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“Christ was once offered.”—Heb. ix, 28.
What then? Do not we (Christians ) daily offer? We do offer, but making a memorial of His death. And this is one and not many. How one and not many? Because it was once offered, as was that which was brought into the Holy of Holies. This is a type of that, and this itself of that. For we always offer the same; not now one animal, to-morrow another, but always the same thing. So then the sacrifice is one. Else, since it is offered in many places, there were many Christs. But no. There is but one Christ every where, here fully, and there fully, one Body. As then He, being offered in many places, is one Body, and not many bodies, so also there is one sacrifice. Our High Priest is He, who offered the sacri. fice which cleanseth us. That same sacrifice which was then also offered, we offer now too, that, the inexhaustible. For this is for a memorial of that which took place then. For He saith 'This do, as a memorial of me.' We do not make a different, but always the same sacrifice; or rather we make a memorial of that sacrifice. - S. Chrys. Hom. xvii, on Heb. ix, 28.
“The great clerk and godly preacher, St. John Chry. sostom."-Homilies, 1 b. i, 1.
T INSTITUTION OF THE EUCHARIST. THE holy Eucharist was “ ordained by
Christ Himself,” on the evening preceding His crucifixion. The particulars of its appointment are recorded by three of the Evangelists, St. Matthew, St. Mark, and St. Luke ; as well as by the Apostle St. Paul, who received the account by direct revelation from God.1 Their narratives on the subject, with the exception of that of St. Matthew, are respectively and with great propriety recited in the Communion Service of our Church, on the Monday, Wednesday, and Thursday in Passion Week, the latter being the anniversary of its institution. A
1 St. Matt. xxvi ; St. Mark xiv: St. Luke xxii; 1 Cor. xi,
summary is also given in the Prayer of Consecration, which, being a harmony of the whole, is here subjoined :
“ Our Saviour Jesus Christ, in the same night that He was betrayed, took bread; and, when He had given thanks, He brake it, and gave to His disciples, saying, Take, eat, this is my Body, which is given for you: Do this in remembrance of me. Likewise after supper He took the cup; and, when He had given thanks, He gave it to them, saying, Drink ye all of this ; for this is my Blood of the New Testament, which is shed for you and for many for the remission of sins: Do this, as oft as ye shall drink it, in remembrance of me.”
T NATURE OF THE EUCHARIST. The Church has always viewed this ordinance under three different aspects,--as a Sacrifice, a Sacrament, and a Communion.
1. A Sacrifice.
It was at the institution of the Eucharist that the everlasting priesthood of Christ