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we have already intimated, his opinions / How sweet were once thy prospects fresh on two or three great questions of fo- my
Thy sloping walks and unpolluted air! reign policy were open to just objec
How sweet the glooms beneath thine aged tion. Yet even his errors, if he erred, trees, were amiable and respectable. We are
Thy noon-tide shadow and thine evening
breeze! not sure that we do not love and admire His image thy forsaken bowers restore; him the more because he was now and Thy walks and airy prospects charm no then seduced from what we regard as a
more; wise policy by sympathy with the op
No more the summer in thy glooms al
layed, pressed, by generosity towards the fallen, Thine evening breezes, and thy noon-day by a philanthropy so enlarged that it
shade." took in all nations, by love of peace, a love which in him was second only to
Yet a few years, and the shades and the love of freedom, and by the magna- structures may follow their illustrious nimous credulity of a mind which was masters. The wonderful city which, as incapable of suspecting as of devi ancient and gigantic as it is, still contising mischief.
nues to grow as fast as a young town
of logwood by a water-privilege in policy the voice of his countrymen does Michigan, may soon displace those turample justice. They revere the memory rets and gardens which are associated of the man who was, during forty years, with so much that is interesting and the constant protector of all oppressed noble, with the courtly magnificence of races and persecuted sects, of the man
Rich, with the loves of Ormond, with whom neither the prejudices nor the in
the counsels of Cromwell, with the terests belonging to his station could
death of Addison. The time is coming seduce from the path of right, of the
when, perhaps, a few old men, the last noble, who in every great crisis cast in survivors of our generation, will in vain his lot with the commons, of the planter,
seek, amidst new streets, and squares, who made manful war on the slave
and railway stations, for the site of that trade, of the landowner, whose whole
dwelling which was in their youth the heart was in the struggle against the favourite resort of wits and beauties, of corn-laws.
painters and poets, of scholars, philoWe have hitherto touched almost ex-sophers, and statesmen. They will then clusively on those parts of Lord Hold remember, with strange tenderness, land's character which were open to many objects once familiar to them, the the observation of millions. How shall avenue and the terrace, the busts and we express the feelings with which his the paintings, the carving, the grotesque memory is cherished by those who were
gilding, and the enigmatical mottoes. honoured with his friendship ? Or in
With peculiar fondness they will recall what language shall we speak of that that venerable chamber, in which all the house, once celebrated for its rare at-|
| antique gravity of a college library was tractions to the furthest ends of the ci- so singularly blended with all that fevilized world, and now silent and deso
male grace and wit could devise to late as the grave ? To that house, a embellish a drawing-room. They will hundred and twenty years ago. a poet recollect, not unmoved, those shelves addressed those tender and graceful
se tender and gracefull loaded with the varied learning of many lines, which have now acquired a new lands and many ages, and those pormeaning not less sad than that which traits in which were preserved the feathey originally bore.
tures of the best and wisest Englishmen
of two generations. They will recollect “Thou hill, whose brow the antique struc | how many men who have guided the
tures grace, Reared by bold chiefs of Warwick's noble politics of Europe, who have moved race,
great assemblies by reason and eloWhy, once so loved, whene'er thy bower quence, who have put life into bronze
appears, O'er my dim eyeballs glance the sudden
and canvass, or who have left to postetears?
rity things so written as it shall not willingly let them die, were there mixed thing unworthy of men who were diswith all that was loveliest and gayest tinguished by the friendship of Lord in the society of the most splendid of Holland. capitals. They will remember the peculiar character which belonged to that circle, in which every talent and accomplishment, every art and science, had its
WARREN HASTINGS. place. They will remember how the
(OCTOBER, 1841.) last debate was discussed in one corner,
"Memoirs of the Life of Warren Hastings, and the last comedy of Scribe in an
I first Governor-General o; Bengal. Comother ; while Wilkie gazed with modest piled from Original Papers, by the Rev. admiration on Sir Joshua's Baretti. G. R. GLEIG, M.A. 3 vols. 8vo. London: while Mackintosh turned over Thomas
1841. Aquinas to verify a quotation; while We are inclined to think that we shall Talleyrand related his conversations best meet the wishes of our readers, if, with Barras at the Luxembourg, or instead of minutely examining this his ride with Lannes over the field of book, we attempt to give, in a way neAusterlitz. They will remember, above cessarily hasty and imperfect, our own all, the grace, and the kindness, far more view of the life and character of Mr. admirable than grace, with which the Hastings. Our feeling towards him is princely hospitality of that ancient not exactly that of the House of Commansion was dispensed. They will re- mons which impeached him in 1787 ; member the venerable and benignant neither is it that of the House of Comcountenance and the cordial voice of mons which uncovered and stood up to him who bade them welcome. They receive him in 1813. He had great will remember that temper which years qualities, and he rendered great services of pain, of sickness, of lameness, of con- to the state. But to represent him as a finement, seemed only to make sweeter man of stainless virtue is to make him and sweeter, and that frank politeness, ridiculous; and from regard for his which at once relieved all the embar- memory, if from no other feeling, his rassment of the youngest and most friends would have done well to lend timid writer or artist, who found him- no countenance to such adulation. We self for the first time among Ambassa- believe that, if he were now living, he dors and Earls. They will remember would have sufficient judgment and that constant flow of conversation, so sufficient greatness of mind to wish to natural, so animated, so various, so rich be shown as he was. He must have with observation and anecdote; that known that there were dark spots on wit which never gave a wound; that his fame. He might also have felt with exquisite mimicry which ennobled, in- pride that the splendour of his fame stead of degrading; that goodness of would bear many spots. He would heart which appeared in every look and have wished posterity to have a likeness accent, and gave additional value to of him, though an unfavourable likeness, every talent and acquirement. They rather than a daub at once insipid and will remember, too, that he whose name unnatural, resembling neither him nor they hold in reverence was not less dis- any body else. “ Paint me as I am," tinguished by the inflexible uprightness said Oliver Cromwell, while sitting to of his political conduct than by his young Lely. “If you leave out the scars loving disposition and his winning and wrinkles, I will not pay you a manners. They will remember that, in shilling.” Even in such a trifie, the the last lines which he traced, he ex- great Protector showed both his good pressed his joy that he had done no- sense and his magnanimity. He did not thing unworthy of the friend of Fox wish all that was characteristic in his and Grey; and they will have reason countenance to be lost, in the vain atto feel similar joy, if, in looking back tempt to give him the regular features on many troubled years, they cannot and smooth blooming cheeks of the accuse themselves of having done any curl-pated minions of James the First.
He was content that his face should go | last Hastings of Daylesford had preforth marked with all the blemishes sented his second son to the rectory of which had been put on it by time, by the parish in which the ancient resiwar, by sleepless nights, by anxiety, dence of the family stood. The living perhaps by remorse; but with valour, was of little value ; and the situation policy, authority, and public care writ- of the poor clergyman, after the sale ten in all its princely lines. If men of the estate, was deplorable. He was truly great knew their own interest, it constantly engaged in lawsuits about is thus that they would wish their his tithes with the new lord of the minds to be portrayed.
manor, and was at length utterly Warren Hastings sprang from an ruined. His eldest son, Howard, à ancient and illustrious race. It has well-conducted young man, obtained been affirmed that his pedigree can be a place in the Customs. The second traced back to the great Danish sea- son, Pynaston, an idle worthless boy, king, whose sails were long the terror married before he was sixteen, lost his of both coasts of the British Channel, wife in two years, and died in the and who, after many fierce and doubt-West Indies, leaving to the care of ful struggles, yielded at last to the va- his unfortunate father a little orphan, lour and genius of Alfred. But the un- destined to strange and memorable doubted splendour of the line of Hast- vicissitudes of fortune. ings needs no illustration from fable. Warren, the son of Pynaston, was One branch of that line wore, in the born on the sixth of December, 1732. fourteenth century, the coronet of Pem- His mother died a few days later, and broke. From another branch sprang he was left dependent on his distressed the renowned Chamberlain, the faithful grandfather. The child was early sent adherent of the White Rose, whose fate to the village school, where he learned has furnished so striking a theme both his letters on the same bench with the to poets and to historians. His family sons of the peasantry; nor did any received from the Tudors the earldom thing in his garb or fare indicate that of Huntingdon, which, after long dis- his life was to take a widely different possession, was regained in our time course from that of the young rustics by a series of events scarcely paral- with whom he studied and played. leled in romance.
But no cloud could overcast the dawn The lords of the manor of Dayles- of so much genius and so much amford, in Worcestershire, claimed to be bition. The very ploughmen observed, considered as the heads of this distin- and long remembered, how kindly guished family. The main stock, indeed, little Warren took to his book. The prospered less than some of the younger daily sight of the lands which his anshoots. But the Daylesford family, cestors had possessed, and which had though not ennobled, was wealthy and passed into the hands of strangers, highly considered, till, about two hun- filled his young brain with wild fancies dred years ago, it was overwhelmed by and projects. He loved to hear stories the great ruin of the civil war. The of the wealth and greatness of his proHastings of that time was a zealous genitors, of their splendid housekeepcavalier. He raised money on his lands, ing, their loyalty, and their valour. sent his plate to the mint at Oxford, On one bright summer day, the boy, joined the royal army, and, after then just seven years old, lay on the spending half his property in the cause bank of the rivulet which flows through of King Charles, was glad to ranson the old domain of his house to join himself by making over most of the re- the Isis. There, as threescore and ten maining half to Speaker Lenthal. The years later he told the tale, rose in his old seat at Daylesford still remained mind a scheme which, through all the in the family; but it could no longer be turns of his eventful career, was never kept up; and in the following generation abandoned. He would recover the it was sold to a merchant of London, lestate which had belonged to his
Before this transfer took place, the fathers. He would be Hastings of Daylesford. This purpose, formed in rules of social morality. He had never infancy and poverty, grew stronger as been attacked by combinations of powerhis intellect expanded and as his for- ful and deadly enemies. He had never tune rose. He pursued his plan with been compelled to make a choice bethat calm but indomitable force of will tween innocence and greatness, between which was the most striking peculiarity crime and ruin. Firmly as he held in of his character. When, under a tro-theory the doctrine of human depravity, pical sun, he ruled fifty millions of his habits were such that he was unable Asiatics, his hopes, amidst all the cares to conceive how far from the path of of war, finance, and legislation, still right even kind and noble natures may pointed to Daylesford. And when his be hurried by the rage of conflict and long public life, so singularly che- the lust of dominion. quered with good and evil, with glory Hastings had another associate at and obloquy, had at length closed for Westminster of whom we shall have ever, it was to Daylesford that he re- occasion to make frequent mention, tired to die.
Elijah Impey. We know little about When he was eight years old, his their school days. But, we think, we uncle Howard determined to take may safely venture to guess that, whencharge of him, and to give him a li- ever Hastings wished to play any trick beral education. The boy went up to more than usually naughty, he hired London, and was sent to a school at Impey with a tart or a ball to act as Newington, where he was well taught fag in the worst part of the prank. but ill fed. He always attributed the Warren was distinguished among smallness of his stature to the hard his comrades as an excellent swimmer, and scanty fare of this seminary. At boatman, and scholar. At fourteen he ten he was removed to Westminster was first in the examination for the school, then flourishing under the care foundation. His name in gilded letters of Dr. Nichols. Vinny Bourne, as on the walls of the dormitory still athis pupils affectionately called him, tests his victory over many older comwas one of the masters. Churchill, petitors. He stayed two years longer Colman, Lloyd, Cumberland, Cowper, at the school, and was looking forward were among the students. With to a studentship at Christ Church, when Cowper, Hastings formed a friendship an event happened which changed the which neither the lapse of time, nor a whole course of his life. Howard Hastwide dissimilarity of opinions and pur- ings died, bequeathing his nephew to suits, could wholly dissolve. It does the care of a friend and distant relation, not appear that they ever met after named Chiswick. This gentleman, they had grown to manhood. But though he did not absolutely refuse the forty years later, when the voices of charge, was desirous to rid himself of many great orators were crying for it as soon as possible. Dr. Nichols vengeance on the oppressor of India, made strong remonstrances against the the shy and secluded poet could image cruelty of interrupting the studies of a to himself Hastings the Governor- youth who seemed likely to be one of General only as the Hastings with the first scholars of the age. He even whom he had rowed on the Thames offered to bear the expense of sending and played in the cloister, and refused his favourite pupil to Oxford. But to believe that so good-tempered a Mr. Chiswick was inflexible. He fellow could have done any thing very thought the years which had already wrong. His own life had been spent been wasted on hexameters and pentain praying, musing, and rhyming meters quite sufficient. He had it in among the water-lilies of the Ouse. his power to obtain for the lad a writerHe had preserved in no common mea- ship in the service of the East India sure the innocence of childhood. His Company. Whether the young advenspirit had indeed been severely tried, turer, when once shipped off, made a but not by temptations which impelled fortune, or died of a liver complaint, he him to any gross violation of the equally ceased to be a burden to any body. Warren was accordingly re-settlement of Cossimbazar, lying close moved from Westminster school, and to the tyrant's capital, was instantly placed for a few months at a commer- seized. Hastings was sent a prisoner cial academy, to study arithmetic and to Moorshedabad, but, in consequence book-keeping. In January 1750, a few of the humane intervention of the serdays after he had completed his seven- vants of the Dutch Company, was teenth year, he sailed for Bengal, and treated with indulgence. Meanwhile arrived at his destination in the October | the Nabob marched on Calcutta ; the following.
governor and the commandant fled; the He was immediately placed at a desk town and citadel were taken, and most in the Secretary's office at Calcutta, of the English prisoners perished in the and laboured there during two years. Black Hole. Fort William was then purely a com- In these events originated the greatmercial settlement. In the south of ness of Warren Hastings. The fugitive India the encroaching policy of Dupleix governor and his companions had taken had transformed the servants of the refuge on the dreary islet of Fulda, English Company, against their will, near the mouth of the Hoogley. They into diplomatists and generals. The were naturally desirous to obtain full war of the succession was raging in the information respecting the proceedings Carnatic ; and the tide had been sud- of the Nabob; and no person seemed denly turned against the French by the so likely to furnish it as Hastings, who genius of young Robert Clive. But in was a prisoner at large in the immediate Bengal the European settlers, at peace neighbourhood of the court. He thus with the natives and with each other, became a diplomatic agent, and soon were wholly occupied with ledgers and established a high character for ability bills of lading.
and resolution. The treason which at After two years passed in keeping a later period was fatal to Surajah accounts at Calcutta, Hastings was sent Dowlah was already in progress; and up the country to Cossimbazar, a town Hastings was admitted to the deliberawhich lies on the Hoogley, about a tions of the conspirators. But the mile from Moorshedabad, and which time for striking had not arrived. It then bore to Moorshedabad a relation, was necessary to postpone the execuif we may compare small things with tion of the design; and Hastings, who great, such as the city of London bears was now in extreme peril, fled to Fulda. to Westminster. Moorshedabad was Soon after his arrival at Fulda, the the abode of the prince who, by an expedition from Madras, commanded authority ostensibly dertved from the by Clive, appeared in the Hoogley. Mogul, but really independent, ruled Warren, young, intrepid, and excited the three great provinces of Bengal, probably by the example of the ComOrissa, and Bahar. At Moorshedabad mander of the Forces who, having like were the court, the harem, and the himself been a mercantile agent of the public offices. Cossimbazar was a port Company, had been turned by public and a place of trade, renowned for the calamities into a soldier, determined to quantity and excellence of the silks serve in the ranks. During the early which were sold in its marts, and con-operations of the war he carried a stantly receiving and sending forth musket. But the quick eye of Clive fleets of richly laden barges. At this soon perceived that the head of the important point, the Company had es- young volunteer would be more useful tablished a small factory subordinate than his arm. When, after the battle to that of Fort William. Here, during of Plassey, Meer Jaffier was proclaimed several years, Hastings was employed Nabob of Bengal, Hastings was apin making bargains for stuffs with na- pointed to reside at the court of the tive brokers. While he was thus en- new prince as agent for the Company. gaged, Surajah Dowlah succeeded to He remained at Moorshedabad till the government, and declared war the year 1761, when he became a Memagainst the English. The defenceless ber of Council, and was consequently