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marked for pleasantness in raillery; others for apo-
ference so observable in men's understandings and parts, does not arise so much from the natural faculties, as acquired habits. He would be laughed at that should go about to make a fine dancer out of a couutry hedger, at past fifty. And he will not have much better success who shall endeavour at that age to make a man reason well or speak handsomely who has never been used to it, though you should lay before him a collection of all the best precepts of logic or oratory. No body is made any thing by hearing of rules, or laying them up in his memory; practice must settle the habit of doing, without reflecting on the rule; and you may as well hope to make a good painter or musician extempore by a lecture and instruction in the arts of music and painting, as a coherent thinker or strict reasoner, by a set of rules, shewing him wherein right reasoning consists.
This being so that defects and weakness in men's understandings, as well as other faculties, come from want of a right use of their own minds, I am apt to think the fault is generally mislaid upon nature, and there is often a complaint of want of parts when the fault lies in want of a due improvement of them. We see men frequently dexterous and sharp enough in making a bargain, who, if you reason with them about matters of religion, appear perfectly stupid.
. 2. An Examination of Malbranche's Opi-
3. A Discourse of Miracles.
5. Memoirs relating to the Life of Anthony, first Earl of Shaftesbury. To these tracts is added, his New Method of a Common-placebook.
There are, besides,several other works not included in the above list; as, 1. A Paraphrase and Notes on several of St. Paul's Epistles, 1707, quarto. 2. Some Familiar Letters between Mr. Locke and several of his Friends, 1708.
Moreover, in 1720, were published by M. des Maizeaux, “A Collection of several Pieces of Mr. John Locke, never before printed." These consist, 1. Of the Fundamental Laws of Carolina. 2. A Letter from a Person of Quality to his friend. 3. Remarks upon some of Mr. Norris's Books, wherein he asserts farther, Malbranche's Opinion, of seeing all Things in God. 4. The Elements of Natural Philosophy. 5. Some Thoughts concerning Reading and Study, for a Gentleman, This tract may be considered as an Appendix to his Treatise on Education. 6. Several of Mr. Locke's Familiar Letters
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7. Lastly, Rules of a Society, which met once a week for their improvement.
The fifth edition of his works complete was published in 3 yols, folio, 1751,
ch met ons
(Bishop of Salisbury,)
Was born at Edinburgh, 1643. The early y
After visiting England, particularly the two universities, in 1663, he resolved to travel, and the year following, he went to Holland, and thence to Paris. On his return, at the close of the same year, he was chosen member of the Royal Society. In 1665, he was ordained priest, and presented to the living of Saltoun ;