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20 The mystery of the seven stars which thou sawest in my right hand, and the seven golden candlesticks. The seven stars are the

gels? of the seven churches : and the seven candlesticks which thou sawest are the seven churches.

CHAP. II. What is conimanded to be written to the angels, that is, the ministers

of the churches of 1 Ephesus, 8 Smyrna, 12 Pergamos, 18 Thyatira : and what is commended, or found wanting in them.

UNTO the angel of the church of Ephesus write; These things saith a he that holdeth the seven stars in his right hand, who b walketh in the midst of the seven golden candlesticks;

2 I know thy.works, and thy labour, and thy patience, and how thou canst not bear them which are evil : and thou hast d tried them which say they are e apostles, and are not, and hast found them liars :

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* Ver. 16.
i Ver. 12, 13.

m Mal. ii. 7: The priest's lips should keep knowledge, and they should seek the law at his mouth : for he is the messenger of the Lord of hosts. Rev. ii. 1, &c.

Zec. iv.2 : [The angel] said unto me, What seest thou ? And I said, I have looked, and behold a candlestick all of gold, with a bowl upon the top of it, and his seven lamps thereon, and seven pipes to the seven lamps. Mat. v. 15, 16: Neither do men light a candle, and put it under a bushel, but on a candlestick ; and it giveth light unto all that are in the house. Let your light so shine before men, that they may see your good works, and glorify your Father which is in heaven. Phr. ii. 15 : That ye may be blameless and harmless, the sons of God, without rebuke, in the midst of a crooked and perverse nation, among whom ye shine as lights in the world.

CHAP. II. a Rev. i. 16, 20. 0 Rev. i. 13. c Ver. 9, 13, 19. Rev. iii. 1, 8, 15.

See on 1 Cor. ii. 15. e 2 Cor. xi. 13: Such are false apostles, deceitful workers,

3 And hast borne, and hast patience, and for my name's sake hast laboured, and hast 'not fainted.

4 Nevertheless I have somewhat against thee, because thou hast & left thy first love.

5 h Remember therefore from whence thou art fallen, and repent, and do the i first works; or

else I will come unto thee quickly, and will remove thy candlestick out of his place, except thou repent.

6 But this thou hast, that thou hatest the deeds of the 'Nicolaitanes, which I also hate. 7 He that hath man ear, let him hear what the it saith unto the churches; To him that

transforming themselves into the apostles of Christ. 2 Per. ii. 1: But there were false prophets also among the people, even as there shall be false teachers among you, who privily shall bring in damnable heresies, even denying the Lord that bought them, and bring upon themselves swift destruction.

f Gal. vi. 9: And let us not be weary in well doing : for in due season we shall reap, if we faint not. Heb. xii. 3,5: For consider him that endureth such contradiction of sinners against himself, lest ye be wearied and faint in your minds. And ye have forgotten the exhortation which speaketh unto you as unto children, My son, despise not thou the chastening of the Lord, nor faint when thou art rebuked of him,

62 Tim. iv. 10: Demas hath forsaken me, having loved this present world.

Rev. iii. 3. i Jer. ii. 2, 3: Go and cry in the ears of Jerusalem, saying, Thus saith the LORD; I remember thee, the kindness of thy youth, the love of thine espousals, when thou wentest after me in the wilderness, in a land that was not sown. Israel was holiness unto the LORD, and the firstfruits of his increase : all that devour him shall offend; evil shall come upon them, saith the LORD.

* Mat. xxi. 41, 43 : He will miserably destroy those wicked men, and will let out his vineyard unto other husbandmen, which shall render him the fruits in their seasons. The kingdom of God shall be taken from you, and given to a nation bringing forth the fruits thereof. Rev. iii. 19.

i Ver. 15.
m Ver. 11, 17, 29. Rev. iii. 6, 13, 22. See on MAT. xi

VOL. IV,

Fovercometh will I give to eat of the tree of life, which is in the midst of the paradise of God.

8 And unto the angel of the church in Smyrna write ; These things saith the P first and the last, which was dead, and is alive;

9 9 I know thy works, and tribulation, and poverty, (but thou art 'rich) and I know the blasphemy of sthem which say they are Jews, and are not, but are the synagogue of Satan.

10 Fear none of those things which thou shalt suffer : behold, the devil shall cast some of you into prison, that ye may be tried; and ye shall have tribulation ten days : be thou "faithful unto death, and I will give thee a 'crown of life.

11 He that hath wan ear, let him hear what the Spirit saith unto the churches ; He that overcometh shall not be hurt of the second death.

n 2 Esdr. vii. 57,58 : This is these conditions of the battle, which man that is born upon the earth shall fight; that, if he be overcome, he shall suffer as thou hast said, but if he get the victory, he shall receive the thing that I say.

Gen. ii. 9: Out of the ground made the LORD God to grow every tree that is pleasant to the sight and good for food; the tree of life also in the midst of the garden, and the tree of knowledge of good and evil. Rev. xxii. 2, 14 : In the midst of the street of it-was there the tree of life, which bare twelve manner of fruits, and yielded her fruit every month : and the leaves of the tree were for the healing of the nations. Blessed are they that do his commandments, that they may have right to the tree of life.

p See on Rev. i. 8.
4 Ver. 2.
" See on LUKE, xii. 21.
s See on Rom. ii. 17, 28, 29.
t Rev. iii. 9.

u MAT. X. 22: He that endureth to the end shall be saved. do. xxiv. 13 : The same words.

Rev. iii. 11. See on 1 Cor. ix. 25. w See on ver. 7.

* Rev. xx. 14: And death and hell were cast into the lake of fire. This is the second death. Rev. xxi. 8: But the fear· ful, and unbelieving, and the abominable, and murderers,

12 And to the angel of the church in Pergamos write; These things saith he which hath the y sharp sword with two edges ;

13 I know thy works, and where thou dwellest, even where a Satan's seat is :. and thou holdest fast my name, and hast not b denied my faith, even in those days wherein Antipas was my faithful martyr, who was slain among you, where Satan dwelleth.

14 But I have a few things against thee, because thou hast there them that hold the doctrine of · Balaam, who taught Balac to cast a stumblingblock before the children of Israel, to deat things sacrificed unto idols, e and to commit fornication.

I dedicated. Co. Ma. Cr, offered. Pu. and whoremongers, and sorcerers, and idolaters, and all liars, shall have their part in the lake which burneth with fire and brimstone : which is the second death.

y Rev. i. 16. See on EPH. vi. 17. z Ver. 2. Rev. ii. 1, 8, 15. a Ver. 9. 02 Tim. ii. 12: If we suffer, we shall also reign with him : if we deny him, he also will deny us.

NUMB. xxiv. 14: I will advertise thee what this people shall do to thy people in the latter days. do. xxv. 1-3: And Israel abode in Shittim, and the people began to commit whoredom with the daughters of Moab. And they called the people unto the sacrifices of their gods. And Israel joined himself unto Baal-peor. do. xxxi. 1ố: These caused the children of Israel, through the counsel of Balaam, to commit trespass against the Lord in the matter of Peor. 2 Pet. ii. 15 : Which have forsaken the right way, and are gone astray, following the way of Balaam the son of Bosor, who loved the wages of unrighteousness. JUDE, 11: Woe unto them! for they have gone in the way of Cain, and ran greedily after the error of Balaam for reward, and perished in the gainsaying of Core.

d1 Cor. viii. 9, 10: But take heed lest by any means this liberty of your's become a stumblingblock to them that are weak. For if any man see thee which hast knowledge sit at

meat in the idol's temple, shall not the conscience of him be which is weak be emboldened to eat those things which are be offered to idols ? See on ver. 20. el Cor, vi. 13, 18: Meats for the belly, and the belly for

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15 So hast thou also them that hold the fdoctrine of the Nicolaitanes, which thing I hate.

16 5 Repent ; or else I will come unto thee quickly, and will bfight against them with the sword of my mouth.

17 He that hath i an ear, let him hear what the Spirit saith unto the churches; To him that overcometh will I give to eat of the hidden manna, and will give him a white stone, and in ? the stone a 'new name written, " which no man knoweth saving he that receiveth it.

2 upon. Ham.

meats : but God shall destroy both it and them. Now the body is not for fornication, but for the Lord ; and the Lord for the body. Flee fornication. Every sin that a man doeth is without the body; but he that committeth fornication sinneth against his own body.

Ver. 6. 8 Rev. iii. 3, 19. bRev. i. 16. See on Eph. vi. 17. i See on ver. 7.

k Ps. xxv. 14: The secret of the LORD is with them that fear him ; and he will show them his covenant. John, vi. 33, 49, 58: The bread of God is he which cometh down from heaven, and giveth life unto the world. Your fathers did eat manna in the wilderness, and are dead. This is that bread which came down from heaven : not as your fathers did eat manna, and are dead : he that eateth of this bread shall live for ever.

Rev. in. 12. Exod. xii. 23 : The LORD will pass through to smite the Egyptians; and when he seeth the blood upon the lintel, and on the two side posts, the LORD will pass over the door, and will not suffer the destroyer to come in unto your houses to smite you. Isa. lvi. 5: Even unto them will I give in mine house and within my walls a place and a name better than of sons and of daughters : I will give them an everlasting name, that shall not be cut off. EZEK. ix. 4: The LORD said unto him, Go through the midst of the city, through the midst of Jerusalem, and set a mark upon the foreheads of the men that sigh and that cry for all the abominations that be done in the midst thereof. Rev. vii. 3 : Hurt not the earth, neither the sea, nor the trees, till we have sealed the servants of our God in their foreheads. do. ix. 4: It was commanded them that they should not hurt the grass of the earth, neither any green

neither ary tree; but only those men which have not

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