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Belgic confession separately published, in the hope of making out from it the motives, by which the editors have been induced to quit the guiding hand of the compilers of the Syntagina. But, so scarce is the book in that form, that our search has been unsuccessful. We find, however, that the edition in the Sylloge corresponds with that which is contained in the Harmony of Confessions (lieneva, 1581,) on which occasion it was first translated into Latin by the editors of that work. We do not say that the Sylloge is wrong in giving us this copy, instead of that which is contained in the Syntagina; but we do 'maintain that the matter is not so clear as lo be quite unquestionable, and therefore a very low degree of respect for the public, we should bare thought, would have extorted some account of the reasons upon which the decision was founded.
The first presumption surely is, that a confession should not be published as Belgic, which has not the approbation and authority of the Belgian churches. To the Synod of Dort, the States General referred (April 29, 1619;) to exitInine the Belgic confession, in qua vihil mutatun cupiunt sine gravi et necessaria causa.' Upon which a question rose, what edition of this Confession should be taken for authentic, inasmuch as they differed greatly one from another. The choice of the Synod fell upon' that which is inserted in the Syntagma, quæ inseritur Syntagmati Ecclesiaram Reformatarum.' And on the following day this request was made, 'propter editionum varietatem, utexaretur exemplar aliquod' onum exactum, ordinum generaliuin authoritate confirmanduin (Hale's Remains, part 2, p. 160, 161.) Aiter which a revision was accordingly made, sanctioned and published by the Synod, and inseried in the later edition of the Syntagma, A.D. 165+, and this is the copy which has been rejected by the Oxford editors. We have already said that we do not, in other respects, contradict the propriety of this rejection.*
But if they desert the Syntagma once, when the reasonableness of that desertion, may seem to admit at least of some argumeut and question, why not leave it again in a second instance, which could admit of none? We allude to the case oftlie Augsburgh Confession, of this the reader onght to
On further examination, we see reason to conjeciure'that the cotition of the Syntagma, from which the Sylloge las been prmitent, has been that of 1012; for the Belgic Cofession there corresponds will that in the Harmonia. But, in the editors hansi chusen in pui a designed slight on the Synod of Dort, why, plot relius su Or did ibey know buthug or the edition vi 165+?
be informed that there are two còpies, (differing from each other, chiefly indeed in the article of the presence of Christ in the Lord's Supper, but by no means in that solely,) one only of which is accepted as authentic by the Lutherans, and the other has often been disclaimed by them, with zeal approaching almost to detestation. The spurious copy was Anserted in the Harmony of Confessions and in the Syntagma, and very great offence was given to the Lutherans by that insertion. Some sort of reparatiopindeed was made, (thougla * very inadequate one) in the Syntagma,respecting one article, which of course is retained in this edition, p. 194:
but it would Dave been much more worthy of the reputation of the ppiyersity, if the editors had given us an account of this matter, if they bad restored the authentic copy to its proper station, or had at the least given us an accurate collation of the vaviations between the two editions. The old avd autheptie
copy may be found in the Formula Concordiæ published at Leipsig in the year 158+, (as inay the new in that of 1580), in the works of Grotius, tom. 3. p. 537, &c. and in other places.
After the length to which our remarks have already extended, we cannot leave ourselves any more space on this subject, than to repeat our sense of the obligations which are
due to the university under whose auspices this excellent dec. sign has been carried on, and to express our earnest wishes for £ its fürther and successful prosecution. We do not apologize
for the freedom of our reinarks, because they are strictly in the 4. line of our duty, and we are sensible of the inotives from **hief Key proceed, which are, not merely a regard to the
public service, but a solicitude also for the reputation and - honour of the university. It is these motives which besides sociinduee us to express our earnest wishes for the further pro: sečution of this excellent undertaking, and embolden us to
suggest to the deliberation of its conductors the propriely of # republication of the works of Chillingworth ; of those of Cudwortly, (alter Dr. Birch's edition, and with a translation of the soles of Mosheim ;) and of a Pastoral Manual in one
voluine, which should comprize Verbert's Country Parson, 5. Burnet's Pastoral Care Gibson's Directions to his Clergy (per
haps also, Bishop laylor's, though already contained in the Enehiridion Theologicym) willi some other tracts, and with the Ottieces of Consecration and Ordination of Bishops, : Triests; and Deacons, to be prefixed to the wliolecon
start Should this suggestion, he counplied within it may be proper for the editors piheet in'mind the heirs tur procuring a correct edition which are given by Des Muizcuum in his life of Chillingworth, p. 223, itote 292, ditto,
Art. III:- Military Memoirs of Mr. George Thomas,' &c.
with Geographicnl and Statistical Accounts of several of the States composing the Interior of the Peninsula, &c. Compiled and arranged from Mr. Thomas's original Documents. By William Franklin, Captain of Infantry, Member of the Asintic Society Author of a Tour to Persia, and the History of Shah Aulum. Calcutta, 1803, Cadell and Davies, 1805.
Of all the subjects of biography, the life of a mere mix Jitary adventurer appears the least calculated to produce either utility or interest. Amongst men of this description we must look in vain for what is probably the most valuable result of the history of individuals, the ethics of private lite, and the distinctions of domestic character, and no greater advantage is likely to be derived from the consideration of what may be termcd their public character, which is commonly very uniform, from the pressure of similar circumstances, and the necessity of exerting similar qualities. We are equally at a loss to conceive what interest can be excited by a narrative of circumstances which are unimportant in a military point of view, and are very seldom accompanied with any serious political results.
The subject of the present memoirs seems, however, to be in some respects superior to the rest of the same class, and to command some little share of attention, from the peculiar nature of his views, and the means by which he endeavoured to carry them into effect. The life of General Thomas in the hands of a tolerable artist might have been rendered capable of being read with some degree of interest and information ; bụt the present biographer has foreseen the dif. ficulty of the task, and has therefore chosen not to lavish any portion of talent or industry on a pursuit whicb might not be attended with success; he has stripped his hero
of every appendage of circumstance or character, which Ir there was any nicety in attempting to describe, and left his r! victories and adventures in all the nakedness of a Gazette, s without any of its congiseness or particularity. In truth, . we have not often been condemned to labour with so little
pleasure or reward as in the case of the bulky yolume wbich
is at present before us; and we are fearful that in the few di impartial and even favourable extracts which we shall pro
duce, the public will feel very sensibly the truth of the assertion
- General George Thomas was a dative of Ireland, who went over to India in the year 1789, in the capacity of a sailor, and having deserted his ship, wandered for sonte time over the Peninsula, until he was employed in the military service of the Begmu Sumroo, and afterwards in that of Appakatidarow, a nahratia chieftain, from whoin he received as a subsidy for the forces de commanded, soine districts in the neighbourhood of Delhi.. With the means which were furnished by these possessions, le procured and kept up a small army, and having established himself in the country of Hurrianah,, to the worth-westward of the Peninsula, he declared himself an independent sovereign, and conceived the design of erecting an extensive empire by the
conquest of the Punjaub, a large and fertile district, which extends from Paumpul to the river Setlege. This design was never carried into execution, for his independence suuri became obnoxious to the Mahrattas, and the French interest prevailing in the councils of Dowlut Rao Scindiah, be was compelled in the year 1901 to give up his ideas of aggrandizement, and forced to take refuge within the British fruritier, and soon after died on his road to Calcutta in Au: gust, isce.
The attempt at establishing an independent sovereignty is the only particularity wliichi distingnishies Generál Thomas from the mass of European adventurers who songht for employment in the service of the native princes, and were easily admitted to important commands. To tliis objert General Thomas seeins to have been attracted by the prospect of the pleasure arising from its pursuit, rather than its accomplishment. It he entertained any serious hopes of success, bis ambition outstripped both his means and abilities. Though possessed of a strong athletic constitution, .ot saticieni military talent and personal courage, and of great mental and bodily activity, he wanted those enlarge vieris and that comprehensive capacity, which could alone insure 'lim success in the pursuit of his projects, by managing the political relations of the adjacent powers, and by combining and directing all the means which rere placed in his hands to the fulfillment of his ultimate object. Either fieneral Thomas did not possess, or His biographer has been pleased to deprive hun of these essential requisites, for he is at least represented in the rolume before usins a nicre partisan of considerable enterprize, but with niore ambition to devise than ability to execute, and less occupied with the important ends of war; than the bustle aud gratiaCation of fighting.
Captain Franklin has considerable merit in having accom. plished the construction ur a very buty rotuune, notuithe
standing the provoking meagreness of his stýle, and the scanty store of materials with which he has been supplied. The şurprize of the reader will be somewhat increased, when he learns, that so far from complying with the modern custom of introducing us to his hero, after the manner of Sterne, long before his birth, he hurries us at once to the more important period of his life-in medias res Non secus ac notas rapit—and after a few lines of prefatory observations, gives us to understand as follows:
• From the best information we could procure, it appears that Mr. George Thomas first came to India in a British ship of war, in 1781-2: his situation was humble, having served as a quarter-master, or, as is affirmed by some, in the capacity of a common sailor.
Shortly after landing in the vicinity of Madras, the activity of his mind overcoming the lowliness of his situation, he determined to quit the ship, and embrace a life more suitable to his ardent disposition.
• His first service was amongst the Polygars, to the southward, where he resided a few years; but at length setting out overland, he spiritedly traversed the central part of the peninsula, and about the year 1787 arrived at Delhi : here he received a commission'in , the service of the Begum Sumroo. This lady is well known in the history of the transactions of modern times. Soon after his arrival at Delhi, the Begum, with her usual judgment and discrimination of character, advanced him to a command in her army. From this period his military career in the north-west of India may be said to have commenced."
**** • But unfortunately for the mutual interests of both para ties, after a residence of six or seven years, Mr. Thomas had the mortification to find himself supplanted in the good opinion of the Begum; his authority was assumed by a more successful rival.'
The exquisite conciseness of this narrative will excite as much applause as the candour and mildness which induces our author to refer to extraordinary mental activity the simple act of deserting from one of his Majesty's ships ; a species of energy, however, which we wish was a little less in fashion. We have also great praise to bestow upon the simplicity with which our author discourses upon circumstanees of genuine importance, as for instance :
* Arriving at Goorath, a large and populous village, he imposed heaty contributions. These amounted to a considerable sum, He found here also an ample supply of bullocks and forage.
Continuing his march, after a long and tedious day's journey, he encamped near the town of Tejara, a place in the centre of the Mewaitee district. The night was dark and rainy. This and the extreme fatigue of the soldiers conspired to render successful an C#it. Ryv, Vol. 7. Murch, 1806.