in this mortal life, it must be at the celebration of the Holy Communion, that it can be said of us :-“ Ye are come unto Mount Sion, and unto the city of the living God, the heavenly Jerusalem, and to an innumerable company of angels, to the general assembly and Church of the first born, which are written in heaven, and to God the Judge of all, and to the spirits of just men made perfect, and to Jesus the Mediator of the New Covenant.” (Heb. xi, 22, 23, 24.)

The Communion takes place immediately after the consecration. “The minister first receives it in both kinds himself, and then proceeds to deliver the same to the bishops, priests, and deacons, in like manner (if any be present), and after that to the people also in order, into their hands, all meekly kneeling”.1

we are partakers; and become one body with Christ, and one flesh. Who shall declare the wonders of the Lord, or shew forth all His praise ?"-S. Chrysostom, in his Sermon on the Blessed Philogonus.

1 Rubric before Distribution. “It is most requisite that the minister deliver the bread and wine into every particular communicant's hand, and repeat the words in the singular number: for so much as it is the propriety

| NAMES OF THE EUCHARIST. The names by which the ordinance in question is most commonly designated by English churchmen are, the Holy Mysteries, the Christian Sacrifice, the Holy Communion, the Sacrament of the Body and Blood of Christ, the Lord's Supper, and the Blessed Eucharist. The meaning of the four former has been sufficiently explained in the foregoing statement of the “Nature of the Eucharist”. We shall therefore, in this place, content ourselves with merely accounting for the adoption of the two latter appellatives. 1

of sacraments to make particular obsignation to each be. liever, and it is our visible profession, that, by the grace of God, Christ tasted death for every man."- Answer of the Bishops at the Savoy Conference.

1 Besides the terms already cited, which are applied to the Holy Eucharist in the Homilies, the following also occur:-The Holy Oblation; the Memory of the Lord's precious Death; Medicine of the Soul; High Mysteries ; Dainties for the Soul; the Bread and Cup of the Lord; the Annunciation of His Death; Celestial Banquet and Feast; Costly Supper; Spiritual Food; the Nourishment of our Soul; a Heavenly Refection; Invisible Meat; a Ghostly Substance; Reverend Communion; Heavenly Memory of Christ's Death and Passion; Celestial Food; Love; Heavenly Banquet; Sacred and Fearful Mysteries; Table of Peace; Table of Quietness; Table of Pity; Mystery of Peace; the Sacrament of Christian Society;

1. The Lord's Supper. We find St. Paul applying this name to the Holy Communion in 1 Cor. xi, 20, where he says :-“When ye come together therefore into one place, this is not to eat the Lord's Supper.” The primitive fathers after him made frequent use of the name ; and our own Church adopts the same term in her Communion Service, Catechism, Articles, and Homilies. This name seems to have been originally derived from the last supper, at which our Lord instituted the Eucharist.

11. Eucharist. We continually meet in the earliest writings of the Christian fathers, the word excharistia, or thanksgiving, applied both to the service and to the consecrated elements. It would seem, indeed, as if St. Paul alluded

Mystical Bread; Wholesome Bread and Drink : to which may be added from the Communion Service,-Spiritual Food and Sustenance; a Divine Thing; Heavenly Feast; Holy Supper; the Banquet of most Heavenly Food; Pledges of Christ's Love; a Constant Remembrance of His Death; Perpetual Memory of His precious Death; and the Sacrifice of Praise and Thanksgiving.

to the liturgy under this name in 1 Cor. xiv, 16, where he says :-“ When thou shalt bless with the spirit, how shall he that occupieth the room of the unlearned say Amen at thy giving of thanks (i.e. at thy eucharist, Žai tīj ov evxaprotia), seeing he understandeth not what thou sayest ?The reason of its adoption is given in the following extract from the Homilies :-“We must shew outward testimony, in following the signification of Christ's death ; amongst the which this is not esteemed least, to render thanks to Almighty God for all His benefits, briefly comprised in the death, passion, and resurrection of His dearly beloved Son. The which thing, because we ought chiefly at this table to solemnize, the godly fathers named it eucharistia, that is, thanksgiving : as if they should have said, now above all other times ye ought to laud and praise God. Now if you slack, ye shew yourselves most unthankful, and that no other benefit can ever stir you to thank God, who so little regard here so many, so wonderful, and so profitable benefits.”

T THE CELEBRANT. The Eucharist being of a truly sacrificial character, none may presume to celebrate it who is not in sacerdotal orders. A deacon is allowed only “ to assist the priest when he ministereth the Holy Communion, and to help him in the distribution thereof”.!


CELEBRATED. Our Church, in that she directs the Communion Service to be said every day throughout the year 2 contemplates the daily celebration of the Lord's Supper, being, as it is, the daily sacrifice, as well as our daily bread. It must not take place, however, unless there be three at least to communicate with the priest, that, as we learn in King Edward VI's First Book, he may thus “solemnize so high and holy mysteries, with all the suffrages

1 See Communion and Ordination Services.

2 “The Collect, Epistle, and Gospel, appointed for the Sunday, shall serve all the week after, where it is not in this Book otherwise ordered."-The order how the rest of the Holy Scripture is appointed to be read.

« ElőzőTovább »