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fied by results. In its earliest days it ough.going Tory finds in the Morning strongly opposed the slave-trade,' and Post the sentiments wherein he cordially aided in the abolition of that inhuman concurs; the Tory-Democrat delights in traffic. When a section of the country the enterprising Standard; the philo. favored harsh treatment of Queen Caro. sophic Radical or the serious Liberal exline, the powerful pleas of the Times for pects to find his views represented with the fair trial of that unfortunate and not ability and fidelity in the Daily News or very estimable lady largely contributed to Daily Chronicle; those who care more avert the high-handed measures which her for fine writing on social subjects than for husband was ready to take, and which the party politics find what suits them in the ministry was ready to sanction. In the Daily Telegraph, whilst the licensed vic. bitter and menacing struggle to carry the tuallers derive mental illumination from first Reform Bill, the cause of Reform was the Morning Advertiser. Each of these powerfully supported by the Times, and journals has its fit circle of readers. Each that support exercised a marked influence may rival the Times and sometimes surover the result, whilst that journal's advo- pass it in obtaining and distributing news, cacy of free trade materially helped to yet none occupies a corresponding place overthrow the protective system. At the in the world of journalism. The aygrieved time of the railway mania, grave words of and grumbling Englishman travelling on warning to the public proceeded from the the Continent, when remonstrating with Times, though its financial interests were an extortionate landlord or overbearing in favor of the excitement being pro- official, thinks no threat more potent than looged in order that its columns might the threat that he will write to the Times. continue to overflow with advertisements. The readers of the Times exceed in numHad a journal of the same weight and ber those of journals which circulate a upright character exercised similar author. larger number of copies. The buyer of a ity at the time of the South Sea Bubble, penny newspaper is, perhaps, the sole much personal suffering and pecuniary reader of that copy; but a single copy of loss might then have been averted. To the Times may be read by twenty per. the action of the Times during the Cri- sons. It is the custom in London to pay mean campaign is attributable the reform a news.agent a small sum weekly for the in our military organization which fol- right to read the Times for an hour daily. lowed the cessation of hostilities; whilst | The same copy may be perused by the the facts placed before the public during members of six or eight families; in the the campaign itself led to an alleviation of evening it is posted to the country, and the state of the army in the field and the afterwards it may be sent to a colony or a sick in the hospitals. Perhaps the only foreign land. Thus, whilst each issue of great occasion on which the Times took another newspaper of large circulation is a course which was not in harmony with read by one or two hundred thousand the nation as a whole, but of a part only, buyers, each issue of the Times has sev. was while the War of Secession was in eral million readers. progress in the United States, and then To perfect the working details of a it might be urged that the information daily newspaper requires as great skill upon which the policy of the journal was and forethought as are expended in build. based proved to be one-sided and untrusting, launching, and equipping a fleet, or worthy. In the great acts of legislation in organizing an army. But the feet with. of recent days, such as the Disestablish out an admiral, or an army without a gen. ment of the Irish Church, the Irish Land eral, is like a newspaper without an editor. Act, the Franchise Act, and the Redistri. In having found editors of remarkable bution of Seats Bill, the opinion of the capacity, the conductors of the Times nation has been accurately mirrored in have displayed a prescience and had a the Times, and the welfare of the nation success which, in turn, have contributed has been carefully consulted. It is be to the success of their journal. Mr. Walcause the nation recognizes in the columos ter, the founder of it, was proprietor, of the Times a faithful reflection of its printer, and editor. His son was editor own mind that the title of leading journal as well as conductor, and to him is attribhas been applied to it by common con- utable the introduction of the leading or, sent. Every one is supposed to read the more correctly, “leaded” article, which Times, though there are many who do not has become the distinguishing feature of consult its columns with the feelings of the newspaper press. The impetus given satisfaction which animate them when by the second Mr. Walter to the editorial perusing their favorite journal. The thor department has been as lasting as that which he gave to other departments. He | Mr. Delane op his retirement in 1877, did was singularly acute in detecting capable not long fill the editorial chair, as he died, writers. Being struck with letters con. after a short illoess, on the rith of Febtributed to the paper by Mr. Sterling and ruary, 1884. He had been a valued consigned “Vetus,” he secured Mr. Stero tributor for twenty years; he was a man liog's services as one of the principal of extraordinary learning, large experiwriters. In like manner he discerned the ence of the world, and of great intellecability of Mr. Barnes, who for several tual gifts, and he adorned the high office years was the editor. Most notable, how- of editor of the Times. Mr. Chenery's ever, was the appointment of John Thad- successor is Mr. G. E. Buckle. deus Delane to succeed Mr. Barnes in To discuss the great editors and writers 1841. For thirty six years Mr. Delane of the Times would require more space not only filled the editorial chair, but he thao is now available, and might well did so in a manner which commanded form the subject of another article. Many universal respect.

of the men who bave written the most As editor of the Times, Mr. Delane was brilliant leaders and reviews are quite un. a power in the State. He did not owe his known to the public; but the cames of ascendency to the cleverness with which others are familiar and honored, such as he wielded a pen, but to the ability which Pbillips, Dallas, and Thackeray. he displayed in turning to the best account When estimating the relative position the peas of the greatest writers of his day. and influence of London morniog news. So consummate was his skill in this delic papers, due account should be taken of cate task, and so complete was his suc- ihe country newspapers which have becess, that the Times stated after his death come so many powers in the kingdom. that the British public had then “fioally A century ago the country newspaper lost one of the oldest, most devoted, and press was far inferior to that of London, most meritorious of those who may be while that of London was then far below called its own special servants.” What the lowest class of country newspapers Mr. Delane was as editor cannot be set now. Walpole wrote to Horace Maon in forth in better or juster terms than those 1742 that when the Duchess of Rutland employed in the following passage:- was told of some strange casualty, she

He had in a remarkable degree several qual. said, “ Lucy, child, step into the next ities which are indispensable to success in all room and set that down." " Lord, mad. business of importance. He was capable of am!”says Lady Lucy, “it can't be true!” long application and concentrated attention. “Oh, no matter, child; it will do for news After hours of work, under harassing and per- into the country next post." Since those plexing circumstances, he had ample reserve days the electric telegraph has enabled of strength for those critical emergencies which all journals to publish the latest news, make the greatest demand on the powers of and if, as not unfrequently happens, the apprehension and judgment. He could always seize on the main point at issue, and lay his intelligence collected or compiled by news hand on that upon which all the rest depended. agencies is quite as fantastic as that which It seemed a kind of intuition that enabled him the Duchess of Rutland thought good to foresee at once the impending fate of a enough for the country, such news is cause or the result of a campaign, but it was a posted in London clubs and appears in practical and methodical power. He could London journals as well as country news. distinguish between the relevant and the irrele. papers. The truth is that London bas vant in the calculation of probabilities as well long ceased to have the monopoly of as in the conduct of an argument, In a con. Dewspapers commanding the confidence tinual experience of mistakes and disappoint; and deserving the admiration of a multiments -- for, as we have said, the nightly birth tude of readers. If a list were drawn of the broadsheet is not without its agonies and mishaps-he maintained more equanimity up of newspapers of the highest class, and command of temper than most people do which deserve the respect of all compe. under the petty harasses of private life. Com- tent judges, that list would comprise pelled as he was occasionally to be decisive those which are published in such places, even to abruptness, and to sacrifice the con- amongst others, as Leeds and Birming. venience of contributors and subordinates to ham, Manchester and Liverpool, Newthe paramount interest of the public, he never castle and Glasgow, Dundee and Edin. Jost the respect or affection of those who could burgh, Belfast and Dublin. The list might sympathize with him in his work, make due be extended and improved if there were allowance for his difficulties, and think less of added to it a selection from the leading themselves than of the great issues at stake.

journals of the United States, of Canada, Mr. Thomas Chenery, who succeeded l of Australia, and of India; and it would

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be rendered still more complete and rep-palm-trees towering above, but throwing resentative if it included the names of the no shadow below; on the other a low house most notable journals of Germany, Aus- or two, and more garden walls, leading in tria, Italy, Belgium, France, and Spain. a broad curve to the little old walled town, Yet, when such a list had been drawn up its campanile rising up over the clustered and pronounced to be at once fair and roofs, in which was their home. They full, it would be found that no single had fifteen minutes or more of dazzling newspaper named therein fulfilled the sunshine before them ere they could reach conditions of an ideal newspaper so well any point of shelter. as the Timnes. It is not perfect. Before Ten minutes, or even five, would have its second centenary arrives it may be as been enough for Frances. She could have much in advance of its existing excellence run along, had she been alone, as like a as it is now superior to its condition when bird as any human creature could be, beit was first published a century ago. A ing so light and swift and young. But it leading journal must either go forward was very different with her father. He or else fall behind and disappear. The walked but slowly at the best of times; Times is now in the van of the newspaper and in the face of the sun at noon, what press of the world. Its position is unique. was to be expected of bim? It was part Thirty years have elapsed since Sir Bul. of the strange contrariety of fate, which wer Lytton paid it a compliment in the was against him in whatever he attempted, House of Cominons which no other news.small or great, that it should be just here, paper ever received in a legislative assem- in this broad, open, unavoidable path, that bly

a compliment which, though appar. he encountered one of those parties which ently extravagant, was generally admitted always made him wroth, and which usuto be well deserved. As the words then ally he managed to keap clear of with spoken by Sir Bulwer Lytton have gained such dexterity -- an English family from point and appropriateness in their gen. one of the hotels. eral as well as in their particular applica- Tourists from the botels are always ob. tion, I may fitly reproduce them: “Thejectionable to residents in a place. Even existing newspaper press is an honor to when the residents are themselves stranthis country, from the ability of its com- gers, perhaps, indeed, all the more from positions, the integrity of the men who that fact, the chance visitors who come to adorn it, the vast add various information stare and gape at those scenes which the it diffuses, and, making fair allowances others have appropriated and taken pos. for the heat of party spirit and the temp- session of, are insufferable. Mr. Waring tations of anonymous power, for its gen: had lived in the old town of Bordighera eral exemption from wilful calumny and for a great number of years. He had personal slander. And if I desired to seen the Marina and the line of hotels on leave to remote posterity some memorial the beach created, and he had watched of existing British civilization, I would the travellers arriving to take possession prefer, not our docks, not our railways, of them — the sick people, and the people not our public buildings, not even the who were not sick. He had denounced palace in which we hold our sittings: I the invasion unceasingly, and with vehe. would prefer a file of the Times."

mence; he had never consented to it. W. FRASER RAE. The Italians about might be complacent,

thinking of the enrichment of the neighborhood, and of what was good for trade,

as these prosaic people do; but the En. From Chambers Journal.

glish colonist on the Punto could not put up with it. And to be met here, on his return from his walk, by an unblush.

ing band about whom there could be no CHAPTER I.

mistake, was very hard to bear. He bad THE day was warm, and there was no to walk along exposed to the fire of all shade; out of the olive woods which they their unabashed and curious glances, to had left behind, and where all was soft walk slowly, to miss none, from that of coolness and freshoess, they had emerged the stout mother to that of the slim govinto a piece of road widened and perfected erness. In the rear of the party came by recent improvements till it was as shel- the papa, a portly Saxon, of the class terless as a broad street. High walls on which, if comparisons could be thought of one side clothed with the green clinging in so broad and general a sentiment, Mr. trails of the mesembryanthemum, with | Waring disliked worst of all – a big man,

VOL. XLIX, 2514

A HOUSE DIVIDED AGAINST ITSELF.

BY MRS, OLIPHANT.

LIVING AGE.

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a rosy man, a fat man, in large, easy morn- you again! Why, it must be a dozen iog clothes, with a big white umbrella over years ago.

And what have you been his head. This last member of the family doing all this time? Wandering over the came at some distance behind the rest. face of the earth, I suppose, in all sorts of He did not like the sun, though he had out-of-the-way places, since nobody has been persuaded to leave England in search ever fallen in with you before.” of it. He was very warm, moist, and in a “ I am something of an invalid,” said state of general relaxation, his tidy neck. Waring. “I fear I cannot stand in the tie coming loose, his gloves only half on, sun to answer so many questions. And his waistcoat partially unbuttoned. It was my movements are of no importance to March, when no doubt a good genuine any one but myself.” east wind was blowing at home. At that “ Don't be so misanthropical,” said the moment, this traveller almost regretted stranger in his large, round voice. " You the east wind.

always had a turn that way. And I doo't The Warings were going up-hill towards wonder if you are soured — any fellow their abode; the slope was gentle enough, would be soured. Won't you say a word yet it added to the slowness of Mr. War to Mary? She's looking back, wondering ing's pace. All the English party had with all her might what new acquaintance stared at him, as is the habit of English I've found out here, dever thinking it's an parties; and indeed he and his daughter old friend. Mary! — What's the were not unworthy of a stare. But all matter? Don't you want to see her? these gazes came with a cumulation of Why, man alive, don't be so bitter. She curiosity to widen the stare of the last and I have always stuck up for you; comer, who had besides twenty or thirty through thick and thin, we've stuck up yards of vacancy in which the indignant for you. Eh! can't stand any longer? resident was fully exposed to his view. Well, it is hot, isn't it? There's no variety Little Frances, who was English enough in this confounded climate. Come to the to stare too, though in a gentlewomanly hotel, then – the Victoria, down there.” way, saw a change gradually come, as he Waring had passed his interrogator, gazed, on the face of the stranger. His and was already at some distance, while eyebrows rose up bushy and arched with the other, breathless, called after him. surprise; his eyelids puckered with the He ended, affronted, by another discharge intentness of his stare; his lips dropped of musketry, which hit the fugitive in the apart. Then he came suddenly to a stand. rear. “I suppose,” the indiscreet in. still, and gasped forth the word “ WAR. quirer demanded breathlessly, “ that's the ING!”in tones of surprise to which capi- little girl? ” tal letters can give but faint expression. Frances had followed with great but

Mr. Waring, struck by this exclama- silent curiosity this strange conversation. tion as by a bullet, paused too, as with She had not interposed in any way, but something of that inclination to turn she had stood close by her father's side, round which is said to be produced by a drinking in every word with keen ears and sudden hit. He put up his hand mo. eyes.

She had heard and seen many mentarily, as if to pull down his broad- strange things, but never an encounter brimmed hat over his brows. But in the like this; and her eagerness to know end he did neither. He stood and faced what it meant was great; but she dared the stranger with angry energy.

• Well?" not linger a moment after her father's he said.

rapid movement of the hand, and the "Dear me, who could have thought of longer stride than usual, which was all the seeing you here. Let me call my wife. increase of speed he was capable of. As She will be delighted. Mary! - Why, I she had stood still by his side without a thought you had gone to the East. I question, she now went on, very much as thought you had disappeared altogether. if she had been a delicate little piece of And so did everybody. And what a long machinery of which he had touched tbe time it is, to be sure! You look as if you spring. That was not at all the character had forgotten me.”

of Frances Wariog; but to judge by her “I have,” said the other with a super movements while at her father's side, an cilious gaze, perusing the large figure from outside observer might have thought so. top to toe.

She had never offered any resistance to "O come, Waring! Why Manner- any impulse from him in her whole life; ing; you can't have forgotten Mannering, indeed, it would have seemed to her an a fellow that stuck by you all through. impossibility to do so. But these imDear, how it brings up everything, seeing pulses concerned the outside of her life

66

oaly. She went along by his side with of the second story, on the sea side, so the movement of a swift creature re- that the great marble stair up which War. strained to the pace of a very slow one, ing toiled slowly was very long and fa. but making neither protest nor remark. tiguing, as if it led to a mountain-top. And neither did she ask any explanation, He reached his rooms breathless, and gothough she cast many a stolen glance ating in through antechamber and corridor, him as they pursued their way. And for threw himself into the depths of a large his part he said nothing. The heat of the but upright chair. There were no signs sun, the annoyance of being thus inter- of luxury about. It was not one of those rupted, were enough to account for that. hermitages of culture and ease which En

Before they could reach the shelter of glish recluses make for themselves in the their home, there was this broad bit of most unlikely places. It was more like a sunny road, made by one of those too pro real hermitage; or, to speak more simply, gressive municipalities, thirsting for En. it was like, what it really was, an apartglish visitors and tourists in general, who ment in an old Italian house, in a rustic fill with hatred and horror the old resi- castle, furnished and provided as such a deats in Italy; and then a succession of place, in the possession of its natural stony stairs more congenial to the locality, inhabitants, would be. by which, under old archways and through The Palazzo was subdivided into a num. narrow alleys, you get at last to the wider ber of habitations, of which the apartment centre of the town, a broad, stony piazza, of the Englishman was the most imporunder the shadow of the Bell Tower, the tant. It was composed of a suite of rooms characteristic campanile which was the facing to the sea, and commanding the landmark of the place. Except on one entire circuit of the sun; for the windows side of the piazza, all here was in grateful on one side were to the east, and at the shade. Waring's stern face softened a other the apartment ended in a large little when he came into these cool and loggia, commanding the west and all the almost deserted streets. Here and there glorious sunsets accomplished there. We a woman at a doorway; an old man in the northerners, who have but a limited endeep shadow of an open shop, or booth, joyment of the sun, show often a strange unguarded by any window; two or three indifference to him in the sites and situa. girls filling their pitchers at the well, but tions of our houses; but in Italy it is well no intrusive tourists or passengers of any known that where the sun does not go kind to break the noonday stillness. The the doctor goes, and much more regard is pair went slowly through the little town, shown to the aspect of the house. and emerged through another old gateway The Warings at the worst of that genial on the further side, where the blue Medi- climate had little occasion for fire; they terranean, with all its wonderful shades had but to follow the centre of light when of color, and line after line of headland be glided out of one room to fling himself cutting down into those ethereal tints, more abundantly into another. The Punto stretched out before them; ending in the is always full in the cheerful rays. It haze of the Ligurian Mountains. The commands everything -- air and sea, and scene was enough to take away the breath the mountains and all their thousand ef. of one unaccustomed to that blaze of won- fects of light and shade; and the Palazzo derful light, and all the delightful acci- stands boldly out upon this the most promdents of those purple hills. But this pair inent point in the landscape, with the were too familiarly acquainted with every houses of the little town withdrawing on line to make any pause. They turned a dozen different levels behind. In the round the sunny height from the gateway, warlike days when no point of vantage and entered by a deep, small door sunk which a pirate could seize upon was left in the wall, which stood high like a great undefended or assailable, it is probable rampart rising from the Punto. This was that there was no loggia from which to the outer wall of the palace of the lord of watch the western illuminations. But the town, still called the Palazzo at Bordi- peace has been so long on the Riviera ghera. Every large house is a palace in that the loggia too was antique, the paraItaly; but the pretensions of this were pet crumbling and gray. It opened from well founded. The little door by which a large room, very lofty, and with much they entered had been an opening of mod- faded decoration on the upper walls and ern and peaceful times, the state entrance roof, which was the salone or drawing. being through a great doorway and court room, beyond which was an anteroom, on the inner side. The deep outer wall then a sort of library, a dining-room, a was pierced by windows only at the height succession of bedchambers; much space,

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