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ant in the armies of Napoléon the Third,, It is absolutely necessary that I should — you, who of all men know how ruined be daily at my post on the Bourse, and are the fortunes of a Rochebriant — you, hourly watch the ebb and flow of events. feel surprised that he clings to the Under these circumstances I had countnoblest heritage his ancestors have left ed, permit me to count still, on your to him — their sword! I do not under presence in Bretagne. We have already stand you."

begun negotiations on a somewhat exMarquis,” said Duplessis, seating tensive scale, whether as regards the imhimself, and regarding Alain with a look provement of forests and orchards, or in which were blended the sort of admi- the plans for building allotments, as soon ration and the sort of contempt with as the lands are free for disposal --- for which a practical man of the world, who, all these the eye of a master is required. having himself gone through certain I entreat you, then, to take up your resicredulous follies, has learned to despise dence at Rochebriant." the follies, but retains a reminiscence of “My dear friend, this is but a kindly sympathy with the fools they bewitch, – and delicate mode of relieving me from "Marquis, pardon me; you talk finely, the dangers of war. I have, as you must but you do not talk common-sense. i be conscious, no practical knowledge of should be extremely pleased if your Le- business. Hébert be implicitly gitimist scruples had allowed you to trusted, and will carry out your views solicit, or rather to accept, a civil appoint- with a zeal equal to mine, and with inment not unsuited to your rank, under finitely more ability.” the ablest sovereign, as a civilian, to "Marquis, pray neither to Hercules nor whom France can look for rational liberty to Hébert ; if you wish to get your own combined with established order. Such cart out of the ruts, put your own shoulopenings to a suitable career you have der to the wheel.” rejected ; but who on earth could expect Alain coloured high, unaccustomed to you, never trained to military service, to be so bluntly addressed, but he replied draw a sword hitherto sacred to the Bour- with a kind of dignified meekness bons, on behalf of a cause which the mad “I shall ever remain grateful for what ness, I do not say of France but of Paris, you have done, and wish to do, for me. has enforced on a sovereign against But, assuming at you suppose rightly, whom you would fight to-morrow if you the estates of Rochebriant would, in your had a chance of placing the descendant hands, become a profitable investment, of Henry IV. on his throne ?

and more than redeem the mortgage, and “I am not about to fight for any sov- the sum you have paid Louvier on my ereign, but for my country against the for- account, let it pass to you irrespectively eigner.”

of me. I shall console myself in the * An excellent answer if the foreigner knowledge that the old place will be rehad invaded your country; but it seems stored, and those who honoured its old that your country is go ng to invade the owners prosper in hands so strong, foreigner -a very different thing: Chut ! guided by a heart so generous.” all this is discussion most painful to me. Duplessis was deeply affected by these I feel for the Emperor a personal loyalty, | simple words; they seized him on the and for the hazards he is about to entenderest side of his character - for his counter a prophetic dread, as an ances- heart was generous, and no one, except tor of yours might have felt for Francis his lost wife and his loving child, had I. could he have foreseen Pavia, Let us ever before discovered it to be so. Has talk of ourselves and the effect the war it ever happened to you, reader, to be should have upon our individual action. appreciated on the one point of the good You are aware, of course, that though M. or the great that is in you — on which Louvier has had notice of our intention secretly you value yourself most - but to pay off his mortage, that intention for which nobody, not admitted into your cannot be carried into effect for six heart of hearts, has given you credit ? months ; if the money be not then forth- If that has happened to you, judge what coming, his hold on Rochebriant remains Duplessis felt when the fittesi representunshaken - the sum is large.”

ative of that divine chivalry which, if “ Alas ! yes.”

sometimes deficient in head, owes all that The war must greatly disturb the exalts it to riches of heart, spoke thus to money-market, affect many speculative the professional money-maker, whose adventures and operations when at the qualities of bead were so acknowledged very moment credit may be most needed. that a compliment to them would be a hol

son!

low impertinence, and whose qualities of “ Alain ! Alain !

my friend! my heart had never yet received a compli - but if you fall." ment!

“Valérie will give you a nobler son.” Duplessis started from his seat and Duplessis moved away, sighing henviembraced Alain, murmuring, “ Listen to ly; but he said no more in deprecation me. I love you; I never had a son – be of Alain's martial resolves. mine ; Rochebriant shall be my daugh A Frenchman, however practical, howter's dot."

ever worldly, however philosophical he Alain returned the embrace, and then may be, who does not sympathize with the recoiling, said

follies of honour — who does not concede “ Father, your first desire must be hon- indulgence to the hot blood of youth when our for your son. You have guessed my he says, “My country is insulted and her Secret — I have learned to love Valérie. banner is unfurled” — may certainly be a Seeing her out in the world, she seemed man of excellent common-sense ; but if like other girls, fair and commonplace – such men had been in the majority, Gaul seeing her at your house, I have said to would never have been France - Giul myself

, “ There is the one girl fairer than would have been a province of Germany. all others in my eyes, and the one indi And as Duplessis walked homeward vidual to whom all other girls are com- he, the calmest and most far-seeing of monplace.' "

all authorities on the Bourse - the man ** Is that true? is it?"

who, excepting only De Mauléon, most " True ! does a gentilhomme ever lie? decidedly deemed the cause of the wir a And out of that love for her has grown blunder, and most forebodingly anticipatthis immovable desire to be something ed its issues — caught the prevalent enworthy of her - something that may lift thusiasm. Everywhere he was stopped me from the vulgar platform of men who by cordial hands, everywhere met by owe all to ancestors, nothing to them- congratulating smiles.

- How right you selves. Do you suppose for one moment have been, Duplessis, when you have that I, saved from ruin and penury by laughed at those who have said, “The Valérie's father, could be base enough to Emperor is ill, decrepit, done up?!”

to her, “In return be Madame la "Vive l'Empereur ! at last we shall Marquise de Rochebriant'? Do you sup- be face to face with those insolent Pruspose that I, whom you would love and sians ! respect, as son, could come to you and Before he arrived at his home, passing say, • I am oppressed by your favours — 1 along the Boulevards, greeted by all the am crippled with debts - give me your groups enjoying the cool night air before millions and we are quits' ? No, Du- the cafés, Duplessis had caught the war plessis ! You, so well descended yourself epidemic. -so superior as man amongst men that Entering his hotel, he went at once to you would have won name and position Valérie's chamber. Sleep well to-night, had you been born the son of a shoeblack, child ; Alain has told me that he adores - you would eternally despise the noble thee, and if he will go to the war, it is who, in days when all that we Bretons that he may lay his laurels at thy feet. deem holy' in noblesse are subjected to Bless thee,' my child, thou coulást not ridicule and contempt, should so vilely have made a nobler choice." forget the only motto which the scutch Whether, after these words, Valérie eons of all gentilhommes have in common, slept well or not 'tis not for me to say ; 'Noblesse oblige.' War, with all its perils but if she did sleep, I venture to guess and its grandeur — war lifts on high the that her dreams were rose-coloured. banners of France, — war, in which every ancestor of mine whom I care to recall aggrandised the name that descends to All the earlier part of that next day me. Let me then do as those before me Graham Vane remained indoors

- a loves have done ; let me prove that I am worth ly day at Paris that 8th of July, and with something in myself

, and then you and I that summer day all hearts at Paris were are equals ; and I can say with no hum- in unison. Discontent was charmed into bled crest, * Your benefits are accepted : ' enthusiasm – Belleville and Montmartre the man who has fought not ignobly for forgot the visions of Communism and France may aspire to the hand of her Socialism and other “isms” not to be daughter. "Give me Valérie ; as to her realized except in some undiscovered Atdot - be it so, Rochebriant -- it will pass lantis ! to her children.”

The Emperor was the idol of the day

CHAPTER VII.

the names of Jules Favre and Gambetta | American what if, in all these assumpwere bywords of scorn. Even Armand tions, he was wholly mistaken? What if, Monnier, still out of work, beginning to in previously revealing his own heart, he feel the pinch of want, and fierce for any had decoyed hers — what if, by a deserrevolution that might turn topsy-turvy tion she had no right to anticipate, he had the conditions of labour,- even Armand blighted her future? What if this brilMonnier was found among groups that liant child of destiny could love as warmwere laying immortelles at the foot of the ly, as deeply, as enduringly as any simple column in the Place Vendome, and heard village girl to whom there is no poetry to say to a fellow-malcontent, with eyes except love? If this were so — what beuplifted to the statue of the First Napo- came the first claim on his honour, his leon, “ Do you not feel at this moment conscience, his duty ? that no Frenchman can be long angry

The force which but a few days ago with the little corporal ? He denied La his reasonings had given to the arguLiberte, but he gave La Gloire."

ments that forbade him to think of Isaura, Heeding not the stir of the world with became weaker and weaker, as now, in an out, Graham was compelling into one altered mood of reflection, he re-sumresolve the doubts and scruples which moned and re-weighed them. had so long warred against the heart All those prejudices

which had seemwhich they ravaged, but could not wholly ed to him such rational common-sense subdue.

truths, when translated from his own The conversations with Mrs. Morley mind into the words of Lady Janet's letand Rochebriant had placed in a light in ter,— was not Mrs. Morley right in dewhich he had not before regarded it, the nouncing them as the crotchets of an image of Isaura. He had reasoned from insolent egotism? Was it not rather to the starting-point of his love for her, and the favour than to the disparagement of had sought to convince himself that Isaura, regarded even in the man's naragainst that love it was his duty to strive. row-ininded view of woman's dignity, that

But now a new question was addressed thi: orphan girl could, with character so to his conscience as well as to his heart. unscathed, pass through the trying ordeal What though he had never formally de- of the public babble, the public gaze clared to her his affection never, in command alike the esteem of a woman so open words, wooed her as his own - nev- pure as Mrs. Morley, the reverence of a er even hinted to her the hopes of a union man so chivalrously sensitive to honour which at one time he had fondly enter-as Alain de Rochebriant ? tained, — still, was it true that his love Musing thus, Graham's countenance at had been too transparent not to be de- last brightened — a glorious joy entered tected by her, and not to have led her on into and possessed him. He felt as a to return it?

man who had burst asunder the swathes Certainly he had, as we know, divined and trammels which had kept him galled that he was not indifferent to her; at and miserable with the sense of captivity, Enghien, a year ago, that he had gained and from which some wizard spell that her esteem, and perhaps interested her took strength from his own superstition fancy.

had forbidden to struggle. We know also how he had tried to per He was free ! - and that freedom was suade himself that the artistic țempera- rapture ! - yes, his resolve was taken. ment, especially when developed in wo The day was now far advanced. He men, is too elastic to suffer the things of should have just time before the dinner real life to have lasting influence over with Duplessis to drive to A—where happiness or sorrow, — that in the pur- he still supposed Isaura resided. How, suits in which her thought and imagina- as his fiacre rolled along the well-rememtion found employ, in the excitement they bered road --- how completely he lived in sustained, and the fame to which they that world of romance of which he denied conduced, Isaura would be readily con- himself to be a denizen ! soled for a momentary pang of disap Arrived at the little villa, he found it pointed affection. And that a man su occupied only by workmen - it was under alien as himself, both by nature and by repair. No one could tell him to what habit, from the artistic world, was the residence the ladies who occupied it the very last person who could maintain deep last year had removed. and permanent impression on her actual “ I shall learn from Mrs. Morley," life or her ideal dreams. But what if, as thought Graham, and at her house he he gathered from the words of the fair called in going back, but Mrs. Morley

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was not at home; he had only just time, i The moon in her scientific aspect has aiter regaining his apartment, to change been sufficiently coy, however. Nothis dress for the dinner to which he was withstanding her nearness and the seeminvited. As it was, he arrived late, and ingly favourable conditions under which while apologizing to his host for his want we study her, very much less has been of punctuality, his tongue faltered. At discovered respecting her than the farther end of the room he saw a face, anticipated when Galileo first observed paler and thinner than when he had seen it last — a face across which a something

Imagined lands and regions in her orb. of grief had gone.

She remains in many respects a mystery The servant announced that Monsieur to We see little in her structure was served.

or aspect that is intelligible. Neverthe* Mr. Vane,” said Duplessis, “will you less, what has been learned is full of take in to dinner Mademoiselle Cico- interest, even in its very strangeness,

and in the perplexing problems which it suggests for our consideration.

Every one probably knows that the moon is nearly 240,000 miles from the

earth ; that she is about 2,100 miles in From The Cornhill Magazine.

diameter, (which is less than the earth's NEWS FROM THE MOON.

diameter, about as 100 is less than 367); The Earl of Rosse, to whose father the that the earth's surface exceeds hers world owes the telescope which turns its about 131-2 times, while the earth’s volgiant eye skywards from its underground ume exceeds the moon's about 49 1-2 home at Parsonstown, has recently pub- times. If to this we add that the moon lished, in the Bakerian Lecture of the is made of somewhat lighter material, Royal Society, the results of his success- or, to speak more exactly, that her mean ful efforts to measure the moon's heat. density is somewhat less than the earth's, It is not our purpose to consider specially so that the earth exceeds her 81 tines Lord Rosse's researches, which are in- in mass or quantity of matter, we have deed of such a nature as to be little suited'indicated the principal circumstances for these pages. We propose rather to which characterize the moon's globe as avail ourselves of the attention just now compared with the earth's. We shall directed to our satellite, in order to dis- have a word or two to add presently, howcuss some of the most remarkable and ever, about her probable shape. interesting facts which have been learned We commonly regard the moon as a respecting the moon, and especially of satellite of the earth, and we are taught those which are least likely to be familiar at school and in our text-books, that to the general reader. But we cannot while the earth travels round the sun, the refrain from touching on a strange though' moon travels round the earth. But in not unexpected result which follows from reality this is erroneous, or is at least Lord Rosse's researches. The cold, pale suggestive of error. The moon ought to moon, that

be regarded as a companion planet, travelClimbs the sky

ling with the earth around the sun. The So silently and with so wan a face, distinction is not at all a fanciful one. has been shewn to be in reality so warm, The earth is not the body whose force that no creature living on our earth could the moon chiefly obeys. On the contrary, endure contact with that heated surface. she is attracted more than twice as The middle of the disc of the "white full strongly by the sun. If the motions of moon” is hotter than boiling water. It the earth and moon could be watched has thus been the fate of science yet once

from some far-distant standpoint, the again to destroy an illusion which had observed movements would by no means for ages suggested a favorite poetical suggest the idea that the moon image. Poets will continue, indeed, to circling round the earth ; and in fact, if sing of the cold moon,

the earth were concealed from view while

her satellite was thus watched, the moon Chaste as the icicle

would appear to circuit round the sun in That's curded by the frost from purest snow, an orbit which could not be distinguished And hangs on Dian's temple ;

from that which the earth herself pursues. but to the student of astronomy the con- ' It is only from our earth as a standpoint trast between the poet's fancy and the that the moon seems to have the earth as reality will mar the imagery.

the centre round which she travels; and

was

to show how readily we may be deceived | strange circumstance that a fragment of when so viewing any celestial body, we a slab of green shale, pictured in Lyell's need only remember that, as seen from Geology, with casts of rain-prints left by the earth, even the sun seems to have a shower which fell ages on ages since, her as the centre of his motion. It is presents as true a picture of certain lunar well to know the true nature of the moon tracts, as a model cast expressly to illusin this respect; because when, instead trate what is seen in an actual photograph of regarding her as merely a satellite or (moon-painted) of one of those regions. attendant upon the earth, we regard her Whatever opinion may be formed as to as a companion planet - the least of the the significance of this fact, it is certain sun's inner family of planets — we per- that the present aspect of the crater-covceive that in studying her we are mak-ered regions is quite inconsistent with ing a first step towards the knowledge of the idea that there was a single continother worlds than ours.

uous era of crater formation. It is mani. The most striking feature in the moon's fest that the contour of the whole surface telescopic aspect is the wonderfully dis- has been changed over and over again turbed condition of her surface. Her by the forces which produced these face is scarred and pitted all over: nay, craters. this but faintly expresses her condition, Although we find little in the moon's since no one can examine the moon care- aspect which reminds us of features at fully with suitable telescopic power, with present presented by the surface of the out being impressed by the conviction earth, we must not too confidently asthat she has, so to speak, passed many sume that the two globes have been extimes through the fire. There are great posed to quite dissimilar processes of seams, as if at some early stage of her change. It is very difficult, indeed, to existence her whole globe had been rent form clear ideas as to the real conformaapart by internal forces ; and the dura- tion of the earth's crust underneath those tion of this early stage would appear to layers which have been formed, directly have been considerable, since there are or indirectly, by the action of air and several systems of these seams crossing water. It requires but a slight study of and intercrossing. Then would seem to geology to recognize how importantly have come an age during which large re- such action has affected our earth. Ingions sank as the moon cooled and con- deed, there is not a square foot of the tracted, leaving other regions elevated, earth's surface which does not owe its as in the case of the great ocean valleys present configuration either directly to and continent elevations of our own earth. weather changes and the action of water With further contraction

the in the form of rain or snow or stream or formation of great corrugations, the food, or else to processes such as vegelunar Alps and Apennines and other tation or the succession of various forms mountain ranges. But last of all, it may of animal life. In the moon, so far as be presumed (if the recent results of can be judged, we see the natural skeleMallet's researches into vulcanology are ton, as it were, of a planet, the rock surto be accepted), came the most wonder- face precisely as it was left when the inful of all the stages of disturbances, the ternal forces ceased to act with energy. great era of crater formation. One There has been no

“ weathering; would say that the surface of enormous wearing down of the surface by the aclunar tracts had bubbled over like some tion of water; no forests have formed seething terrestrial substance, were it carboniferous layers; no strata like our not that no materials known to us could chalk formations have been deposited ; form coherent bubbles spanning circular vegetation does not hide any part of the spaces many miles in diameter. Yet no surface ; no snows have fallen, and thereother description gives so just an idea of fore no glaciers grind down the rugged the actual appearance of extensive tracts surface of the lunar valleys. With one of the moon's surface, except one, equally exception, there is not, so far as can be or even perhaps more fanciful : -- if the judged, any process which is at work to whole of one of these regions, while still disintegrate or modify the sterile face of plastic from intensity of heat, had been the moon. The exception is the process rained upon by liquid meteoric masses of alternate expansion and contraction of many tons or even many hundreds of the moon's crust, as the lunar day and tons in weight, then something like the night pass on in slow succession. Unobserved appearance would probably questionably, the change from a heat of have resulted. Indeed, it is rather a some five hundred degrees at midday, to

came

no

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