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fection and promotes loyalty and which no Mason and Dixon's line will ever again keep asunder.
General Rosecrans said in Chattanooga in 1889, "It took great men to win that battle, but it takes greater men still, to wipe away all the illfeeling which naturally grows out of such a contest." Yet I believe the dedication of this field two years ago to the dead of both sides did more to obliterate old prejudices than any other event since the war, because in that dedication the valor and sincerity of the rank and file of the south was recognized, and this fact, the most sensible of southern people have been content to recognize as the only legacy history could fairly accord them. If a foreigner had stood upon this field two years ago and witnessed the commingling of the veterans of the north and the south, he must have felt that here, where the mountains of the Appalachian ranges begin to fade away into the plains of Georgia and Alabama, there has also faded away another great barrier-sectionalism-which threatened to be a mountain range of discord between us for a century, but which under the benignant policy of the north and the kindlier impulses of the south, has scarcely outlasted a generation.
General Fullerton said upon that occasion, recognizing this fraternal spirit: “These monuments do not tell of death, but of resurrection--of a new birth-the resurrection of the nation-of a people at last united in interests, in heart, in sentiment-of one flag and of one glorious destiny." If that is so of the granite and marble and bronze scattered along these memorable fronts of war, how much more is it true of the Pennsylvania monument we dedicate here to-day. It is an allegory that, interpreted in its broadest lines, becomes eloquent. A color sergeant falls; the flag never touches the earth, but is seized by a comrade and flung into the front rank of battle. So that bronze says; so these living witnesses say. Henceforth the flag of freedom leaguered with bayonets and shotted guns, riddled with bullets and torn with the storms of battle on a hundred blood-soaked fields, though often in peril, shall never again touch the earth, because thousands of brave arms north and south will be outstretched to bear it to victory or die under its righteous folds.
It is this thought that makes America master of the future, and with her sons north and south, east and west, once more gathered together, who can doubt henceforth she will be invincible.
HISTORICAL SKETCH OF REGIMENT. *
In the early part of August, 1861, Henry A. Hambright, of Lancaster, I was authorized by the Secretary of War to recruit a regiment. With
the exception of Company D, which was recruited in Washington county, the companies were all raised in Lancaster county. As fast as organized they were sent to Camp Wilkins, near Pittsburgh, and on the 11th of October the last company had arrived. The regimental organiza
*Extract from Bates' History of Pennsylvania Volunteers.
tion was effected by the selection of the following field officers: Henry A. Hambright, of Lancaster, Colonel; John H. Duchman, of Lancaster, Lieutenant Colonel; William S. Mellinger, of Monongahela City, Major. The officers and most of the privates had served in the three months'
command of the brigade composed of the Seventy-seventh, Seventyeighth and Seventy-ninth Pennsylvania Regiments, and on the afternoon of the 17th of October, it left camp and marched to Allegheny City, where the State colors were presented by Governor Curtin, who accompanied the presentation with a stirring address.
On the following day the brigade marched through the city of Pittsburgh, and embarked upon a fleet of steamers bound for Louisville, Kentucky. A short time before starting the deck of the steamer, Sir William Wallace, on which was a part of the Seventy-ninth, gave way with a tremendous crash, seriously injuring Adjutant C. R. Frailey, so much so as never after to return to the regiment. Daniel Landis, of Company B, and Daniel Clemens, leader of the band, also suffered some injuries. Soon after its arrival, the brigade proceeded by rail to Camp Nevin, on Nolin Creek, and three weeks later across the stream to Camp Negley. On the 17th of December it moved south, and after some delay at Bacon Creek it continued the march to Camp Wood, near Munfordsville, on the north bank of Green River. It was here engaged in drilling, and in picket, guard, and scout duty.
Upon the opening of the spring campaign, General A. McDowell McCook, to whose division Negley's Brigade had been assigned, was ordered to proceed north via the Ohio River, and join Grant in his movement upon Forts Henry and Donelson. At Bacon Creek the order was countermanded, and the division returned to Nashville. It remained in camp near the city until the 29th of March, when the Seventy-ninth was ordered to Columbia. Soon after its arrival a detachment under Captain Kendrick, of Company A, was sent out to repair the lines of telegraph between Columbia and Pulaski. While busily engaged in this duty it was suddenly pounced upon by a squad of Morgan's Cavalry, and nearly the whole party captured. As soon as intelligence reached headquarters, four companies under command of Major Mellinger, a squadron of cavalry, and a section of artillery, were dispatched in pursuit. When near Pulaski, the prisoners, who had been paroled, were met on their way back to camp. Mellinger moved forward to the town, encountering a few rebel pickets who fled rapidly as he approached, and occupied it without opposition. He was soon after relieved by Colonel Sirwell of the Seveuty-eighth and returned with his command to camp.
The Union forces in eastern and central Kentucky had at first been under the command of General Anderson, of Fort Sumter fame, but subsequently under General Sherman. The latter upon being relieved at his own request, was superseded by General Buell. Early in April the main body of the Army of the Cumberland moved to Pittsburg Landing, to the support of Grant, but the Seventy-ninth was left as a guard upon the Nashville and Decatur Railroad. On the 10th of May, General Negley, made an expedition to Rodgersville, Tennessee, the advance brigade consisting of the Seventy-eighth and Seventy-ninth Pennsylvania Infantry, two battalions of cavalry and a section of artillery, all under command of Colonel Hambright. The enemy was discovered upon the opposite side of the river, which is here about seven hundred yards wide. The brigade was hastily formed, the Seventy-ninth in advance, and opened fire. The enemy took shelter in some log huts standing along the shore, but were driven out by a few well directed shells. On the 16th the command moved on towards Florence. Before starting a detachment of eighty Inen, under command of Captain Klein, of Company F, was sent down the river in boats for the purpose of capturing and destroying rebel crafts and contraband property, that they should find on the way. In passing the Muscle Shoals, which extend ten or twelve miles, many difficulties were encountered, the boats grounding and the men being compelled to leap into the water and work their way through as best they could. Nine boats were destroyed and a rebel scout captured. From Florence the command returned again to Columbia.
On the 29th of May, General Negley was ordered to proceed with an independent force consisting of infantry, cavalry, and artillery across the mountains to Chattanooga. Colonel Hambright was now in command of the brigade which formed part of the force, and Major Mellinger of the regiment. The enemy's pickets were first encountered at Walden Ridge. They fell back, as Negley advanced, upon their main body under command of General Adams, drawn up in line of battle ready to dispute the passage of Sweden's Cove. Three companies of the Seventy-ninth, under Captain Klein, were thrown forward as skirmishers, which scoured the hills and brought in a few prisoners. The cavalry was held under cover in the timber, and the artillery, which had been brought up and advantageously posted, opened fire. A few shells sent the enemy flying in confusion, when the cavalry emerging from the woods, gave chase. Two miles out he was overtaken when a spirited skirmish ensued in which his loss was considerable. Without further opposition the command advanced, and arrived in front of Chattanooga on the 7th of June. The enemy was found on the opposite side of the river, well entrenched, close to the bank, and on the summit of the hill overlooking the stream, and prepared with artillery to dispute the crossing. Hambright's Brigade was ordered forward to reconnoitre the ford. Sypher's and Nell's sections of artillery were brought into position, with the Seventy-ninth in support, Company A, Captain Benson, being thrown forward to the river bank to act as sharpshooters and to pick off the enemy's gunners. The Fifth Kentucky Cavalry, Colonel Haggard, and the Seventh Pennsylvania Cavalry, Major Wynkoop, were thrown to the rear under cover, and out of the range of the enemy's guns for the protection of flanks and rear. His infantry soon opened from his entrenchments, and his artillery, consisting of one twenty-four pounder, one eighteen pounder, and four smaller pieces, was served with spirit. The fire was promptly returned, and for five hours a brisk cannonade was kept up, silencing his guns, and ·