Stoics, their philosophy, i. 392. 399. 401.

statesman, 2-5 ; his family, 6 ; his early life,
Strafford, Earl of, i. 62; his character as a 7 ; his courtship of Dorothy Osborne, 7, 8;

statesman, 62; bill of attainder against him, historical interest of his love-letters, 8, 9;
63; his character, 201 ; his impeachment, his marriage, 11; his residence in Ireland, 11;
• attainder, and execution, 203 ; defence of the his feelings towards Ireland, 12 ; attaches
proceedings against him, 209.

himself to Arlington, 14; his embassy to
Strawberry Hill, i. 266. 272.

Munster, 14 ; appointed resident at the court
Subsidies, foreign, in the time of Charles II., of Brussels, 15; danger of his position, 15;
i. 89.

his interview with De Witt, 16; his negotia-
Subsidising foreign powers, Pitt's aversion to, tion of the Triple Alliance, 17--19; his fame
i. 301.

at home and abroad, 19; his recall, and fare.
Succession in Spain, War of the, i. 235. See well of De Witt, 20; his cold reception and
also Spain,

dismissal, 21 ; style and character of his com-
Sujah Dowlah, Nabob Vizier of Oude, ii. 193; positions, 22 ; charged to conclude a separate
his flight, 195 ; his death, 217.

peace with the Dutch, 24-26 ; offered the
Sulivan, Mr., chairman of the East India Com Secretaryship of State, 26; his audiences of

pany, his character, ii. 113; his relation to the king, 26. 28; his share in bringing about
Clive, 115.

the marriage of the Prince of Orange with
Sumner, Rev. C. R., i. 91.

the Lady Mary, 26; required to sign the
Sunderland, Earl of, i. 289 ; Secretary of State, treaty of Nimeguen, 26; recalled to England,

ii. 335 ; appointed Lord Lieutenant of Ire. 26 ; his plan of a new privy council, 28. 34 ;
land, 351 ; reconstructs the ministry in 1717, his alienation from his colleagues, 41, 42; his

conduct on the Exclusion Question, 42;
Superstition, instances of, in the 19th century, leaves public life and retires to the country,
ii. 132.

42, 43, his literary pursuits, 44 ; his amanu-
Supreme Court of Calcutta, account of, ij. 200. ensis, Swift, 44 ; his Essay on Ancient and
Surajah Dowlah, Viceroy of Bengal, his cha Modern Learning, 45; his Essay on the Let-

racter, ii. 99; the monster of the “Black ters of Phalaris, 46 ; his death and character,
Hole," 100; his flight and death, 105. 107;

49, 50.
investigation by the House of Commons into Tessé, Marshal, i. 253.

the circumstances of his deposition, ii. 123. Thackeray, Rev. Francis, review of his Life of
Sweden, her part in the Triple Alliance, ii. 18; the Rt. Hon. William Pitt, Earl of Chatham,
her relations to Catholicism, 140.

&c., i. 286; his style and matter, 286, 287.
Swift, Jonathan, his position at Sir William 295 ; his omission to notice Chatham's con-

Temple's, ii. 44; instance of his imitation of duct towards Walpole, 295, 296.
Addison, 323; his relations with Addison, | Thales, ii. 129.
350, 351; joins the Tories, 351,

Theatines, ii. 135.
Swiss and Spanish soldiers in the time of Mach- | Theology, characteristics of the science of, ii.
iavelli, character of, i. 45.

Sydney, Algernon, i, 90 ; his reproach on the Thrale, Mrs., i. 174; her position and character,
'scaffold to the sheriffs, 343.

ii. 296; her regard for Miss Burney, 296.
Sydney, Sir Philip. i. 235.

Thurlow, Lord, ii. 125, 227. 237 ; his weight in
Syllogistic process, analysis of, by Aristotle, i. the government, 227.

Tickell, Thomas, Addison's chief favourite, ii.
339; his translation of the first book of the
Iliad, 353, 354 ; character of his intercourse
with Addison, 354; appointed by Addison

Under-secretary of State, 358; Addison en-
Talleyrand, his fine perception of character, i. trusts his works to him, 359; his elegy on the
86 ; ii. 5 ; picture of him at Holland House, death of Addison, 360.

Tindal, his character of the Earl of Chatham's
Tasso, i. 159 : difference of the spirit of his maiden speech, i. 292.
poem from that of Ariosto, ii. 138; specimen Toledo, admission of the Austrian troops into
from Hoole's translation, 324.

(in 1705), i. 255.
Tatler (The), its origination, ii. 340, 341 ; its | Toleration, religious, the safest policy for

popularity, 343; change in its character, 345; L governments, i. 60, conduct of James II. as
its discontinuance, 345.

a professed supporter of it, 333-337.
Taxation, principles of, i. 107, 108.

Tories, their popularity and ascendency in 1710,
Teignmouth, Lord, his high character and i. 259 ; description of them during the sixty
regard for Hastings, ii. 225.

years following the Revolution, 264 ; of Wal.
Telemachus, the standard of morality in, ii. pole's time, 291; mistaken reliance by James

II. upon them, 338, their principles and con-
Tempest, the Great, of 1703, ii. 334.

duct after the Revolution, 345 ; contempt
Temple, Lord, First Lord of the Admiralty in into which they had fallen (1754), ii. 97; Clive
the Duke of Devonshire's administration, i. unseated by their vote, 97 ; their joy on the
303 ; his parallel between Byng's behaviour accession of Anne, 330, 331 ; analogy be.
at Minorca and the king's behaviour at Oude tween their divisions in 1704 and in 1826,
narde, 304 ; his resignation of office, ii. 373; 331 ; their attempt to rally in 1707, 335 :
supposed to have encouraged the assailants of called to office by Queen Anne in 1710, 343;
Bute's administration, 379; dissuades Pitt their conduct on occasion of the first repre-
from supplanting Grenville, 390; prevents sentation of Addison's Cato, 342 ; their ex-
Pitt's acceptance of George III's offer of pulsion of Steele from the House of Com-
the administration, 391 ; his opposition to mons, 350; possessed none of the public pa.
Rockingham's ministry on the question of tronage in the reign of George I., 362; their
the Stamp Act, 394 ; quarrel between him hatred of the House of Hanover, 362, 363. 367;
and Pitt, 399, 400.

paucity of talent among them, 363; their joy
Temple, Sir William, review of Courtenay's on the accession of George III., 368; their
Memoirs of, ii. 1-50 ; his character as a political creed on the accession of George I.,

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369; in the ascendant for the first time since | Usurper (a), to obtain the affection of his sub-
the accession of the House of Hanover, 376;1 jects must deserve it, ii. 367.
See Whigs.

Utility the key of the Baconian doctrine, i. 389.
Tories and Whigs after the Revolution, i. 92, Utrecht, the treaty of, exasperation of parties
Torture, the application of, by Bacon in on account of it, i. 261, 262; dangers that

Peacham's case, i. 369, 370; its use forbid were to be apprehended from it, 262; state
den by Elizabeth, 371; Mr. Jardine's work of Europe at the time, 262; defence of it,
on the use of it, 371.

263, 264.
Tory, a modern, i. 260; his points of resem-
blance and of difference to a Wbig of Queen

Anne's time, 260.
Toulouse, Count of,compelled by Peterborough Vandyke, his portrait of the Earl of Strafford,
to raise the siege of Barcelona, i. 254.

i. 202.
Townshend, Lord, his quarrel with Walpole Vansittart, Mr., Governor of Bengal, his posi-
and retirement from public life, i. 289.

tion, ii. 185 ; his fair intentions, feebleness,
Townshend, Charles, ii. 366; his exclamation and inefficiency, 185.
during the Earl of Bute's maiden speech, 1 Varelst's portrait of James II., i. 133.
374 ; his opinion of the Rockingham admi- Vattel, ii. 372.
nistration, 392; Chancellor of the Exchequer Vega, Garcilasso de la, a soldier as well as a
in Pitt's second administration, 399; Pitt's poet, i. 238.
overbearing manners towards him, 401 ; his Vendome, Duke of, takes the command of the
insubordination, 402; his death, 403.

Bourbon forces in Spain (1710), i. 258.
Town Talk, Steele's, ii. 332.

Venice, republic of, next in antiquity to the
Tragedy, how much it has lost from a false no line of the Supreme Pontiffs, ii. 128.
tion of what is due to its dignity, ii. 9.

Verona, protest of Lord Holland against the
Trainbands of the City (the), i. 214, 215; their course pursued by England at the Congress
public spirit, 227.

of, ii. 175.
Transubstantiation, a doctrine of faith, ii. 130. Verres, extensive bribery at the trial of, i. 392.
Travel, its uses, i. 188; Johnson's contempt Versification, modern, in a dead language, i.5.
for it, 188.

Veto, by Parliament on the appointment of
Treadmill, the study of ancient philosophy ministers, i. 74; by the Crown on acts of
compared to labour in the, i. 391.

Parliament, 74.
Treason, high, did the articles against Strafford Voltaire the connecting link of the literary
amount to?'i. 63; law passed at the Revolu schools of Louis XIV.and Louis XVI., i. 160;
tion respecting trials for, 343.

Horace Walpole's opinion of him, 269 ; me-
Trent, general reception of the decisions of the ditated a history of the conquest of Bengal,
council of, ii. 140.

ii. 125 ; his character and that of his compeers,
Trial of the legality of Charles I.'s writ for 145 ; his interview with Congreve, 173; com-

ship-money, i. 203; of Strafford, 208 ; of pared with Addison as a master of the art of
Warren Hastings, ii. 235.

ridicule, 341, 342.
Tribunals, the large jurisdiction exercised by Vigo, capture of the Spanish galleons at, in 1702,
those of Papal Rome, ii. 134.

i. 249.
Triennial Bili, consultation of William III.with Villani, John, his account of the state of Flo-
Sir William Temple upon it, ii. 44.

rence in the 14th century, i. 32.
Triple Alliance, circumstances which led to Villa-Viciosa, battle of, 1710, i. 258.
it, ii. 15~-18; its speedy conclusion and im- Villiers, Sir Edward, i. 378.
portance, 18-20; Dr. Lingard's remarks on Virgil not so "correct" a poet as Homer, i.
it, 19; its abandonment by the English go 153 ; skill with which Addison imitated him,
vernment, 21; reverence for it in Parliament, ii. 322.

Vision of Judgment, Southey's, i. 103.
Tudors (the), their government popular though
despotic, i, 226; dependent on the public fa-
vour, 228, 229; corruption not necessary to

them, 275; parallel between the Tudors and
the Cæsars not applicable, 229.

Wages, effect of attempts by government to
Turgot, M., veneration with which France limit the amount of, ii. 154.
cherishes his memory, ii. 127.

Waldegrave, Lord, made First Lord of the
Turkey-carpet style of poetry, i. 126.

Treasury by George II., i. 307; his attempt
Turner, Colonel, the Cavalier, anecdote of him, to form an administration, 307
i. 80.

Wales, Frederic Prince of, joined the opposi.
Tuscan poetry, Addison's opinion of, ii. 334. tion to Walpole, 292 ; his marriage, 292;

makes Pitt his groom of the bedchamber,

295 his death, 298; headed the opposition,

ii. 363 ; his sneer at the Earl of Bute, 369.

Wales, Princess Dowager of, mother of George
Union of England with Scotland, its happy re III., ii. 369 ; popular ribaldry against her,

sults, ii. 68 ; of England with Ireland, its un 1377.
satisfactory results, 68 ; illustration in the Wales, the Prince of, generally in opposition
Persian fable of King Zohak, 69.

to the minister, i. 291.
United Provinces, Temple's account of, a mas-Wallenstein, ii. 86.
terpiece in its kind, ii, 22.

Waller, Edmund, his conduct in the House of
Unities (the), in poetry, i. 154.

Commons, i. 333; similarity of his character
Unity, hopelessness of having, ii, 69.

to Lord Bacon's, 367.
Universities, their principle of not withholding Walpole, Lord, i. 179. 181.

from the student works containing impurity, Walpole, Sir Horace, review of Lord Dover's
ii. 150; of Oxford and Cambridge, change in edition of his Letters to Sir Horace Mann,
their position in relation to the government i. 264 ; eccentricity of his character, 264, 265;
when Bute became minister, 376.

his politics, 265; his affectation of philosophy,

267 ; his unwillingness to be considered a Wheeler, Mr., his appointment as Governor-
man of letters, 267 ; his love of the French General of India, ii. 204 ; his conduct in the
language, 268; character of his works, 270, council, 205. 207. 212.
271; his sketch of Lord Carteret, 283.

Whigs (the), their unpopularity and loss of
Walpole, Sir Robert, his retaliation on the power in 1710, i, 259; their position in Wal-

Tories for their treatment of him, i. 261; the pole's time, 291, 292; doctrines and litera.
“glory of the Whigs," 274; his character, ture they patronised during the seventy
274, et seq. ; the charge against him of cor years they were in power, 344; exclamations
rupting the Parliament, 276 ; his dominant of George 11. against them, 346 ; their vio.
passion, 276; his conduct in regard to the lence in 1679, 332; the king's revenge on
Spanish war, 277 ; formidable character of them, 332; revival of their strength, 333;
the opposition to him, 278. 290 ; his last their conduct at the Revolution, 339, 340;
struggle, 279; outcry for his impeachment, aster that event, 340 ; Mr. Courtenay's re-
279; his conduct in reference to the South mark on those of the 17th century, ii. 2 ;
Sea bubble, 288 ; his conduct towards his attachment of literary men to them after the
colleagues, 289; found it necessary to resign, Revolution, 324; their fall on the accession
295 ; bill of indemnity for witnesses brought of Anne, 330. 343; in the ascendant in 1705,
against him, 296 ; his maxim in election 335 ; Queen Anne's dislike of them, 343;
questions in the House of Commons, ii. 97 ; their dismissal by her, 343; their success in
his many titles to respect, 177.

the administration of the government, 344 ;
Walpolean battle, the great, i, 273.

dissensions and reconstruction of the Whig
Walsingham, the Earl of (16th century), i. 235. government in 1717, 357 ; enjoyed all the
Wanderer, Madame D'Arblay's, ii. 313.

public patronage in the reign of George I.,
War, the Art of, by Machiavelli, i. 46.

362; acknowledged the Duke of Newcastle
War of the Succession in Spain, Lord Mahon's, as their leader, 364 ; their power and in-
review of, 235-234. See Spain.

fluence at the close of the reign of George
War, languid, condemned, i. 77 ; Homer's de II., 365; their support of the Brunswick

scriptions of, ii. 332, 333; descriptions of by dynasty, 366; division of them into two
Silius Italicus, 333; against Spain, coun classes, old and young, 391 ; superior cha-
selled by Pitt and opposed by Bute, 373; racter of the young Whig school, 392. See
found by Bute to be inevitable, 374; its con Tories.
clusion, 376; debate on the treaty of peace, Whig and Tory, inversion of the meaning of,

i. 259..
War, civil. See Civil war.

Wnigs and Tories after the Revolution, i. 91 ;
Warburton, Bishop, his views on the ends of their relative condition in 1710, 259; their

government, ii. 78 ; his social contract a fic essential characteristics, ii. 361; their trans-
tion, 78; his opinion as to the religion to be formation in the reign of George I., 361,
taught by government, 80.

362 ; analogy presented by France, 361 ;
Warning, not the only end of punishment, their relative progress, i. 259; subsidence of
i. 64.

party spirit between them, ii. 363; revival
Warwick, Countess Dowager of, ii. 357 ; her under Bute's administration of the animosity

marriage with Addison, 357. c.hind hown whetween them, 377; minimum
Warwick, Earl of, makes mischief between Whitgist, master of Trinity College, Cam-

Addison and Pop', ii. 355 ; his dislike of bridge, his character, i. 353 ; his Calvinistic
the marriage between Addison and his mo doctrines, ii. 75 ; his zeal and activity against
ther, 356 ; his character, 356.

the Puritans, 141.
Way of the World, by Congreve, its merits, | Wickliffe, John, juncture at which he rose, ii.
ii. 173.

133; his influence in England, Germany,
Wealth, tangible and intangible, i. 106; na- and Bohemia, 133.

tional and private, 107. 119; its diffusion in Wilberforce, William, ii. 232.
Russia and Poland as compared with England, Wilkes, John, conduct of the government with
119; its accumulation and diffusion in Eng respect to his election for Middlesex, i. 94 ;
land and in Continental states, 119.

his comparison of the mother of George III.
Wedderburne, Alexander, his able defence of to the mother of Edward III., ii. 378 ; his

Lord Clive, ii. 125, 126 ; his urgency with persecution by the Grenville administration,
Clive to furnish Voltaire with the materials 384 ; description of him, 394; his North
for his meditated history of the conquest of

Briton, 384; his committal to the Tower,
Bengal, 125.

385); his discharge, 385 ; his Essay on Wo-
Weekly Intelligencer (The), extract from, on man laid before the House of Lords, 386 ;
Hampden's death, i. 220.

fights a duel with one of Lord Bute's de-
Weldon, Sir A., his story of the meadness of pendants, 386 ; flies to France, 386 ; his
Bacon, i. 173.

works ordered to be burnt by the hangman,
Wellesley, Marquis, his eminence as a states. and himself expelled the House of Com-

man, ií. 28 ; his opinion as to the expediency mons, and outlawed, 386 ; obtains damages
of reducing the numbers of the Privy Coun in an action for the seizure of his papers,
cil, 28.

386 ; returns from exile and is elected for
Wellington, Duke of, ii. 222. 333.

Middlesex, 403.
Wendover, its recovery of the elective fran-Wilkie, David, recollection of him at Holland
chise, i. 196.

House, ii. 181 ; failed in portrait-painting,
Wentworth. See Strafford, Earl of.

Wesley (Joho), Southey's Life of, i. 100 ; hi William III., low state of national prosperity

dislike to the doctrine of predestination, ii. and national character in his reign, i. 92;

his feeling in reference to the Spanish suc-
Westminster Hall, ii. 199; the scene of the cession, 246 ; unpopularity of his person and
trial of Hastings, 234.

measures, 246 ; suffered under a complica-
Westphalia, the treaty of, ii. 134. 144.

tion of diseases, 247; his death, 248 ; limita-
Wharton, Earl of, lord lieutenant of Ireland, tion of his prerogatives, 276 ; compact with
ii. 339; appoints Addison chief secretary, 339. the Convention, 340; his habit of consulting



Temple, ii. 44 ; coalition which he formed | Wycherley, William, his literary merits and against Louis XIV. secretly favoured by faults, ii. 157 ; his birth, family, and educa. Rome, 144; his vices not obtruded on the tion, 157; age at which he wrote his plays, public eye, 167 ; his assassination planned, 158; his favour with the Duchess of Cleve168 ; Addison's Lines to him, 322 ; reference land, 158, 159; his marriage, 161 ; his emto him, 389.

barrassments, 161 ; his acquaintance with Williams, Dean of Westminster, his services Pope, 162, 163; his character as a writer,

to Buckingham, and counsel to him and the 164, 165 ; his severe handling by Collier, king, i. 378,

170; analogy between him and Congreve, Williams, John, his character, ii. 240. 296; 175.

employed by Hastings to write in his de- Wyndham, Mr., his opinion of Sheridan's fence, 240.

speech against Hastings, ii. 233; his arguWilliams, Sir William, his character as a ment for retaining Francis in the impeachlawyer, i. 364 ; his view of the duty of coun ment against Hastings, 234; his appearance sel in conducting prosecutions, 364.

at the trial, 236; his adherence to Burke, Wimbledon Church, Lord Burleigh attended 239.

mass at, i. 222. Wine, excess in, not a sign of illbreeding in the

reign of Queen Anne, ii. 337. “ Wisdom of our ancestors," proper value of the plea of, ii. 319, 320.

Xenophon, his report of the reasoning of SoWit, Addison's compared with that of Cowley crates in confutation of Aristodemus, ii. 129.

and Butler, ii. 341. Witt, John de, power with which he governed

Holland, ii. 14; his interriew with Temple, 16; his manners, 16, 17; his confidence in Temple and deception by Charles's court, 20, 21; York, Duke of, ii. 28; anxiety excited by his his violent death, 22.

sudden return from Holland, 41; detestation Wolcot, ii. 296.

of him, 41; revival of the question of his Wolfe, General, Pitt's panegyric upon, i. 294 ; exclusion, 41.

his conquest of Quebec, and death, 307; monu-York House, the London residence of Bacon ment voted to him, 307.

and of his father, i. 377. 387. Woodfall, Mr., his dealings with Junius, ii. 197. Yonge, Sir William, i. 291. Wordsworth, relative "correctness" of his Young, Dr., his testimony to Addison's collo

poetry, i. 153; Byron's distaste for, 159; cha- quial powers, ii. 337.

racteristics of his poems, 160. 163. Works, public, employment of the public

wealth in, i. 108; public and private, com

parative value of, 108, 109. Writing, grand canon of, i. 236.

Zohak, King, Persian fable of, ii. 69

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