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our ordinary life wends on. It may be in their stories and their destinies enough prudent for a poet not to be witch too per- of resemblance to make a comparison sistently, but to let his willing thrall de- suitable. Zelica is in a prominent place scend now and then from the empyrean, throughout the tale. Our interest centres and touch hard, actual ground. Is it not in her; and without doubt the poet has one of the causes of Shakespeare's endur- done his utmost to make that interest abing power, that although he takes with us sorbing. We have little more than a the highest and most distant fights, yet glimpse of Constance - in that fearful he is certain to descend anon and remind scene in the vaults of Holy Island. Yet us that we are of English flesh and blood ? no reader, as I fancy, will say that his The scenes of Scott's “ Talisman” are, if longer acquaintance with Zelica has given I remember rightly, all laid in the East; ber an advantage over the Constance who but although the romancer introduces comes and passes in one gloomy tableau: charmingly the Saracens and their cus. he will rather maintain that Constance in toms, yet he takes care that his readers' her five minutes'opportunity, took a firmer relationship to the subject shall be kept in hold of his affection than Zelica after her view, by making his chief characters the sad passage through the cantos of “The Crusaders and their ladies. It inay be, I Veiled Prophet.” Constance belongs to presume to think, a question of literary the stream of tradition with which we have art whether an author may not identify been familiar from childhood: the poet himself and entrance his readers too ex- has given us the points of her case, with clusively with his soreign theme.
which we are able and delighted to am. Whether I am right about the cause of plisy out of our own stores. Of Zelica we the declension of Moore's popularity or understand what the poet has told us, but not, I cannot but think the neglect of him beyond that we cannot go: we are not a thing to be regretted. He was, without sufficiently enlightened as to the lives of doubt, a true poet. He wanted the robust damsels on the banks of the Amoo or in spirit which has always found readiest way a Persian harem to be able to expand the to the hearts of Normans, Danes, and Sax- figure. Thus, to our Western apprehen. ons, but he has merits and beauties which sion, Zelica is the fragment, and Codit is sin and folly to ignore. The sweet. stance the distinct form. ness of his numbers; the aptness of his I have been considering these poems imagery, which he draws froin such a mul. as productions for which the world is in. titude of sources; the intimacy with his debted to the authors of them, and which subject, which he was always at pains to the world could not obtain from any other acquire ; the gorgeous imagination from source. No doubt, as regards the works which he compounds his views and stories, of Moore and Scott, I was justified in my
are all characteristics which can rarely view, for those poets flourished in days be found in such degree and such profu- when thought-reading was not invented. sion as in his verse. I have before spoken But how is it to be with authors in the of the plainness with which he expresses future — rather, how are we to know who his meaning. If he has not all a poet's is properly the author of a work or not excellences, he has a great number of when a thought-reader may insinuate him. them. And he has passages which may self into the minds of an inventer, pirate be said to be without equals of their kind. his thoughts while they are yet unuttered, Take, for instance, the description of and hurry them before the world as his Nourmahal's charms in "The Light of (the robber's) own? Such a proceeding, the Harem ;” where again shall we find as one perceives, would be far more com. anything so exquisite? Grant that the plicated and far more difficult to expose impressions are those which an Eastern ihan any of the clever tricks, whereof rather than a Western mind would re. we have been told, of purloining music ceive from a lovely girl, yet where is the scores, appropriating cartoons, or mak: other poet who could have so vividly and ing off with manuscripts. Mr. Pecksniff thoroughly sei them before us ? in re when be stole Martin Chuzzlewit's archispect to his own class of subjects he had tectural design and paraded it as his own, indeed the “vision and the faculty divine.” was at last detected and denounced. But
If we compare Moore's Zelica with Con- how bring home his dishonesty to the stance de Beverley in “ Marmion,” we metaphysical thief? If we are to do any. shall perceive in some sort how it is that thing at all in that line we must have psy. Moore, though he could delight the En. chical experts, able to trace the thought. glish mind for a time, could not confirm thief; and on the evidence of these detec. bis grasp of it. The two heroines have tives, disputes between authors would have to be decided. A formidable array real affections, they would reduce what is of cases we then shall certainly have; now the most absorbing pursuit in the because there will be the grievances not world almost to a matter of cool routine, alone of those real authors whose concep. ruin the gay science, impose a check on tions may bave been usurped, but the deceitful promises to marry, and spoil the claims of pseudo-originators, who will ac- business of some of the law courts. On cuse the publishing authors of having the other hand, they might, no doubt, by stolen from them; for it will be easy for a disclosing tender secrets, which but for rogue to accuse a Tennyson or a Brown. them would never have been known being of having made a reputation by rob- yond the bosoms where they were cher. bing bis (the rogue's) brains.
ished, give rise to curious complications As I go on trying to forecast the future which, in the present state of things, of this thought-reading, I perceive that a never can arise. In fact, thought-readers, gifted metaphysician, able not only to pen- supposing them to be few in comparison etrate another mind, but to exhibit the of society at large, might order much ter. workings of the said mind for the amuse. restrial business according to their own meot of a company of spectators, as a mag. fancies. The coats of darkness and the nified drop of water is sometimes exhib. seven-leagued boots which delighted the ited, might become a very prominent and infancies of our forefathers, dwindle to popular artist. What thousands would but paltry auxiliaries beside the thought. rush, and pay bandsomely, to see the reading power. Again, if listeners are mind-springs of a Jay Gould laid bare; to liable to hear things disagreeable to themfollow a natural philosopher in his specu. selves, what harrowing discoveries are lations, rational and irrational; or to pry thought-readers like to make concerning into the intricate musings of a great in the sentiments of others towards then ! ventor, and observe ideas as they Ait, With all their superhuman powers, there unite, separate, disagree, disappear, and is no doubt they are subject to afilictions, return in the creative limbo before they which may make them objects of pity to take tangible form! Suppose yet farther the most short-sighted of mortals. And that some profane showman should under. to say nothing of positive afflictions, what take to manifest to us the workings of perplexities musi they not encounter? that tortuous mind which is ever puzzling The outside of society is so different from and mystifying other minds, and which is the inside, that a person who is cognizant said to occasionally deceive and wheedle of both sides must often feel himself awkitself: how would inen rush to behold the wardly placed. ever-fermenting elements out of which The last observation that I shall at are evolved massacres, confiscations, and present make on this subject is that, as dishonorable deeds, and in which resides against thought-readers, language will no the faculty of conveying gross falsehood longer be an effectual means of veiling without logically lying !
our hearts, perhaps the necessities of the Is it not a pity, is it not indeed exasper. new conditions may cause our race to de. ating, that the thought-readers should velop some new faculty, hitherto unsuswaste their great powers in hunting for pected, by which thought-readers may be pins and in detecting the numbers of bid. thrown off the scent, and perhaps conden bank-notes, when they might be ren. founded through their own devices. dering so many real benefits to society? Lest any one should be busy in exam. If they would only now reveal to the poining my thoughts at this moment, I will lice, where the dynamitards are laying make the readers of “Maga” a present of their torpedoes, or let the British public them. They have been suggested by a know (it would be useless to inform the name which met my eye, when, a minute government) what particular Russian plois since, the wind turned over a leaf of the are being hatched on the north-western book wbich is lying by me. I am thinkfrontier of India, they would be our de.ing of years ago when this same name was fenders and best friends. Crimes, follies, owned by a fat old farmer, whom I used and misfortunes innumerable might be frequently to see on market.days. He prevented it only thought-readers would was remarkable for his adherence to the be useful instead of being simply aston- very old-fashioned method of having his ishing and amusing. There is, however, money always in coin, and in his own one province in which, whether for good keeping. Whether or not he had a strong. or ill, thought-reading might work an en box, which he let all the world see, do tire revolution. If they would only let not remember; but I think it will be lovers into the secret of their mistresses'i judged from what I am about to say of him, that he was more likely to have kept | and the minister for foreign affairs, M. de his means hidden somewhere. He had Kálnoky, at 3 P.M.. It is always well to to pay upwards of £4,000 once in settle. make the acquaintance of ministers when ment of some transaction concerning visiting foreign countries. It is the means land, and he brought the whole of this of obtaining the key to doors generally amount in his cart, in specie, to the mar. closed, to consulting documents otherwise ket-town. The thing was talked about: inaccessible, and to getting out of prison I heard of it, but at first did not quite be- if by mistake you happen to be one day lieve it. However, after a while I had an thrown therein. opportunity of hearing the fact confirmed The Home Office is a sombre-looking by the conveyancer io whom the money palace, situated in the Judenplatz, a dark bad been paid. My informant added that and narrow street in old Vienna; the it had been transported, packed in a milk- apartments are spacious, correct but bare ; pail; and that when the fariner was the furniture severe, simple but pure eighjeered at, by some one present at the pay. teenth-century style. li resembles the inent, for trusting his cart-men with loose abode of an ancient family who must live coin when he would not trust a bank, he carefully to keep out of debt. How differsaid: “Trust 'em! no, I didn't: I told ent to the government offices in Paris, 'em 'twas a lot of shot ! was sending where luxury is displayed everywhere in away, now that the shooting was over. gilt panellings, Lyons velvets, painted He was
ceilings, and magnificent staircases — as, Upon my word, though, I must give for instance, at the Financial and Foreign over gossiping, and get back with my two Offices! I prefer the simplicity of the offi. or three volumes to shelter, for I can no cial buildings of Vienna and Berlin. The longer doubt that those clouds are in State ought not to set an example of prod. earnest. Provided that I have not to run igality. The Comte Taaffe is in evening for it I don't care; but who will warrant dress, as he is going to a conference with me for even a couple of minutes ? There! the emperor. He, nevertheless, receives I am on my feet once more, at any rate. my letter of introduction from one of his And now, how to convey my books. I cousins most amiably, and also the little will just tie them together with that cord note I bring him from my friend Neuwhich has been hanging over the ham. mann, who was his professor of public mock to assist me when it should be my law. The present policy of the prime pleasure to turn out, and then if I have minister, which gives satisfaction to the luck Ab, here is the boy in buttons, Tscheks and irritates the Germans so and a nice thoughtful boy he is! Between much, is not unjustifiable. He reasons us we can carry all, and dispense with the thus: What is the best means to ensure tying up. So now I start at once with a the comfort and contentment of several fair prospect of being housed before the persons living together in the same house? storm begins. That was a rather vivid Is it not to leave them perfectly free to flash. There is going to be a pitiless regulate their lives just as they think well? pelting, for the wind is rising. But I Force them to live all in the same way, to think I shall do it.
take their meals and amuse themselves together, and they will be certain, very shortly, to quarrel and separate. How is
it that the Italians of the canton of Tesi. From The Contemporary Review.
no never think of uniting with Italy? Be. WURZBURG AND VIENNA:
cause they are perfectly satisfied to belong to Switzerland. Remember that Austria's moito is Viribus unitis. True union
would be born of general contentment. I ARRIVE at Vienna at ten o'clock and The sure way to satisfy all is to sacrifice alight at the Münsch hotel, a very old. the rights of none. * Yes," I said, “if established one, and very preferable, in unity could be made to spring from liberty my opinion, to those gigantic and sump- and autonomy it would be indestructible." tuous Ring establishments where one is Count Taafe has long been in favor of a mere number. I find awaiting me a federalism. Under the Taaffe.Potocki letter from the Baron de Neumann, my ministry, in 1869, he had sketched a plan colleague of the University of Vienna, and of reforms with the object of extending a member of the Institut de Droit Inter. the sway of provincial governments.* In national. He informs me that the min.
* I give a brief sketch of this in my book, “La ister Taaffe will await me at eleven o'clock, Prusse et l'Autriche depuis Sadowa," vol. i., p. 205.
SCRAPS FROM A DIARY.
some articles in the Revue des Deux the chancellor, is composed of three minMondes, in 1868–9, I tried to show that isters — viz., those of foreign affairs, this was the best solution of the question. finances, and war; it alone settles foreign Count Taaffe is still young; he was born policy, and the Hungarian element is doinin 1833, Feb. 24. He is descended from inant here. Count Taaffe's principal resian Irish family and is a peer of that coun- dence is at Ellisham in Bohemia. Bailli try, with the title of Viscount Taaffe of of the order of Malta, he possesses the Correw and Baron of Ballymote; but his Golden Fleece. He is, in fact, in every ancestors left their home and lost their respect, an important personage. In 1860 Irish estates on account of their attach- he married the Countess Irma de Czaky ment to the Stuarts. They took service, of Keresztszegk, by whom he has had a then, under the dukes of Lorraine, and son and five daughters. He has, thus, one of them distinguished himself at the one foot in Bohemia and the other in siege of Vienna in 1683. Count Edward, Hungary. All unanimously admit his exthe present minister, was born at Prague. traordinary aptitudes, his indefatigable His father was president of the supreme energy, and his clever administration ; but court of justice. He himself commenced in Vienna they complain that he is too bis career in the Hungarian administra- aristocratic, and has too great a weakness tion under the Baron Bach, who, seeing for the clergy. Probably a statue as high bis great aptitudes and his perseverance, as the Hradsin Cathedral will be raised in procured him rapid advancement. Taaffe his honor at Prague, if he persuades the became successively vice-governor of Bo- emperor to be crowned there. hemia, governor of Salzburg, and finally At three o'clock I proceeded to see governor of upper Austria. Called to the Count Kálnoky at the Foreign Office in ministry of the interior in 1867, he signed the Ballplatz. It is very well situated, the famous Ausgleich of December 21, near to the imperial residence, in a wide which forms the basis of the present dual street, and in sight of the Ring. Large empire. After the fall of the ministry, be reception-rooms, solemn-looking and cold; was appointed governor of the Tyrol, and gilded chairs and white and gold panelheld that post to general satisfaction for a lings, red curtains, polished floorings, and space of seven years. On his return to no carpets. On the walls portraits of the power be again took the portfolio of imperial family. While waiting to be an. the interior, and was also appointed pres. nounced, I think of Metternich. It was ident of the Council. He continued to here he resided. In 1812 Austria decided pursue his federalist policy, but with more the fall of Napoleon. Now, again, she success than in 1869. The concessions holds in her hands the destinies of Eu. he makes to the Tscheks are a subject of rope; for the balance changes as she both grief and wonder in Vienna. It is moves towards the north, the east, or the said that he does it to secure their votes, west, and I am about to see the minister for the revision of the law of primary who directs her foreign policy. I ex: education in favor of reactionary cleri. pected to find myself in the presence of calism. Those who are of this opinion an imposing-looking person, with white must forget that he has clearly shown his hair, and very stiff; so I was agreeably leaning io federalism for more than six. surprised on being most affably received teen years.
by a man of about forty, dressed in a What is more astonishing is the contra. brown morning suit, with a blue cravat. diction between Austria's home and for- An open and very pleasing expression, eign policy. At home the Slav movement and eyes brimming over with wit. All is encouraged. All is conceded to it, with the Kálnoky family bave this particularity, the exception of the re-establishment of it appears. He possesses the quiet, re. the realin of St. Wenceslas, the road fined, yet simple and modest distinction to which is, however, being prepared. of manner of an English nobleman. Like Abroad, on the contrary, and especially many Austrians of the upper class, he beyond the Danube, this movement is op- speaks French like a Parisian. I think posed and suppressed as much as pos- this is due to their speaking six or seven sible, even at the risk of dangerously languages equally well, so that the partic. increasing Russia's influence and popular- ular accent of each becomes neutralized. ity. This contradiction may be explained The English and the Germans, even when alter this wise. The “ Common” minis- they know French thoroughly, have still a try of the empire is entirely independent foreign accent when speaking it; not so of the minisiry of Cis-Leithania. This the Austrians. Count Kálnoky asks what " Common” ministry, presided over by are my plans for my journey. When he hears that I intend studying the question to St. Petersburg, the most important of of the Eastern railways, be says:
all diplomatic posts, and, on the death of “That is our great preoccupation at the Haymerlé, he was called to Vienna as present moment. In the West they pre. foreign minister, and thus in three years tend that we are anxious for conquest. he advanced from the position of a cavalry This is absurd. It would be very difficult officer, brilliant and elegant it is true, but for us to make any which would satisfy with no political influence, to be the the two parties in the empire, and it is in arbiter of the destinies of the Austrian fact greatly to our interest that peace Empire, and consequently of those of should be maintained. But we are dream- Europe. How may this marvellously ing of different sorts of conquests, which, rapid advancement, reminding one of the as an economist, you can but approve. I tales of the grand viziers in the “ Arabian speak of conquests we are desirous of Nights,” be accounted for? It is geomaking for our industries, trade, and civ. erally considered to be due to Andrassy's ilization. For this to be possible, we friendship. But the real truth is very want railways in Servia, Bulgaria, Bosnia, little known. Count Kálnoky is even and Macedonia; and, above all, a connec- cleverer as a writer than as a speaker. tion with the Ottoman lines. Engineers His despatches from foreign courts were and diplomatists are already at work, and really finished models. The emperor, a will soon succeed, I hope. I do not think most indefatigable and conscientious any one will complain or throw blame on worker, reads all the despatches from the us when a Pullman car takes him com- ambassadors, and was much struck with fortably from Paris to Constantinople in those from St. Petersburg, noting Kálnoky three days. We are working for the ben. as destined to fill bigh functions in the efit of the Western world.”
State. At St. Potersburg he charmed It has been said that speech was given every one by his wit and amiability, and to diplomatists to conceal their thoughts. in spite of the distrust felt for his country I believe, though, that when Austrian became persona gruta at the court there. statesmen deny any ideas of conquest and When he became chancellor, the emperor annexation in the East, they are express. gave him the rank of major-general. ing the true intentions of the imperial It was thought in the beginning that government. The late Chancellor de Hay, his friendship for Russia inight lead him merlé expressed similar opinions when I to come to terms with that power, and saw him in Rome in 1879, and in a letter perhaps also with France, and to break which I received from him shortly before off the alliance with Germany; but Kál. his death. Baron Haymerlé was better noky does not forget that he is Hungarian acquainted with the East and the Balkan and the friend of Andrassy, and that the Peninsula than any one. He had lived pivot of Hungarian policy, since 1866, has there many years, first as dragoman of been a close alliance with Berlin. To the ths Austrian embassy, and afterwards as summer of 1883 the German papers more a government envoy, and he was a perfect than once expressed vague doubts as to master of all the different languages of Austria's fidelity, and public opinion at the East.
Vienna, and more especially at Pesth, was The present chancellor, Count Kálnoky, rather astir on the subject. Kálnoky's of Körospatak, is of Hungarian origin, as visit to Gastein, where the emperor Wil. bis name indicates; but he was born at helm showed him every mark of affection, Littowitz, in Moravia, December 29, 1832. and his interview with M. de Bismarck, Most of his landed estates are in that where everything was satisfactorily exprovince, amongst others Prödlitz, Otta. plained, completely silenced these rumors. siawitz, and Szabatta. He has several | At the present, the young minister's posibrothers, and a very lovely sister who has tion is exceedingly secure. He enjoy's been twice married, first to Count Jean the emperor's full confidence, and,' apWaldstein, the widower of a Zichy, who parently, that of the nation also, for, in was already sixty-two years of age, and the last session of the Trans. and Gis. secondly, to the Duke of Sabran. Chan- Leithanian Delegations he was acclaimed cellor Kálnoky's career has been very ex. by all parties, even by the Tscheks who traordinary. He left the army in 1879, are just now dominant in Cis-Leithania. with the grade of colonel, and took up Count Kálnoky is hitherto unmarried, diplomacy. He obtained a post at Copen-, which fact, it is said, renders Vienna hagen, where he appeared destined to play mothers despairing and husbands ur easy. a very insignificant part in political affairs. I pass my evenings at the Salm-Licht. Shorily after, however, he was appointed ensteins'. I had already the pleasure of