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his meditations by the perusal of Dr. Kinglake's Dissertation.* He bas accordingly dedicated his last chapter to the refutation of Dr. K.'s doctrines, and to prove that mairy cases unquestionably occur, in which we speedy suppression of gouty inflammation is followed by alarming symptoms, constituting what has been termed retrocedert gout. It would appear, however, that in his own person, the refrigerant plan bas been always attended with the success which Dr. K.avers that it invariably produces; and we do not think that Dr. K. would desire a more pointed example to illustrate the treatment which he recommends. It appears to us that the author does not employ the term, cure, in the sense in which it is generally used in speaking of the gout ; and tbat hence that difference of his doctrines from those of Dr. K. and some others, is rather verbal than real. The latter apply the term cure to a single paroxysm ; the author seems to apply it to the removal of the gouty diathesis, or to the prevention of the disease.
The great object of the present treatise, however, is to demonstrate that the disposition to gout consists in a peculiar acrimony' of the fluids. The nature of this acrimony is not absolutely pointed out ; but it is supposed to be either the uric or lithic acid, or an approximation to that acid which contaminated the circulating Ruid. This hypothesis principally rests upon two facts. First, on the dis, covery of Dr. Wollaston, that arthritic concretions consist of lithate of soda ; and secondly, of the circumstance ascertained by Drs. Cullen, Cadogan, and others, and particularly exemplified by the anthor, that alkaline medicines are efficacious in removing or diminishing the gouty diathesis. The author, however, has followed up the doctrine with a great many arguments drawn from collateral circumstances, which give an air of considerable plausibility to his hypothesis. Yet we do not apprehend that our knowledge of gout and its cure will be greatly advanced by this dissertation, to which nevertheless we must award the meed of praise due to ingenuity of discussion. The utility of alkaline medicines has been long ago ascertained, but it will be vain, we believe, to attempt to correct the acrìinony of a. gouty habit by the feeble aid of a drug, while it is constantly and copiously generated by intemperance in all its forms. The author indeed lays considerable stress on the necessity of avoiding acid and acescent articles of diet.
Nodes of the joints arise, in the author's opinion, from the same prevalence of acid acrimony in the habit ; and the same medicine and regimen have been found effectually to counteract their formation, and to remove them when formed.
We wish that every hypothesis in medicine was submitted to the same test as is recommended by Horace for an epic poem ; nonum prematur in annum.' The aid of experiment and observation inight then be employed 10 strengthen or lo invalidate the suppositions of the mind. There is an appearance of crudity and immaturity in this work, from a deficiency of this sort of evidence'; and too much is taken for granted, to leave any satisfactory impression of solidity on the reader.
* See Crit. Rev. for April, 1805,
Art. 16.--A Manual of Anatomy and Physiology, reduced as
much as possible to a tabular Form, for the Purpose of fucili. tating to Students the Acquisition of these Sciences. By Thomas Luxmoore. Small 8vo. 88. 6d. Highley. 1805.
THIS little volume may be as useful, as some others that are published, on the table of the student in the dissecting room; for which purpose its brevity and tabular form recommend it. But in comparison with the excellent compendium of Mr. Fyfe, it is very jejune and superficial. The term Physiology, indeed, might have been omitted in the title page, without injustice to the work; for on this head litile or nothing is to be found in it. No mention, for ina siance, is made of a gastric fluid, or of digestion : nothing is said of the nature or use of the biie, of the pancreatic juice, of the saliva, &c. not a worri respecting the changes of the air in the lungs, or the purposes of respiration. The descriptions, however, are in all instances marked by great perspicuity ; the tables of the muscles, in which the situation, name, origin, insertion and use of each, are seen. at one view, are particularly clear. In this point the dissector will find the manual possessed of some advantages.
DRAMA. Art. 17.-The Delinquent; or, Seeing Company: a Comedy, in
Five Acts, as performed at the Theatre Royal, Covent Garden. By Frederick Reynolds. 8vo. 2s. 6d. Longman. 1805.
WE leave the fable of this drama to the perishable tomb of those ophemeral publications which have alreally enshrined it with more splendid obsequies than we should be inclined to afford. To say that it resembles other modern trash, were doing great injury to that trash. It is infinitely beneath the notice of the most frivolous. The Young Roscius, the Young Roscia, the Mclo-Dramas of Mr. M. Lewis, and the comedies of Mr. Reynolds, direct the taste of the day. We shall scarcely venture to contradict the decision of the public, and therefore shall close this short critique with an appropriate quotation, never desiring more to See the Company of the Delinquent.' (Vide epilogue.)
• Enter Young Doric hastily. •Y. Doric. Pheugh! I'm out of breah, I've run so fast to be be. forehand and fore:tall my partner and this sailor---Sir Allhur, you're restor’d to liberty, Sir Edward has releas'd his debt, Doric and Co. bave done the same, and should there still remain one who'd enforce the outlawry, I and the Major here, will give a ball, will pay the Savage with his own bank notes, or if that fails, hark’ye, ftaking
the Major aside) 'tis but to open the wrong chariot door, and Rolo like we'll shove him in a llerinitage.
• Mrs. Aub. Restor’d to freedom ! Olivia, unite with me again in thanking him.
• Olivia. I do,--with heartfelt gratitude and joy.
"Y, Doric. I do, Sir Arthur (in a melancholy tone.) I remember I left you out of my party, but if I luckily should get a wise and a more roomy mansion, speak--(aside to Major ugain) and I'll ask you to the wedding supper.
-- Major Tor. He'll ask me to the wedding supper! What say you, Olivia ? But here's the man.' P.72.
We had almost forgot the Prologue and Epilogue. The Prologue was written by a' Friend ;' and in a very friendly manuer, we allow, ne has amicably determined not to eclipse Mr. Reynolds. The Epilogue, which is no better than the Prologue, was penned by Mr. Fitzgerald.
Dir. Fitzgerald has occasionally written some goud verses, but he is no poet.'
Art. 18.--The Penance of Ilugo, a Vision on the French Revo.
lution. In the Manner of Dante, in four Cantos. Written on. the Occusion of the Death of Nicola Hugo de Basseville, &c. &c. Translated from the original Italian of V. Monti into English l'erse, with two additional Cantos, by the Reverend Flenry Boyd, 1... Sc. London, 1805.
IT was indeed a great Penance to toil through this book. Here then we stand, in a white sheet, with a taper in the right hand, and the · Vision on the French Revolution' in our left, and we declare it to be the most heavy, dull, and uninteresting performance we ever reviewed. We read the book- --we own we read the book-indeed we will never do so again--and we hope that our present confessional apology, will superindure a forgiveness of our sin. We bend to the respectable inquisition of the public, and are ready to expose before inal tribunal the erroneous opinions and heresies of the Pe.' nance of Hugo. It beginneth with the devil, and endeth with the blest confines of eternal light.' The book deserveth purgatory. A few words more of palinodia, and we have done.
Hugo Basseville was an agent in the French service, employed on the mission of revolutionising Rome. The 'quisquiliæ' were a little savage on the occasion ; they dragged him out of bis carriage, and killed him in the street. - According to poetical justice, the soul of this gentleman ought to have gone to a place which is hinted at in every page of the Vision--but no such thing; he was not quite bad cnough for that; so the poem opens with a sight of our hero, which makes us shudder for his spirit,
O'er the abyss with fecble pinions hung'
Icarus's wings would have melted in a moment, but Hugo's are made of asbestos, and must manage to hold him up through 137 pages. The following stanza is terrific and obscure: the essence of ihe sublime !
"The minor spirit, and the parted shade
Obeisance due; and, mounting on the gale,
The Sardian billows laved the rocky pale.' So much for Monsigner Monti-now for Mr. Boyd. A gentieman by the name of Anancus' (from Avácixn, necessitas.)
First of the gnomes is he, who wings his flight
And, Hades, wafted on his murky wing,
And leaves the bosom dead to honour's sting.' Gentlemen, you have probably had enough. The poem is in the manner of Dante only inasmuch as it is full of hell, devils, ' murky stinks,'' noisome fumes’ and Stygian fumes.'
The notes are taken from old newspapers—and the whole closes with the Witch of Lapland in Imitation of Gray's Descent of Odin.' The friend of Gaul, in a very apposite and complimentary manner to the witch, takes a metaphor from her broomstick, and says,
'Give me a wind,' the Demon cried,
To sweep the broad Atlantic tide.'
• The crone her crimson flag unfurled.' But peace to thee, spirit of Hugo !--peace to thee, witch of Lapland!
ART. 19.-Poems suggested chiefly by Scenes in Asia Minor, Sya
ria, &c. Embellished with two Views of the Source of the Scamander, and the Aqueduct Simois. By the late J. D. Carlyle, B.D. F.R.S.E. 4to. White. 1305.
WHEN the Earl of Elgin was sent ambassador to the Porte in 1799, it was thought desirable that his Lordship should he accompanied by some person of eminent learnın', who migh: improve the facilities then offered by the frien:!ly disposition of that court di ascertaining what treasures of literaiure were to be found in the public libraries of Constantinople. Mr. Carlyle was selected for this service without any solicitation on his part. The scenes which engaged his attention in Aca Minor and in the islands and shores of ihe Archipelago, suggested the subjects of the principal poems conlained in this small volume. They did not receive the finishing hand
of the author, who died very soon after his return. The languor and depression of sickness interrupted his literary employments, and finally prevented the revision and correction of the present poems, which under these circumstances are offered to the candiour of the pubjic by his sister. ller duiy as an editor has been performed with pious
With sisterly affection Miss Susanna Maria Carlyle appears to have regarded this little volume as a monument of respect to her deceased brother's memory, and she has therefore decorated it with all the elegance that the press can bestow.
It is sufficient for us to observe that these poetic trifles are such as might be expected from a person, who with a cultivated mind, but without any of the fire of poetic genius, should choose to write memorandums of his travels in measured lines rather than in prose.
Until we read the tale of Hopus, Mopus, and Tropus,' we could not have conceived it possible for a composition to be written so exactly in the spirit of Gray's Long Story. There is humour, but we do not smile'; and there is wit, but it does not make us laugh. It is a merry story related by a very grave doctor. The Salted Cherry,' is a salted cherry; we do not relish it. Art. 20.--The British Martial, or an Anthology of British
Epigrums. 2 vols. i2mo. Phillips. 1805. THE editor of this collection has prefixed a host of names of authors, from whose works he has selected the contents of two volumes, which contain 1052 epigrams, or lines with rhymes at the end, which he pleases to call by this name. He professes to have ransacked the writings of our most celebrated poets, from Prior and Pope down to Piozzi and Pye :'we trace his researches also in paths of literature whichhe does not explicitly profess to have trodden, and to which he owes obligations which be ought particularly to have acknowledged: we allude to the Quiddities of Quintus Quoz, the Fun-box broke 'open, the true Air Balloon Jester, and Timothy Grig's Delight; but we cannot say that he has reaped ibose advantages from the labours of others, which he might have done, or that his selections are discriminate and judicious.
That the reader may be apprized how far the editor is qualibed to perform the task which he has undertaken, he informs us, that a' natural taste for quips and quiddities has led him at an early period of life to turn over all the books in ancient and modern languages, in which be was likely to find either wit, point, or humour.' This we can pardon: we can readily excuse the mistake, which most men are apt to make in estimating their particular genius: but we cannot so easily forgive a positive falsehood, because the limits between truth and error on real circumstances of fact are clearly definable, and can be at all times ascertained with precision. Every inoral man before he admitted a book of this kind into his library would naturally look into the preface, to see whether, according to the professions of the editor, he might safely leave this collection to the perusal of casual curiosity ; and upon reading the following