Archaeological Insights Into the Custer Battle: An Assessment of the 1984 Field Season

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University of Oklahoma Press, 1987 - 138 oldal

In August, 1983, a grassfire raged up Deep Ravine and across the dry, grass-covered battlefield where, in 1876, men of the Seventh U.S. Cavalry under George Armstrong Custer had fought and died at the hands of a Sioux and Cheyenne force led by Sitting Bull. The removal of the normally dense ground cover revealed enough evidence to suggest that an archaeological survey would be fruitful and perhaps could address some unanswered questions about the battle.

Describing archaeological investigations during the first year (1984) of a two-year survey, this book offers a detailed analysis of the physical evidence remaining after the battle. Precise information regarding the locations of artifacts and painstaking analyses of the artifacts themselves have uncovered much new information about the guns used in the battle by the victorious Indian warriors. Not only have the types of guns been identified, but through the use of archaeological and criminal-investigative techniques the actual numbers of firearms can now be estimated. This analysis of the battlefield, which represents a significant advance in methodology, shows that the two forces left artifacts in what can be defined as "combatant patterns."

What did happen after Custer’s trumpeter, John Martin-dispatched with an order for Captain Benteen to "be quick"-turned and saw the doomed battalion for the last time? Written to satisfy both professional and layman, this book is a vital complement to the historical record.

 

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Tartalomjegyzék

Fig The terrain of the Battle of the Little Bighorn
4
Summary of Excavation and PiecePlotting Inventory
32
Excavation in Deep Ravine in progress
34
Artifact Description and Analysis
49
Largecaliber Indian cartridge cases
59
Largecaliber Indian bullets
60
Model 1873 Winchester 4440 carbine
64
5070 cartridge cases
65
Personal items
87
Army equipment
89
Buttons
91
FS302 as it was excavated
94
Horserelated items
96
Red Horses depiction of the mutilation of Custers dead
103
The marble markers in place on Last Stand Hill
105
Reported amateur finds of battlerelated items
114

The 44 Henry and the Model 1866 Winchester
69
Photomicrograph of FS82 showing firingpin strikes
71
Army pistol and carbine ammunition
78
Army carbine cartridges and bullets
79
The backstrap and ejectorrod button from a Model 1873
82
The loading lever for a Model 1858 Remington revolver
83
Indian personal items and arrowheads
85
The early phase of the fight along Custer Ridge
116
The second and most intense phase of the fight along Custer Ridge
118
The final phase of the fight along Custer Ridge
121
References Cited
127
Index
133
Copyright

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A szerzőről (1987)

Douglas D. Scott is retired as supervisory archaeologist, Midwest Archeological Center, National Park Service. Widely known as an expert on military archaeology, he is the author or co-author of numerous publications, including They Died with Custer: Soldiers' Bones from the Battle of the Little Bighorn (OU Press, 2002), Uncovering History: Archaeological Investigations at the Little Bighorn (OU Press, 2013), and Custer, Cody, and Grand Duke Alexis: Historical Archaeology of the Royal Buffalo Hunt (OU Press, 2013).

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