, would be stopped. We enjoyed our social we determined to take no active part intercourse immensely. It was whatever in the proceedings.

speakable confort to us. Three of our At six o'clock on the morning of April little company were under sentence of 20, we were taken before the tribunal. death, the fate of three others trembled in Eight of our party were men, six women. the balance, and would be made knowo The first thing that struck me was the only at the foot of the scaffold. It was strength of the escort more than a hun. not possible that we could long remain dred Cossacks, besides gendaries and together, and we offered to comply with policemen. Officers were running from the wish of our gaolers on condition that group to group, giving orders and making we should not be separated until the last. arrangements, as if they were preparing This condition being accepted, our photofor a general action. The women were graphs were taken. led off first, after which we men were The quarters of several of us were in placed in a large barred carriage, so spa- an upper story of the prison, and from our cious indeed ihat we could all seat our grated windows we could watch the conselves comfortably.

struction of the gallows. The place of Then the procession moved off. At its execution was a plain about two-thirds of head rode Gubernet, the chief of the a mile from the prison gates. Those police. After him came the captain of doomed to death, being on a lower story, the gendarmerie, Rudov, an old school. did not witness these ghastly preparations, fellow of mine. Our carriage was sur-and none of us, of course, gave them a rounded by Cossacks, the rear.rank men hint of what was going on. carrying loaded carbines. All the horses At length, and only too swiftly, came were put to the gallop, and the police, who the 13th of May. We had been told feared a manifestation in our favor, had nothing, but from the completion of the cleared the streets of spectators, and or- gallows, the behavior of the warders, and dered a complete suspension of traffic. Irom other signs, we thought that the

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